Research Process


Research Process

This slide covers the six steps in the process of research as described in Creswell’s (2012) Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. The slide has two main sections: quantitative research process and qualitative research process. Feel free to access and download the slide from here.

Exercise 2

After studying the slide and the text it is based on in Creswell’s (2012) textbook, do the following.

Choose one of the following topics and develop it to be a quantitative research topic in the teaching/learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) by describing the process of carrying out a quantitative research on the topic. Do it by briefly but clearly writing the relevant idea to each point in the outline below. Post your answer in the reply section below this post.

1. Scientific Writing

2. Blended Learning

3. Public Speaking

4. Poems

5. Contextual Language Learning

Outline to use

A. Identifying Topic:

1. Problem

2. Purpose

3. Res. Question

B. Literature Review (See notes below)

C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

1. Purpose Statement

2. Research Question

3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)

D. Collecting Data

1. Population & Sample

2. Types of Data to Collect

3. Instrument (s)

E. Analyzing Data

• (Statistical formula/program to use)

Note:

For point B (Literature Review) write down four or more references that are really relevant to the research purpose you have formulated. For instance, if the research topic is the effect of including short stories in the teaching materials to students’ vocabulary development, you probably use the following references:

B. Literature Review

Adhikari, B.(2006). Teaching Short Stories. Journal of NELTA, 11, 1-2, Pp. 108-110.

Bromley,K.(2007).Nine things every teacher should know about words and vocabulary instruction. Journal of Adolescent &  Adult Literacy,50(7)

Erkaya, O. R. (2005). Benefits of Using Short Stories in the EFL Context. Asian EFL Journal. Retrieved August 29, 2007, from: http://www.asian-efl-jornal.com/pta_nov_ore.pdf

Nation, I.S.P. (2006). How large a vocabulary is needed for reading and listening? Canadian Modern Language Review, 63, 1, p.p. 59-82.

Pardede, P. (2011). Using short stories to teach language skills. Journal of English Teaching, 1, 1, Pp. 15-27.

Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Deadline for posting answer: Friday, June 6, 2014, 12:00 pm

Good luck!

43 Comments

  1. Name/No : Maya S / 1212157001

    Dear Mr.Parlin, Sorry for being late to post the assignment.
    These are my answers.

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking

    1. Problem : Students feel nervous before speaking.

    2. Purpose : to give confidence and to develop students’ speaking ability

    3. Res. Question :
    i. what kind of method to make students more confidence to speak in front of class?
    ii. is memorizing vocabulary useful to helm them to do public speaking?
    iii. is there any relation between vocab enrichment to develop students’ speaking ability?

    B. Literature Review

    http://www.toastmasters.org/mainmenucategories/freeresources/needhelpgivingaspeech/tipstechniques/10tipsforpublicspeaking.aspx

    Ronnie. (n.d.). English Video Lessons. Retrieved June 2014, from Speak With Confidence: http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-confidence

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement : How to raise students confidence to develop their communication skill.

    2. Research Question : Do daily English conversation make them confidence to speak in front of class?

    3. Hypothesis :
    HO : Daily English conversation can’t make the students more confidence to speak.
    HA : Daily English conversation can make the students more confidence to speak.

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population : 35 students of ABC School in North Jakarta
    Sample : 20 students of ABC School in North Jakarta

    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores

    3. Instrument (s) : Speaking ability by retelling story

    E. Analyzing Data

    Statistical formula/program to use : SPSS.

    Thank You…

  2. Dia Pristiawati – 0812157004/Executive Class of English Department of Faculty of Education and Teacher Training Christian University of Indonesia

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems
    1. Problem : Student lack of vocabulary when comes to read and write English poems
    2. Purpose: To develop student’s vocabulary by reading and writing English poems
    3. Res. Question: Can reading and writing poems develop student’s vocabulary?
    B. Literature Review
    Hiller, J.P. 1983. “Teaching Poetry in the Foreign Language Classroom: Theory and Practice.” Unpublished PhD Dissertation. Stony Brook: State University of New York

    Davison, J. and Dowson J. 1998. Learning to Teach English in the Secondary School. Routledge. London.

    Harmer, J. 2004. How to Teach Writing. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

    Lindstromberg, S. (ed.) 2006. Language Activities for Teenagers. Cambridge University Press.

    Thornbury, S. 2002. How to Teach Vocabulary. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

    Hæge Hestnes, Using Poetry in the ESL Classroom. http://www.fremmedspraksenteret.no/nor/fremmedspraksenteret/larings—ressurser/leseveiledning-i-engelsk/text-types/poetry-1&PHPSESSID=ccke3g0j07neqp0f2sc79pr1f2

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Question
    1. Purpose statement
    This research objective is to find out the effect using English poems to develop student’s vocabulary.
    2. Research question
    Can reading and writing poems develop student’s vocabulary?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    – Ho: Reading and writing cannot significantly develop student’s vocabulary
    – Ha: Reading and writing cannot significantly develop student’s vocabulary
    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population – 20 students of Executive class
    Sample – 10 students of Executive class
    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Questionnaire research result (survey) and interview.
    3. Instrument
    Pre test and Post test
    4. Analyzing Data
    Analyze the quantitative data obtained through statistical design using SPSS.

    1. Dear Mr. Parlin,
      I found some mistakes from my post above and below is my revision for 2nd assignment of ELT Research.
      Best Regards,
      Dia Pristiawati – 0812157004

      A. Identifying Topic : Poems
      1. Problem : Students are lack of vocabulary
      2. Purpose : To see whether reading poems enrich students’ vocabulary or not
      3. Res. Question : Can reading and writing poems develop student’s vocabulary?

      B. Literature Review :
      Childcraft. (1998). The How and Why Library Vol. 1: Poems and Rhymes. World Book – Childcraft International, Inc. Chicago.
      Davison, J. and Dowson J. (1998). Learning to Teach English in the Secondary School. Routledge. London.
      Harmer, J. (2004). How to Teach Writing. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
      Lindstromberg, S. (ed.) (2006). Language Activities for Teenagers. Cambridge University Press.
      Thornbury, S. (2002). How to Teach Vocabulary. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
      Hæge Hestnes. Using Poetry in the ESL Classroom. http://www.fremmedspraksenteret.no/nor/fremmedspraksenteret/larings—ressurser/leseveiledning-i-engelsk/text-types/poetry-1&PHPSESSID=ccke3g0j07neqp0f2sc79pr1f2
      Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
      Bromley,K.(2007).Nine things every teacher should know about words and vocabulary instruction. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy,50(7).
      Nation, I.S.P. (2006). How large a vocabulary is needed for reading and listening? Canadian Modern Language Review, 63, 1, p.p. 59-82.

      C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
      1. Purpose Statement :
      This research objective is to find out the effect using English poems to develop student’s vocabulary.
      2. Research Question :
      Can reading and writing poems develop student’s vocabulary?
      3. Hypothesis :
      – Ho: Reading and writing poems cannot significantly develop student’s vocabulary.
      – Ha: Reading and writing poems can significantly develop student’s vocabulary.

      D. Collecting Data
      1. Population & Sample :
      – Population – 20 students of Executive class, English Teaching Study Program, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Christian University of Indonesia.
      – Sample – 10 students of Executive class who involve in literature 1 class.
      2. Types of Data to Collect:
      Questionnaire research result (survey), data of scores and interview.
      3. Instruments :
      Pre test and Post test scores

      E. Analyzing Data :
      Analyze the quantitative data obtained through statistical design using SPSS.

  3. Ahmad Mujib/ 111 215 0057
    ======================

    Dear sir,

    I am sorry for the late submission.

    Thanks & regards,

    ======================

    A. Identifying Topic : Scientific Writing
    1. Problem : Students face difficulties writing coherent, structured research report

    2. Purpose : To help students develop and organize ideas using mind mapping

    3. Res. Question : Does mind mapping help students develop and organize their ideas on scientific writing?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)

    Al-Jarf, R. (2009). Enhancinf freshman students’ writing skill with mind mapping software. The 5th International Scientific Conference (pp. 1-8). Bucharest: eLSE Educational Technology.

    Bracewell. (1991). Process Writing. London: Longman.

    Buzan, T. (2002). How to mind map. London: Thorsons.

    Leki, I. (1998). Academic Writing: Exploring processes and strategies (2nd ed). London: Cambridge University Press.

    Reid, J. (2003). The process of paragraph writing: Second Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regrents.

    Wikipedia. (n.d.). Mind Map. Retrieved June 6th, 2014, from Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_map

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this research is to see whether mind mapping can help students to develop and organize their ideas related to scientific writing.

    2. Research Question
    Does mind mapping help students develop and organize their ideas on scientific writing?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Mind mapping does not help students develop and organize their ideas on scientific writing

    Ha : Mind mapping significantly help students develop and organize their ideas on scientific writing

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    The population of this research is students of the English Study Program at UKI who were active at the time this study was conducted. The sample will be taken only for the students who had taken scientific writing lesson.

    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Data collection will be employed by conducting a scientific writing examination.

    3. Instrument (s)
    The instrument of the research is scientific writing pre-test, scientific writing post-test, and the material of mind mapping and the outline of writing.

    E. Analyzing Data
    The data obtained will be analyzed using SPSS application.

  4. Name : Natalia christiany
    Nim : 1112150028

    Dear Sir,
    I am sorry being late to send my assignment
    These are my answers to each question:

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem: Kindergarten student had limited to read a long words or more than 1 syllables
    2. Purpose: To improve kindergarten students abilty to read a sentence
    3. Res. Question: Can blended learning approach like jolly phonic improve reading ability of kindergarten students?
    B. Literature Review
     Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     Marsh, D. (2012). Blended Learning: Creative Learning Opportunities for Language Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Click to access Blended-Learning-Combined.pdf


     Krasnova, T., & Sidorenka, T. (2013). Blended Learning in Teaching Foreign Languages. International Conference.
    Anderson. (1997). Definition of reading and word identification. Houghton: muffin company.
    Bennet. (1989). Using Jolly Phonics in Teaching Reading for Kindergarten. PhD Thesis, Cambridge University.
    Llyod, S. (1992). The Phonic Handbook. New York.
    S, W. (n.d.). A Phonic handbook. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/jolly_phonics.html.
    Carthy, Mc. (2013). The best early reading strategies for children and parents. Retrieved from http://www.publicschoolreview.com.
    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to find out whether blended learning approach can improve reading ability of kindergarten students
    2. Research Question: Can Jolly Phonic technique improve reading ability of kindergarten students ?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    • Ho: Jolly Phonic technique cannot significantly improve reading ability of kindergarten students ?
    • Ha: Jolly Phonic technique can significantly improve reading ability of kindergarten students ?

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population : 14 students of Tutor Time International Preschool and Kindergarten, Pluit, Jakarta Utara (K2)
    Sample: 14 students of Tutor Time International Preschool and Kindergarten, Pluit, Jakarta Utara (K2)
    (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test
    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: t-test
    Thank you for reading.

    God bless you

  5. Dear Sir Parlin.

    I’m sorry for being late to post my assignment.
    Below is my 2nd assignment.

    Thank You.
    El. Febriana Fita W. / 1112150011

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1). Problem: Students feel difficult to write a paraphrase using proper grammar.
    2). Purpose: To develope students’ writing skill through blended learning
    3). Res. Question: Can blended learning approach develope students’ writing skill?

    B. Literature Review:

    Blackboard. (1998). Educational Benefits of online learning. Washington, DC: Blackboard Inc.

    Diaz, D. P., & Cartnal, R. B. (1999). Students’ Learning styles in two classes: Online distance learning and equivalent on-campus. College Teaching , XLVII (4).

    Dwyer, D., Barbieri, K., & Doerr, H. (1995). Creating a virtual classroom for interactive education on the web. The Third International World Wide Web conference.

    Gynn, C. (2001). The pedagogy of technology enhanced learning environments. Ohio State: Faculty and TA development.

    Sampson, & Karagiannidis. (2002). Personalised Learning: Educational, Technological and Standardisation Perspective.

    Watson, J. (2008). Blended earning: The convergence of online and Face-to-Face Education. NACOL ( North American Council for Online Learning).

    Alter, C., & Adkins, C. (2001). Improving the writing skills of social work students. Jurnal of Social Work Education, XXX(3), 493.

    Kellogg, R. T., & III, B. A. (n.d.). Improving the writing wsills of college Students. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1). Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of blended learning approach to develope students’ writing skill.
    2). Research Question
    Does the blended learning gives effect to develope students’ writing skill?
    3). Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Blended learning does not give effect to develope students’ writing skill
    Ha : Blended learning gives effect to develope students’ writing skill

    D. Collecting Data:
    1). Population & Sample
    The Population of this research is students’ Executive Class, but the sample is only 5th and 6th semester students of Executive class.
    2). Types of Data to Collect
    The types of data are the scorres of the test
    3). Instrument (s)
    Pre-test and post test.

    E. Analyzing Data
    To analyze the quantitative data obtained through statistical design using SPSS.

  6. Kristina Dyah Ayu
    1112150902
    Executive Class

    Dear Sir Prlin,
    Here I send you the second of ELT assignment

    A. Identifying Topic: Scientific Writing
    1. Problem
    Students lack knowledge to make a scientific writing.
    2. Purpose
    To raise up students’ Writing Skill
    3. Res. Question
    Whether writing diary can improve students’ writing skills in English ?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)

    Badrul H. Khan (1998). Web-Based Instruction. Free English Journal Retrieved June 6, 2014, from: CJ Bonk, TH Reynolds – Web-based instruction, 1997 – books.google.com

    Arthur N. Applebee, Fran Lehr and Anne Auten. The English Journal Learning to Write in the Secondary School: How and Where Vol. 70, No. 5 (Sep., 1981), pp. 78-82, Retrieved June 6, 2014, from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/817387

    Asako Miura1,† and Kiyomi Yamashita2,‡ . (Article first published online: 23 AUG 2007).Psychological and Social Influences on Blog Writing: An Online Survey of Blog Author in Japan. Retrieved June 6, 2014, from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00381.x/full

    Chrissie Boughey ( January 1, 1996). Learning To Write by Writing To Learn: a group- work approach. ELT Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2014, from: http://eltj.oxfordjournals.org/content/51/2/126.short

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this study/ research is to find out whether writing diary can
    improve students’ writing skills in English or not.

    2. Research Question
    Can writing diary can improve students’ writing skills in English ?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Writing diary cannot significantly improve students’ writing skills in English.
    Ha: Writing diary cansignificantly improve students’ writing skills in English.

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample
    Population – 50 students of Executive class
    Sample – 25 students of Executive class (semester 5 & 6)

    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Questionnaire research result (survey) and interview.

    3. Instrument (s)
    Post-test and pre-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use)
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: ( T-test )

  7. Dear Mr Parlin, here I sent you my answer..

    Adesinta Glory (1112150051)

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking

    1. Problem : Student feels difficult to find the right word to say, when they are going to speak in public.

    2. Purpose : To develop student’s speaking ability by vocabulary enrichment.

    3. Res. Question :
    a. Have any researcher finding this problem?
    b. Is there any relation between vocabulary enrichment to develop student’s speaking ability?
    c. What kind of method should be taken to develop both vocabulary and speaking skill?
    d. Is the flashcard useful to help student to enrich their vocabulary?
    e. Which flashcard, that given by the teacher or made by the student, is useful?

    B. Literature Review
    (I have not seen any of resources)

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement
    This research objective is to find out the effect of flashcard to develop the speaking ability of the student

    2. Research Question :
    Does the flashcard give an effect to develop the speaking ability of the student?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: The flashcard doesn’t give an effect to develop the speaking ability of the student.
    Ha: The flashcard gives an effect to develop the speaking ability of the student.

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample
    The population of this research is the students SD Jatimekar IX, Bekasi, but the sample is only the grade 3 students.

    2. Types of Data to Collect
    The types of data that should be collect during the research are the flashcard, vocabulary test result, and performance.

    3. Instrument (s)
    The instruments that should be collect during the research are pre test and post test of vocabulary, and pre shooting and post shooting of the student’s performance

    E. Analyzing Data
    (I have no idea)

    Thank you

  8. Retno Candrawati
    12.121.570.02
    Executive Class

    Dear Mr. Pardede

    Here are my answers :

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem: Young learners’ vocabulary is weak
    2. Purpose: To improve young learners’ vocabulary through blended learning
    3. Res. Question: Can blended learning approach improve young learners’ vocabulary?

    B. Literature Review
     Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Languages to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     Marsh, D. (2012). Blended Learning: Creative Learning Opportunities for Language Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Click to access Blended-Learning-Combined.pdf


     Krasnova, T., & Sidorenka, T. (2013). Blended Learning in Teaching Foreign Languages. International Conference.

    Click to access 113-ELE08-FP-Sidorenko-ICT2013.pdf


     Griva, E., Kamarodius, S., & Geladari, A., (2009). Young Learners’ Vocabulary Strategies Employment in A Foreign Language. Journal of English Teaching, 21-36 http://gerflint.fr/Base/SE_europeen2/griva.pdf
     Namdal, A. (2005). Teaching English to Young Learners in Norwegian Compulsory Education. E-book of English Teaching, 1-104.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to find out whether blended learning approach can improve young learners’ vocabulary or not
    2. Research Question: Can blended learning approach improve young learners’ vocabulary?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    • Ho: Blended learning approach cannot significantly improve young learners’ vocabulary
    • Ha: Blended learning approach can significantly improve young learners’ vocabulary

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population : 40 students of Don Bosco 1 Kindergarten, Kelapa Gading, Jakarta (K2)
    Sample: 20 students of Don Bosco 1 Kindergarten, Kelapa Gading, Jakarta (K2) (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical design using SPSS version 17.

    Thank you for reading.
    God bless you

  9. Elisabeth Rara Della
    1112150040
    Executive Class

    A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
    1. Problem :how fair Students’ confidence to speak up
    2. Purpose :To raise up students’ communication skill to speak up one another
    3. Res. Question :Do daily English conversation routine raise up students’ confidence to speak with English?

    B. Literature Review

    Egan, K. B. (1999). A Critical Skill and a Challenge . CALICO JOURNAL , 277-293.

    Jonathan. (n.d.). Advanced Life Skill. Retrieved June 2014, from 14 Effective communication skills: http://advancedlifeskills.com/blog/14-very-effective-communication-skills/

    Maguire, P. (2002, September 28). Key communication skills and how to acquire them. British Medical Journal Group , 1-12.

    Ronnie. (n.d.). English Video Lessons. Retrieved June 2014, from Speak With Confidence: http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-confidence

    Thomscher, WanderWoman, JacquelineK. (n.d.). How To Improve English Communication Skill. Retrieved June 2014, from How To Do Anything: http://www.wikihow.com/Improve-English-Communication-Skills

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement: How to dig students’ confidence to improve their communication skill (public speaking)

    2. Research Question: Do daily English conversation routine raise up students’ confidence to speak with English?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    Ho: Daily English conversation routine can raise up students’ confidence to speak with English
    Ha: Daily English conversation routine can not raise up students’ confidence to speak with English

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample:
    Population: 20 students of Executive Class Christian University of Indonesia for English Teaching Study Program.
    Sample: 10 students of Executive Class for English Teaching Study Program Faculty Christian University of Indonesia
    2. Types of Data to collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Speaking test and debate

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: t-test

    God Bless you Sir!

  10. Wisnu Tri Utami
    1112150013

    Dear Sir Parlin,

    This is my answer for the assignment:

    A. Identifying Topic:

    Scientific Writing

    1. Problem
    Students had limited knowledge in writing skill

    2. Purpose
    To investigate the impact of scientific writing to enhance writing skills on students’ perception

    3. Research Question
    Can using Scientific Writing affect the students to enhance their writing skills?

    B. Literature Review

    Ann Cocks, F. M. (2005-2006). Using Writing Groups to Improve Student Writing Performance

    Essex, U. o. (2008). How to improve your academic writing.

    Hutson, N. A. (2007). Scientific English as a Foreign Language. 27-28.

    Lee, N. S.-c. (2008). Understanding Students’ Perceptions of Difficulty with
    Academic. A Case Study of the University of Tokyo Writing Program , 2-3.

    Suraishkumar, G. K. (2003). Improving Coherence in Technical Writing. 6-13.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this research is to see whether using scientific writing can enhance students’ writing skill or not.

    2. Research Question
    Can using Scientific Writing affect the students to enhance their writing skills?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Using Scientific writing can not affect significantly on students’ writing skill
    Ha: Using Scientific writing can affect significantly on students’ writing skill

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample
    Students of Christian University of Indonesia: Non reguler class
    Sample: 20 students of Christian University of Indonesia: Non reguler class

    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Result from Questionnaire (survey), test

    3. Instrument (s)
    Questionnaire was used to obtain the students’ perceptions of difficulty in writing skill

    E. Analyzing Data
    The data obtained from the questionnaire were analyzed to calculate the mean score of the students’ responses using Statistical formula (SPSS).

    Thank you, Sir.

  11. Dear Sir,
    These are my answers to each question:
    A) Identifying Topic: Public Speaking skills
    1) Problem: Students’ achievement in public speaking skill is poor
    2) Purpose: To improve public speaking skills through English conversation club
    3) Research Question: Does the use of English Conversation Club improve students’ public speaking skill?
    B) Literature Review
    – The importance of Public speaking. “knock the “t” of the can’t“. Samuel Johnson
    – Fitriningsih. (2009). The implementation of English Conversation Club as an Extracurricular Activity at SMP Negeri 18 Malang
    – Mary Ann Cunningham Florez, National center for ESL Literacy Education June 1999. “Improving Adult English Language Learner’s Speaking Skills”.
    – Speak Up: A Guide to Improving Your Public Speaking Skills. David W Braeutigam
    – Students’ Perceptions About The Development Of Their Oral Skills In An English As a Foreign Language Teacher Training Program. Victor Alfonso Castrilion Ramirez
    .
    C) Specifying Research Purposes and Questions
    1) Purpose Statement: The purpose of this study/ research is to identify whether using English conversation club can improve students’ public speaking skills or not.
    2) Research Question: Does the use of English Conversation Club improve students’ speaking skill?
    3) Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    Ho: The use of English Conversation Club can significantly improve students in public speaking skills
    Ha: The use of English Conversation Club cannot significantly improve students in public speaking skills
    D) Collecting Data
    1) Population and Sample:
    Population – 70 students of regular class (sem 1 – 4 )
    Sample – 35 students of regular class ( sem 1- 4 )
    (convenience sampling technique)
    2) Types of Data to collect: scores
    3) Instruments: Pre test and post test
    E) Analyzing Data: t-test
    Thank you, Sir.

  12. Maria Helena Pude
    11 121 50 909

    Dear Sir,
    These are my answers to each question:

    A) Identifying Topic:
    Public Speaking

    1) Problem:
    Students are lack of confidence and the skills they need to become effective speakers.

    2) Purpose:
    To verify the development of students’ confidence level in speaking English through public speaking approach.

    3) Research Question:
    Can public speaking approaches help students to develop the confidence and skills they need to become effective speakers?

    B) Literature Review

    – Hollowitz, J. & Wilson, C.E. (1993). Structured interviewing in volunteer selection. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 21, 41-52.

    – Exley, K. & Dennick, R. (2009). Giving a lecture. British Journal of Educational
    Technology Volume 40, Issue 6, pages 1153–1154.
    – Cook, Jeff Scott (1989). The Elements of Speechwriting and Public Speaking.
    Collier Macmillan

    – Zelazny, Gene (1999). Say it again with presentations: How to design and deliver successful presentations. NY: McGraw Hill.

    – Martin, Antony M. (2004). 10 Simple Solutions To Shyness: How To Overcome
    Shyness, Social Anxiety & Fear Of Public Speaking. New Harbinger
    Publications.

    C) Specifying Research Purposes and Questions

    1) Purpose Statement:
    The purpose of this study/ research is to find out whether using public speaking approach can develop students’ confidence and skills they need to become effective speakers in speaking English or not.

    2) Research Question:
    Can public speaking approaches helps students to develop the confidence and skills they need to become effective speakers?

    3) Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):

    Ho: Public Speaking approach cannot significantly help students to develop the confidence and skills they need to become effective speakers.

    Ha: Public Speaking approach can significantly help students to develop the confidence and skills they need to become effective speakers.

    D) Collecting Data

    1) Population and Sample:
    Population – 60 students of Non-Regular class
    Sample – 30 students of Non-Regular class (semester 5 & 6)

    2) Types of Data to collect
    Result (Marks) from debate task, presentation, oral test.

    3) Instruments:
    Post-test and pre-test

    E) Analyzing Data
    Statistical design using SPSS version 17.

    Thank you, Sir.

  13. Name: Helfi Mariana Saragih
    Student Identification Number: 1112150025
    Class: A
    I’m sorry sir, I forgot to do my assignment, but I will completed it…

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking
    1. Problem: How raised up the confidence to become a public speaking?
    2. Purpose : To help reduce the fear in order to appear confident in front of people
    3. Res. Question :. What is the techniques to be effective communication with public speaking?

    B. Literature Review
    https://scholarworks.iupui.edu/bitstream/handle/1805/1615/EAPS.pdf?sequence=1, Stephen Allen Lebeau Jr, Thomas A Upton Ph.D.,Chair, Elizabeth Goering, Kenneth W.Davis Ph.D http://www.usma.edu/cfe/Literature/Foust_12.pdf
    http://agusa08.student.ipb.ac.id/2010/06/20/ public-speaking/

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: To see how the knowledge about the understanding of the techniques into public speaking with effective communication on Senior High School.
    2. Research Question: Can watching or learn to communicate through effective with English subtitles develop students’ speaking on Senior High School?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Watching or learn to communicate through effective with English subtitles can significantly develop students’ speaking.
    Ha: Watching or learn to communicate through effective with English subtitles cannot significantly develop students’ speaking

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population: Students of SMA 17 Jakarta (XI)
    Sample : 150 students of SMA 17 Jakarta ( class of XIA and XIB) ( Convenient Sampling Technic)
    2. Types of Data to Collect :scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre- test and Post- test

    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test
    Thank you, sir

  14. Name:desiana sianturi
    SIN:1112150022

    Hay sir, I want to submit my assignment.

    A. Identifying Topic : Poem
    1. Problem : Students’ vocabulary is weak
    2. Porpose : To improve students’ vocabulary with poems.
    3. Res. Question : Can learn with poem improve students’ vocabulary.
    B. Literature Review
    Hempel, Marcia M.2008.Using Poetry To Increase Descriptive Vocabulary in Writing. P.p 4–9. From : http://content-dm.carrollu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/edthesis/id/12/rec/5

    Kristina Robertson. (2009).Introducing and Reading Poetry with English Language Learners, from : http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/31169/

    Wisegeek.How Do I Improve My Poetry Vocabulary?, from: http://www.wisegeek.net/how-do-i-improve-my-poetry-vocabulary.htm
    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statment: The purpose of this research is to see whether learning with poems can improve students’ vocabular or not.
    2. Research question: Can learn with poem improve students’ vocabulary?
    3. Hypothesis:
    Ho: Learning with poems can’t improve students’ vocabulary
    Ha: Learning with poems can improve students’ vocabulary
    D. Collecting Data:
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population : !80 students of SMA Santa Maria Monica Bekasi (Class XII)
    Samples : 88 students of SMA Santa Maria Monica Bekasi
    2. Types of Data to Collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Interview, Pre-test and Post-test
    E. Analyzing Data
    (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    thank you, sir. 🙂

  15. Name : Naomi Anitasari
    SRN : 1112150034

    A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
    1. Problem : Students are lack of confidence
    2. Purpose : To increase student’s confidence in public speaking by participating organization.
    3. Res. Question : Can participating organization technique increase student’s confidence in public speaking?

    B. Literature Review
    – Spence, Carma. (2013). Why should you improve your public speaking skills?
    – Hassam. How To Look Confident In Front Of People And When Speaking
    – Hassa. Public Speaking Skills.
    – Wiegers, Karl. (2012). Participating in Professional Organizations

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of this research is to know whether participating organization can increase students’ confidence in public speaking.
    2. Research Question : Can participating organization significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    Ho : Participating organization can significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking.
    Ha : : Participating organization can not significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample : Students of SMAN 8 Tangerang, class XI A and XI B (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data : t-test

  16. Name : PUTRI WARINAGIA
    SRN : 11 121 500 36
    Class : B

    A. Identifying Topic: PUBLIC SPEAKING
    1. Problem: Students are not confidence enough to speak English in the public.

    2. Purpose: to improve students’ confidence through drama.

    3. Res. Question: Can drama improve students’ confidence for speaking English in the public?

    B. Literature Review:
    1. Alan Maley, A. D. (2005). Drama Techniques. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    2. Boonkit, K. (2010). Enhancing the development of speaking skills for non-native speakers of English. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences , 2 (2), 1305–1309.

    3. Luis J. García-López, M. B.-B.-M. (2013). From Being a Trainee to Being a Trainer: Helping Peers Improve their Public Speaking Skills // De ser entrenado a ser entrenador: cómo ayudar a otros iguales en la mejora de las competencias para hablar en público. Revista de Psicodidáctica / Journal of Psychodidactics , 331-342.

    4. Morreale, S. P. (2010). Competent The Public Speaker. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to analyze whether the drama can improve students’ confidence for speaking English in the public.

    2. Research Question: Can drama improve students’ confidence for speaking English in the public?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    Ho: Drama can improve students’ confidence for speaking English in the public.
    Ha: Drama can’t improve students’ confidence for speaking English in the public.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample: Students of SMA 14 Jakarta, class of XA & XB (Convenient Sampling Technique)

    2. Types of Data to Collect: Scores

    3. Instrument (s): Pre-Test and Post-Test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use for analyzing the data is t-test

  17. A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
    1. Problem : The lack of students’ public speaking in the class
    2. Purpose : To improve students’ public speaking by presentation
    3. Res. Question : Can presentation improve students’ public speaking?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)
    Lucas, S. (latest edition). The art of public speaking. Boston: McGraw-Hill
    Osborn, M., & Osborn, S. (latest edition). Public speaking. New York: Houghton
    Mifflin,

    Click to access guidepubspeak.pdf

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to see whether by presentation can improve the students’ public speaking
    2. Research Question: Can presentation improve students’ public speaking
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Presentation can not significantly improve students’ public speaking
    Ha: Presentation can significantly improve students’ public speaking

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population: 200 students SMAN 11 JAKARTA
    Sample: 60 students of SMAN 11 JAKARTA CLASS XA and XB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: t-test

  18. NAME : GLADYS YUSIVA DOANE
    CLASS : B
    111-21-500-46

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem : The students’ interaction and satisfaction is not improved
    2. Purpose : To improve the senior high school students’ interaction and satisfaction by studying blended learning with better learning experiences by using media, strategies and methods. These learning experiences are able to promote interactions that allow the learners to recall all the information that they have absorbed and combine it with other experiences, so that a new kind of knowledge can be formed.
    3. Res. Question : Can blended learning improve the students’ interaction and satisfaction

    B. Literature Review
    Watson, John, Blending Learning, The Convergence of Online and Face-to-Face Education.
    Ron Kurtus, Blended Learning.
    Purnima Valiathan, Blended learning that mixes various event-based activities.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose is to know whether blended learning can improve students’ interaction and satisfaction to provide the most efficient and effective instruction experience by combining the best aspects of both face to face and online learning.
    2. Research Question : Can blended learning improve the students’ interaction?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Blended learning can significantly improve the learners to recall all the information that they have absorbed on senior high school students.
    Ha : Blended learning can not significantly improve the learners to recall all the information that they have absorbed on high school students.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 180 students SMA 104 Jakarta
    Sample : 60 students of SMA 104 Jakarta (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test
    E. Analyzing Data (Statistical formula/program) : t-test

  19. NAME : THURMA MAYASARI
    SIN : 111.21.500.30
    BS-A

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem: Using a blended learning approach to support
    problem-based learning with first year students in large undergraduate classes
    2. Purpose: To determine students’ responses to the learning setting and to
    investigate its ability to successfully cater for the diverse needs and expectations of the
    subjects.
    3. Res. Question : what problem-based learning with first year
    students in large undergraduate classes.

    B. Literature Review (See notes below):
    -Oliver, Ron (2005). Using a blended learning approach to support problem-based learning with first year students in large undergraduate classes.
    – Ramsden, P. (1992). Learning to Teach in Higher Education. London: Routledge.
    – Barkham, J. & Elender, F. (1995). Applying person-centred principles to teaching large classes. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 23, 179-197.
    – Biggs, J. (1999). Teaching for quality learning at university. Buckingham: Open
    University Press.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose this study is to know how to using blended learning.
    2. Research Question : How to using blended learning in first year students in large undergraduate classes?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Students does not ready to learn of blended learning in first year student in large undergraduate classes
    Ha: Students are able to learn of blended learning in first year student in large undergraduate class

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population: 60 students majoring in English at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Indonesian Christian university.
    Sample: 30 students majoring in English at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Indonesian Christian university. Each of 15 students at A and B classes.
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-Test and Post-Test
    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you,Sir

  20. Name : Guntur Adventius Willem, Class : A, NIM : 1112150021

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems
    1. Problem : The lack of students’ understanding in learning poem
    2. Purpose : To improve students’ understanding in learning poem
    3. Res.Question : can teaching basic structures of poem make students understand more in learning poem

    B. Literature Review
    -Adams, Emily (december 2007). Learning to Understand Poetry. https://suite101.com/a/learning-to-understand-poetry-a73426
    -Taraporewala, A. (March 2011). What Is the Basic Structure of a Poem. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-is-the-basic-structure-of-a-poem.html
    -(June 2013). http://learn.lexiconic.net/elementsofpoetry.htm
    -Basic Elements Of Poetry. (2014). The Iloveindia website. Retrieved 01:25, Mar 25, 2014, from http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/basic-elements-of-poetry-4793.html.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of the research is to know whether learning basic structures of poem will make the students understand the poem or not.
    2. Research Question : Can learning basic structures of poem improve the understanding of poem.
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    -Ho : Students don’t understand poem by learning its basic structures
    -Ha : Students understand poem by learning its basic structures

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample :
    -Population : 120 students of SMA PSKD VII Depok
    -Sample : 30 students
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    -(Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

  21. Nama : Rahelia Eta
    Class : B
    NIM : 1112150033

    A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
    1. Problem : Students’ Speaking is poor
    2. Purpose : To increase student’s confidence in public speaking by storytelling.
    3. Res. Question : Can storytelling technique increase student’s confidence in public speaking ?

    B. Literature Review
    – Yellen, Blake and DeVries . Developing Speaking Skills . Weber State University.
    – Stanley, E. F. (2011) . Journal of Innovative Education . Decision Sciences.
    – Tom, Tusitala . Speaking tips : Confident Public Speaking – Interactive Storytelling .
    – Buvala, Sem . Improve your communication skills and public speaking with storytelling techniques .

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of this research is to know whether storytelling can increase students’ confidence in public speaking.
    2. Research Question : Can storytelling significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    Ho : Storytelling can significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking.
    Ha : : Storytelling can not significantly increase students’ confidence in public speaking.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample : Students of SMAN 52 Jakarta, class XI A and XI B (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use : t-test

  22. NAME : Rentha Jullindah Zendrato
    SIN : 1112150006
    FKIP BS A (2011)

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking. Problem: the influence of American language to the teenagers on the speaking slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing
    2. Purpose: To knowing how the influence of American language to the teenagers on the Speaking Slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing.
    3. Res. Question: how the influence of American language to the teenagers on the Speaking Slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing

    B. Literature Review
    http://www.debate.org/opinions/does-texting-have-adverse-effects-on-a-persons-ability-to-communicate-in-other-manners http://www.pbs.org/speak/transcripts/3.html http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cultural_Anthropology/Communication_and_Language
    Extracts from the Teenglish Dictionary. By Paul Stokes
    11:19AM BST 10 Sep 2008
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/books/the-life-of-slang-by-julie-coleman/2012/05/25/gJQABF1cqU_story.html
    http://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2009/dec/02/slang-literature-relevant

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this study was to know how the influence of American language to the teenagers on the Speaking Slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing
    2. Research Question: Can oral presentation improve students’ confidence in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : the influence of American language cannot influence the confidence of teenagers on the Speaking Slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing
    Ha : the influence of American language can influence the confidence of teenagers on the Speaking Slang (emotional feeling) ability expressing.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample: the teenagers of the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training Christian University of Indonesia 2013 of 5th Semester (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: Scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data : Statistical formula/program to use : t-test

    Thank you sir, have a nice day ^_^

  23. Name : Ribka Nasita Putri
    Class: A
    NIM : 1112150002

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems
    1. Problem : The lack of students’ motivation and vocabulary for write text
    2. Purpose : To improve motivation writing skill and vocabulary by write poetry
    3. Res. Question : Is there any significant effect of using poem to improve writing skill and vocab to the second graders in Senior High School?

    B. Literature Review
    Kooser, T. (February 2005). The Poetry Home Repair Manual. In Practical Advice for Beggining Poets.
    Harmer, J. 2004. How to Teach Writing. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
    Thornbury, S. 2002. How to Teach Vocabulary. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.
    Behn, Robin. The Practice of Poetry: Writing Exercises From Poets Who Teach.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of this study is to know the significant effect that poems can improve the writing skill and vocabulary
    2. Research Question : Can the poem improve writing skill and vocab students to write text?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    Ho : Students doesn’t have motivation or lazy write the text
    Ha : Students have motivation to write text by writing poem

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample :
    Population : 120 students in Mardi Waluya Senior High School
    Sample : 30 students
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you Sir. ^^

  24. Shalom Sir Parlin, I’m sorry sir, cause I’m late to post my Assignment.
    Name : Meilynda Mora. S
    NIM : 1112150027
    BS (A)

    A. Identifying Topic: Contextual Language Learning
    1. Problem: Student’s English achievement can’t to think critically and creatively in collecting the data, and solve the problem and teacher also can’t be more creative.

    2. Purpose: To determine the effect of the approach on high school students’ English achievement

    3. Res. Question: What’s the influence of a Contextual Language Learning approach to the English achievement of high school students?

    B. Literature Review
    Abd al-Hayy, Muhammed (1982). Cultural policy in the Sudan. Paris: UNESCO Press.Barry, Ellen (2001). The Lost Boys. The Boston Globe. January 7, 2001.

    Carr-Hill, Roy; Passingham, Steve; Wolf, Alison; & Kent, Naomi (1996). Lost Opportunities: The Language Skills of Linguistic Minorities in England and Wales. ERIC Digest. ED423707.

    Corbett, Sara (2001). The Long Road from Sudan to America. The New York Times.
    http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/FamMed/WalkingBoys.pdf . Last accessed June 30, 2003.

    C. Determining Research Objectives and Questions
    1. Statement of Purpose: The purpose of this study was to see whether there is a positive and significant relationship between the approach of contextual influences on English achievement of high school students.

    2. Research question: whether there is a positive and significant relationship between the approach of contextual influences on English achievement of high school students?

    3. Hypothesis (Ho and Ha):
    Ho: There is not a positive and significant relationship between Contextual Language Learning approach to English achievement of high school students.
    Ha: There is a positive and significant relationship between Contextual Language Learning approach to English achievement of high school students.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population: 80 students of SMA ASISI Jakarta (Class XII)
    Sampling techniques : Simple Random Sampling
    Sample: 35 students of SMA ASISI Jakarta (Class of XII IPA and XII IPS)

    2. Types of Data to collect: scores

    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: Pearson Product Moment, t-test, and determinant coefficient.

    Thank you, Sir Parlin 🙂 God Bless Us.

  25. Name : Cianly
    SIN : 1112150047
    CLASS : B

    A.Identifying topic : public speaking
    1. problem : students’ speaking is poor
    2. purpose : to develop the ability of students by debate in the classroom
    3. res. Question : can debate in the classroom make the students’ ability in public speaking?
    B. Literature review :
    1. Keith, William. (2010). “A New Golden Age: Intercollegiate Debate in the 21st Century.” In Navigating Opportunity: Policy Debate in the 21st Century, Alan Louden, Editor.
    2. ESteven A. Beebe,Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach, 8/
    3. David W. Braeutigam, Speak Up: A Guide to Improving Your Public Speaking Skills
    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose statement : The purpose of the research is to determine whether learning of debate in the classroom make the students ability in public speaking?
    2. Research Question : can debate in the classroom make the students’ ability in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    4. Ho : debate in the classroom can make the students ability in public speaking
    Ha : debate in the classroom can’t make the students ability on public speaking
    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample :
    Population : 250 students SMA Kasih Karunia
    Sample : 65 students SMA Kasih Karunia (convenient sampling technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test
    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: t-test

  26. Shalom Sir, I’m sorry sir, I’m so late to post my Assignment.

    HARDIANTI APRILIANING TIAS
    11 121 500 49
    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking
    1. Problem : Students’s lack of confidence in public speaking
    2. Purpose : To improve student confidence by giving lessons in class presentations.
    3. Res. Question: Can class presentation bates improve students’s confidence in public speaking?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)
    1. Cooper, Pamela J. Speech Communication for the Classroom Teacher,4th ed.Scottsdale: Gorsuch Scarisbrick, Publishers,1994.
    2. Flacks, Niki and Robert W. Rasberry. Power Talk: How to Use Theater Techniques to WinYour Audience,New York:The Free Press,1982.
    3. Hyon, B. S.and Rosalind B. (2000) Language Use and English-Speaking Ability.
    4. Pavlenko, A. (2011). Thinking and speaking in two languages. onawanda, NY: Multilingual Matters
    5. Standards for foreign language learning: Preparing for the 21st century. (1996). Yonkers, NY: National Standards in Foreign Language Education Project.
    6. Stuart, Christina. How to be an Effective Speaker. Lincolnwood: NTC Publishing Group,1999.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this research is to analyze whether class presentation es can improve students’s confidence in public speaking or not?
    2. Research Question
    Can class presentation improve students’s confidence in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : class presentation can significantly improve students’s confidence in public speaking.
    Ha : class presentation can not significantly increase students’s confidence in public speaking.
    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Students of SMK BPS&K II Bekasi, Class of XIIA & XIIB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Scores
    3. Instrument (s)
    Pre-test and post-test
    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use)

  27. Name : Tuti Haryati Sihite
    NIM :1112150044

    A.Identifying topic : public speaking
    1.Problem : Student’s english speaking is poor
    2.Purpose :To develop the student’s ability in public speaking by listening the english music.
    3.Res.question : can listening the english music increase the student abiliy in public speaking?

    B.Literature review (see notes below)
    O’Toole, J. M., & Absalom, D. J. (2003). The Impact of Blended Learning on Student Outcomes: is there room on the horse for two?. Journal of Educational Media, 28(2-3), pp. 179-190.
    Topper, S. (2010). Public-Speaking Basics. BookBaby.
    Hyon, B. S.and Rosalind B. (2000) Language Use and English-Speaking Ability.

    C.Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1.Purpose statement : the purpose of this research is to proved whether the activity of listening the english music can increase the student’s ability in public speaking or not.
    2.Research Question : can listening the english music increase the student abiliy in public speaking?
    3.Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : listening the English music can increase the student’s ability in public speaking.
    Ha : listening the English music can’t increase the student’s ablity in public speaking.

    D.Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 150 siswa SMA Permata Jakarta
    Sample : 50 students of SMA permata Jakarta (class of XI A & XI B )(convenient sampling tecnics)
    2. Types of Data to Collect :scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre- test and Post- test

    E.Analyzing Data
    a. (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

  28. Name : Dewi Natalia Perangin-angin
    SIN : 1112150042
    Class B

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem : The students’ activity is poor
    2. Purpose : To increase the high school students’ activity by studying blended learning.
    3. Res. Question : Can blended learning give impact to high school students’ activity

    B. Literature Review
    Bersin, Josh, The Blended Learning Book; Best Practises, Proven methodologies, and Lesson learned, John Wiley & Sons, San Francisco, CA, 2004.
    Rossett, Allison, dan Rebecca Vaughan Frazee, Blended Learning Opportunities, American Management Association Special Report, 2006.
    Watson, John, Blending Learning, The Convergence of Online and Face-to-Face Education , NACOL

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose is to know whether blended learning can increase students’ activity or not
    2. Research Question : Can blended learning can increase high school students’ activity?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Blended learning can give influence increasingly on high school students’ activity
    Ha : Blended learning can not give influence increasingly on high school students’ activity

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 150 students SMA Yadika 3 Tangerang
    Sample : 65 students of SMA Yadika 3 Tangerang (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test
    E. Analyzing Data
    (Statistical formula/program) : t-test

  29. Good night sir, this is my assignment
    name: Erika Magdalena Septiana
    nim: 1112150901
    class: Bs b

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems
    1. Problem : The lack of students’ knowledge about figurative language of poems.
    2. Purpose : To explain the students what is figurative language and kinds of figurative language in poems by teaching and analyzing with text of poems.
    3. Res. Question : Do the teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase or improve their knowledge about poems?
    B. Literature Review (See notes below)
    Ernawati. (2009). dvanhlast.com. From http://dvanhlast.wordpress.com/tag/english-poetry/
    Martinez. (February 17, 2010). A guided lesson plan: Poetry and figurative language.
    Heard, G., McCormick-Calkins, L., 1998.For the Good of the Earth and Sun:
    Teaching Poetry
    Auman, M., 1989.Step Up To Writing Manual
    Hoomes, E.W., Create a Poem Writing Rhymed and Unrhymed Verse
    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : To identify whether the students have known the meaning about figurative language of poems and its kinds or not.
    2. Research Question : Do the students know what is figurative language of poems and its kinds?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase their knowledge about poems.
    Ha : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can not increase their knowledge about poems.
    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 200 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi
    Sample : 63 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s) : final test score
    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you, sir

  30. Good night sir, this is my assignment
    name: Erika Magdalena Septiana
    nim: 1112150901

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems
    1. Problem : The lack of students’ knowledge about figurative language of poems.
    2. Purpose : To inform the students what is figurative language and kinds of figurative language in poems by teaching and analyzing with text of poems.
    3. Res. Question : Does the teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase or improve their knowledge about poems?
    B. Literature Review (See notes below)
    Ernawati. (2009). dvanhlast.com. From http://dvanhlast.wordpress.com/tag/english-poetry/
    Martinez. (February 17, 2010). A guided lesson plan: Poetry and figurative language.
    Heard, G., McCormick-Calkins, L., 1998.For the Good of the Earth and Sun:
    Teaching Poetry
    Auman, M., 1989.Step Up To Writing Manual
    Hoomes, E.W., Create a Poem Writing Rhymed and Unrhymed Verse
    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : To identify whether the students have knowing the meaning about figurative language of poems and its kinds or not.
    2. Research Question : Do the students know what is figurative language of poems and its kinds?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase their knowledge about poems.
    Ha : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems cannot increase their knowledge about poems.
    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 200 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi
    Sample : 63 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s) : final test score
    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you, sir

    1. Good night sir, this is my assignment
      name: Erika Magdalena Septiana
      nim: 1112150901

      A. Identifying Topic: Poems
      1. Problem : The lack of students’ knowledge about figurative language of poems.
      2. Purpose : To inform the students what is figurative language and kinds of figurative language in poems by teaching and analyzing with text of poems.
      3. Res. Question : Does the teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase or improve their knowledge about poems?
      B. Literature Review (See notes below)
      Ernawati. (2009). dvanhlast.com. From http://dvanhlast.wordpress.com/tag/english-poetry/
      Martinez. (February 17, 2010). A guided lesson plan: Poetry and figurative language.
      Heard, G., McCormick-Calkins, L., 1998.For the Good of the Earth and Sun:
      Teaching Poetry
      Auman, M., 1989.Step Up To Writing Manual
      Hoomes, E.W., Create a Poem Writing Rhymed and Unrhymed Verse
      C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
      1. Purpose Statement : To identify whether the students have knowing the meaning about figurative language of poems and its kinds or not.
      2. Research Question : Do the students know what is figurative language of poems and its kinds?
      3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
      Ho : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can increase their knowledge about poems.
      Ha : Teaching and analyzing figurative language with text of poems can not increase their knowledge about poems.
      D. Collecting Data
      1. Population & Sample
      Population : 200 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi
      Sample : 63 students SMK Bisnis Informatika Bekasi (Convenient Sampling Technique)
      2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
      3. Instrument (s) : final test score
      E. Analyzing Data
      • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

      Thank you, sir

  31. Name : Mei Pangaribuan
    SIN : 111 215 00 15
    Class : BS A
    Good afternoon sir, I had done my research process assignment. Here, I sent it.

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking
    1. Problem: Students’ English speaking is poor.
    2. Purpose : To develop students’ speaking on Senior High School by watching films with English subtitles.
    3. Res. Question : Can watching filims with English subtitles develop students’ speaking on Senior High School.

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)
    O’ grady, Wiliam and Dobrovolsky, Contemporary Linguistik Analysis: An introduction. Toronto: Copp Clark LTD.1996.
    Pavio, Allan and Begg, Ian. Psychologyof Language. Englewood Cliffs: PrenticeHall, Inc. 1998
    Saville, Mauriel and Troike. The Ethnography of Communication. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, LTd. 1986.
    Spradly, James P. Participant Observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to see whether watching filims with English subtitles can develop students’ speaking on Senior High School.
    2. Research Question: Can watching filims with English subtitles develop students’ speaking on Senior High School.
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho: Watching filims with English subtitles can significantly develop students’ speaking.
    Ha: Watching filims with English subtitles cannot significantly develop students’ speaking

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Population: 110 students of SMA 4 jakarta (X)
    Sample : 50 students of SMA 4 Jakarta ( class of XA and XB) ( Convenient Sampling Technic)
    2. Types of Data to Collect :scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre- test and Post- test

    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you, sir

  32. NAME : MELVA MELISA TAMBUNAN
    SIN : 11. 121. 500. 16
    FKIP BS A (2011)

    A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking

    1. Problem: External and internal factors that influence self-confident in public speaking.
    2. Purpose: To determine whether the internal and external factors affecting students’ self-confidence by giving an oral presentation.
    3. Res. Question: Can external and internal factors affecting students’ self-confidence?

    B. Literature Review

    Eva, K.W., Armson, H., Holmboe, E., and Lockyer, J. (2011). Factors influencing responsiveness to feedback: on the interplay between fear, confidence, and reasoning processes. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

    Mackin, Deborah. (2006). Cross Cultural Understanding. New Directions Consulting, Inc, pp. 4-6.

    Gordon, Jackie. (2012). Class for Presentation Skills can Build Self-Confidence in Other Areas as Well. The Leaders Institute. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from: http://www.leadersinstitute.com/class-for-public-speaking-can-build-self-confidence-in-other-areas-as-well/

    Wong, Lilian., and ITIP Team. English Centre, The University of Hong Kong. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from: http://www4.caes.hku.hk/epc/presentation/

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the external and internal factors in oral presentations can affect students’ self-confidence, or not?
    2. Research Question: Can oral presentation improve students’ confidence in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : external and internal factors can not affect the confidence of students in terms of oral presentations for public speaking .
    Ha : external and internal factors can affect the confidence of students in terms of oral presentations for public speaking .

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample: 50 students of SMA 102 Jakarta; Class of XIA & XIB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: Scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data : Statistical formula/program to use : t-test

    ***note***
    external factors : mother tongue, time, the number of students, etc.
    internal factors : grammar, pronunciation, intonation, vocabulary, etc.

  33. Jessica Talentia
    11 121 500 39

    This is my own mindset for the assignment.

    A. Identifying Topic: Poems

    1. Problem : The lack of students’ knowledge about metrical foot of poems.
    2. Purpose : To tell the students what is metrical foot and kinds of metrical foot by teaching with games.
    3. Res. Question : Does the teaching metrical foot with games can improve their knowledge about poems?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)

    Daley. (2012). MrDaley.com. From http://www.mrdaley.com/wordpress/poetry/meter-and-metrical-feet/

    David Barnes, D. C. (October 2010). Stress Fractures : Essays on Poetry. Penned in the Margins.

    Eagleton, T. (2007). How to Read a Poem.

    Kinzie, M. (July 2013). A Poet’s Guide to Poetry (Paperback). University of Chicago Press.

    Kooser, T. (February 2005). The Poetry Home Repair Manual. In Practical Advice for Beggining Poets.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

    1. Purpose Statement : To identify whether the students have knowing about metrical feet of poems and its kinds or not.
    2. Research Question : Do the students know what is metrical feet of poems and its kinds?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Teaching metrical foot with games can increase their knowledge about poems.
    Ha : Teaching metrical foot with games cannot increase their knowledge about poems.

    D. Collecting Data

    1. Population & Sample
    Population : 257 students SMK 5 Bekasi
    Sample : 63 students SMK 5 Bekasi (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : scores
    3. Instrument (s) : final test score

    E. Analyzing Data

    • (Statistical formula/program to use) : t-test

    Thank you.

  34. YULIA LESTARI TARIHORAN
    1112150041

    A. Identifying Topic:
    Public Speaking
    1. Problem
    Students’s lack of confidence in public speaking
    2. Purpose
    To increase student confidence by giving exposure to debates
    3. Res. Question
    Can exposore to debates can increase students’s confidence in public speaking?

    B. Literature Review (See notes below)

    a) Hyon, B. S.and Rosalind B. (2000) Language Use and English-Speaking Ability.
    b) Stephen B. Fawcett and L. Keith Miller (2013). Training public-speaking behavior: and experimental analysis and social validation. Journal of applied behaviour analysis.
    c) GL Grice, JF Skinner (2004). Mastering public speaking.
    d) Songsiri, Montha (2007) An action research study of promoting students’ confidence in speaking English. Other Degree thesis thesis, Victoria University.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement
    The purpose of this research is to analyze whether exposure to debates can increase students’s confidence in public speaking or not?
    2. Research Question
    Can exposure to debates can increase students’s confidence in public speaking?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)
    Ho : Exposure to debates can significantly increase students’s confidence in public speaking.
    Ha : Exposure to debates can not significantly increase students’s confidence in public speaking.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample
    Students of SMA Pelita Bangsa; Class of XIA & XIB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect
    Scores
    3. Instrument (s)
    Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    • (Statistical formula/program to use)
    t-test

  35. NAME : MEGA INTAN SARI
    NIM : 1112150012
    CLASS : A

    A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
    1. Problem : Students’ Speaking is poor
    2. Purpose : To make a student more confidence in public speaking.
    3. Res. Question : Can the student more confidence in public speaking ?

    B. Literature Review
    Clark, P. (2012). 101 Tips Public Speaking. Smashwords Edition .
    Lee. (2013). public speaking. Dewa Putu Tagel .
    Naistadt, I. (2009). Speak Without Fear. HarperCollins.
    Noonan, P. (2010). On Speaking Well. HarperCollins.
    Topper, S. (2010). Public-Speaking Basics. BookBaby.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of the research is to determine whether learning public speaking will make the students to be confident or not.
    2. Research Question : can learning of public speaking will make the students to be confidence or not.
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
    Ho : Public speaking can make the student confidence.
    Ha : Public speaking cannot make the student confidence.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample : Students of SMA MUTIARA BARU Bekasi, class of XA and XB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
    3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and Post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use : t-test

    Thanks sir.

    1. A. Identifying Topic : Public Speaking
      1. Problem : Students’ Speaking is poor
      2. Purpose : To make a student more confidence in public speaking.
      3. Res. Question : Can the student more confidence in public speaking ?

      B. Literature Review
      Clark, P. (2012). 101 Tips Public Speaking. Smashwords Edition .
      Lee. (2013). public speaking. Dewa Putu Tagel .
      Naistadt, I. (2009). Speak Without Fear. HarperCollins.
      Noonan, P. (2010). On Speaking Well. HarperCollins.
      Topper, S. (2010). Public-Speaking Basics. BookBaby.

      C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
      1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of the research is to determine whether learning public speaking will make the students to be confidence or not.
      2. Research Question : can learning of public speaking will make the students to be confidence or not.
      3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
      Ho : Public speaking can make the student confidence.
      Ha : Public speaking cannot make the student confidence.

      D. Collecting Data
      1. Population & Sample : Students of SMA MUTIARA BARU Bekasi, class of XA and XB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
      2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
      3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and post-test

      E. Analyzing Data
      Statistical formula/program to use : T-test

      Thanks sir.

    2. Hi Mega,
      I do appreciate your quick reply.
      However, let’s see some points you’ve written. There is something missed in the purpose, and the missed thing makes the research question incomplete.

      A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking
      1. Problem : Students’ Speaking is poor
      2. Purpose : To make a student more confidence in public speaking.
      (What will you do or what treatment is going to be provided to make the student more confident in speaking?)
      3. Res. Question : Can the student more confidence in public speaking?
      (This question needs to include the treatment to make it complete. Probably you meant to say: Can the student more confidence in speaking after they practice the public speaking skills?)

      What do you think?

      1. sorry sir for my mistake,
        I was too focused on the “student more confident in public speaking”, and I also forgot to add treatment of my research.
        I try to complete my assignment before:
        A. Identifying Topic: Public Speaking
        1. Problem : Students’ Speaking is poor
        2. Purpose : To make a students more confidence in public speaking by applying to be a host.
        3. Res. Question : Can be a host can make students more confidence in public speaking ?

        B. Literature Review
        Clark, P. (2012). 101 Tips Public Speaking. Smashwords Edition .
        Lee. (2013). public speaking. Dewa Putu Tagel .
        Naistadt, I. (2009). Speak Without Fear. HarperCollins.
        Noonan, P. (2010). On Speaking Well. HarperCollins.
        Topper, S. (2010). Public-Speaking Basics. BookBaby.

        C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
        1. Purpose Statement : The purpose of the research is to identify whether a host can make students more confidence ?
        2. Research Question : can be a host make sudents more confidence ?
        3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha) :
        Ho : be a host can significantly to make students more confidence
        Ha : be a host cannot significantly to make students more confidence

        D. Collecting Data
        1. Population & Sample : Students of SMA MUTIARA BARU Bekasi, class of XA and XB (Convenient Sampling Technique)
        2. Types of Data to Collect : Scores
        3. Instrument (s) : Pre-test and post-test

        E. Analyzing Data
        Statistical formula/program to use : T-test

        Thanks sir,

  36. Name: Annery Fienta
    Student Identification Number: 1112150024
    Class: A

    A. Identifying Topic: Blended Learning
    1. Problem: Students’ English achievement is poor
    2. Purpose: To determine the effect of the blended learning approach on high school students’ English achievement
    3. Res. Question: Can blended learning approach affect on high school students’ English achievement?

    B. Literature Review
    Kubey, R. W., Lavin, M. J. and Barrows, J. R. (2001). Internet use and collegiate academic performance decrements: early findings. Journal of Communication, 51(2), pp. 366–382.

    O’Toole, J. M., & Absalom, D. J. (2003). The Impact of Blended Learning on Student Outcomes: is there room on the horse for two?. Journal of Educational Media, 28(2-3), pp. 179-190.

    Stacey, E. and Gerbic, P. (2007). Teaching for blended learning: research perspectives from on-campus and distance students. Education and Information Technologies, Vol. 12, pp. 165-174, Springer, USA.

    Whitelock, D. and Jeffs, A. (2003). Editorial for special issue on blended learning: Blending the issues and concerns of staff and students. Journal of Educational Media, 28(2/3), pp. 99–100.

    C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions
    1. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this research is to see whether blended learning approach can affect on high school students’ English achievement or not
    2. Research Question: Can blended learning approach affect on high school students’ English achievement?
    3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha):
    Ho: Blended learning approach can not affect on high school students’ English achievement.
    Ha: Blended learning approach can affect on high school students’ English achievement.

    D. Collecting Data
    1. Population & Sample:
    Population: 100 students of SMA Dharma Bakti Jakarta (Class X)
    Sample: 40 students of SMA Dharma Bakti Jakarta (Class of XA & XB) (Convenient Sampling Technique)
    2. Types of Data to Collect: scores
    3. Instrument (s): Pre-test and post-test

    E. Analyzing Data
    Statistical formula/program to use to analyze the data: t-test

    Thank you, Sir 🙂

    1. Hello Annery,
      Very well done! Glad to see your high enthusiasm to study in our classes (doing an assignment immediately is an indicator of enthusiasm). In addition, overall, your ideas are interesting. They reveal your mastery on the topic of “quantitative research process”. The only point I would suggest to emulate is your hypothesis formulation. It’s probably better if you insert the word “significantly” in both. Thus they run this way:
      Ha: Blended learning approach cannot significantly affect on high school students’ English achievement.
      Ha: Blended learning approach can significantly affect on high school students’ English achievement.

      Regards,

      PP

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