Introduction to ELT Research (ppt)


Introduction to ELT Research

This slide covers the what (overview of the materials and products) and the how (activities, approach and procedure of running) the Research in ELT class and the topic of the first lecture.

Feel free to access and download the slide from here

Exercise 1

After studying the slide and Dornyei’s (2011) Research methods in applied linguistics: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methodologies. pp. 13-92 and Kotari’s (2004). Research methodology: Methods and techniques, pp. 7-8, Read Pardede’s (2012) article entitled “Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research” (full text) and answer the following questions:

  1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
  2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to  certain questions?  If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
  3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.

Deadline for posting answer: Friday, May 30, 2014, 12:00 pm.

Good luck!

45 Comments

  1. These are my answers :

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    —>The subject was studied about the attitude of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
    —> Yes, It did.
    —> Getting answers to questions by looking at what other people has said about the concerned issue and This research is essential for it saves time and energy and also prevent us from ‘reinventing the wheel’ again and again.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    —> a. how respondents about the design of the study ELT?
    That the responses of the respondents that they consider such research is difficult or easy, interested or not interested, and fun or boring. Their research know what their response in a study of design.
    b. How respondents think about ELT research in general?
    Respondents indicate that the ELT research in general is important, interesting but difficult. The distribution of the respondents’ perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT course. More than a half of them agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course. Almost a half thought research interesting.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    —> I think in the research reported used both quantitative & qualitative methods. Qualitative methods to describe research results in words. Besides, a quantitative method is used to calculate the results of a questionnaire study. There is the count of results of research in form numbers,percent,etc.

  2. Dear Mr. Pardede
    Here are my answers :
    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
     The subject studied in the research reported in the article was the attitude of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
     The research revealed new information, they are : more than a half of the respondents viewed the research necessary, important and interesting; and some of them viewed the research difficult. And to increase their positive attitude, they should attend the seminars.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
     Yes, it did.
    Q : What is the design they like most to conduct for writing their thesis?
    A : The design they like most to conduct for writing their thesis was action research, surveys and correlational.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
     It was quantitative methodology. It was reported by using questionnaires, a numerical and variables to explain the data.

  3. Dear Mr. Parlin,
    Below are my answers for 1st assignment of ELT Research
    Dia Pristiawati – 0812157004

    1. The subject studied in the research reported in the article was the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). The research revealed new information which are: More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT, some of the respondents viewed research difficult supported by their perception that the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research or they did not yet read and discussed research papers extensively, and the researcher also found that to increase their positive attitudes towards research was by facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches and involving them to forums which they could share their research.

    2. The research reported in the article provided the answers to these following questions:
    a. Why do the students still seem reluctant to be actively engaged in research when they have been teaching?
    The students still seem reluctant to be actively engaged in research was because they only had a limited exposure to research
    b. Are the research courses, tools, and experiences not appropriate enough to enable them to conduct research?
    Most of the students viewed the research course did not adequately prepare them to do research.
    c. Is research too complicated or boring to conduct?
    a majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    3. The approach or method employed in the research reported was quantitative, which supported by the instrument used in the research was questionnaires (consist of six section used to investigate students’ attitudes toward research). Others was by using numbers to explain the data, focuzed to find the result of information than the processes, and summarized about the group (variables) studied.

  4. Adesinta Glory
    11 1215 0051

    Dear Sir, these are my answers for the three questions.

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding.
    A. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?
    》》The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching
    (ELT).

    B. Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    》》Yes, it did. It showed that 57% of participants were enjoyed discussing about ELT. So, to increase positive attitudes the EFL learner, seminar is the media.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions.Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    》》Yes, it did.
    The question is: “Were the respondents confident to do research?”
    The Answer is: “55.3% of respondents agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practise.”

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    It was mixed methodology. We can see alot of numeral, table, and result in percentages, but all the results are described in qualitative rules. For example, we can see in section 8 “… since the response-rate to the statements that research is difficult and time consuming was slightly high, it was possible that these two perceptions were the reasons why they had negative feelings toward reseach.”
    The word “slightly high” is not the word to present quantative result buat qualitative result event the number say so.

  5. Dear sir,

    below are my answers.

    thank you
    ——————————————–

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?

    The subject reported in the article was attitudes of pre-service EFL teachers towards ELT research. The research revealed new information which were 1) majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting; 2) most of respondents viewed research difficult; 3) attending seminars will increase respondents’ positive attitudes.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.

    The Question and Answer mention in the article:
    a. Q : Why do the students still seem reluctant to be actively engaged in research when they have been teaching?
    A : Only 50% of the respondents are confidence to do research
    b. Q : Are the research courses, tools, and experiences not appropriate enough to enable them to conduct research?
    A : Only 36,9% of the respondents thought that the research courses adequately prepare them to do research
    c. Q : Is it because the students do not appreciate research?
    A : More than a half of the respondents agreed and strongly agreed that research is important
    d. Q : Is research too complicated or boring to conduct?
    A : Only 28,9% agreed and strongly agreed that reading research paper Is boring

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.

    The research employed mixed approach as explain by the writer: “The first section deals with respondents’ preferences of research design… by choosing one out of eight options they like most… on 2nd to 7th section was evaluated using a 5-point numerical scale.”

  6. Dear Sir Parlin

    I’m sory for sending the taks in the last minute.

    Name : Kristina Dyah Ayu
    NIM : 1112150902

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a
    subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new)
    understanding.

    What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?
    The subject which is studied in the research is about the attitudes of
    undergraduate pre- service EFL teachers toward research in English Language
    Testing (ELT).

    Did the research revealed new information?
    Yes, it did.

    If it did, what information?
    Based on the data and the result of the research on the text we can find an
    information that to provide research relevant workshops and guide will help
    teachers to have the knowledge and skills to conduct research.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our
    questions.

    Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Yes, it did.

    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    The result of the research is taken from the respondents’ of 38 pre-service EFL

    1).How respondents’ preference of research designs and topics?

    The topic they like the most to conduct the writing of undergraduate thesis
    revealed that those related to teaching/learning media was the most favorable.

    2).What the respondents think about EFL research and general?

    The respondents’ tended to think that EFL research in general is necessary,
    interesting but diffucult.

    3). The role of research in the graduate course and the attitudes of graduate
    toward the inclusion,or otherwise, of research teaching and projects in the
    graduate programme?

    The distribution of the respondents’ perception concerning with the importance
    of research revealed their believe of the importance of research on the
    development of ELT practice.

    4). How is the respondents’ confidence to do research ?

    The respondents’ felt they were slightly confident to deal with research.

    5). How is the respondents’ positive feeling toward research ?

    The distribution of respondents’ perception concerning with their positive feeling
    toward research revealed their slightly high fondness of research. More than a
    half(57,9) of them stated that they enjoyed the discussing about ELT research.

    6).How is the respondents’ negative feeling toward research?

    Findings concerning the respondents’ slightly high fondness of research were
    consistent with the findings about their negative feelings to research. Only
    23,7 % agreed and disagreed they would not enjoy working on research
    thesis.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative,
    or mixed)?

    Quantitative approach was employed in this research.

    Support your answer by providing relevant argument.

    Because it is supported by the instrument of the data collection, questionnaire. It
    use a numerical and variables to explain the data.

  7. Natalia Christiany / 1112150028
    This is my answers for the assignment
    1.) What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?

    The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is the Attitudes of Undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
    Did the research revealed new information? Yes, It did.
    If it did, what information?
    Based on the data, The findings indicated that to increase positive attitudes toward research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who did researchers could be used to increase their seemed quite strategic. The next effective way was by facilitating forums in which they could share their research.

    2.) Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Yes, It did.

    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.

    Question: What Respondents think about EFL Research in General.
    Based on the data of the research that more than a half (57.9%) of the participants stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research. A half (50%) said they enjoyed reading ELT research papers. More than 66% found people who do research very interesting. However, only 18.4% said research is easy. These findings indicate that facilitating students to attend seminars where the students could listen to people who do researches could be used to increase their positive attitudes towards research. The next effective forums in which they could share their research. This indicated that the participants in this study had limited direct experience to research.

    3. 3.) What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
    Quantitative approach was employed in the research and it was reported by using questionnaire. Based on the article, the researcher explained the result by using numerals on diagram and table. It also focuses more on the outcomes than the process.

    Thank you sir….

  8. Name : Luri Rahayu
    NIM : 1112150912

    Dear Sir,
    This is my answers for the assignments.

    1.) What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?
    The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is the Attitudes of Undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).

    Did the research revealed new information? Yes, It did.
    If it did, what information?
    Based on the data, The findings indicated that to increase positive attitudes toward research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researchers could be used to increase their seemed quite strategic. The next effective way was by facilitating forums in which they could share their research.

    2.) Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Yes, It did.
    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Question: What Respondents think about EFL Research in General.
    Based on data, The Respondents tended to think that EFL research in general is necessary, interesting, but difficult. The distribution of the respondents perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in ELT course. More than a half (57.8%) of the agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course. Almost a half (44.7%) thought research interesting. However, only (36.94%) of them thought the research courses adequately prepare them to do research.
    This indicated that the participants in this study had limited direct experience to research.

    3.) What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
    Quantitative approach was employed in the research.

    Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    This paper was supported by the questionnaire and the results use number to explain the data. The data focus more o the outcomes than the processes.

    Thank You, Sir.

  9. Dear Sir, these are my answers for the three question. Thank you.

    1) The subject studied in the research reported in the article?
    The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).

    Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Yes, it did. Based on the data, the information from the research that to increase the pre-service EFL learners’ positive attitudes towards research, is to facilitate them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches, so they can adapt some ideas and get them involved in forums which they could share their research.

    2) Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Yes. It did. Questionnaire responses supplemented by interview data were analyzed to understand the respondents’ confidence to do research.
    Based on the table 4; the respondent felt they were slightly confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology; 44.7% agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to design a research thesis, and 55.3 % agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.
    The research findings indicated that the respondents were confident and positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. However, most of the respondent viewed research difficult, it because the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research, the majority of them did not yet read and discussed research paper extensively

    3) What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Quantitative approach was employed in the research. The instrument from the research was adapted from Rieder’s (2010) questionnaire used to investigate students’ attitudes toward research. Besides. It used a numerical and variables to explain the data. It also focuses more on the outcomes than the process.

  10. Name: Wisnu Tri Utami
    NIM: 1112150013

    Dear Sir,
    Here are the answers for the assignments.

    1.) What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?
    The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is the Attitudes of Undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).

    Did the research revealed new information? Yes, It did.
    If it did, what information?
    Based on the data, The findings indicated that to increase positive attitudes toward research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researchers could be used to increase their seemed quite strategic. The next effective way was by facilitating forums in which they could share their research.

    2.) Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Yes, It did.

    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Question: What Respondents think about EFL Research in General.
    Based on data, The Respondents tended to think that EFL research in general is necessary, interesting, but difficult. The distribution of the respondents perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in ELT course. More than a half (57.8%) of the agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course. Almost a half (44.7%) thought research interesting. However, only (36.94%) of them thought the research courses adequately prepare them to do research.
    This indicated that the participants in this study had limited direct experience to research.

    3.) What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
    Quantitative approach was employed in the research.

    Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    This paper was supported by the questionnaire and the results use number to explain the data. The data focus more o the outcomes than the processes.

    Thank You, Sir.

  11. Dear Sir Parlin,
    These are my answers for the first assignment.
    Thank you.

    El. Febriana Fita W./ 1112150011

    1. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?
    The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is the attitudes of pre-service EFL Teachers toward research in English Language Teaching.

    Did the research revealed new information?
    Yes, the research revealed new information.

    If it did, what information?
    Based on the data of the research that more than a half (57.9%) of the participants stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research. A half (50%) said they enjoyed reading ELT research papers. More than 66% found people who do research very interesting. However, only 18.4% said research is easy. These findings indicate that facilitating students to attend seminars where the students could listen to people who do researches could be used to increase their positive attitudes towards research. The next effective forums in which they could share their research.

    2. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Yes, the research reported in the article provide the answer to certain questions.

    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    The question: Is research too complicated or boring to conduct?
    Based on the data, the author found the result of research that more than a half (57.9%) of the participants stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research. A half (50%) said they enjoyed reading ELT research papers. More than 66% found people who do research very interesting. Only 18.4% said research is easy. Then, only 23.7% agreed and disagreed they would not enjoy working on a research thesis. Those who agreed and strongly agreed that reading research papers is boring, research is stressful.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
    Quantitative approach was employed in the research reported by using questionnaire. Based on the article, the author explains the result by using numerals.

  12. Maria Helena Pude
    11 121 50 909

    Dear Sir, these are my answers for the three question. Thank you.

    1) What subject was studied in the research reported in the article?

    The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching
    (ELT).

    Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?

    Yes, it does. Based on the data, the author believed that to increase the pre-service EFL learners’ positive attitudes towards research, is to facilitate them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches, so they can adapt some ideas and get them involved in forums which they could share their research.

    2) Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.

    Yes. It does. For instance:

    Question : Questionnaire responses supplemented by interview data were analyzed to understand the respondents: (3) confidence to do research.

    Based on Table 4: the research shows that the respondents felt they were slightly confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology; 44.7% agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to design a research thesis, and 55.3 % agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.

    This indicate that the EFL pre-service teacher are quite confident to do research even when they found it difficult and stressful.

    3) What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.

    Quantitative approach was employed in the research. This is supported by the instrument used in this research: questionnaire. Besides, it used a numerical and variables to explain the data. It also aimed to find the result rather than to study the process. Hence, this research employed a quantitative approach.

  13. Hy sir. Sorry. I’m late sent this assignment . I hope you still want to read it.

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    • The subjects was studied the findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT) at Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta.
    • Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Yes, it did. Because the information indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    • Yes, it did.
    a . How our attitude to do research?
    Our attitude to do research to be more confident, have positive thoughts, can understand in doing research and draw on research related to ELT.
    b. How the views of respondents on research training in ETSP?
    Many respondents are interested in research in ELT. This research is useful to them if they would be EFL teachers in order to gain new knowledge about the study.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    • There were use quantitative because the research use questionnaires responses .

  14. Name : elroi samosir
    Nim :1112150038

    1. The subject was studied in the article is Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research, the respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the UKI.
    Yes, it did because in the article seen that most of the respondents were positive toward concept of research in ELT. This information give a learning for respondents how to be a good teacher that has attitude and how to increase their positive attitudes.

    2. A. What the respondents think about EFL research in general?
    The respondents thought that EFL research in general was necessary, interesting, but difficult.
    b. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?
    Based on data only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology, 44.7 % agreed and strongly agreed they’re confident in their ability to design a research thesis and 55.3% agreed and strongly agreed they’re confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.
    c. How was respondents’ positive feeling toward research?
    More than a half (57.9%) of them stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research, a half (50%) said that enjoyed reading ELT research papers, more than 66% found people who do research very interesting to listen, and only 18.4% said research is easy.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant arguments.
    This research used mixed method. The research using quantitative method to collects quantifiable data with analyzing the number using statistics. And qualitative method to collect data consisting largely of words.

  15. Name : Rahelia Eta . S
    NIM : 1112150033

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding.
    What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? The subject was studied in the research in findings of study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teacher toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
    Did the research revealed new information? Yes , it did.
    In the information, the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? Yes, it did.
    If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    a. Question : How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?
    Answer :The respondents felt they were slighty confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%) agree and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology ; 44,7% agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.

    b. Question : how were the respondent’s attitudes toward research (including research method and topic preference and the most problematic research components)?
    Answer : The majority of the them were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    c. Question : How the respondent view about research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers ?
    Answer : A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, importanted and than a half of them appeared to be positive the overall concept of research in ELT.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Answer :
    In the research used mixed method (Quantitative and qualitative) in which quantitative method using number to counting to quatify, and qualitative method to collect data through observation, interview.

  16. my name is DESIANA SIANTURI
    SIN 1112150022

    here is my answer.
    1. Yes, it did. the research revealed new information, the new information is about pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching.The respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta

    They argued that foreign language teacher preparation programs do not prepare the teacher to engage in a process of life-long learning, do not help teachers to use published research, and do not provide them with a problem-solving orientation to their own classroom teaching. This argument indicates that pre-service teacher education’s failure to provide students with research competence and skills. Many pre-service English teacher programs have even included the skills to operate SPSS in their curriculum. In addition, students are generally required to do a final year undergraduate project, which means writing a research paper on a topic specifically related to ELT.

    Yes, it did.
    (1) how were research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    (2) Yes, it did.
    (A) how were research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.

    (B).How were attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components)?
    Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive, and they were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education.

    (C)How were confidence to do research. Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT?
    The respondents felt they were slightly confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology

    3. In the research, there were use mixed between quantitative and qualitative. In quantitative, we can’t know the data for our research if we don’t use it. In qualitative, we don’t know the result and we can’t understand the qualities if we don’t use qualitative to describe our research.

  17. NAME : Merita Christiana
    SIN : 1112150032

    1. The subject “The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers towards research in English Language Teaching (ELT) ” was studied in the research reported in the article.
    Yes, it did. The research revealed the majority of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers (38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta) were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT as new information and More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. and this information is to study in teaching strategies as English teacher, attitude, and knowledge how to prepare to write seminar (skripsi).

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Yes, the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions obtained based on the data.
    1. How were the respondents viewed research if this study?
    The respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive of the overall concept, their attitude to research and its role, and they were slightly confident about their ability to understand research related to English Teacher Education.
    2. what attitudes that toward research?
    They had simply positive and quite negative feeling toward the study.
    3. How were most of the respondents viewed research difficult?
    This was supported by their perception that the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research.
    3. Approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) is mixed. It means that the research used quantitative and qualitative. The study use-counting numbers to quantify, summarize about the group (variables) studied , use tests, questionnaires, and the qualitative collect data through observation.

  18. 1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding.
    What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? The subject was studied in the research reported in the article was about investigating the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in ELT.
    Did the research revealed new information? Yes, it did. Actually, EFL teachers need to do research because it will develop their knowledge and competences. And this information is supported by Kincheloe (2003, 18-19), that they will enable to appreciate the benefits of research, to understanding deeper and richer ways that they know from experience, to be seen as learners rather than functionaries, to be seen as knowledge worker who reflect on their professional needs and current understanding, and to explore the learning process occurring in their classroom.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions.
    Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? Yes, it did.
    The questions that occurred in this research reported in the article are:
    1) Where were respondents in their research process of writing undergraduate
    thesis?
    a. 32% respondents were in data analysis.
    b. 39% respondents were writing their report.
    c. 29& respondents were waiting for their examination.
    2) What design did they like most to conduct for writing their thesis?
    • The designs that they liked are action research, survey, and correlational.
    3) What topic did they like the most to conduct for writing their undergraduate
    thesis?
    • The topic which they liked the most is teaching/learning media.
    4) What did they think about EFL research in general?
    • They thought that EFL research in general was interesting although it was
    difficult.
    5) What were their perceptions on the importance of research?
    a. Research was important for identifying and investigating problems in ELT.
    b. Research was important in the recognition and development of ELT
    profession.
    c. Research was important in improving ELT practice.
    d. Research should be compulsory in the ELT course.
    6) How was their confidence to do research?
    a. Understanding research terminology.
    b. Designing a research thesis.
    c. Evaluating research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.
    d. Feeling insecure about knowledge of research design.
    e. The research process was completely vague.
    f. Not confident in ability to review literature.
    7) What were positive feelings of respondents toward research?
    a. ELT research was enjoyable.
    b. Reading research papers in ELT literature was enjoyable.
    c. Research was very interesting to listen to.
    d. They liked research.
    e. Research is easy.
    f. Research is interesting.
    8) What were negative feelings of respondents toward research?
    a. The respondent could not enjoy working the research thesis.
    b. Research was boring.
    c. Research was stressful.
    d. Research was anxious.
    e. Research was difficult.
    f. Research was time-consuming.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument!
    The approach employed in the research reported was quantitative method. Why? It caused there were questionnaires which the answers of each was counted and inserted into tables and charts. So the research could be concluded.

  19. Name : Debora E Banjarnahor
    NIM : 1112150004
    Class -A

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?

    Answer :
    Various scholars have highlighted the high importance of research to develop teachers’ knowledge and competences. Kincheloe argues that teachers’ engagement in researches will enable them to appreciate the benefits of research, to begin to understand in deeper and richer ways what the know from experience, to be seen as knowledge workers who reflect on their profesional needs and currect understanding and to explore the learning processes occuring in their classroom and attempt to interpret them.
    Involve a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT) were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. They had just finished conducting researches they need to write their ‘skripsi’ when this study was carried out to finding indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Classroom action research and survey appeared to be the most preferred methods, while the most favored topics to study were teaching strategies and media and learners’ attitudinal factors.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.

    Answer : Yes it did
    A. How were the respondents views that research training in ETSP ELT, research in general and its role.
    B. How attitudes that toward research
    C. How was respondents positive feeling and confidence to do necessary.

    Answer A.The respondents to think that EFL in general in necessary, interesting, but difficult and than perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT.

    Answer B. The respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT and prepare all of the possibility

    Answer C. The respondents felt they were slighty confident to deal with research.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.

    Answer : The approach in this study uses a mixed method. Because in this study, using a method not only quantitative, but also qualitative use. Based on a study, there are quantitative data or the data in the form of numbers, where the data is to measure the number or results in numeric form. Whereas qualitative data is data obtained from observations and interviews in written form or text.

  20. NAME : Lamtiur Tampubolon
    SIN : 1112150017

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Answer :
    According to the article “Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research” that said The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is about findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information? Yes, it did. Because the research revealed new information “ Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. The respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. They had just finished conducting researches they need to write their ‘skripsi’ when this study was carried out.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Answer:
    A. How do you view of respondents about design from a study ELT ? Based on their response to the question what design they like most to conduct for writing their thesis, it was found that action research, survey, and correlation were the top three designs for the respondents and than research training in ETSP , ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as an English teacher, and a majority of the respondents viewed research easy, important, and interesting.
    B. How were the respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components) ?
    More than a half (57.9%) of them stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research, a half (50%) said that enjoyed reading ELT research papers, more than 66% found people who do research very interesting to listen, and only 18.4% said research is easy.
    C. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research? The respondents felt they were slightly confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%)
    agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research
    terminology; 44.7% agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to design
    a research thesis, and 55.3 % agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability
    to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice .

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Answer: Support your answer by providing relevant argument. Quantitative approach is : the research that used most of the numbers ,in this research the data or the article that we make is identical with the numbers. for example: in the example, 60% the students took the English teaching major because they love teaching; 25% of students because the want to work using English in the future.and 15% of student because they want to travel to some English- speaking Country and also the this research using qualitative method to collects data consisting largely of words from participants (interview, survey, observations), and describes, analyze these words for themes and conduct the inquiry in a subjective.

    Thank you, sir.

  21. 1.To investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, it did. The research revealed new information. Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.
    2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Yes, it did. There are the questions:
    a. How the respondent views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers ?
    Answer: As revealed through the findings of this study, a majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting.
    b. How about the attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components).
    Answer: More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive
    c. How the respondent’s confidence do research.
    Answer: They were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education
    3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument. The research reported used mixed approach, because the research using numbers to counts quantify and collect data by questionnaire, observation, and respondent’s perspective.

    1. Name; Serly Novita
      SNR: 1112150008

      1.To investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, it did. The research revealed new information. Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.
      2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
      Yes, it did. There are the questions:
      a. How the respondent views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers ?
      Answer: As revealed through the findings of this study, a majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting.
      b. How about the attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components).
      Answer: More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive
      c. How the respondent’s confidence do research.
      Answer: They were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education
      3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument. The research reported used mixed approach, because the research using numbers to counts quantify and collect data by questionnaire, observation, and respondent’s perspective.

  22. Name : Damayanty Hotmauli
    SIN : 1112150023

    1. The subject “The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers towards research in English Language Teaching (ELT) ” was studied in the research reported in the article.
    Yes, it did. This research revealed that the majority of 38 fourth year students of the English Teaching Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. In this research also revealed that increasing interest in teachers’ engagement in research is also evident in the literature on English Language Teaching (ELT). It also means this research informs teachers that teachers can led their student to attend seminars to increase their positive attitude so they could listen what people get in their research, teacher also can facilitate them using a forum to share their research to others.

    2. The research reported in the article provide certain questions to be answered.
    Here they are:
    a. How respondents’ views on research training in ETSP, ELT in general and its
    role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    The finding of this study, a majority of the respondents viewed research
    necessary, important, and interesting. And more than a half of them appeared
    to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. But most of them
    viewed this research is difficult.
    b. How were respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research methods
    and topics preference and the most problematic research components)?
    Their attitude to do research was quite positive.
    c. How were respondents’ confidence to do research?
    They were slightly confident about their ability in understanding research and
    English research terminology related to English teacher education.

    3. In the research reported it was employed mixed approach (both quantitative and qualitative). Because, in the research we can see that it uses table, questioner, pie charts, and rate for quantitative data, while qualitative is available by observation.

  23. Name : Thurma Mayasari
    Nim : 11.121.500.30
    Bs – A
    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Answer: the findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). The respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. Yes it did because they had just finished conducting researches they need to write their ‘skripsi’ when this study was carried out to finding indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Classroom action research and survey appeared to be the most preferred methods, while the most favored topics to study were teaching strategies and media and learners’ attitudinal factors.
    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Answer:
    a. what is needed research in ELT? Research in ELT views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as an English teacher,
    b. what attitude is needed in research.? Attitude toward research (including research methods and subject preference and the most problematic component of the study),
    c. What confidence to do research? To do research must be confidence because the findings indicate that the majority of respondents were positive about the whole concept of research in ELT. Action research and survey method seems the most favored, whereas the most favored topics for teaching and learning strategies and media and attitudinal factors learners. Implications and recommendations for future research are presented.
    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Answer: This study used a mixed method, namely quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative Research
    Quantitative Research options have been predetermined and a large number of respondents are
    involved. By definition, measurement must be objective, quantitative and statistically valid. Simply put, it’s about numbers, objective hard data. The sample size for a survey is calculated by statisticians using formulas to determine how large a sample size will be needed from a given population in order to achieve findings with an acceptable degree of accuracy. Generally, researchers seek sample sizes which yield findings with at least a 95%confidence interval (which means that if you repeat the survey 100 times, 95 times out of a hundred, you would get the same response), plus/minus a margin error of5 percentage points. Many surveys are designed to produce a smaller margin of error. Qualitative ResearchQualitative Research is collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data by observing what people do and say. Whereas, quantitative research refers to counts and measures of things, qualitative research refers to the meanings, concepts, definitions, characteristics, metaphors, symbols, and descriptions of things.

  24. HARDIANTI APRILIANING TIAS
    11 121 500 49
    BS-B
    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. The subject that was studied in research reported in the article is to investigate and fine the attitude of under graduate pre-service ELT teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, the research revealed new information. The information is about the attitude of under graduate pre-service ELT teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). In contain of views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers, attitudes toward research and confidence to do research.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Yes, The research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions. Based on the data:
    a. What respondents think about EFL Research in general?
    the answer is : the respondents tended to think that EFL research in general is necessary, interesting but difficult. The distribution of the respondents’ perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT course. More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive, and they were slightly confident about their ability
    Most the respondents viewed research difficult this was supported by their perception that the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research.
    b. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?
    The respondents felt they were slightly confident to deal with research. Only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agrees they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology; 44.7% agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to design a research thesis, and 55.3 % agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice.
    c. How to increase their positive attitude?
    The findings also indicates that to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches could be used to increase their seemed quite strategic.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)?
    The research used mixed, it means that the research used the quantitative and qualitative methods. the number data used to college data, and the numeric form is to explain the result of data. there are the data in the form of numbers, and for measure the numbers, there used numeric form.

  25. Belinda Montoya

    1 the subject that studied in the research reported in the article was to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes,it did. The information was more that a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. And most of the respondents viewed research difficult. It was supported by their perception that research courses didn’t adequately prepare them to do research. So, to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars and forums in which they could share their research.

    2. Yes, it did. The questions were:
    1. What did the respondent view on research training in. ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English Teachers?
    Answer : the respondent thought that EFL research in general was necessary, interesting but difficult.
    2. What attitude toward research?
    Answer : they were simply positive and negative attitudes toward research.
    3. What confidence to do research?
    Answer : the respondents felt they were simply confident to deal with research.

    3. The approach that used in that study was quantitative approach. It showed by percentage of charts, and tables that they used as the result.

  26. YULIA LESTARI T.
    1112150041

    1. The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is to investigate the attitude of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
    Yes, it did. The information was more than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. And most of the respondents viewed research is difficult. Therefore, to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars. And the last effective way was by facilitating forums in which they could share their research.

    2. Yes, it did. The questions were
    (1). What views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers;
    (2) What attitudes toward research;
    (3) What confidence to do research
    The answers
    (1). The respondents thought that EFL research in general is necessary, interesting but difficult.
    (2) There were pretty positive and negative attitudes toward Research.
    (3) The respondents felt they were enough confident to do research.

    3. The approach was used in the research reported was quantitative.
    It is supported by result of percentage was showed in form charts and table.

  27. Jessica Talentia
    11 121 50039

    1. The subject was studied in that article is investigating the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT).
    Yes, it did. The information that elaborate in that article was more than a half of the 38 fourth students in UKI appeared to be possitive toward the overall concept of research in ELT and most of the respondens viewed that the study was difficult. Because of that, to increase their possitive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them through forums.

    2. yes, it did. They were :
    a) what views that research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role?
    b) what attitudes that toward research?
    c) what confidence to do research?

    – The answer for them were :
    a) The respondences thought that EFL research in general was necessary, interesting, but difficult.
    b) They had simply possitive and quite negative feeling toward the study.
    c) The respondents felt they were pretty confident to do the study.

    3. The approach that used in that study was Quantitative Approach. The result of that study was showed by the percentage that appeared from the report.

  28. Name : Lieoni Triestine
    SIN : 1112150005

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    ANSWER : A research study describes original scientific research and findings. Research studies can be difficult to identify. Not every journal article you encounter in your searches will be a research study. For example, sometimes a title may sound like a study, but it may actually be a book review, editorial, letter, or commentary. This guide is intended to help you to identify which articles are studies and which ones are not.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    ANSWER : a. What exactly is ELT research? Is our restriction of this to research which ‘relates directly’ to the teaching, learning or assessment of English as a Foreign, Second or Additional Language’ too narrow? We suspect that it could be viewed as such.
    b. What ELT research ‘should’ be carried out which is not represented in the Directory? Do particular kinds of research predominate at the expense of others? While our role was not to judge the contributions to the Directory, we did suggest a need for more critical research in relation to ELT, and highlighted both the predominance of research into testing and the relative absence of practitioner research. We are looking forward to hearing others’ opinions about the kinds of research that are predominant or relatively lacking.
    c. How should we conceive of impact and ‘quality’ in ELT research? Hmm…I’ll think about this one, though maybe there should be a network which tells us about experiences based on implications and findings and how they have worked in different contexts or ask ELT people (everyone!!) to share replications, adaptations, challenges in a more-friendly way, say a blog, a forum…

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    ANSWER : Mixed method, The results show that mainly two factors link the motivation of teachers and students of English. These are a good rapport between teachers and their students and high teacher efficacy. Both of these factors increase the motivation of the students and their teachers. Type of school and the students’ attitudes toward Maltese speakers of English were also found to be influencing factors in the relationship between teacher and student motivation. Recommendations which stem from the study are that teachers should seek ways of professional self-improvement through support groups and Continual Professional Development courses. Other suggestions, both at the school level and the policy level, are put forward. These recommendations, if implemented, should improve teacher motivation which would in turn lead to improved student motivation as a positive relationship between the two has been established. The study is one of its kind in that it has established, for the first time, that an empirical link exists between teacher and student motivation.

  29. Mikha Nauli
    1112150031 / FKIP BS (B)

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    The subject was studied in the article is Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers Toward Research, the respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. Yes it did, the research revealed new information because in the article said respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. And then the findings also indicated that to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    • What the respondents think about EFL research in general? Based on data the data the respondents tended to think that EFL research in general is necessary, interesting but difficult. The distribution of the respondents’ perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT course. More than a half (57.8%) of them agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course, and almost a half (44.7%) thought research interesting, and only 36.9% of them thought the research courses adequately prepare them to do research. The participants in this study had limited direct experience to research (the research they had ever conducted was only the project they needed to write their undergraduate thesis).
    • How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?
    The respondents felt they were slightly confident to deal with research, the results based on data only a half of (50%) agreed and strongly agreed they were confident in their ability to understand research terminology, 44.7 % agreed and strongly agreed they’re confident in their ability to design a research thesis and 55.3% agreed and strongly agreed they’re confident in their ability to evaluate research findings in terms of their application to ELT practice
    • How was respondents’ positive feelings toward research?
    More than a half (57.9%) of them stated that they enjoyed discussing about ELT research, a half (50%) said that enjoyed reading ELT research papers, more than 66% found people who do research very interesting to listen, and only 18.4% said research is easy.

    3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    This research used mixed method.The research using quantitave method to collects quantifiable data from participants, analyze the number using statistics. Generally attempts to quantify variables of interest and of course the questions must be measurable. and also the this research using qualitative method to collects data consisting largely of words from participants (interview, survey, observations), and describes, analyze these words for themes and conduct the inquiry in a subjective.

  30. NAME : Rentha Jullindah Zendrato
    NIM : 1112150006 bs-A
    questions:
    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    ANSWER : This subject concerns with the nature and stages (collecting data, analyzing data, and reporting the results) in quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method investigation in applied linguistics in general and the teaching of English, Cambridge
    Dictionaries reported study of a subject. Yes , beause To understand how foreign languages are actually learned and taught• To evaluate new theories, and decide which ones are effective in the classrooms and with practice• To investigate their own classrooms in order to improve the teaching practice (esp. through classroom action research (ELT) in particular

    2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    ANSWERR : yes,it is. Because he said that “Research, in it’s most profound sense, is an activity of trying the answers to our questions which is conducted systematically to get trustworthy results. It is a disciplined inquiry(Dornyei, 2011, p 15).
    a. Is the problem you identify part of a larger problem in systematic search? The information gained from Tampere and Kauhava would apply generally elsewhere in Finland. Moreover, recycling and environmental consciousness is not only a local or national issue, but a global problem. Knowledge gained from the material covered can also be applied on a larger scale.
    b. Why should EFL teachers do research ? Research and what teachers have to do with it, whether they should be doing it and, if so, how, has been a topic often discussed on #ELTchat on Twitter, a weekly discussion of teachers meeting online to talk about a topic of their choice. I help moderate this online discussion and in reviewing our summaries page, I was impressed with the fact that over the past two years, we have had not just one or two, but three #ELTchats on different aspects of teachers doing research. Reading through the summaries inspired me to write a short report of how I got started on research and how teachers could be involved as well.
    3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    ANSWER : This article use qualitative and quantitative to mixed the method. Quantitative: quantitative data is best explained as data that has numerical significance. For example, if you want to assess how many panic attacks a clinic patient has per week, that would be quantitative data. How many apples do i have in my fruit basket, right now? three. My neighbor has 5 apples in his fruit basket. the avearge amount of apples we have together is four. Qualitative is subjective, meaning it is open to interpretation. If you did an interview asking for peoples perceptions, opinions, or experience on something, this would be qualitative. Dreams are a great example of subject qualitative data. It is hard to study dreams because someone can report what they experienced in their dreams but there is no real way to quantify and compare these results with others. Whereas everyone can agree that there are three apples in my fruitbasket (provided that you came over to my house and saw my fruitbasket), it is numerical fact that can not be disputed.

  31. Name : Tuti Haryati Sihite
    SRN : 1112150044

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. The subject that studied in the research reported is the subject that we want to know or something that we want to learn more,or something that we want to research.and the researc revealed the new information because whe we do a research we need to know or to find something new information about that thing,because whe we don’t found something new in our research it means we are failed to do the research.because the research must have some new information to prove that it is true or not.

    2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions?
    Absolutely yes, because according to For Dorneyi research is the activity of getting the answers to our questions, it means that whe we do the research we have some queations about the topic that we research,and we have too find the answers of the questions.so a research reported in the article must have the answer for the certain questions that have relation with the topic that we research. So that we can called it as a research according to the Dorneyi theory.

    3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Quantitative approach is : the research that used most of the numbers ,in this reserch the data or the article that we make is identic with the numbers. for exmple: in the sample, 67% the students took the English teaching major because they love teaching; 20% of students because the want to work using english in the future.and 13% of student because they want to travel to some English- speaking Country.
    Quantitative approach is : the research that used most of alphabet,in this research the data or the article that we make is identic with the alphabet. For examples: since her chilhood Siti have had a dream to be an English Teacher. She believed helping other to mater english is a great and rewarding profesion.by mastering english, a person would be able to study anything he wants,including science,tecnology and culures. English will also make it possible for him to share ideas with people all over the world.
    Mixed approach is : the data or the research that we make which we make the data or the article by using both of the quantitive with the qualitative. So it means that to used the mixed way approach we have to make data by using the number and the alphabet. The the data will be the mixed of numbers and alphabet.

  32. good night sir, this is my assignment
    name: Erika Magdalena Septiana
    nim: 1112150901
    class: BS b

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was Studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Answer: According to the article: the subject was Studied in the research reported in the article is to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, it did. Because the conclusions of the research data that has been collected in this article are the respondents were 38 fourth-year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. They used questionnaire in the analysis to understand the attitude of the respondents about this study. Then, the conclusions obtained from the questionnaire that the majority of respondents were positive about the whole concept of research in ELT. Beside that, the classroom action research and survey method seems to be most favored, whereas the most favored topics for teaching and learning strategies and media and attitudinal factors learners. That means is Researchers have a new understanding in the study. There is the majority of respondents were positive about the whole concept of research in ELT.
    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers Obtained based on the data.
    Answer: Yes, the research reported in the article provide answers to certain questions based on the data obtained.
    1. How the respondent views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers? Answer: many respondents are interested to research in ELT. This research is useful to them if they would be an EFL teacher. So, they get new knowledge about this study.
    2. How about attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics of preference and the most problematic components of research)? Answer: the attitude of respondents are positive towards this study. Because they are attracted towards this research, they do not afraid about the problematic of research.
    3. How the confidence to do research. Indicated findings that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT? Answer: they are confident doing this research because they are already preparing for the concept of study for themselves. there is with finding the concept of study from the book of research methodology, ask the lecture of research methodology, and go or follow in seminars ELT.
    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant arguments. Answer: This study use mixed methods. Qualitative methods to describe research results in words. Beside that, a quantitative method to calculate the results of a questionnaire study. There is the count of results of research in form numbers and percent. likes 69%, 59%.

    thank you sir….

  33. good night sir, this is my assignment
    name: Erika Magdalena Septiana
    nim: 1112150901
    class: BS b

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was Studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Answer: According to the article: the subject was Studied in the research reported in the article is to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, it did. Because the conclusions of the research data that has been collected in this article are the respondents were 38 fourth-year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. They used questionnaire in the analysis to understand the attitude of the respondents about this study. Then, the conclusions obtained from the questionnaire that the majority of respondents were positive about the whole concept of research in ELT. Beside that, the classroom action research and survey method seems to be most favored, whereas the most favored topics for teaching and learning strategies and media and attitudinal factors learners. That means is Researchers have a new understanding in the study. There is the majority of respondents were positive about the whole concept of research in ELT.
    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers Obtained based on the data.
    Answer: Yes, the research reported in the article provide answers to certain questions based on the data obtained.
    1. How the respondent views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers? Answer: many respondents are interested to research in ELT. This research is useful to them if they would be an EFL teacher. So, they get new knowledge about this study.
    2. How about attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics of preference and the most problematic components of research)? Answer: the attitude of respondents are positive towards this study. Because they are attracted towards this research, they do not afraid about the problematic of research.
    3. How the confidence to do research. Indicated findings that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT? Answer: they are confident doing this research because they are already preparing for the concept of study for themselves. there is with finding the concept of study from the book of research methodelogy, ask the lecture of research methodelogy, and go or follow in seminars ELT.
    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant arguments. Answer: This study used mixed methods. Qualitative methods to describe research results in words. Beside that, a quantitative method to calculate the results of a questionnaire study. There is the count of results of research in form numbers and percent. likes 69%, 59%.

    thank you sir….

  34. Name : Naomi Anitasari
    Nim : 1112150034

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. The subject was studied in the research reported in the article “Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research” is findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes, it did. Because of they had just finished conducting researches they need to write their ‘skripsi’ when this study was carried out. So they said that findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT Classroom. Their attitude to the research and its role was positive in their undergraduate course and future profession and they were confident about their ability to understand research for their future as an English Teacher. Action research and survey appeared to be the most preferred methods because all of them are to study teaching strategies and media and learners’ attitudinal factor for future research are presented.

    2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Yes, the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions obtained based on the data.

    1. How were the respondents viewed research if this study?
    The respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive of the overall concept, their attitude to research and its role, and they were slightly confident about their ability to understand research related to English Teacher Education.
    2. How were most of the respondents viewed research difficult?
    This was supported by their perception that the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research and they did not yet read and discussed research extensively.
    3. How were the findings indicated them to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students?
    The findings also indicated that to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do research could be used to increase their seemed quited strategic.

    3. Approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) is mixed. It means that the research used quantitative and qualitative. Mixed methods begins with the assumption that investigators, in understanding the social and health world, gather evidence based on the nature of the question and theoretical orientation. Mixed methods research, then, is more than simply collecting qualitative data from interviews, or collecting multiple forms of qualitative evidence or multiple types of quantitative evidence. It involves the intentional collection of both quantitative and qualitative data and the combination of the strengths of each to answer research questions.

  35. Name : Ribka Nasita Putri
    Class : A
    NIM : 1112150002

    1.The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is findings of a study Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers Toward Research. Yes, it did. The research revealed new information that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT, the most preferred methods are classroom action research and survey, favored topics to study were teaching strategies and media and learners’ attitudinal factor.
    2.Yes, it did. The question are :
    a. How the responden views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers ?Answer : The most of respondents viewed research necesary, important and interesting.
    b. How about the attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components). Answer : The attitude was quite positive.
    c. How the responden’s confidence to do research. Answer : they were slightly confident about their ability to know the research.
    3.The research use mixed approach, quantitative and qualitatived. In the research used quantitative focus more on the outcomes than the processes, summarize about the group (variables) studied ( use table of number the data ), use questionnaires, and observations and the qualitative collect data through observation.

  36. Name : Cianly
    SRN : 1112150047
    CLASS B

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?

    ANSWER : subject was studied in the article is the findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information? Yes it did. Because the respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta. They had just finished conducting researches they need to write their ‘skripsi’ when this study was carried out.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.

    ANSWER :
    a. How do you view of respondents about design from a study elt ?
    Based on research the respondents get something new in develop the ability of teaching in the classroom.
    b. How were the respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research methods and topics preference and the most problematic research components) ?
    most of them are more focus’ to the concept of research according to profession that choose such as S1.
    c. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?
    May be, they are using strategies, making the topic before researcher and then mental for pass the problems to do research
    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    I choose mixed. Because, quantitative focus in make summarize using numbers and qualitative using word. So, the research will more interest to do.

  37. NAME : MEGA INTAN SARI
    NIM : 1112150012
    CLASS : A

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    ANSWER : Research done to find an answer and in order to find new information from a study. According to the article “Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research” that said the subject was Studied in the research reported in this article is the finding of a study Carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Wherein they observe and investigate the attitudes of teachers to achieve the results of a research. Research not only provides a new information, but it also develops an existing information into information that is more developed.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    ANSWER : yes, studies have reported an answer based on the questions.
    1. how respondents about the design of the study ELT?
    That the responses of the respondents that they consider such research is difficult or easy, interested or not interested, and fun or boring. Their research know what their response in a study of design.
    2. How respondents think about ELT research in general?
    Respondents indicate that the ELT research in general is important, interesting but difficult. The distribution of the respondents’ perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT course. More than a half of them agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course. Almost a half thought reasearch interesting.
    3. How was respondents’ positive feeling toward research?
    More than they like or feel enjoyed about discussing of the ELT research. Half of them enjoyed in reading research ELT papers. Half of their taste and enjoy listening about ELT research.

    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant arguments.
    ANSWER : The approach in this study uses a mixed method. Because in this study, using a method not only quantitative, but also qualitative use. Based on a study, there are quantitative data or the data in the form of numbers, where the data is to measure the number or results in numeric form. Whereas qualitative data is data obtained from observations and interviews in written form or text.

    1. 1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
      ANSWER : Research done to find an answer and in order to find new information from a study. According to the article “Attitudes of Pre-Service EFL Teachers toward Research” that said the subject was Studied in the research reported in this article is the finding of a study Carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Wherein they observe and investigate the attitudes of teachers to achieve the results of a research. Research not only provides a new information, but it also develops an existing information into information that is more developed.

      2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
      ANSWER : yes, studies have reported an answer based on the questions.
      1. how respondents about the design of the study ELT?
      That the responses of the respondents that they consider such research is difficult or easy, interested or not interested, and fun or boring. Their research know what their response in a study of design.
      2. How respondents think about ELT research in general?
      Respondents indicate that the ELT research in general is important, interesting but difficult. The distribution of the respondents’ perception on research in general revealed that their belief that research training should be made compulsory in the ELT course. More than a half of them agreed and strongly agreed research should be a mandatory part of the ELT course. Almost a half thought reasearch interesting.
      3. How was respondents’ positive feeling toward research?
      More than they like or feel enjoyed about discussing of the ELT research. Hal of them enjoyed in reading research ELT papers. Half of their taste and enjoy listening about ELT research.

      3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant arguments.
      ANSWER : The approach in this study uses a mixed method. Because in this reserach, using a method not only quantitative, but also qualitative use. Based on a research, there are quantitative data or the data in the form of numbers, where the data is to measure the number or results in numeric form. Whereas qualitative data is data obtained from observations and interviews in written form or text.

  38. Name : Mirna Widia Yunita
    NIM : 1112150043 (CLASS B)

    1. According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
     Many English teachers go from one type of teaching position to the other, and back again. But there are fundamental differences between ESL and EFL classrooms. Understanding them will make you a more effective teacher.
    • An ESL classroom is in a country where English is the dominant language. The students are immigrants or visitors. The class is usually of mixed nationalities, so students don’t share a native language or a common culture. Outside the classroom, students have a specific, practical need for English, and ample opportunity to use it. Students have extensive daily exposure to English-speaking culture, although their understanding may be limited by their language skills.
    • An EFL classroom is in a country where English is not the dominant language. Students share the same language and culture. The teacher may be the only native English speaker they have exposure to. Outside of the classroom students have very few opportunities to use English. For some, learning English may not have any obvious practical benefit. Students have limited exposure to English-speaking culture, most often through a distorted lens like TV or music.
    Based on these definitions, we can see that there are important differences in the student population. Effective lesson planning must take them into account.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
     Survey research is sometimes regarded as an easy research approach. However, as with any other research approach and method, it is easy to conduct a survey of poor quality rather than one of high quality and real value.
    Advantages and disadvantages of survey research :
    • Advantages:
    A. The research produces data based on real-world observations (empirical data).
    B. The breadth of coverage of many people or events means that it is more likely than some other approaches to obtain data based on a representative sample, and can therefore be generalizable to a population.
    C. Surveys can produce a large amount of data in a short time for a fairly low cost. Researchers can therefore set a finite time-span for a project, which can assist in planning and delivering end results.
    • Disadvantages:
    A. The significance of the data can become neglected if the researcher focuses too much on the range of coverage to the exclusion of an adequate account of the implications of those data for relevant issues, problems, or theories.
    B. The data that are produced are likely to lack details or depth on the topic being investigated.
    C. Securing a high response rate to a survey can be hard to control, particularly when it is carried out by post, but is also difficult when the survey is carried out face-to-face or over the telephone.
    3. What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
     Each model has strength and weaknesses, although the sequential approach is the easiest to implants. A choice of strategy also can be presented in a figure in the research proposal. Then, specific procedures can be related to the figure to help the reader understand the flow of activities in a project. These procedures will include the types of quantitative and qualitative data to be collected as well as the procedures for data analysis. Typically, data analysis involves data transformation, exploring outliers, and examining multiple levels. Validity procedures also need to be explicitly described.

  39. Name : Dewi Natalia Perangin-angin
    NIM : 1112150042
    Class : B
    1. Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). We can prepare our career as a teacher better with our knowledge and attitude. Did the research revealed new information? Yes, It did. Because the respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT and also had got the a positive value from it The information is to study in teaching strategies as English teacher, attitude, and knowledge how to prepare to write their seminar and “skripsi”.

    2. For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? Yes, the research reported in the article provided the answers to certain questions. The questions and the answers obtained based on the data:
    a. How do you view on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    Answer: A majority of the respondents viewed research is important to improve their ability for their future career as English teachers, and also can have a good concept and goal in solving their problems as teacher.
    b. How were the respondent’s attitudes toward research?
    Answer : The respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT and prepare all of the possibility that hamper their research with confidence and readiness.
    c. How was the respondent’s confidence in doing the research?
    Answer : The material must be prepared when respondent wants to do the research perfectly. The respondents should aware and give the best ability.

    3. Approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed). The research used quantitative and qualitative method, it means mixed method. Because there is quantitative method that used text to understand the qualities and focus on the processes, and qualitative method that used numbers and tests, observations.

  40. Name : Mei Pangaribuan
    SIN : 111 215 00 15
    Class : BS A
    Hello sir, I had done my Research ELT assignment, here I send it, thanks.

    1. The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is finding of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in English Language Teaching (ELT). Yes , it did. The research revealed new information . Findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Classroom action research and survey appeared to be the most preferred methods, while the most favored topics to study were teaching strategies and media and learners’ attitudinal factor.
    2. Yes it did. The research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions. The questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    a. How the respondent’s response viewed to the concept of ELT research?
    A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT.
    b. How were the attitude and role of respondent to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession ?
    Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive, and they were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education. However, most of the respondents viewed research difficult. This was supported by their perception that the research courses did not adequately prepare them to do research. Another reason for this perception was that the majority of them did not yet read and discussed research papers extensively.
    c. How to increase the positive attitudes of respondents towards research?
    The findings also indicated that to increase their positive attitudes towards research among students, facilitating them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do esearches could be used to increase their seemed quite strategic. The next effective way was by facilitating forums in which they could share their research.
    3. The research study used mixed methods it is because contains elements of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The study use-counting numbers to quantify, summarize about the group (variables) studied , use tests, questionnaires, and observations . Insists on standardized procedures to maintain ‘Objectivity as quantitative. Other than that we find the the results are more descriptive or concrete, collect data through reflections of participants, employs emergent design (open and flexible for refinement during the process as quqlitative

  41. NAME : MELVA MELISA TAMBUNAN
    SIN : 11. 121. 500. 16

    1.According to Cambridge Dictionaries Online, research is a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. What subject was studied in the research reported in the article? Did the research revealed new information? If it did, what information?
    Answer :
    The subject was studied in the research reported in the article is about findings of a study carried out to investigate the attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in ELT. Yes, the research revealed new information, because researchers stated “findings indicated that the majority of the respondents were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT” and “More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive, and they were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education.” This is because action research and a very interesting topic to the respondents were 38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program (ETSP) of the Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta.

    2.For Dornyei (2011), research is an activity of getting the answers to our questions. Did the research reported in the article provide the answers to certain questions? If it did, mention the questions and the answers obtained based on the data.
    Answer :
    Yes, the research reported in the article provided the answers to certain questions.
    a. How do you views on research training in ETSP, ELT research in general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    Answer : As revealed through the findings of this study, a majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting.
    b. How were the respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research method and topic preference and the most problematic research components)?
    Answer : More than a half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in their undergraduate course and future profession was quite positive
    c.How respondents’ confidence when doing research?
    Answer : They were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education.
    #I took an answer based on the conclusions of the article.

    3.What approach was employed in the research reported (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed)? Support your answer by providing relevant argument.
    Answer :
    This study used a mixed method, namely quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research is quantitative data and statistical measurement objective through scientific calculations derived from the sample of people who were asked to answer a number of questions on a survey to determine the frequency and percentage of their responses. And qualitative method is aimed at understanding social phenomena from the perspective of the participants. The research collects data by interview, observation, questioner.

  42. NAME: Annery Fienta
    SIN: 1112150024

    1. “The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in ELT” was studied in the research reported in the article.
    Yes, it did. The research revealed “the majority of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers (38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program of Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta) were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT” as new information. It also indicated that to increase the respondents’ positive attitudes towards research among students is to facilitate them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches and facilitate them forums in which they could share their research.

    2. Yes, the research reported in the article provided the answers to certain questions.
    The questions and the answers obtained based on the data:
    Questions:
    a. How were the respondents’ views on research training in ETSP, ELT research to general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
    b. How were the respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research method and topic preference and the most problematic research components)?
    c. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?

    Answers:
    a. A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. However, most of the respondents viewed research difficult.
    b. More than half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in the undergraduate course and their future profession as English teachers was quite positive.
    c. They were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education.

    3. The research uses quantitative methods. It is proved by numbers used. The research counts to quantify, focuses more on the outcomes than the processes, summarizes about the group (variables) studied.
    However, the research also uses qualitative methods. It is proved by the results which are more descriptive or concrete. It employs emergent design (open and flexible for refinement during the process and collects data through observation, questionnaire responses supplemented by interview, and reflections of participants and.
    So, it means that mixed approach was employed in the research reported.

    Thank you.

    1. NAME: Annery Fienta
      SIN: 1112150024

      1. “The attitudes of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers toward research in ELT” was studied in the research reported in the article.
      Yes, it did. The research revealed “the majority of undergraduate pre-service EFL teachers (38 fourth year students of the English Education Study Program of Christian University of Indonesia, Jakarta) were positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT” as new information. It also indicated that to increase the respondents’ positive attitudes towards research among students is to facilitate them to attend seminars where they could listen to people who do researches and facilitate them forums in which they could share their research.

      2. Yes, the research reported in the article provided the answers to certain questions.
      The questions and the answers obtained based on the data:
      Questions:
      a. How were the respondents’ views on research training in ETSP, ELT research to general and its role in the undergraduate program and their future career as English teachers?
      b. How were the respondents’ attitudes toward research (including research method and topic preference and the most problematic research components)?
      c. How was the respondents’ confidence to do research?

      Answers:
      a. A majority of the respondents viewed research necessary, important, and interesting. However, most of the respondents viewed research difficult.
      b. More than half of them appeared to be positive toward the overall concept of research in ELT. Their attitude to the research and its role in the undergraduate course and their future profession as English teachers was quite positive.
      c. They were slightly confident about their ability to understand research and research terminology related to English teacher education.

      3. The research uses quantitative methods. It is proved by numbers used. The research counts to quantify, focuses more on the outcomes than the processes, summarizes about the group (variables) studied.
      However, the research also uses qualitative methods. It is proved by the results which are more descriptive or concrete. It employs emergent design (open and flexible for refinement during the process) and collects data through observation, questionnaire responses supplemented by interview, and reflections of participants.
      So, it means that mixed approach was employed in the research reported.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s