Mid Term Assignment 2013/2014

Write your individual analysis on the poems listed below. Begin your writing with the meaning (general and detailed) and intention of the poet. In the next section, discuss the use of connotation and imagery in the work. Write in continuous essay form and post it in the comment section below. Feel Free to use my analysis on Wordsworth’s I wandered Lonely as a Cloud as a model. Deadline for submitting: Thursday, October 31, 2013.

To get the poem you should analyze, just click the title put right after your name in the following lists. Don’t forget to put your student I.D. on top of your post.

Good luck!

1. Yulina R. –-> Amy Lowell’s Absence

2. Sri Dewi C. –> William Butler Yeats’ When You Are Old

3. Agustina –> Robert Frost’s A Soldier

4. Radini P.S. –> Rabindranath Tagore’s Last Curtain

5. Francisca A.K.–> Rossetti’s Wife To Husband


  1. YulinaRetnaningtyas
    NIM : 1012157006


    My cup is empty to-night,
    Cold and dry are its sides,
    Chilled by the wind from the open window.
    Empty and void, it sparkles white in the moonlight.
    The room is filled with the strange scent
    Of wistaria blossoms.
    They sway in the moon’s radiance
    And tap against the wall.
    But the cup of my heart is still,
    And cold, and empty.

    When you come, it brims
    Red and trembling with blood,
    Heart’s blood for your drinking;
    To fill your mouth with love
    And the bitter-sweet taste of a soul.

    Amy Lowell

    General meaning
    This poem is written to express the feeling of a woman who waiting for love, but once someone came home she felt warm and her blood started to boil and she felt alive again.
    Detail meaning
    She begins the poem by telling her loneliness. Lowell wrote in “Absence,” where loneliness is visualized as an empty cup and then as the poet’s heart.
    In the second stanza, someone (woman) comes to fill her empty heart but her feeling is still empty. Amy Lowell shows that it is not bad to show off who you are, because you are who you are, and that is who you will be, you wont make a fake you to please others. You can fall in love with anyone that you love, it doesn’t matter the sex, love is love and it is a very true and real feeling.
    The last stanza, finally she met her love and she feels so happy.
    The use of connotation and imaginary:
    – “My cup is empty” the author use visual imaginary, as reader we can visualize my cup is empty in our mind that someone feel lonely.
    The connotation for my cup is empty in here reflects the loneliness she has.
    – “the strange scent” the author use a smell imaginary, we can imagine that the strange scent is out of the ordinary.
    The connotation for strange scent is a woman.
    “Absence” is about more than sex. It can be read as a work about how love fills the void in one’s life, nourishing the self. Lowell describes the “cup of my heart” that fills with love, just as the body responds to a lover’s touch.

  2. Pardon the faults in me,
    For the love of years ago:
    I must drift across the sea,
    I must sink into the snow,
    I must die.
    In the first part I think the writer want to explain that the wife feel regret for the love last year that she has been done. So she feel very guilty and wanted to go away to drift at sea and sank in the snow before she died. She was an imperfect woman who definitely has a fault, and therefore before he died he wanted to apologize for every mistake he’s ever done along with her husband’s life.
    You can bask in this sun,
    You can drink wine, and eat:
    I must gird myself and run,
    Though with unready feet:
    I must die.
    In the second part, the author invites us to think more specifically. The wife told the husband that “You can Bask in this sun, You can drink wine, and eat” that may have been the husband had never enjoyed any activities like that. I think it is means that the wife wants to gives a freedom for her husband to do everything that her husband wanted. In this part, the author also explains that she is not ready to face death.
    Blank sea to sail upon,
    Cold bed to sleep in:
    While you clasp, I must be gone
    For all your weeping:
    I must die.
    In the third part, the author more explains about the wife. She has to leave her husband. She has to stay away from her husband even he had little mind it will be happen. In this part we also can find some heart-wrenching word, i.e. “while you clasp, I must be gone for all you’re weeping: I must die”. These words explain that although the husband grips his wife’s hand, but it cannot change the destiny that she should die.
    A kiss for one friend,
    And a word for two,—
    A lock that you must send,
    A kindness you must do:
    I must die
    This part is the peak of the wife’s grief. She gives a message to her husband about what he must to do. The wife gives a message to her husband that he should keep doing the best in his life.
    Not a word for you,
    Not a lock or kiss,
    We, one, must part in two;
    Verily death is this:
    I must die.
    In the last part, the wife told to her husband that she can’t leave anything to him even word or kiss. She insists that they are “one” but they have been separated by death.
    The general meaning about this poem is about a separation between husband and wife. In this poem, the wife should leave the husband. Leaving is not mean move to another place, but die. The detail meaning of this poem is about the wife who has to leave her husband through death even it is never desirable. She does not ready to pass it yet. It can be proved by the sentence “I must die” in every part of this poem.
    There are three imageries in this poem :
    1. Visual : “Blank sea”
    2. Taste : “drink wine, and eat”
    3. Kinesthetic : “Cold bed”, “drift across the sea”, “sink into the snow”,” bask in this sun”,”must be gone”, “must gird myself and run”,”Pardon the faults”
    The figurative which is used in this poem is hyperbole. There are two figurative ; “Pardon the faults in me, for the love of years ago: I must drift across the sea, I must sink into the snow” and ”Blank sea to sail upon, Cold bed to sleep in: Good-bye. While you clasp, I must be gone, for all your weeping “.

  3. Name : Sri Dewi Ciptaria
    NIM : 1012150037
    Literature I (Poetry) Midterm test
    Mr. Parlin

    By: William Butler Yeats

    When You Are Old
    By : William Butler Yeats
    WHEN you are old and grey and full of sleep,
    And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
    And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
    Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep;
    How many loved your moments of glad grace,
    And loved your beauty with love false or true,
    But one man loved the pilgrim Soul in you,
    And loved the sorrows of your changing face;
    And bending down beside the glowing bars,
    Murmur, a little sadly, how Love fled
    And paced upon the mountains overhead
    And hid his face amid a crowd of stars.

    ‘When you are old’ is a descriptive poem in which the author expresses about love, the meaning of this poem is conveyed in a descriptive way through the use of figurative language and the careful selection of words and imagery. Also ‘When you are old’ is one of the poems that dedicated to the woman who rejected him many times. With this poem, Yeats was trying to persuade and seduce her to be with him. That if she changes her mind she will not be alone in her old age. He is telling her that if she doesn’t wake up and realize that superficial things as beauty, parties and others, go away, the time will pass and will be so late. He wants her to notice he is the one who loves her for what she really is. Many people adored her, but only one man loved her completely. The others don’t love you as I do. Now is the time for you to realize I’m the one, don’t let our happiness go away without giving a second thought. There will be no opportunities when time has passed. That’s what we feel and image as we read this Yeats’ poem.
    To persuade her he uses a sad and melancholic tone in the poem which implies that he will be love her constantly even when years have passed away and he wanted her to feel these emotions. ‘When you are old’ is a memorable poem because of the beautiful and sad images the poet creates for us that has two spondees on the second line of the first stanza “take down this book”, the author gives emphasis trying that woman take an action now, right away from the slow image of the first line “when you are old and grey and full of sleep”.

    There are other two respondent on the third line of the second stanza “but one man loved” giving strength to the emotion that he is the only one who is going to love her truly. In the first line of the poem “when you are old and grey and full of sleep”, Yeats tries to put her mind in the future, when she’ll be old and near death. He is telling her now, in the present, so she’d better change her mind and realize that if she don’t take action and choose him, who loves her, when in the future, she’ll be old, feeling the pain of being without the real love, and regret all her life for it. The phrase “full of sleep” has the connotation that we can feel and image her tiredness in that time and she is going to die in a soon future. He aware this woman he is the one that loves her for what she really is, this is argued in the third line of the second stanza “but one man loved the pilgrim soul in you”. This word “pilgrim” refers to the long walk that her soul has had searching for real happiness, but really being alone. So many can loved her for how she looks because she was a beautiful actress, but only he can love her for who she really is.

    Another argument that support this thesis and give us this feeling, is the alliteration “glad grace”, expressing that when she is young, beautiful and in her best moments of life many will be interested in her, but they can love her just with false or superficial love. He will love her anyway no matter what happens. When we read the line “and loved the sorrows of your changing face” it has the connotation of when she gets old and her face gets shrink, so her face looks different he will just love her with the same strong love he always did. As we can see, he is strongly trying to persuade her there is no one for her like he is. In addition, there’s a contrast between “glad grace” and “sorrows of your changing face”, trying to say that while the others love her on her happy times, he will love her every time, including the worst ones. He is telling her she is not returning love to the right one and, as we know, the woman rejected him in different occasions and gets married with another man. Yeats tells her she will be repentant in her latest years of life remembering and dreaming of her best years when she was younger.

    He wrote in the third and fourth line of first stanza “and slowly read, and dream of the soft look your eyes had once, and their shadows deep”. The word “dream” is a very powerful one, this is because illusions and beauty are identified with dreams; with things that we wish to have whether we can have them or not and with this line he is telling her that illusions, beauty and youth will pass away and she’ll remember them in the future. The phrase “shadows deep” is to express the difficulties and sadness hidden in the look of the eyes that can only be seen by someone who really cares and really observes that look with the interest that love can do and, of course, Yeats is the only one who can see through her eyes and she’d better know that now to take the appropriate action. “The soft look your eyes had once” has the connotation to the time when she was young enough to have innocence in her eyes and the way she perceived life when she was younger, trying to establish that youth is not coming back and she will see bitterly that if she didn’t choose him now she’ll be sorry.

    The central purpose of this poem is to tell the beloved one how important is to recognize a true love when one is young, because things change when one grows old and one will feel regretful. This poem is full of emotion and passion. Yeats uses the word love in all lines in second stanza and in the third stanza, second line he capitalize this word giving it so much intensity. That demonstrate he wants to express the strength of his love for her and it can be seen as ethereal, because it fled over the mountains and hides in a crowd of stars. That love goes up and high like if it is increasing, unreachable and untouchable. It can also be seen like even when he will be dead, his love will be alive. Here, we can see that he wants her to know the magnitude of his love for her. The author personifies the love in the lines “and paced upon the mountains overhead”, “and hid his face amid a crowd of stars”. The word “paced” seems to me like going from one place to another without being stable and choosing the right thing or the right person.

    We can also see alliteration in the words “hid”, “his”. He establishes again the urgent need that woman chooses him now. I also see as if nature plays an important role in his way to express how pure his love was for her. The author tends to use these elements of nature in many poetry like poem.
    I interpret the words “glowing bars” as the prison of love and illusions or the enthusiastic obstacles to give and receive love because the time for it will be gone away. This is seen in the first line of the third stanza; “And bending down beside the glowing bars”. He’s imploring her love, bending down and beside every obstacle, which are her love and the other men, to let her know. He is perseverance and has an unconditional love for her.
    Other clues I found to reach this conclusion are that if we put together some words that rhyme like “sleep” and “deep”, on the first stanza, we can see the image of a dead person. If we do the same with words “grace”, “face”, on the second stanza, we imagine and feel the beauty; the same happens if we put together the words “true” and “you” on the second stanza too, we can feel that it is what he really loves; the true you, the true self, woman’s soul. And, finally, if we put together the words “fled” and “overhead”, on the third stanza, we have the imagery, the feeling of something that has gone away.

    This all shows that Yeats is giving her the subliminal mandate inside the clear and direct message to love him now, that he is the only one who really loves her and to not let time walk against their happiness.

    Source: http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/when-you-are-old/

  4. Agustina/1012150043
    MidTerm-Test Poetry
    Mr. Parlin Pardede


    The electic analysis is the combination of the best of all analytical opproaches (Parlin Pardede, 2008). It means that an electic analysis is a combination analysis from many aspects. The aspects can be analize from the author’s life or historical background, psychology, archetypes and feminism (Guches, 1980:153). Taking a brief review on the poet’s biography is important to get more accurate analysis of A Soldier. Here is his biography.
    Robert Lee Frost (1874-1963), was an American poet. He is highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech. His work frequently employed settings from rural life in New England in the early twentieth century, using them to examine complex social and philosophical themes. A popular and often-quoted poet, Frost was honored frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry.
    The poem A Soldier was about a soldier who fell in a battle. The title is relevant because it is the soldier. Frost use metaphors in A Soldier such as he is that fallen lance. Robert use Rhyming throughout the poem. Rust dust, hurled world, and mark arc. I believe the speaker was a by passer walking by a battle field. The shift occurs in line 6 were the speaker changes subjects from the soldier to wars. I felt the theme is that we should not forget the people who died to make the world how it is today.

    Robert Frost’s poem “A Soldier” is a fascinating combination of the English and Italian sonnet. It offers an insightful testimonial on the meaning of a soldier’s duty.
    The rime scheme of Frost’s “A Soldier” is a variation on the English sonnet, ABBA CDDC EFFE GG; it can be sectioned into three stanzas and a rimed couplet, as the English sonnet is, or it can be divided into the octave and sestet, as is the Italian sonnet.
    The function of the octave presents a claim about the subject, while the sestet offers further explanation; therefore, the function of the Italian octave and sestet works in the sonnet. Yet if sectioned into quatrains and couplet, the section function equally as smoothly.
    The spaker begins his drama by likening metaphorically the “fallen soldier” to a lance that has been “hurled”. The lance is lying on the ground, and no one retrieves it. It, therefore, is allowed to gather “drew” and “rust”. But still the lance points to a target. The dead soldier, although gone, still represents the goal for which he died, as the lance still points to some direction as it lies still on the dirt.
    The speaker then draw the reader’s attention to those for whom the soldier has died, and claims.
    If we who sight along it round the world,
    See nothing worthy to have been its mark,

    The speaker assumes that it is difficult for many citizens to understand the purpose of the death of soldier, so he is going to explain why that difficulty exists:
    It is because like men we look too near,
    Forgetting that as fitted to the sphere,
    Our missiles always make too short an arc.
    Many ordinary citizens cannot see the bigger picture in the cosmic scheme of things: they “look too near”. Using the same dramatic metaphor of the lance, the speaker evaluates yhe everage citizen’s ability to grasp the life and death issues that nation have to face. They throw their lances, and they can never throw them far enough. They look at the world through stunted lenses.
    Continuing the lance hurling metaphor, the speaker dramatizes the shortness of imagination and visions by asserting.
    They fall, they rip the grass, they intersect
    The curve of earth, and striking, break their own;

    The paltry imagination and lack of foresight make smug citizens think only in terms of selfish, immediate aims.
    They fail to realize that soldier do their work out of sense of duty and mission just as others make sacrifices in their professions. Soldier are professionals, not merely pawns in a chess game of politicians, as the ignorant are fond of portraying them.
    In the couplet, the spaker makes an insightful observation that as the soul of the dying soldier leaves the body, it soars beyond any “target ever showed or shone”. The soul of soldiers who dies in service to his country is like a hurled lance that does not meet an impediment but continues into the spiritual sphere where it finds its true home.

    A Soldier
    He is that fallen lance that lies as hurled,
    That lies unlifted now, come dew, come rust,
    But still lies pointed as it plowed the dust.
    If we who sight along it round the world,
    See nothing worthy to have been its mark,
    It is because like men we look too near,
    Forgetting that as fitted to the sphere,
    Our missiles always make too short an arc.
    They fall, they rip the grass, they intersect
    The curve of earth, and striking, break their own;
    They make us cringe for metal-point on stone.
    But this we know, the obstacle that checked
    And tripped the body, shot the spirit on
    Further than target ever showed or shone.
    (Robert Frost)

  5. LAST CURTAIN – Rabindranath Tagore
    The poetry Last Curtain by Rabindranath Tagore’s main themes is death, dying and regret. It is about a person who faces the fact that death comes for everyone. This person also realizes that he had hoped for the wrong things and ridiculed the things that he should’ve cherished. He regrets his present condition and he wishes for the very things that he had looked down on.
    As a reader, I found that this poem is rich in visual (sight, over my eyes, watch, see, overlooked) and kinesthetic (take, drawing, rise, heave, breaks, longed, pass, spurned) imageries. These imageries really help to build the atmosphere, senses and imagination to better comprehend what Tagore really wants to convey in Last Curtain.The 1st stanza contains a synecdoche in line 2: “when my sight of this earth shall be lost”. Earth here represents the whole world whereas it is actually mean merely a part of the world, which is the person’s (the “I”) world. There’s also a metaphor in line 4: “drawing the last curtain over my eyes” which I humbly interpreted last curtain as the last scene or last act of this particular person. The 2nd stanza contains a personification in line 1: “yet stars will watch at night”, and a simile in line 3 : “and hours heave like sea waves casting up”. Both figurative styles support the idea of this stanza that even with this person being dead, world will still be unchanged. Death is a part of world’s natural phenomenon.
    The 3rd stanza, however, serves as a reminder that all life is precious. First, Tagore brings us to the moment when this person’s end is near and all those moments that had happened in this person’s life become a unity (line 2: the barrier of the moments breaks). This person then sees a light where in it he saw that in this world God gives unintentional gifts/blessings to everyone (line 4: thy world with its careless treasures) and that there are no such thing as menial and worthless life (supported by Tagore’s diction of lowliest seat in line 5 and meanest of lives in line 6). The 4th and last stanza conveys this person’s regret. As I mentioned before, I assume that this person realized that he had prioritized and gained the wrong things in life (supported by line 1,2,3). Tagore’s choice of the word spurned is fittingly able to make the reader imagine how this person had ridiculed the things that he should’ve cherished and it is supported by line 4, 5 and 6.
    This poem is made perhaps to show an example of a person who comes to a point in his life where he realized about death and he reflects upon his life and finds that he had not done anything important with his life because the things that are supposed to be dear to him turns out to be overrated, not so special anymore when death is near.

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