Final Assignment for Literature I Class (Group B)


Instruction

To fulfill the final requirement for finishing the class of Literature I, write an analysis on the poem selected for you in the following lists.  Include the general meaning, detailed meaning, intention, connotation, imagery and figurative language in your work analysis. However, you don’t need to put sub-headings. Just write in continuous essay form. You can use my analysis on Wordsworth’s I wandered Lonely as a Cloud as a model.

To get the poem you should analyze, just click the title put right after your name in the following lists.

Post your analysis on the reply section below not later than July 11, 2012. Don’t forget to put your student I.D. on top of your post.

Good luck!

List of Students and Poems to analyze

  1. Ninditha Atidhira P.M.–> Rabindranath Tagore’s Last Curtain
  2. Dwi Junita –> Robert Herrick’s To Daffodils
  3. Lilis Cahyani –> Christopher Buckley’s Getting There
  4. Veronica Lusyana –> Marilyn Taylor’s Home Again, Home Again
  5. Monica Yulia D. –> Bruce Lansky’s Turn Off the TV!
  6. Yasinta Mojo –> Emily Dickinson’s Two Butterflies Went out at Noon
  7. Andreas Ndori –> Maya Angelou’s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings
  8. Novi Yanti Sinaga –> Abdul Wahab’s My duties
  9. Jernyati –> Emily Dickinson’s Nature, the Gentlest Mother is
  10. Yuni Ratnawati –> Abdul Wahab’s Butterfly
  11. Selvy Aveline –> Pablo Neruda’s I Do Not Love You Except Because I Love You
  12. Vitry Mawar –> Langston Hughes’ Cross
  13. Olga Regina A.H. –> Mary Elizabeth Frye’s Do not Stand at my Grave and Weep
  14. Oriana Stephani –> Ella Wheeler Wilcox’s Solitude
  15. Erista Panjaitan –> Christina Georgina Rossetti’s When I am Dead, my Dearest
  16. Naomi Apriyanti –> Eugene Field’s Little Boy Blue
  17. Mangasi Taruli P.S.–> Amy Louise Kerswell’s God It Hurts
  18. Novita Debora S. –> Billy Collins’ I Ask You
  19. Ria Delvia S. –> Innokenty Fedorovich Annensky’s You’re Again With Me
  20. Anastasia Widayanti –> Wife To Husband
  21. Meilina –> Langston Hughes’ The Negro Speaks of Rivers
  22. Tio Masa E.S. –> Robert Herrick’s To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
  23. Triana Austin –>  Laurence Alma-Tadema’s If No One Ever Marries Me
  24. Indah Triana –> Mary Mapes Dodge’s Taking Time to Grow
  25. Martha Yuliana –> Matthew Vetter’s Wild Flowers
  26. Chartika L. Sitorus –> Cecilia Woloch’s My Mother’s Pillow
  27. Martha Hotnida –> Edgar Albert Guest’s Father
  28. Linda Nurmala –> Robert William Service Successful Failure
  29. Ruth Natalia –> Abdul Wahab’s Fools Live in Fear, Braves in Love
  30. Trio Juniarty –> Marilyn Taylor’s Subject To Change
  31. Trias Risangayu –> Dana Gioia’s The Angel with the Broken Wing

39 Comments

  1. Successful Failure

    I wonder if successful men
    Are always happy?
    And do they sing with gusto when
    Springtime is sappy?
    Although I am of snow-white hair
    And nighly mortal,
    Each time I sniff the April air
    I chortle.

    I wonder if a millionaire
    Jigs with enjoyment,
    Having such heaps of time to spare
    For daft employment.
    For as I dance the Highland Fling
    My glee is muckle,
    And doping out new songs to sing
    I chuckle.

    I wonder why so soon forgot
    Are fame and riches;
    Let cottage comfort be my lot
    With well-worn britches.
    As in a pub a poor unknown,
    Brown ale quaffing,
    To think of all I’ll never own,–
    I’m laughing.
    Robert William Service

    General meaning from this poem is the life of a successful man and a millionaire.
    the details meaning of this poem is a successful man is a man who always thought of ny job even though he has a lot of free time. Even their free time is used to perform the work. No day without work.
    I found the visual imagery, in a pub, cottage
    Kinesthetic imagery, Happy, Successful, fame and rich
    Gustatory imagery, sing, laughing, chuckle, chortle

  2. LAST CURTAIN – Rabindranath Tagore

    I know that the day will come
    when my sight of this earth shall be lost,
    and life will take its leave in silence,
    drawing the last curtain over my eyes.

    Yet stars will watch at night,
    and morning rise as before,
    and hours heave like sea waves casting up pleasures and pains.

    When I think of this end of my moments,
    the barrier of the moments breaks
    and I see by the light of death
    thy world with its careless treasures.
    Rare is its lowliest seat,
    rare is its meanest of lives.

    Things that I longed for in vain
    and things that I got
    —let them pass.
    Let me but truly possess
    the things that I ever spurned
    and overlooked.

    The poetry Last Curtain by Rabindranath Tagore’s main themes are death, dying and regret. It is about a person who faces the fact that death comes for everyone. This person also realizes that he had hoped for the wrong things and ridiculed the things that he should’ve cherished. He regrets his present condition and he wishes for the very things that he had looked down on.

    As a reader, I found that this poem is rich in visual (sight, over my eyes, watch, see, overlooked ) and kinesthetic (take, drawing, rise, heave, breaks,longed, pass, spurned) imageries. These imageries really help to build the atmosphere, senses and imagination to better comprehend what Tagore really wants to convey in Last Curtain.

    The 1st stanza contains a synecdoche in line 2 : “when my sight of this earth shall be lost”. Earth here represents the whole world whereas it is actually mean merely a part of the world, which is the person’s (the “I”) world. There’s also a metaphor in line 4 : “drawing the last curtain over my eyes” which I humbly interpreted last curtain as the last scene or last act of this particular person.

    The 2nd stanza contains a personification in line 1 : “yet stars will watch at night”, and a simile in line 3 : “and hours heave like sea waves casting up”. Both figurative styles support the idea of this stanza that even with this person being dead, world will still be unchanged. Death is a part of world’s natural phenomenon.

    The 3rd stanza, however, serves as a reminder that all life is precious. First, Tagore brings us to the moment when this person’s end is near and all those moments that had happened in this person’s life become a unity (line 2 : the barrier of the moments breaks). This person then sees a light where in it he saw that in this world God gives unintentional gifts/blessings to everyone (line 4: thy world with its careless treasures) and that there are no such thing as menial and worthless life (supported by Tagore’s diction of lowliest seat in line 5 and meanest of lives in line 6).

    The 4th and last stanza conveys this person’s regret. As i mentioned before, I assume that this person realized that he had prioritized and gained the wrong things in life (supported by line 1,2,3). Tagore’s choice of the word spurned is fittingly able to make the reader imagine how this person had ridiculed the things that he should’ve cherished and it is supported by line 4, 5 and 6.

    This poem is made perhaps to show an example of a person who comes to a point in his life where he realized about death and he reflects upon his life and finds that he had not done anything important with his life because the things that are supposed to be dear to him turns out to be overrated, not so special anymore when death is near.

    Personally, I take this as a poignant poem. But, alas, as we all know regret always comes last.

  3. Wild Flowers

    At fifty-six, having left my mother,
    my father buys a motorcycle.
    I imagine him because
    it is the son’s sorrowful assignment
    to imagine his father: there,
    hunched on his mount,
    with black boots, with bad teeth,
    between shifts at the mill,
    ripping furrows in the backroads,
    past barn and field and silo,
    past creek and rock,
    past the brown mare,
    sleek in her impertinence,
    never slowing until he sees
    the bull. He stops, pulls
    his bike to the side of the road,
    where golden rod and clover grow,
    walks up to the fence, admires
    its horns, its wet snout snorting and blowing
    its breath, its girth, its trampling
    of small wild flowers

    Matthew Vetter

    General meaning this poem in my analysis is life of a child who sees his father left his mother.
    The detailed meaning in first sentence tells the father buys a motorcycle after having left mother. Second and third sentence, a child who imagined the father victorious, happy rather than miserable wife and child.
    This poem have a better message intact family because a child in pain and also feel the pressure.
    I find visual imagery in this poem, “motorcycle, bike, road, wild flowers, boot, golden rod, clover, fence”, kinesthetic imagery of movement, “past, grow, stops”. The figurative That is used in this poem, personifications “small wild flowers, sorrowful assignment”.

  4. God It Hurts
    By: Amy Louise Kerswell

    I said ‘God it hurts’
    And God said ‘I Know’
    I said ‘God I cry alot’
    And God said ‘That’s why I gave you tears’
    I said ‘God I get so depressed’
    And God said ‘That why I gave you sunshine’
    I said god I feel Alone’
    And god said ‘That’s why I gave you loved ones’
    I said ‘god my loved one is dead’
    And God said’I watched mine nailed to the cross’
    I said God ‘Where are they? ‘
    And God said ‘Mine is on my right and yours is in the light.
    I said ‘God it hurts’
    And God said ‘I know’

    General Meaning
    This poem means that every human being created by God, must be some trial that is given by God. Trials of God’s manifold, the trials of everyday life, in work, family, friendship, romance, etc.. And not everyone can be facing a trial that is given by God, they prefer to complain and protest to God, why give this ordeal. They do not attempt to undergo the ordeal and deal with it, and they also do not attempt to resolve the ordeal. Yet there is every temptation is its own purpose in which you want to convey to our Lord. God’s hope we can understand the intent of the trial that he gave to us. And God also hope that we can be a strong in the face of all temptations, and still remember the Lord.

    Detailed Meaning and Connotation
    I said ‘God I cry alot’
    And God said ‘That’s why I gave you tears’
    That means God gave man the purpose of tears is as a concrete form when we are sad about something that happened. With tears we can vent our grief.
    I said ‘God I get so depressed’
    And God said ‘That why I gave you sunshine’
    When someone is severely depressed, God will not stand to see it all. That is why God gave us the sun, with the sunlight of God so that we can expect more excited, and out of the depression that we experience.
    I said god I feel Alone’
    And god said ‘That’s why I gave you loved ones’
    When someone feels alone, so God gave him a person who loved her. So that the person does not feel lonely, and he can share the joy together.
    I said ‘god my loved one is dead’
    And God said’I watched mine nailed to the cross’
    When someone is angry because the person she loves die, God said, suffering or trials you went through when it is lighter than what I experienced. I was once on the cross and witnessed by many people.
    I said God ‘Where are they? ‘
    And God said ‘Mine is on my right and yours is in the light.
    When you are on the left by the people around you, the Lord told me is close to you, you do not be afraid. God is the most loyal friend and will always help you.

    Intention
    Amy Louise Kerswell make this poem addressed to every human in this world. Amy Louise hopes that we might be willing to undergo that ordeal is given to God. And we do not easily discouraged, otherwise we shall come closer to God that he would help us to face the ordeal.

    Imagery and Figurative
    There are two imageries in this poem, Visual imagery and Kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery by the use of words “sunshine, tears, ”
    Kinesthetic of feeling by words like “Depressed, Alone, Dead, Hurts”

  5. ANASTASIA WIDAYANTI (0912150039)

    Wife To Husband (Christina Georgina Rossetti)

    Pardon the faults in me,
    For the love of years ago:
    Good-bye.
    I must drift across the sea,
    I must sink into the snow,
    I must die.

    You can bask in this sun,
    You can drink wine, and eat:
    Good-bye.
    I must gird myself and run,
    Though with unready feet:
    I must die.

    Blank sea to sail upon,
    Cold bed to sleep in:
    Good-bye.
    While you clasp, I must be gone
    For all your weeping:
    I must die.

    A kiss for one friend,
    And a word for two,—
    Good-bye:—
    A lock that you must send,
    A kindness you must do:
    I must die.

    Not a word for you,
    Not a lock or kiss,
    Good-bye.
    We, one, must part in two;
    Verily death is this:
    I must die.

    Christina Georgina Rossetti captures a clear and concise truth in his poem “wife to husband”. The analysis of this poem would seem quite difficult upon first looking at it. It is a long poem at a mere thirty lines. Her words are speaking volumes but only one meaning. We must break down the poem and look at each stanza as its own entity before we can put it together as a whole:
    “Pardon the faults in me, for the love of years ago: Good-bye. I must drift across the sea, I must sink into the snow, I must die” after the first reading of this verse we think about the regret (error) deep that have been done by the writer last year. So I feel very guilty and wanted to go away to drift at sea and sank in the snow before he died. The author actually keep meaning implicit in the poem. Maybe, the author is just exaggerating the expression. Perhaps it is the intent of the author, he was an imperfect man who definitely has a fault, and therefore before he died he wanted to apologize for every mistake he’s ever done along with her husband’s life.
    “You can bask in this sun, You can drink wine, and eat: Good-bye. I must gird myself and run, though with unready feet: I must die” in the second stanza the author invites us to think toward a more specialized. The wife told the husband that “You can Bask in this sun, You can drink wine, and eat” that may have been the husband had never enjoyed anything like it. I conclude that the author gives the freedom for her husband to be able to do everything that her husband wanted. In this stanza, the author also explains that he is not ready to face death.
    “Blank sea to sail upon, Cold bed to sleep in: Good-bye. While you clasp, I must be gone For all your weeping: I must die.” In the third stanza is more explained again that the wife actually had to leave her husband even though he does not want to be left by his wife. But, however that the wife is should stay away and leave her husband. At this temple there are words the heart-wrenching, that “while you clasp, I must be gone for all you’re weeping: I must die”. These words explain that although the husband clutched his wife’s hand, but it cannot change the destiny that she should die.
    “A kiss for one friend, And a word for two,— Good-bye:— A lock that you must send, A kindness you must do: I must die.” At this temple is the peak of his wife’s grief. So that the grief of his wife, he gives a message that must be done by the husband. In this stanza the wife gives a message to her husband that he should keep doing the best forever.

    The general meaning about this poem is about a separation between husband and wife. In this poem, the wife should leave the husband. Leaving not a move to another place, but go to forever or die. The detail meaning of this poem is about the wife who left the husband through death. Death is never desirable. Death is not yet ready to pass. This was evident in every stanza there is the phrase “i must die”. Rossetti wanted to describe the separation between husband and wife. This separation must be lived even though his wife is not ready for death. This poem described that is now the husband is free to do anything desired by the husband (such as “drink the wine”). In this poem his wife also apologizes if there is a mistake in the past. The poem is also explained that although there are things that can make them come together but it will not happen. But the wife wanted to explain that they are one but they still have to be two parts.

    There are three imageries in this poem:Visual imagery, Gustatory imagery and Kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery (“Blank sea”), Gustatory imagery (“drink wine, and eat”), Kinesthetic imagery (“Cold bed”, “drift across the sea”, “sink into the snow”,” bask in this sun”,”must be gone”, “must gird myself and run”,”Pardon the faults”). The figurative which is used in this poem is hyperbole. There are two figurative. That is “Pardon the faults in me, for the love of years ago: I must drift across the sea, I must sink into the snow” and ”Blank sea to sail upon, Cold bed to sleep in: Good-bye. While you clasp, I must be gone, for all your weeping “.

    One message the author is trying to point out is that, we are all must eventually will die. Therefore be prepared for it. Because if we are dead all things that exist in this world should we leave behind. Such sentences contained in the poem above (message of the wife to her husband) that “wife gives a message to her husband that he should keep doing the best forever”. So, do good before we regret it later on when we died. Keep give the best!!!

  6. Home Again, Home Again
    By Marilyn Taylor

    The children are back, the children are back—
    They’ve come to take refuge, exhale and unpack;
    The marriage has faltered, the job has gone bad,
    Come open the door for them, Mother and Dad.

    The city apartment is leaky and cold,
    The landlord lascivious, greedy and old—
    The mattress is lumpy, the oven’s encrusted,
    The freezer, the fan, and the toilet have rusted.

    The company caved, the boss went broke,
    The job and the love affair, all up in smoke.
    The anguish of loneliness comes as a shock—
    O heart in the doldrums, O heart in hock.

    And so they return with their piles of possessions,
    Their terrified cats and their mournful expressions,
    Reclaiming the bedrooms they had in their teens,
    Clean towels, warm comforter, glass figurines.

    Downstairs in the kitchen the father and mother
    Don’t say a word, but they look at each other
    As down from the hill comes Jill, comes Jack.
    The children are back. The children are back.

    The general meaning of this poem tells about the struggle of parents for their children.
    The detail meaning of this poem is the author tries to convey how parental love and affection of parents to their children. So difficult as any problem occurs, parents are still fighting for the future of their children. Wide range of issues came and went from the economic crisis until the issue of harmony which should parents deal with. “The marriage has faltered, the job has gone bad ‘(line 3),” The mattress is Lumpy, the oven’s encrusted’, ‘He freezer, the fan, and the toilet have rusted. ‘The company caved, the boss went broke ‘(line7, 8.9) on the line, the writer invites the reader to feel what must be faced by parents, toil and trouble that demands hard work and struggle more, and not only economic problems but also the problem of harmony which started to shake the the household that they had built. The job and the love affair, all up in smoke (line 10). But in a wide range of issues to deal with parents, they are still struggling to change things for the better ‘And so They return with Their piles of possessions’ (line 13), So that one day his son did not have to feel the difficulties have been encountered by parents.

    In this poem the author invites the reader to be able to feel how the struggle of parents for their children. How difficult that must be passed on behalf parents to the children’s future. all the hard work and the highest value that can not be paid at any price. A sincere love of parents for their children.

    I find connotative meaning in this poem ‘Cats’ means displaced. There are two imageries in this poem, Visual imagery and Kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery by the use of words “door, mattress, oven, freezer, fan, toilet, towels, comforter and glass figurines”
    kinesthetic of feeling by words like ‘bad, cold, loneliness, doldrums, mournful, warm’
    The figurative which is used in this poem is Overstatement (Hyperbole), we can see in line 11 (‘O heart in the doldrums, O heart in hock’), line 10 (‘The job and the love affair, all up in smoke’).

  7. Solitude

    Laugh, and the world laughs with you;
    Weep, and you weep alone.
    For the sad old earth must borrow it’s mirth,
    But has trouble enough of its own.
    Sing, and the hills will answer;
    Sigh, it is lost on the air.
    The echoes bound to a joyful sound,
    But shrink from voicing care.

    Rejoice, and men will seek you;
    Grieve, and they turn and go.
    They want full measure of all your pleasure,
    But they do not need your woe.
    Be glad, and your friends are many;
    Be sad, and you lose them all.
    There are none to decline your nectared wine,
    But alone you must drink life’s gall.

    Feast, and your halls are crowded;
    Fast, and the world goes by.
    Succeed and give, and it helps you live,
    But no man can help you die.
    There is room in the halls of pleasure
    For a long and lordly train,
    But one by one we must all file on
    Through the narrow aisles of pain.

    The general meaning about this poem is about sharing our happiness with the world, but our Sighs, Sorrows, and cares are to bear our burdens alone. When we are happy, many people who want to stay beside us, many people who want to be your friends. But when we’re sad, cry, or have problems,no one who wants stay beside us. When there is sadness and problems, ‘lonely’ is the only thing you are with. The detail meaning of this poem is about the Cruelty of humanity. When happiness comes, as if the world also come to feel happy, and your friend will stay beside you. The idea that the earth in line 3 (and by extension mankind) has to “borrow” its happy feelings coupled with the idea That we each experience our sorrows alone evokes a kind of gentle sadness, to me. There also seems a to be the implication That no one wants to hear our Sorrows (“echoes bound to a joyful sound, but shrink from voicing care in line 7 & 8”) that is make more depressing. “Rejoice, and men will seek you;
    Grieve, and They turn and go. They want full measure of all your pleasure, But they do not need your woe”. That is means that when you are in a joyful mood, people want to keep your company since they want a share of happiness. However if you are sowncast and gloomy, people growing niche to avoid you due to their desire to avoid pain and seek happiness.

    There are two imageries in this poem, Visual imagery and Auditory imagery. Visual imagery (earth, hills, halls, world, friends, room, aisles, train), Auditory (laugh, sing, sigh). The figurative which is used in this poem is Personification. We can see in line 1 and 5.

    One message the author is trying to point out is that, we have to be self-reliant, there are many things that we have to do alone and bear the pain alone because no one is willing to shoulder your burden. Therefore,we should be able to face all the problems by ourselves, it is important to be independent person. Because when you got a problem, only few people who wants stay beside us or even no one willing to stay beside us

  8. I Ask You

    What scene would I want to be enveloped in
    more than this one,
    an ordinary night at the kitchen table,
    floral wallpaper pressing in,
    white cabinets full of glass,
    the telephone silent,
    a pen tilted back in my hand?

    It gives me time to think
    about all that is going on outside–
    leaves gathering in corners,
    lichen greening the high grey rocks,
    while over the dunes the world sails on,
    huge, ocean-going, history bubbling in its wake.

    But beyond this table
    there is nothing that I need,
    not even a job that would allow me to row to work,
    or a coffee-colored Aston Martin DB4
    with cracked green leather seats.

    No, it’s all here,
    the clear ovals of a glass of water,
    a small crate of oranges, a book on Stalin,
    not to mention the odd snarling fish
    in a frame on the wall,
    and the way these three candles–
    each a different height–
    are singing in perfect harmony.

    So forgive me
    if I lower my head now and listen
    to the short bass candle as he takes a solo
    while my heart
    thrums under my shirt–
    frog at the edge of a pond–
    and my thoughts fly off to a province
    made of one enormous sky
    and about a million empty branches.
    Billy Collins

    According to my analysis, The General Meaning of “I ask you” is this poem Collins writes about his contentment in the ordinary. Detailed meaning in this poem is the poet tells about a only needing what is in the room with him, not his job or anything outside, nothing he doesn’t already have. Billy finds everything he needs in what he already has; beauty is in his ordinary kitchen, the three candles in perfect harmony, and his beating heart.

    The first verse is the poet is describing the atmosphere at home that are common to feel by the poet such as “What scene would I want to be enveloped in; more than this one; An ordinary night at the kitchen table; Floral wallpaper pressing in; white cabinets full of glass; The telephone silent; A pen tilted back in my hand?”. Here billy want to make readers can feel what happens in the kitchen.
    The second verse is “It gives me time to think; about all that is going on outside” means accidentally he suddenly remembered with that happened out there . “leaves gathering in corners; Lichen greening the high grey rocks; While over the dunes the world sails on; Huge, ocean-going, history bubbling in its wake” means that various natural events where we as humans can see and feel what is going on out there.
    The third verse, “But beyond this table; There is nothing that I need; Not even a job that would allow; me to row to work; Or a coffee-colored Aston Martin DB4; With cracked green leather seats” means If we just sit quietly alone and not do any work it is just we waste time with useless, should we can use time properly so we can do the positive things out there.
    In the forth verse “No, it’s all here; the clear ovals of a glass of water; a small crate of oranges; a book on Stalin; not to mention the odd snarling fishin a frame on the wall,” means not all the stuff there like for example, “clear ovalof a glass of water” “small crate” “book” “frame on the wall”. The poem “and the way these three candles– each a different height–are singing in perfect harmony” means how to describe the beauty of candles which were lit simultaneously with different sizes at night and produce beautiful rhythms.
    In the last verse, “So forgive me if I lower my head now and listen to the short bass candle as he takes a solo ; While my heart thrums under my shirt– frog at the edge of a pond– and my thoughts fly off to a province; Made of one enormous sky ; And about a million empty branches,” I think that the last three lines are comparing his thoughts to a bird. The bird has many possibilities as to where to go (enormous sky) and where to land (million empty branches). So the poet expresses his disappointment or even discontent sense of himself.

    I also found several imageries in this poem which are visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery by the use of words “kitchen table,wallpaper, telephone,frame, three candles”, auditory image like “are singing in perfect harmony”, tactile image like “a pen tilted back in my hand?”, and kinesthetic of feeling by words like “ordinary, small, different, empty”. The connotative in this poem is “empty branches” means lots of empty places. Figurative language in this poem is personification “ three candles; each a different height; are singing in perfect harmony”.

  9. Taking Time to Grow
    By Mary Mapes Dodge 1831–1905

    ‘Mamma! mamma!’ two eaglets cried,
    ‘To let us fly you’ve never tried.
    We want to go outside and play;
    We’ll promise not to go away.’
    The mother wisely shook her head:
    ‘No, no, my dears. Not yet,’ she said.

    ‘But, mother dear,’ they called again,
    ‘We want to see those things called men,
    And all the world so grand and gay,
    Papa described the other day.
    And – don’t you know? – he told you then
    About a little tiny wren,
    That flew about so brave and bold,
    When it was scarcely four weeks old?’

    But still the mother shook her head;
    ‘No, no, my dears, not yet,’ she said.
    ‘Before you see the world below,
    Far bigger you will have to grow.
    There’s time enough to look for men;
    And as for wrens – a wren’s a wren.
    What if your freedom does come late?
    An eaglet can afford to wait.’

    The general meaning of this poem is the young people who want to go out to see the grand and the gay of the world. The detail meaning of this poem is the eaglets who are asking permission to their mother to go out to see the grand and the gay of the world. But, the mother did not allow it because the mother thinks that her children are still too young to see the world below and her mother said that this is not the right time. We can see it from line 16-18 “‘No, no, my dears, not yet,’ she said. ‘Before you see the world below, Far bigger you will have to grow”. It is clear that the mother did not give permission to their children to go the world below because her mother thought for sure there will be a great time for her children to see the outside world. If the poem is connected to human life, a mother will not let go of her children to go away from his residence before the children are fully grown and have to face the challenge-readiness challenges that will be encountered during their travel.

    The writer writes this poem with the purpose to inform our readers, especially young people to prepare themselves and their mental state first before they are going away into the world or that had not been previously they feel and are dealing with. In short, the young people should wait a right time until they can go out to see the world or the need to take time to grow before see the world.

    I find some connotative meaning in this poem. ‘Eaglets’ means the adults, ‘men’ means challenges. There are two imageries in this poem, Visual imagery and Kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery (eaglets, men, wren and the world), kinestetik imagery (shook her head). The figurative which is used in this poem is Personification. We can see in line 1 (two eaglets cried).

  10. Subject To Change
    By Marilyn Taylor
    A reflection on my students
    They are so beautiful, and so very young
    they seem almost to glitter with perfection,
    these creatures that I briefly move among.

    I never get to stay with them for long,
    but even so, I view them with affection:
    they are so beautiful, and so very young.

    Poised or clumsy, placid or high-strung,
    they’re expert in the art of introspection,
    these creatures that I briefly move among—

    And if their words don’t quite trip off the tongue
    consistently, with just the right inflection,
    they remain beautiful. And very young.

    Still, I have to tell myself it’s wrong
    to think of them as anything but fiction,
    these creatures that I briefly move among—

    Because, like me, they’re traveling headlong
    in that familiar, vertical direction
    that coarsens beautiful, blackmails young—
    the two delusions we all move among.

    Taylor’s Subject To Change is a descriptive poem in which the author expresses the pride she gets after seeing the beauty and young of students. She begins the poem by telling her reflection. She was describing her students still very beautiful and young. She counts them like the younger generations have brilliant future. And she was see students who filled with pride is perfect.
    The subject matter of this poem is the pride expressed by poet, because almost all lines dominated by description, that emphasizes they beautiful and very young. It’s true that poet, sometimes, talk about other things, like “their words don’t quite trip off the tongue”, but these things are merely meant to be a comparison to emphasize the impression of the beautiful and very young students. The poet states that although they are still shown in the word, they remain beautiful: “And if their words don’t quite trip off the tongue consistently, with just the right inflection, they remain beautiful and very young”. (13-15)
    Despite the fact that they are so beautiful and very young, the poet doesn’t present it for its own sake. She actually relates that beauty to her life. In the second stanza, by using a simile in which she compares herself that she never gets to stay with them for along, but she view them with affection. And then in the last of lines she emphatically said that they still beautiful and very young. We can easily understand this phenomenon by realizing that reflection can be used as a good condition to give pride. Considering these facts, we can say that to realize that the struggle of a teacher is invaluable so she made us younger generation is perfect. And always seem with a sincere affection. Always guide us in any circumstance. The use of the reflection as the theme of a work is actually typical of Taylor. Almost pride in his poem express in the country. By using word of beautiful and young in almost every last of stanza.
    In this poem the author expects changes to their students. What was she gave during this time may be a provision for their students. Hopefully this provided science for useful, though not teacher and student are always together in a long time. When students are awkward or silent in class, they were taught to see themselves in any errors and fix their mistakes. So teachers still expect change right could come in handy for the lives of their students. The behavior of the students at the school is fiction. The students are a long journey of the teacher. Teachers are the instruction that must be followed so that the students do any student is a shadow from a teacher.

  11. Explanation: through this poem fedorovich want to express her feelings through this poem. Through this poem fedorovich want to convey, that happiness there even if it is not necessarily the people we love there besides us. Everyone expects to happy with its mate. However, it is experienced by fedorovich. He did not feel happiness though a is he loved her.
    By means of words in stanza 1-4: this demonstrates that people he loved can ‘ t make her life colored. However, his life still duii and there ‘ s nothing interesting. It can be seen from the word: you ‘ re again with me, my girlfriend autumn? . But through your net of the boughs bared. Bluish tints were ne’er, such as paleæ and frozen . And i don ‘ t recall the snow more dead … even fedorovich can ‘ t remember togetherness their natural. He just looked at his girlfriend as its autumn. Autumn mentioned that the time has come to an end. That hope is gone and go.
    By means of words in stanza 5-8 : through this poem fedorovich displaying despair his heart to exceed the sad possessed a rabble. How he felt pain in his heart. I’ve not seen some sadder than your rabble, … and such as the black us all your lakes and streams, .. of words in such stanzas fedorovich describe that the feeling sad he natural, may be able to make her cry and how many tears poured out because of pain. And through these words in your skies old, faded and unstable … yellow clouds of my painful dreams. The dream that she had ever make make it feel pain that is so deep.
    By means of words in stanza 9-12: through this poem fedorovich mentioned that his girlfriend that can not be made his days cheerful and full of hope. That every harapan and feelings it becomes exceedingly there was no use anymore. All hope is that of being empty and void.
    So, through this poem, fedorovich describe that happiness is not determined by the presence of the people we love disisi us. We sometimes feel lacunæ in our hearts though there ‘ s the people we love dihidup us. Behold taste happy that may be created if the people we love can dreams up and builds impian live alongside us. In my opinion this poem that uses speech puisin descriptive hyperbole. so meluapkan feeling her heart fedorovich through words that are somewhat exaggerated. for example, the indicated in the words of sadness “Just to see this all, while fully freezing…How strangely new is this air cold…Do you know, I thought, more dizzying… Is to see the empty deeps of words.”

    1. It is my view of poetry “you’re with me again ‘ by Innokenty Fedorovich Annensky

      1. sir, this is my opinion of “You’re Again With Me” poertry by Innokenty Fedorovich Annensky

  12. Getting There
    By Christopher Buckley

    Time to give up
    grieving my mother’s loss,
    faulting my father and
    his Neolithic moral certitude
    about every detail
    on the evening news,
    his general absence
    hanging like the gray
    sheets on the line.

    Never mind how
    mismatched in the heart,
    I should be grateful
    they were there at all,
    for that moment
    that childhood stretched
    like fog, the beach empty
    and unmarked.

    It comes to little now
    who I forgive, mourn,
    or thank. The dust shifts
    and we are barely
    suspended in the light.

    I know this little thing:
    there’s a boy somewhere
    in a station where
    the trains still run,
    wearing scuffed brown shoes,
    gray overcoat, and cap;
    someone has neatly parted
    and combed his hair.
    He is waiting
    to be taken by the hand
    and told where we are going,
    to hear we are headed home—
    though I can see nothing
    beyond the smoke
    and midnight haze
    at the far end
    of the platform,
    where I am not
    even sure of the stars.

    Getting There By Christopher Buckley is a dramatic poem because the poet wanted to convey his grief to the reader. The poem is about someone who feel sorrow because he’s loss his mother. On the other hand, he must still fight to live.

    The first stanza tells of grief for the left by a mother “Time to give up, grieving my mother’s loss, faulting my father and, his Neolithic moral certitude, about every detail, on the evening news, his general absence, hanging like the gra, sheets on the line.” It is caused by the attitudes and behaviors his father which are not good, he often go at night and he applied the old-fashioned rules, so the atmosphere at home is no longer harmonious.

    The second stanza tells of the struggles of life. “Never mind how, mismatched in the heart, I should be grateful, they were there at all, for that moment , that childhood stretched, like fog, the beach empty, and unmarked.” We should not be kept in the dumps because of wheels of life keep turning. Childhood should continue to fight in his life because of his gloomy,as the sea there is no water.

    The third stanza is about choices. “It comes to little now, who I forgive, mourn, or thank. The dust shifts, and we are barely, suspended in the light.” Sincere the bad things that happen in our lives is the key to happiness in life. Choose stay slumped in grief or accept reality and continue life despite feeling hardly any light that can be the light up.

    The last stanza is about hopes. “I know this little thing, there’s a boy somewhere, in a station where , the trains still run, wearing scuffed brown shoes, gray overcoat, and cap, someone has neatly parted, and combed his hair, He is waiting, to be taken by the hand, and told where we are going, to hear we are headed home, though I can see nothing, beyond the smoke, and midnight haze, at the far end, of the platform, where I am not, even sure of the stars”. It means that unkind regret what has happened, it is will not go to change, making our lives walk straight ahead and hope there will be a better change is an important thing to continue to survive.

    The poet wants to convey his sorrow because he’s loss his mother. Since lost his mother he felt his life that gloomy, but he must continue to fight to preserve life. In this poem the poet wants the reader does not easily to give up in life.

    There are some connotations. Such as, Loss is a bleak future. Stretched is a struggling to keep alive even without parents who accompany. Trains as the wheels of life keep going. Haze such life is the dark. Stars is the light on life.

    This poem contains visual imagery and kinesthetic imagery. Boy, mother, father, station and trains are visual imagery. Grieving, faulting, loss expectation are kinesthetic imagery of feeling.

    “The dust shifts “, ”the trains still run” those are personification figurative. Describes object that can do something like human.

  13. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

    The free bird leaps
    on the back of the win
    and floats downstream
    till the current ends
    and dips his wings
    in the orange sun rays
    and dares to claim the sky.

    But a bird that stalks
    down his narrow cage
    can seldom see through
    his bars of rage
    his wings are clipped and
    his feet are tied
    so he opens his throat to sing.

    The caged bird sings
    with fearful trill
    of the things unknown
    but longed for still
    and is tune is heard
    on the distant hill for the caged bird
    sings of freedom

    The free bird thinks of another breeze
    an the trade winds soft through the sighing trees
    and the fat worms waiting on a dawn-bright lawn
    and he names the sky his own.

    But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams
    his shadow shouts on a nightmare scream
    his wings are clipped and his feet are tied
    so he opens his throat to sing

    The caged bird sings
    with a fearful trill
    of things unknown
    but longed for still
    and his tune is heard
    on the distant hill
    for the caged bird
    sings of freedom.

    Maya Angelou

    I know why the caged bird sings is a poem that represents many ideas, themes, and thoughts. The detailed meaning in this poem is states that there are two birds, one trapped in a cage, and the other in free and flying in the sky. The beginning of the poem depicts the freedom and happiness of a bird soaring over the water with the blazing sun, care-free and content. This bird is meant to represent the superior group of white people. In the second stanza, the perspective is changed to that of a neglected and trapped bird. It is perceived that this represents minority groups. The stanza ends with “…so he opens his throat to sing,” which may represent the protest and movement for equal rights. The phrase, “…his wings are clipped and his feet tied down,” is meant to represent the torture, belittlement that minority groups had to endure at this time in history. The bird trying to spread its wings and become something more than its captivity allows, but the cage was making it impossible. Maya Angelou explaining the feelings of racial discrimination, segregation, and domination. The poem describes how she was the bird that was trapped and tied up and unable to reach freedom. In this poem it is constantly repeated that “his wings are clipped and his feet are tied so he opens his throat to sing”, this is implying that even though this bird is trapped it still has hope. The bird will continue to persevere and not give up.

    On the other hand the general meaning in this poem is a caged bird is unable to enjoy the freedom of other birds due to its cage, clipped wings, and tied feet. African-Americans during Angelou’s time were restricted by unfair laws and societal oppression. Freedom is symbolized by the caged bird’s beautiful song. As long as the bird is in the cage, he will not reach his true potential. Although the context of the poem is important, one shouldn’t limit its application to one group of people or one period. Next the intention of this poem is the writer to show how minority groups were able to work together and make their voices heard on the world stage. She wants to show if every human is equal. Whatever they are, human is equal. The imagery of this poem is kinesthetic such as the free bird leaps, a fearful trill, of things unknown, nightmare scream and sings of freedom. Next the visual imagery such as floats downstream, in the orange sun rays, dares to claim the sky, wings are clipped, trade winds soft through the sighing trees, and on the distant hill and the last tactile imagery such as hill, and downstream.

    There are many connotations from this poem such as the free bird leaps means white people who get a freedom because their skin, “caged bird” means the black race retaining the disadvantaging skin color, Lack of freedom, “”Free bird” means the white race retaining freedom, aversion toward blacks, “Breeze” means hope, opportunity, “Fat and worms” means opportunity. Denotation of this poem is caged bird means the bird on the caged, breeze means wind, and hill means an area of land that’s higher than the land around, floats means to move slowly on the water, sky means the space above the earth, and freedom means the right to do or say what you want without anyone stopping.

    Next is figurative of this poem is hyperbola such as dares to claim the sky, the free bird thinks of another breeze and a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams. Next the metaphors such as caged bird, free bird, wind, Breeze, fat worms, wings are clipped and his feet are tied. The last symbol is the free bird leaps, a bird that stalks, and the caged bird sings.

  14. this poem Edgar Albert Guest convey the intention to the readers that a father teach our children to do good and do not easily give up even though we know no such word as fail, not sure, and so on. author and express hope that a father
    who rushed quickly to do everything the best.

    visual imagery : ‘father’,’man’,’children’,’mother’.

    kinesthetic imagery of movement: ‘quickly’,’run’,’arise’.

    kinesthetic imagery of feeling: ‘confidance’,’wondrous’,’fail’,’doubt’,’sick’.

    this poem is dramatic poem express emotion
    characterize. in a simple term, dramatic poems
    portray one or more character by showing
    emotions.

  15. this poem Edgar Albert Guest convey the intention to the readers that a father teach our children to do good and do not easily give up even though we know no such word as fail, not sure, and so on. author and express hope that a father who rushed quickly to do everything the best.
    visual imagery : ‘father’,’man’,’children’,’mother’.
    kinesthetic imagery of movement: ‘quickly’,’run’,’arise’.
    kinesthetic imagery of feeling: ‘confidance’,’wondrous’,’fail’,’doubt’,’sick’.
    this poem is dramatic poem express emotion characterize. in a simple term, dramatic poems portray one or more character by showing emotions.

  16. Fools live in fear, braves in love
    If we have gold we are in great fear
    If we don’t have anything we are in danger
    And the sage says love is full of fear
    Completely blind and has no reason
    The sage says fear is the heart’s prison
    Fear is stronger than love
    As it begets prudence and takes care of.
    Wise lives in courage fools in fear
    Lovers are not cowards or fools either.
    Fear has a quick ear but can not hear
    Fear has wings but can’t fly
    Love in a cage can’t live but die
    Fear and fools falter, love conquers all
    A fool distinguishes man but love equals all
    Abdul Wahab

    I think the above poem tells the story of someone who fears the fight for her love
    that she always felt frightened in all respects.
    Paragraph 1-2 talk about feeling afraid because here the selection is made
    in writing If we have gold we are in great fear, but if we do not have anything we are in danger
    Paragraph 3-5 to talk about how someone harbored feelings so deep that he felt as a coward, but he’s trying to overcome his fear of it.
    Paragraph 6-10 Serves fear once he is now beginning to become wise in the fear that should he go through so as not such a coward.
    Paragraph 11-14 what if the fear that he had such a bird can’t fly into the air because of his fears. But love can overcome fear.
    In this poem I have knowledge that we do not like stupid people who live in fear
    but live is always spread love and compassion so that we can overcome fear, because love conquers all.

  17. Father
    BY EDGAR ALBERT GUEST
    My father knows the proper way
    The nation should be run;
    He tells us children every day
    Just what should now be done.
    He knows the way to fix the trusts,
    He has a simple plan;
    But if the furnace needs repairs,
    We have to hire a man.
    My father, in a day or two
    Could land big thieves in jail;
    There’s nothing that he cannot do,
    He knows no word like “fail.”
    “Our confidence” he would restore,
    Of that there is no doubt;
    But if there is a chair to mend,
    We have to send it out.
    All public questions that arise,
    He settles on the spot;
    He waits not till the tumult dies,
    But grabs it while it’s hot.
    In matters of finance he can
    Tell Congress what to do;
    But, O, he finds it hard to meet
    His bills as they fall due.
    It almost makes him sick to read
    The things law-makers say;
    Why, father’s just the man they need,
    He never goes astray.
    All wars he’d very quickly end,
    As fast as I can write it;
    But when a neighbor starts a fuss,
    ’Tis mother has to fight it.
    In conversation father can
    Do many wondrous things;
    He’s built upon a wiser plan
    Than presidents or kings.
    He knows the ins and outs of each
    And every deep transaction;
    We look to him for theories,
    But look to ma for action.
    I think poetry is in the form of irony. opinion and
    does not describe the actual ability in everyday
    life. although the authors recognized the weakness
    of this poem a father, but this poem brings
    compassionate. when the father of the statements
    and actions could be viewed as hypocrisy, children
    are able to move beyond. pure criticism and check
    on his father’s funny paradox of simultaneous
    intelligence and stupidity.
    In this poem says a father can give a good idea and appropriate for our children. fathers can plan and do things he can do. like the following line he knew no such word as “fail”. I think this word is a father who will continue to strive in doing the best for her. “Our confidence” father assured him that he must not fail or give up in doing an activity and there is no doubt. This poem mengaetikan that a father rushed in an action.

    1. this poem Edgar Albert Guest convey the
      intention to the readers that a father teach our
      children to do good and do not easily give up even
      though we know no such word as fail, not sure,
      and so on. author and express hope that a father
      who rushed quickly to do everything the best.
      visual imagery :
      ‘father’,’man’,’children’,’mother’.
      kinesthetic imagery of movement:
      ‘quickly’,’run’,’arise’.
      kinesthetic imagery of feeling:
      ‘confidance’,’wondrous’,’fail’,’doubt’,’sick’.
      this poem is dramatic poem express emotion
      characterize. in a simple term, dramatic poems
      portray one or more character by showing
      emotions.

  18. To Daffodils
    By Robert Herrick

    Fair Daffodils, we weep to see
    You haste away so soon;
    As yet the early-rising sun
    Has not attain’d his noon.
    Stay, stay,
    Until the hasting day
    Has run
    But to the even-song;
    And, having pray’d together, we
    Will go with you along.

    We have short time to stay, as you,
    We have as short a spring;
    As quick a growth to meet decay,
    As you, or anything.
    We die
    As your hours do, and dry
    Away,
    Like to the summer’s rain;
    Or as the pearls of morning’s dew,
    Ne’er to be found again.

    penjelasan:
    Herrick in To Daffodils is a kind of descriptive poem. This poem has the contents of the beauty of the lilies of the spring season is fleeting. This poetry conveyed us to the side of Herrick and views on human’s life. Herrick take sides regarding the meaning of life the beauty of the lilies of the fast disappearing in my association with a wonderful life, but only briefly, so he was always praying and hoping that the beauty that will not soon disappear, as in the stanza: You haste away so soon; through Herrick poem about how he would like to express terms of actual human life, the poet took the example of the depiction of human life with the life of daffodils, a fast growing fast but also wither or human life or death is said to pass quickly. Their life is as short as the rain of the summer season, the which comes for a very short time; and the dew-drops in the morning, the which vanish away and never return again. and we must use the short time we live to the make the most of it. This is shown in the words “You haste away so soon”, and “We have short time to stay”. throughout this poem the poet describes well how human life is actually the association of nature with life side by side as in the first stanza the first word: “Fair Daffodils, we weep to see
    You haste away so soon”, and in the last sentence “Like to the summer’s rain; Or as the pearls of morning’s dew, ne’er to be found again”. we start from the first stanza lily that blooms in the garden are just a few weeks ago to wilt: death. This is illustrated in the drawings Herrick, “To Daffodils.” The theme of the poem is that life, whether flowers or human, short and usually end sooner than desired, and we feel a deep sadness over gone someone, as in the sentence “Fair daffodils we Weep to see you so soon hast away:.” Many “you’s” are used to indicate That the speaker of the poem is talking to the flowers, Because the word “you” is used to point someone or something. and in the second stanza the poet tells between human life is too short and the natural life of lilies are also quickly faded look of the phrase “We have short time to stay, as you,.” and according to Herrick clear relationship between the two is the life span of both very short and briefly. in this poem Herrick uses three similes such as “You haste away so soon as yet the early-rising sun” (I.1) “We have short time to stay, as you, We have as short a spring: As quick a growth to meet decay “(II.10-13) and” As your hours do, and dry Away, Like to the summer’s rain; Or as the pearls of morning’s dew, ne’er to be found again “(II.16-20) and two personifications such as “Has not attain’d his noon. Stay, stay, Until the Hasting day.Has run” (I.4-7) and “But to the even-song; And, having pray’d together, we will go with you along “(I. 8-10), of the two figures can be explained that functions as an explanation of the simile is the comparison between human life and the daffodils are in short made the symbol of human life as what you want on to say poet, and for the figurative personification as an act or motion that states make poetry more alive and real. This poem also uses words such depth but to the even-song (audiotory)
    And, having pray’d together, we Weep to see, early-rising sun, pearls of morning’s dew, (visual) we will go with you along, away, we Died (kinestethic movement and feeling) spring (tactile). Conclusions Herrick able to combine between life and nature which has characteristic in he making a beautiful poem that has significance in life to never squander every opportunity in our lives for the better before we die.

  19. Cross
    By: Langston Hughes

    My old man’s a white old man
    And my old mother’s black.
    If ever I cursed my white old man
    I take my curses back.
    If ever I cursed my black old mother
    And wished she were in hell,
    I’m sorry for that evil wish
    And now I wish her well
    My old man died in a fine big house.
    My ma died in a shack.
    I wonder were I’m going to die,
    Being neither white nor black?

    In my opinion the poem of “Cross” by Langston Hughes talks about the speaker’s life. He is talking about racism during his time. He has a white father and black mother. The speaker voices anger towards his parents for making him an oddity, but the speaker closes by apologizing.

    In line 1-4 He begins by telling his listener that his father was white, “My old man’s a white old man.” Then it follows with the information that his “old mother’s black.” Because he refers to the parents as “old,” the reader must assume that the speaker himself is an adult. It is not clear how old the speaker might be, but he is surely old enough to have left home and been on his own for some time. The speaker then reports that he has “cursed [his] white old man,” but now he wants to “take [his] curses back.” For some reason, the speaker has changed his mind about hating his father.

    In line 5-8 In addition to cursing his father, the speaker has also cursed his mother, and he also “wished she were in hell.” But now again, he wants to apologize for that “evil wish,” and now he even wants to “wish her well.” The speaker has changed his point of view regarding his parents; he used to curse them, now he wishes he could rescind those curses. At least for the mother, he does wish “her well.” But for the father, he simply wants to stop cursing him and take back those that he earlier hurled.

    In line 9-12 The speaker maybe was probably not raised by both parents. His father died wealthy, symbolized by the “fine big house” in which he died, while his mother died poor, symbolized by the “shack” in which she died. But the speaker’s true purpose in revealing his victim status is finally exposed when he asks, “I wonder were I’m going to die, / Being neither white nor black?” He reasons that white people die in fine big houses, and black people die in shacks, but he has the unique position of being both white and black, which leaves him only with confusion.

    There are two image in this poem such as, visual image and kinesthetic imager. The visual image like old man, white, old mother, black, big, house, shack. And the kinesthetic imagery (feeling) : sorry. “I’m sorry for that evil wish” the speaker regretted the things he has ever said to his parents when they were alive. Even though he always took it back whenever he cursed or has said something that might have offended his parents, he always felt terrible that he ever said it to them now that they are no longer with him.
    From this poem I get knowledge about mixed-race. Mixed race of African-American, black and white skin. It represents the struggle of choosing which one you want to be and the ups and downs of each side.

  20. Nature the gentlest mother is
    Nature the gentlest mother is,
    Impatient of no child,
    The feeblest of the waywardest.
    Her admonition mild

    In forest and the hill
    By traveller be heard,
    Restraining rampant squirrel
    Or too impetuous bird.

    How fair her conversation
    A summer afternoon,
    Her household her assembly;
    And when the sun go down,

    Her voice among the aisles
    Incite the timid prayer
    Of the minutest cricket,
    The most unworthy flower.

    When all the children sleep,
    She turns as long away
    As will suffice tolight her lamps,
    Then bending from the sky

    With infinite affection
    An infiniter care,
    Her golden finger on her lip,
    Wills silence everywhere.
    By: Emily Dickinson

    the general meaning, detailed meaning, intention, connotation, imagery and figurative

    ANALYSIS
    GENERAL MEANING: The poem by Emily Dickinson entitled Nature, the Gentlest Mother generally talks about the condition of nature in which represented by and also is closely related to the figure of mother. Through her point of view and her way to construct this poetry, it is clearly depicted that this poetry is her way to personified nature and its treatment to the environment which surrounds it.
    DETAILED MEANING: Judging from the tone of the poem, Dickinson tends to believe that nature is very soothing and also very relaxing. For example, within the poem, the author states,
    “NATURE, the gentlest mother,
    Impatient of no child,
    The feeblest or the waywardest,—
    Her admonition mild”
    From this quote, it is very easy to see the point of view that Dickinson has on nature. From this quote, it is also very clear why Dickinson tends to compare nature to a mother or the instincts and tendencies of a mother. For the rest of the poem, really all that Dickinson is doing is she is making comparisons of how nature relates to beauty by using personification for the reader to give the reader many clear ideas of how beauty relates to nature.
    IMAGERY: The most obvious imagery is the representation of mother to nature itself, that also becoming the main theme of the whole poetry. A mother is considered to be very caring and patient when all her children fall asleep; as well as nature. As it is shown in the poetry:
    “When all the children sleep, She turns as long away
    As will suffice tolight her lamps,
    Then bending from the sky

    With infinite affection
    An infiniter care,
    Her golden finger on her lip,
    Wills silence everywhere.”
    The last stanza summarizes all symbolic and imagery given by the author, because there are similarities between a mother and nature both are very affectionate and will take care of the children along the way.
    INTENTION: Literature has been always a special kind of writing; that what makes it different from other kinds of writing. So, when a work of literature is published by its author the real and authentic intention that the author held to believe will always remain belong to the author, while the interpretations can be widely interpreted by the target readers who read it. That can definitely become the background reason to say that it was quite obvious for the reader that Emily Dickinson was in love with nature and she needed something to represent her way of love to nature in a form of a literary works; poetry. This poetry has been a form of her gratitude and her form of passion due to the greatness of the nature within the eyes of Emily Dickinson herself.
    CONNOTATION: It can be seen from the second stanza:
    “In forest and the hill
    By traveller be heard,
    Restraining rampant squirrel
    Or too impetuous bird.”
    The word “traveler” can be taken out as humans, which bring harm to the condition of the nature. They continually destroying Mother Nature and exploiting its beauty. So, there is a connotation meaning within this stanza, which involves human kind to its contrast to Mother Nature.
    FIGURATIVE: This poetry mostly uses personification as its only figurative speech, because the poetry itself covers the theme of a representation of nature through the physical and characteristics of a mother in which represents human kind. So, personification really governs most of the figurative speech consist within the poem.

  21. Oh, butterfly, butterfly,
    why do you flutter by?
    Why can not you fly straight,
    and have any weapons to fight?
    Where do you get so much colour?
    Can I buy one, how much in dollar?

    Why do you have two lives?
    Can I get one, please!
    I want to transform mine,
    To overcome human crisis,
    Through the mysterious morphosis.
    I want to be you, O! Butterfly,
    From flower to flower to flutter by.

    Abdul Wahab

    According to my analysis “talking about people who feel lonely, who wants to change his life like a butterfly that can go anywhere to overcome the crisis is human nature. he wants to be free from any problem that is going on and solve the mysterious Morphosis.

    line 1-3 say why the butterfly was never able to fly straight. was revealed just as the path of human life that can never be straight and there’s always a problem that happens in this life.

    Line 4-6 butterflies have a weapon against any danger that it will attack. butterflies have beautiful colors that can be received where the butterfly tu be. and people want to be like the butterfly who always have a weapon against any attack to butterfly.

    Line7-9 butterflies have two lives. And the author wanted to have a life similar to a butterfly. because the author wants to change his life to be like a butterfly who is always welcome anywhere.

    Line10-13 author would like to resolve current crisis in human life through the mysterious Morphosis. the author wanted to be a butterfly which has always been among the flowers.

    In this poem, I got the knowledge that the butterflies are always cheerful and always accepted anywhere by every flowers, nor by human, human must be a butterfly who is always cheerful and becoming self-should be able to be received in any circles.

  22. Do not stand at my grave and weep
    Do not stand at my grave and weep
    I am not there. I do not sleep.
    I am a thousand winds that blow.
    I am the diamond glints on snow.
    I am the sunlight on ripened grain.
    I am the gentle autumn rain.
    When you awaken in the morning’s hush
    I am the swift uplifting rush
    Of quiet birds in circled flight.
    I am the soft stars that shine at night.
    Do not stand at my grave and cry;
    I am not there. I did not die.

    Mary Elizabeth Frye

    This is a dramatic poem which expresses a person in specific situation. The specific situation is someone who had died tells her message to someone she loved (addressee), as if the deceased person wakes up and speaks up to addressee. The message tells that the she will always be there, wherever and whenever the addressee will be. In the other hand, this poem means body may die but not the soul.
    The main point of this poem is the deceased’s promise and hope for the addressee. In the line 1-2, explains that the deceased person wants the addressee who still alive not to cry because she had gone away. She tells that she will be there every time whatever the season and the time. It explains in line 3-10 “I am a thousand winds that blow,… ,I am the soft stars that shine at night.” The deceased person wants the addressee that she left behind not to sad because her soul never die and always be there to accompany her/him. The poem soothes and reassures the addressee by the deceased’s presence in every condition and situation.
    Mary Elizabeth Frye is not as the deceased person. She expresses what she feels about life and death. She believes if someone dies, the body will die but the soul will always alive. The kinds of season used to enter the real situation of life, so the reader can easily imagine the existence of the deceased in every single day, every hour, every minute, even in every second of this life.
    I is not refers to the poet, but it means someone who died (deceased person). The poet addresses the reader with the voice of a deceased person, as if she can speak again and tells her message to the addressee. That word “I” explains that the soul will come to accompany, soothe, and reassure the addressee in every time and every situation or condition. “ …a thousand winds that blow.” (l.3) , “…the gentle autumn rain” (l.6) means in autumn season. “…diamond glints on snow” (l.4) means winter season. “…sunlight on ripened grain” (l.5) means spring season. Another meaning of those is happy situation/ good condition. Meanwhile “…the morning’s hush” (l.7), “…the swift uplifting rush” (l.8), “…the soft stars that shine at night” (l.10) means in summer season. Moreover, it explains about bad situation such as sad, in struggle, or when the addressee feels alone. The deceased will always be there and wants the addressee can feels the deceased’s presence. The italic words describe the transformation of the soul of the deceased. Some religion which believe that call it reincarnation. But, on the last line “I did not die”, implied meaning that the deceased wants the people she left behind to continue her live even without her.
    The poet uses some imagery to touch the reader’s senses. She uses some visual imagery (everything can be seen) i.e. grave, diamond, sunlight, birds, and stars to help reader imagines that. To touch senses of touch, the poet uses soft and gentle. To evoke reader’s imagination of movement, she use words stand, weep, blow, awaken, uplifting, shine and cry. By using those words, poet wants the reader can get the impression of the meaning in this poem. The impression that she really want to be evoke is the soul of deceased person is anywhere around us, the soul is never really leave us alone in this world.
    To make it more complete, the poet uses figurative to force the reader to think. The figures made up of overstatement (hyperbole). Frye writes human as if thing. She puts a deceased person as winds, diamond, sunlight, rain, swift, and soft stars. She exaggerates as if the deceased person can be such of things in reality.
    I don’t believe of the reincarnation, but from this poem I take a positive thing. Do not grieve too long or mourn those who died, even though we are very fond of that person. How deep the sadness we feel, we must still go through our own lives.

  23. The Negro Speaks Of Rivers
    I’ve known rivers:
    I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the
    flow of human blood in human veins.

    My soul has grown deep like the rivers.

    I bathed in the Euphrates when dawns were young.
    I built my hut near the Congo and it lulled me to sleep.
    I looked upon the Nile and raised the pyramids above it.
    I heard the singing of the Mississippi when Abe Lincoln
    went down to New Orleans, and I’ve seen its muddy
    bosom turn all golden in the sunset.

    I’ve known rivers:
    Ancient, dusky rivers.

    My soul has grown deep like the rivers.
    Langston H

    In this poem, “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” the poet used a voice that sought to speak for all the people of his race, proclaiming history, heritage and the civilizations of all Black people of African origin. Taking the four great rivers as a mighty metaphor, that have long been connected with the development of all human civilization, Hughes linked them to the African American or Negro experience. To show us this, he took us back in time, with the powerful metaphorical poem, then brought us forward to explore the more recent history of slavery and abolition. The second to fourth lines declare his intent and feelings, with a majestic tone, full of wisdom.
    Lines 1 – 4
    Speaking for the African race (“negro” was the preferred term in 1921), the “I” of this poem links people of African descent to an ancient, natural, life-giving force: rivers. By asserting that he has “known rivers ancient as the world,” the speaker asserts that he, and people of African descent, have an understanding of elemental forces in nature that precede civilization. The repetition of “rivers” and “human” lends these lines a wise, resonant tone, like that found in Biblical passages. In the first two lines, the speaker refers to rivers as a natural force outside himself. Line 3 likens the human body to earth by comparing rivers to “human blood in human veins.” Line 4 personalizes that comparison as the speaker compares the depth of his soul to the depth of rivers. In the space of four lines the speaker moves from historically and symbolically associating himself and his people with rivers to metaphorically imagining rivers as part of his blood and soul. Rather than one human relationship to rivers emerging as true or primary, each of these associations intertwine.
    Lines 5 – 7
    Line 5 lets the reader know that the “I” is no mortal human speaker, but the mythic, timeless voice of a race. To have “bathed in the Euphrates when dawns were young,” in prehistory, the speaker must be millions of years old. In lines 5 through 7, the speaker establishes the race’s ties to great, culturally rich civilizations along famous rivers in the Middle East and Africa. The Euphrates River was the cradle of ancient Babylonia. It flows from Turkey through Syria and modern Iraq. The Congo originates in central Africa and flows into the Atlantic. The Nile, which runs from Lake Victoria in Uganda in Africa through Egypt to the Mediterranean, was the site of ancient Egyptian civilization. The speaker’s actions show that he reveres the river and depends on it for multiple purposes. He bathes in the water, builds his hut next to it, listens to its music as he falls asleep, and is consoled or inspired by the river when, as a slave in Egypt, he builds the great pyramids.
    These actions reinforce the notion (from lines 1-3) that peoples of African descent have ancient spiritual and physical ties to nature. When Hughes wrote this poem in 1921, ideas and images of primitive, tribal cultures were very chic in American art and literature. After Hughes visited Africa in 1923, he no longer viewed Africa as a mythic, exotic land where black identity was rooted, but instead as a land ravaged by Western imperialism, a symbol of lost roots. In his later writing, Hughes steered away from images of African primitivism, for he saw such depictions of African and African-American culture as impeding rather than advancing the cause of racial equality.
    Lines 8 – 10
    Here Hughes draws an analogy between the ancient rivers alongside which Africans founded civilizations, and the Mississippi, the river on which several American cities were built, including St. Louis (Hughes’s birthplace) and New Orleans. Onwuchekwa Jemie, writing in Langston Hughes: An Introduction to the Poetry, notes that “the magical transformation of the Mississippi from mud to gold by the sun’s radiance is mirrored in the transformation of slaves into free men by Lincoln’s Proclamation.” In The Life of Langston Hughes, Arnold Rampersad views this transformation as “the angle of a poet’s vision, which turns mud into gold.” The sun’s transformation of muddy water to gold provides an image of change. The change may represent the improved status of African Americans after the Civil War, hope for future changes, or the power of the poet to transform reality through imaginative language. Line 8 personifies the river by giving it the human capacity to sing. The river’s singing invokes both the slave spirituals and songs of celebration after the slaves were freed. Line 9 also personifies the river by endowing it with a “muddy bosom.” The Mississippi river is known for its muddiness. The term “bosom” is associated with women and so connotes fertility and nurturing. Through this personification, Hughes associates the ceaselessness of the mighty river with the eternal, life-affirming endurance of Africans and African Americans.
    Lines 11 – 13
    The poem closes with the phrases that opened it. The speaker’s language completes a cycle that mirrors the river’s eternal cycling of waters around the earth and the African race’s continuing role in human history. By enacting the circling of time and rivers, the speaker again associates himself with those elemental forces. The phrase “dusky rivers” refers literally to rivers that appear brown due to mud and cloudy skies. Figuratively, the phrase again likens rivers to peoples of African descent, whose skin is often called “dusky” or dark. The final line reaffirms the speaker’s sense of racial pride, of continuity with ancient, advanced civilizations, and of connection to life-giving, enduring forces in nature.

  24. “If no one ever marries me”
    By Laurence Alma-Tadema
    If no one ever marries me,—
    And I don’t see why they should,
    For nurse says I’m not pretty,
    And I’m seldom very good—

    If no one ever marries me
    I shan’t mind very much;
    I shall buy a squirrel in a cage,
    And a little rabbit-hutch:

    I shall have a cottage near a wood,
    And a pony all my own,
    And a little lamb quite clean and tame,
    That I can take to town:

    And when I’m getting really old,—
    At twenty-eight or nine—
    I shall buy a little orphan-girl
    And bring her up as mine.

    In line 1-4, this woman is a woman who has always felt that he was not perfect and have flaws, so he realized that no one man who wanted him to make himself a wife

    in line 5-12 is that even though no one else who want a companion he was alive he got up and wanted to prove to everyone that he can and be able to buy whatever he wants so he can live happily.

    in line13-16is when he’s really old and no one wants to be a companion he would adopt a child, or build a cabin on the rebound orphanage because he could not have children of their own and to accompany her so she would not be lonely.

    In the poem Laurence Alma-Tadema was told that she is a woman who does not have a perfect physical beauty or not. And he felt that no one man ever wanted him to be a wife, was found on the first line of the poem “If no one ever marries me, And I do not see why They should, For nurse says I’m not pretty, And I’m seldom very good “. But he already has the desire and determination if no one wants if she becomes a wife she would buy anything for her life, so she does not feel lonely and make his life happier. It’s located on the second line of the poem If no one ever marries me, I shan’t mind very much; I shall buy a squirrel in a cage, And a little rabbit-hutch: I shall have a cottage near a wood, And a pony all my own, and a little lamb quite clean and Tame, That I can take to town:
    He would get up and try to be strong and independent woman so he can be successful, and when he is old and really do not have a companion in life he will take a child to accompany his life forever, or he built an orphanage that he was not alone and many people can accompany life it contained on a recent poem and when I’m getting really old, At twenty-eight or nine, I shall buy a little orphan-girl and bring her up as mine.
    This poem gives a message to us that we should not continue to hit in that situation we are experiencing we must rise up and fight for our lives so that our lives could be better, all the circumstances that we received were in the set or have been planned by God so we should not complain and we should not be dropped instead we should continue to rise up and strive for success and should be optimistic and run everything

  25. When I am dead, my dearest

    When I am dead, my dearest,
    Sing no sad songs for me;
    Plant thou no roses at my head,
    Nor shady cypress tree:
    Be the green grass above me
    With showers and dewdrops wet;
    And if thou wilt, remember,
    And if thou wilt, forget.

    I shall not see the shadows,
    I shall not feel the rain;
    I shall not hear the nightingale
    Sing on, as if in pain:
    And dreaming through the twilight
    That doth not rise nor set,
    Haply I may remember,
    And haply may forget.
    Christina Georgina Rossetti

    Christina Georgina Rossetti’s When I am dead, my dearest is a specific example of Romantic poetry and a Romantic themed poem. In the poetry consists of two stanzas and varied meanings, the author wanted to convey that the first stanza deals with the world of living and the second with the poets experience in the grave. The author is trying to be realistic about her death. When she is dead, she won’t be able to hear any songs, see any roses, or feel the Cypress shade. Therefore, a better way to mourn the death of someone is to express love for eternity as pure as the tear drops of dew that fell through the green grass. It also just means a person attempts to remember him/her after his/her death. Therefore, she gives her dearest one the freedom to remember of forgets as he/she wishes. The poem also suggests us that no one can escape from the torturous grip of the death. If reflects a quite melancholic and inflicted heart of the speaker.

    The first stanza of the poem describes the world of the living people. The author expresses her dearest to not sing sad songs when she is dead. She does not want people to put plant roses or shady cypress tree on his grave as people is usually done when someone dies. She likes her tomb with green grass associated with showers and dewdrops. Normally, we find that after the death people express their grief by singing sad songs and by planting roses and cypress tree. But the poet thinks that they are just showing off. She does not like showy behavior. She rather thinks that if people are really sorry at the death of their loving person they should be humble like grass and only few drops of tears will be sufficient. As the showers and dewdrops make the grass green forever, so the tears will make their love eternal. Afterwards she does not force him to remember. If he likes he will remember and if he does not like he will forget.

    The second stanza of the poem describes after her death she will be buried in the grave, and she will go into the world of the dead. She will not see the shadows of the cypress planted by her dearest one. She will not feel the rain or tears. However, sadly one may sing, but she will not hear it. The sweet and sad song of the nightingale will not touch her. She will pass the rest of her time dreaming through the never-ending evening when the sun neither rises nor sets. Perhaps she will remember it. Perhaps she will forget it.

    The connotations are roses represent love, the cypress tree traditionally symbolism mourning because cypress branches were carried at funerals.

    Natural imagery – The speaker requests that the lover plant ‘no roses’ on his/her grave and no ‘shady cypress tree’ in his/her memory (lines 3-4).

    The poem literally illustrates the speaker’s reflection upon whether or not he or she and the “dearest” shall remember one another when the speaker dies. Yet, figuratively, the poem conveys the poet’s perception of death as a dreamy, intermediate existence that compares to “twilight”.

  26. Little Boy Blue
    The little toy dog is covered with dust,
    But sturdy and stanch he stands;
    And the little toy soldier is red with rust,
    And his musket molds in his hands.
    Time was when the little toy dog was new
    And the soldier was passing fair,
    And that was the time when our Little Boy Blue
    Kissed them and put them there.

    “Now, don’t you go till I come,” he said,
    “And don’t you make any noise!”
    So toddling off to his trundle-bed
    He dreamed of the pretty toys.
    And as he was dreaming, an angel song
    Awakened our Little Boy Blue,–
    Oh, the years are many, the years are long,
    But the little toy friends are true.

    Ay, faithful to Little Boy Blue they stand,
    Each in the same old place,
    Awaiting the touch of a little hand,
    The smile of a little face.
    And they wonder, as waiting these long years through,
    In the dust of that little chair,
    What has become of our Little Boy Blue
    Since he kissed them and put them there.
    Eugene Field

    According to my analysis, The General Meaning of “Little Blue Boy” is this poem talks about a child’s death living his toys alone. Detailed meaning in this poem is the poet tells about a child’s toys – little toy dog and little toy soldier – that were left alone by its owner. In line 1 and 2 the poet tells that the little toy dog is “The little toy dog is covered with dust, But sturdy and stanch he stands”. And in line 3 and 4 the poet tells that the toy soldier is “And the little toy soldier is red with rust,
    And his musket molds in his hands”. In line 5 until 8 the poet states in flashback that in the time that the toys were new the Little Boy Blue, after he setting the toys then kissed them and sleeps good night. Then the little boy blue said to his toys to don’t go and make any noise (line 9-10). In his sleep he dreamed of pretty toys and an angel song (line 12-13). But after long years, his toys untouched in the same position. It is thought that the boy dies in his sleep (line 14-16). In verse 3 the poet tells that the toys remains faithful to boy as time passes. The color blue of Little boy blue its means that the child is ailing. Perhaps, he can’t go out of the house to play with other kids. Thus, the little toy soldier and the little toy dog are his only companions. In addition, in this poem has a message or intention which we can learn about life which a child plays with his toys as his friends. A child not only sees his toys as material things but also as close friends who shared with him his childhood days and the ones who never left him through the passage of time. I also found several imageries in this poem which are visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic imagery. Visual imagery by the use of words “red, little toy dog, little toy soldier”, auditory image like “an angel song”, tactile image like “And his musket moulds in his hands, and dust”, kinesthetic imagery “Kissed them and put them there” and kinesthetic of feeling by words like “new, faithful, sturdy, stanch, and pretty”. The connotative in this poem is “little boy blue” blue its mean that a child is ailing. There are three figurative language in this poem. First, personification “The little toy dog is covered with dust, But sturdy and stanch he stands; and the soldier was passing fair”. Second, metaphor “And they wonder, as waiting these long years through”. The last, symbol ”The little toy dog is covered with dust, But sturdy and stanch he stands” and
    “And the little toy soldier is red with rust, And his musket molds in his hands”.

  27. Turn Off the TV!
    By Bruce Lansky
    My father gets quite mad at me;
    my mother gets upset—
    when they catch me watching
    our new television set.

    My father yells, “Turn that thing off!”
    Mom says, “It’s time to study.”
    I’d rather watch my favorite TV show
    with my best buddy.

    I sneak down after homework
    and turn the set on low.
    But when she sees me watching it,
    my mother yells out, “No!”

    Dad says, “If you don’t turn it off,
    I’ll hang it from a tree!”
    I rather doubt he’ll do it,
    ’cause he watches more than me.

    He watches sports all weekend,
    and weekday evenings too,
    while munching chips and pretzels—
    the room looks like a zoo.

    So if he ever got the nerve
    to hang it from a tree,
    he’d spend a lot of time up there—
    watching it with me.

    In Turn Off the TV, for instance Lansky conveys that like father like son. Father always watching tv everyday, so his son do like his father does. A child debates watching TV with his parents. The parents want to their children to play with his friends outside, or reading book, not to watching tv.

    In line 1-8 his parents always yell out to Lansky because he was ignore their advice to turn off the TV and his parents getting angry because his habit. His mother wanted me to go outside and play with friends, do my homework, read a book—just about anything but mindless TV watching.
    Line 9-12 Lansky tries to sneak out to watch tv and turn into low volume. But his mother knew it and shout again to turn off the tv.
    Line 13-16 his father warned Lansky if Lansky turn on the tv, his father will hang the tv in the tree. So Lansky can watch anymore. But Lansky feel doubt because his father like watching tv so much too.
    Line 17-20 Lansky’s father watching movie while eat snacks, and make the room dirty with many pieces of chips and pretzels.
    Line 21-24 Lansky didn’t believe that his father will hang the tv in the tree, because if his father did it, they will watch the tv above the tree all day long.

    There are three image in this poem such as, kinesthetic imagery, visual image, and auditory images. The kinesthetic imagery like mad, upset, doubt, and sneak down. My father gets quite mad at me – Because Lansky’s father didn’t like his attitude which is always watching tv. Or maybe his father didn’t like that his son follow his bad attitude. My mother gets upset- Every mother didn’t like to see her children watching tv all the time and didn’t do another activities with their friends. I rather doubt he’ll do it – Lansky feels doubt with his father attitude that will hang it the tv in the tree, because in a real Lansky’s father watching tv longer than Lansky. And maybe this is just snapping in order to forbid his son to spend the time to watching tv anymore. I sneak down – this is showing the habit that a child will do everything they like, although their parents already forbade. And the visual image television, a tree, munching chips, and pretzels. And the last is auditory images is yells out. My father yells, my mother yells out – This word showing the highest emotions for dislike the activity of their son, they speak with the highest volume. The parents forbid it.

    In poem Turn off the TV, there is a figurative imagery, Simile: the room looks like a zoo
    This figure told us about the condition of dirty room, there was many snacks in the floor like in the zoo. In the zoo, the visitor sometimes give a food to the animal, and makes the stable was mess. And the connotative meaning such as the TV is a bad habit , a tree is a high place where is can’t to earn, and a zoo is a dirty place with many trashes.

    In this poem, the writer want to remind the children to stay away from television when studied, to create a good attitude there must a be an actor to guide us become a good person. And to the children, the parents are an actor or a leader for them to become a good person, so like parents do is the image for children do. Television is a symbol, how the habit close with everyone. Sometimes there are a people who forbid to watching tv but uconsciously they did it. For example, a father always forbid his son to watching tv, whereas he spend everyweek and everynight to watching tv.

  28. To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
    By Robert Herrick

    Gather ye rose-buds while ye may,
    Old Time is still a-flying;
    And this same flower that smiles today
    Tomorrow will be dying.

    The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
    The higher he’s a-getting,
    The sooner will his race be run,
    And nearer he’s to setting.

    That age is best which is the first,
    When youth and blood are warmer;
    But being spent, the worse, and worst
    Times still succeed the former.

    Then be not coy, but use your time,
    And while ye may, go marry;
    For having lost but once your prime,
    You may forever tarry.

    ANALYSIS OF POEM “TO THE VIRGINS, TO MAKE MUCH TIME”

    In my opinion poem is a result of one’s thoughts or ideas stated in wording of interest, has an artistic value and rhythmic like a music. This poem “To the Virgin, to Make Much Time”, briefly tell about to young people especially to the virgins, because the speaker is addressing this poem to a group of virgins. He’s telling them that they should gather their “rosebuds” while they can, because time is quickly passing. He drives home this point with some images from nature, including flowers dying and the sun setting. He thinks that one’s youth is the best time in life, and the years after that aren’t so great. The speaker finishes off the poem by encouraging these young virgins to make good use of their time by getting married, before they’re past their prime and lose the chance.

    Actually this poem is very interesting, and gives a positive meaning for readers, especially virgin. But, this poem is very difficult to understand and makes me confused and dizzy, because the poem uses a lot of old words and old English pattern. So, I will have to analyze it line by line. Then we know what the meaning and purpose of the poem. Let’s analyze this poem. In line 1 and 2, the poem opens with the speaker telling the virgin to gather their rosebuds while they still can after all the time is passing quickly. There are two different views in the poem. They are the speaker is referring to really rosebuds/ actual rosebuds or rosebuds just a metaphor for something else. So, we’ll have to see the next line. In this poem also make the old language English for example “Ye” is old word the meaning is “YOU or YOUR. And “a” in “a-flying” doesn’t really mean anything, it is just and older way of pronouncing verb. In line 3 and 4 the speaker advice that the flower smiles today. Flower in here is “The Virgin”. But we must know all living thing will die soon or although he probably means that everything eventually dies. If the flower dies so flower don’t literally smile. The phrase likely means something like “blooms”.

    In line 5 to 8, the speaker continues to make another example of the passage of time. It is sun. the higher the sun gets, it means the further west it moves, the sooner will its journey be over, because it’s nearer to set. The speaker said the sun a “glorious lamp” because it gives off light. Race in here means journey, voyage. “A-getting” is just and older or poetic way of saying “getting”. So, the progress of the sun through the sky, which is how we measure a day, recalls the first stanza’s discussion of “today” and “tomorrow.” In line 9 and 10, the speaker divides life into several periods and says that the first is the best because youth and blood are warmer. First” in here means young adulthood, “Age” just means period of time, “Youth and blood” probably aren’t literally warmer, but we often think of dead people as cold, so perhaps the speaker means something like “farther from death and “Warmer” might even mean something like “more vigorous and healthy.

    In line 11 and 12 the emphasis was on youth is the most picturesque, full of dreams and expectations. Come a time out old youth are getting worse and worse. This stanza also describes in old age, your energy, ideas and young blood also was reduced. Spent in here means used up or gone. Youth in here means the best time of life, so the speaker says. Once it’s gone, the “worst/ Times” follow. “Worst/ Times” refers to the period after youth is “spent,” so it most likely means old age or something to that effect. The core objectives of this poem found on the line 13 and 14 said that the youth are the fastest elapsed time (youth being short), while old age is a bitch and died. The speaker urged the virgin to use what they have is when they are young. In other words, virgin is not shy, quite and an inactive but must brave. Speaker also stressed not only a virgin use a time of youth but also encourage marrying. “COY” in here means shy, reserved, or inactive.

    Line 15 and 16 (the last) is more emphasized again that the virgins should get married. The speaker suggests that younger age or virgins are their youth and beauty. If they lose their prime they might not get another chance. And if the virgin put off marriage it means that the virgin put off forever because of time pass and their age. We can see the key word “Tarry” means “delay” or “prolong,” and here the speaker wants to imply that if the virgins don’t get married while they can, they might put it off (marriage) forever.

    The positive message that I get from this poem is I have to use my youth as well. I also have to think positive and think length about my future. Start of the school, making friends or socializing, dating, career or working and the last is to be married at a suitable age because youth is a very interesting experience and exquisite.

  29. My Duties

    I can go anywhere, anytime, in any direction
    Just like the shooting stars of the sky.

    Why should I go?
    Did I know before I came here?
    So I should ponder and turn back
    And never think to go.

    When there is a natural entry and exit door
    Why I should use for my exit the unnatural window!

    Rather I shall find the answer
    Who, when, how and why
    Am I here?

    If I have not come here of my own,
    Then Who has sent me and why?
    Are there any duties for me?
    If any, I have to do them

    By Abdul Wahab

    My duties by Abdul Wahab is a narrative poet because it tells a story. Abdul Wahab conveys the responsibility of a person. My Duties poet recounts something that has happened which can influence the readers to feel what the writers wrote about.

    The first stanza is talking about freedom. “I can go anywhere, anytime, in any direction” every human being has a freedom to himself and a responsibility to himself and no one can ignore it. That’s human distinctiveness when compared to other God’s creatures. “Just like the shooting stars of the sky” the freedom compared with the “shooting stars”. Anyone could not deter where and when the stars shoot. It comes naturally. It same as the human desire that come naturally from within themselves.

    The second stanza is talking about choices. We have many choices in life which we can choose. “Why should I go?” It indicates the existence of other options that we can go or stay. “So I should Ponder and turn back” we can not carelessly make decisions in life we must first reflect on the good and bad and if it’s bad we should not do it and come back. “And never think to go” and never thought to do it again.

    The third stanza is talking about the determination of choice. “When there is a natural entry and exit door” “Why should I use for my unnatural exit the window!” Whether we had better choose the exit door or window unnatural. The authors prefer to use the exit door.

    The fourth stanza is talking about indecision. “Rather I shall find the answer” indicates the search of something, maybe it was the search for identity we can see from “Who, when, how and why Am I here?”.

    The last stanza is talking about responsibility. “Are there any duties for me?” “If any, I have to do them” indicates about human being’s responsibility. Every human being have a duties that they must do, although we like it or not.

    Through this poet, Abdul means to show us that every human being must have duties that they have to do whenever, wherever and whatever. God has created every human being to each destination. our job is to do and do not neglect any duties.

    In addition to connotations, shooting stars is not stars which shoot but it is a freedom. A natural entry is birth. Exit door is way out of trouble. Unnatural window is a door to escape. Connotation is essential to enrich the word

    This poem contains visual imagery which describes about something you can see and kinesthetic imagery which describe various emotions. The sky and exit door are visual imagery. Shooting stars, ponder, and turn back are kinesthetic imagery.

    “Then Who has sent me and why?” it is a allusion figurative. “Who” refers to God. Everyone knows that God created the universe including human.

  30. YASINTA MOJO / 0912150014

    Two butterflies went out at noon

    Two butterflies went out at noon
    And waltzed above a stream,
    Then stepped straight through the firmament
    And rested on a beam;

    And then together bore away
    Upon a shining sea,–
    Though never yet, in any port
    Their coming mentioned be.

    If spoken by the distant bird,
    If met in ether sea
    By frigate or by merchantman,
    Report was not to me.

    by Emily Dickinson

    In my opinion, “Two butterflies went out at noon” by Emily Dickinson describes the good relationship between two people. This poet uses nature to describe this relationship. In first stanza, the poet describe the happiness is in the relationship. Two butterflies mean two people, / And waltzed above a stream, then stepped straight through the firmament, and rested on a beam / means they are happy together in going through this life and they always do together in any condition. In second stanza, explains their adventure. /And then together bore away, upon a shining sea/ means they are going an adventure and shining sea describes they have an interesting journey. /Though never yet, in any port. Their coming mentioned be/ also describes their presence is waited because their presence bring love for people around them. In third stanza, the poet continues that the journey will meet surprising things. The poet writes this poem to tell the reader that anyone needs someone in his life and a good relationship will bring an interesting journey in life. No matter what you will find in life, you can face them provided that you do together with your partner.

    In “Two butterflies went out at noon” Emily speaks about relationship symbolically, she uses symbol to shorten complicated ideas into an image (word). She uses figurative symbol to beautify the idea of good relationship. First, two butterflies went out at noon symbolize relationship between two people (l.1). Second, shining sea symbolizes an interesting journey. This makes the relationship seems loving and exciting. Finally, / If spoken by the distant bird. If met in ether sea, by frigate or by merchantman/ symbolize the surprising things that may be they meet during their journey. Also, the poet beautifully employs personifications. /the butterflies waltzed above a stream, then stepped straight through the firmament, and rested on a beam / This is intended to tell the reader that they are happy in being together. Finally, Dickinson’ final statement “Report was not to me”, becomes unquestionable!

    The poem contains some image; two butterflies, the stream, the firmament, a beam, upon a shining sea, the distant bird, port, Ether Sea, frigate, and merchantman—all appeal to our sense of sight. They are visual imagery because they describe something you can see and detect with your eyes. Besides, the poem also contains some images; went out at noon, waltzed, stepped straight, rested, together bore away, spoken by the distant bird, and met- appeal to kinesthetic images. Those called as kinesthetic imagery because they describe various emotions that include sense of movement.

  31. Analysis of Pablo Neruda “I Do Not Love You Except Because I Love You”

    I Do Not Love You Except Because I Love You
    I do not love you except because I love you;
    I go from loving to not loving you,
    From waiting to not waiting for you
    My heart moves from cold to fire.

    I love you only because it’s you the one I love;
    I hate you deeply, and hating you
    Bend to you, and the measure of my changing love for you
    Is that I do not see you but love you blindly.

    Maybe January light will consume
    My heart with its cruel
    Ray, stealing my key to true calm.

    In this part of the story I am the one who
    Dies, the only one, and I will die of love because I love you,
    Because I love you, Love, in fire and blood.

    Pablo Neruda

    The Poem about I Do Not Love You except Because I Love You by Pablo Neruda is dramatic poem because the poet wants to express the reader that his love is confusing for himself. The poet does not have any reason to love the person, but simply because the poet does. The poet has a love and hate relationship with this person but the love overpowers him. However, it seems as though the poet is somewhat unsure of his love. The poet mixed the feelings of whether or not love her because the poet thinks that does he loves worth it or not. Especially because it seems as though the one he loves does not love him back. The poet is the only one that will die, and he will die of love for not being able to be loved back by her. In this poem is using personified the name in the third verse (Ray) and the Poet just broke up and she is going thru separation anxiety.

    The first verse is the poet is confused with his feeling such as “I do not love you except because I love you; I go from loving to not loving you; From waiting to not waiting for you; My heart moves from cold to fire”. However, Ray (personified the name in the third verse) did a lot to win her love and she went from not loving him to loving him so intensely. He swept her off her feet; hence, she went from being “cold” to being on “fire”.

    The second verse is “I love you only because it’s you the one I love; I hate you deeply, and hating you” means she looks at the relationship in hindsight and thought she had the short end of the stick. “Bend to you, and the measure of my changing love for you; Is that I do not see you but love you blindly” means That she did a lot to please him “Bend to you” because she loves him a lot. She was absolutely devoted to him and loved him with the same intensity – “unchanging love…” from the moment she caught “fire” for him in verse one.

    In the third verse, “Maybe January light will consume; my heart with its cruel” means she really expressed her disappointment with the way things ended. This is a very short but very loaded verse. She revealed the name of the man of her affection and the fact that she is having a hard time coping after the break up “Ray, stealing my key to true calm “.

    In the last verse, “In this part of the story I am the one who; Dies, the only one, and I will die of love because I love you,” means she compares her romance with Ray to the fabled Romeo and Juliet love tragedy and states that she is the one that gets short-changed but she does not mind “I will die because I love you…”. The poem “Because I love you, Love, in fire and blood” means she ends the poem by reiterating that she loves him with her and soul and she would lay loose her life for him.

    The beautiful imagery in the poem is consistent throughout, and passion pours through the poetry. This is a poet who is not ambiguous about his feelings. Because there is no hidden meaning in Neruda’s words, and he is so open about his feelings, it gives the poetry innocence.

    The connotation is “Bend” means a circular segment of a curve. “Blindly” means without seeing or looking. “Light” means there is any hope for future.

    The figurative is an allusion because this poet express like the fabled Romeo and Juliet love tragedy and states that she is the one that gets short-changed but she does not mind “I will die because I love you…”.

    After I have analyzed this poem, I can feel the messages that deliver by Pablo Neruda because the poet is so passionate in his love poems. I think this poem is related for people who have loved and lost. This is also for the one’s stuck in the middle of waiting to figure out where they stand in the relationship. The poet is confused on how he feels. The poet is using the word warm or burns he uses “fire”, he also wants to love yet he wants to let go. In the last verse, he ends it with passion and really leaves an emotion in your heart when you are done reading it. I think here where the speaker, or poet himself, come to realize that he really does love this person and feels like he will die from the pain that love can bring.

  32. The angel with the broken wing

    I am the Angel with the Broken Wing,
    The one large statue in this quiet room.
    The staff finds me too fierce, and so they shut
    Faith’s ardor in this air-conditioned tomb.

    The docents praise my elegant design
    Above the chatter of the gallery.
    Perhaps I am a masterpiece of sorts—
    The perfect emblem of futility.

    Mendoza carved me for a country church.
    (His name’s forgotten now except by me.)
    I stood beside a gilded altar where
    The hopeless offered God their misery.

    I heard their women whispering at my feet—
    Prayers for the lost, the dying, and the dead.
    Their candles stretched my shadow up the wall,
    And I became the hunger that they fed.

    I broke my left wing in the Revolution
    (Even a saint can savor irony)
    When troops were sent to vandalize the chapel.
    They hit me once—almost apologetically.

    For even the godless feel something in a church,
    A twinge of hope, fear? Who knows what it is?
    A trembling unaccounted by their laws,
    An ancient memory they can’t dismiss.

    There are so many things I must tell God!
    The howling of the dammed can’t reach so high.
    But I stand like a dead thing nailed to a perch,
    A crippled saint against a painted sky.

    Gioia the angel with the broken wing is a lyric poem with a loosely narrative structure.The poem is all about the lament of an imperfect angel’s statue who has holly spirit to god. Through this poem Gioia emphasizes two things. The first is tell about divinity and the second one is humanity. Gioia portrays the poem by such an image that is “Angel” who tries to depicts what happens around him, the angel which is the statue is the witness who see what godless had done to the church. but the angel is an imperfect statue who have a broken wing which can’t tell everything to the god and its just an useful things.

    Throughout the poem I might say that it is a lyric poem with a loosely narrative structure. It is a lyric poem because it mostly explores a single escalating mood. In the firs stanza, “I am the Angel with the Broken Wing,The one large statue in this quiet room.The staff finds me too fierce, and so they shut Faith’s ardor in this air-conditioned tomb” Gioia starts the poem by explain the slot so smoothly by introduced who the realy I am (the angel), whenever suddenly the godless treat the angel rudely and grave the faith’s ardor into cold tomb.

    In the second stanza Gioia tries to depicts that the sepaker’s intention start to show the hopelessness. By saying “The docents praise my elegant design above the chatter of the gallery perhaps I am a masterpiece of sorts the perfect emblem of futility.

    The third stanza Gioia explaining where the angel (statue) comes from. That is mendoza (Mendoza is a surname of Basque origin, also occurring as a place name. It means Cold Mountain, from words in the Basque language, mendi (mountain) and (h)otz (cold) + definite article ‘-a’ (Mendoza being mendi+(h)otza) who carved the angel’s statue and put it to the country church some place in nowhere.

    Then, the fourth stanza Gioia emphasize humanity sides which increasing the speaker’s intention with enrich by many imagery which makes it seems like real and readers can feel the sadness. Like “I heard their women whispering at my feet,Prayers for the lost, the dying, and the dead” ‘their women’ reffers to parish who was pinned by godless. Gioia portrayed the angel’s and the other cast suffering within the poem.

    Next, Gioia tries to retreating back the poem’s slot and tries to expalin what happen to the angel statue. “I broke my left wing in the Revolution (Even a saint can savor irony) When troops were sent to vandalize the chapel. They hit me once—almost apologetically” by read these words I can conclude that the cause of the angel wing become broken is because of the revolution which troops ruin the church and also the angel (statue). The angel show how painful the incidents even the saint can feel the irony. Irony itself refers to deep hearted paint.

    In the six stanza the speaker intension low,and the angel tries to guest what they (the godless) feelings, For even the godless feel something in a church, A twinge of hope, fear? Who knows what it is? A trembling unaccounted by their laws,An ancient memory they can’t dismiss. “There are so many things I must tell God! The howling of the dammed can’t reach so high, But I stand like a dead thing nailed to a perch” these refers to angel’s message and his lamentation can not reach to the god and the angel can not do anything. “A crippled (cacat/lumpuh) saint against a painted sky” means that even the saint can not change the condition better. In the last stanza the angel tell the sad ending of this poem.

    In this poem, Gioia uses images very extensively in order to let the reader involve in the experiences he is communicating. For instance “I am the Angel with the Broken Wing”,”The one large statue in this quiet room”, “Their candles stretched my shadow up the wall” these words are important to enable the reader to visualize the surroundings being described in the poem. Some other effective images are “The staff finds me too fierce”, “Mendoza carved me” for a country church, “I stood beside a gilded altar” , “They hit me once” these are Kinesthetic imagery which includes sense of movement. Through these words readers can feel and it seems like real through the Gioia’s eye. Another sense is feeling Gioia use these words to make this poem more dramatic through these words prayers for the lost, the dying, and the dead” and also sense of internal sensation like “And I became the “hunger” that they fed. Gioia enrich the poem with Auditory image which enable the readers as if they hear something through read this peom I “heard” their women “whispering” at my feet. Gioa use imagery in this poem really enables the reader to share the experiences being communicated.

    In addition to imagery, Gioia uses seven figures of speech to help the readers share the experiences being communicated. The figures of speech are made up of one allusion: “Mendoza carved me for a country church” (I. 10); one personification “The hopeless offered God their misery”( I. 12); 3 hyperbole “Their candles stretched my shadow up the wall” (I. 15) “They hit me once—almost apologetically”, (I. 3-4) “The staff finds me too fierce …… this air-conditioned tomb” (I. 20); Allegory “The howling of the dammed can’t reach so high” (I. 26); one simile “I stand like a dead thing nailed to a perch” (I. 27). The functions of all these figures of speech can be explained as follows. First of all the single allusion function to give the impression of movements, by using ‘mendoza’ term which have mythology means. Secondly, three hyperbole function to give more dramataic turn to the poem as if livelier. So, it makes things greater. The third is a single allegory which has a second meaning beneath the surface one. Although the surface story or description may have its own interest, the author’s major interest in the ulterior meaning. And the last one is a single simile which has function to make it clear to the reader that he stand like a dead thing which the angel compare to dead thing which nailed to a perch because of the angel can not do anything.

    This poem really shows Gioia’s exceptional talent and imagination as a poet. The subjects he uses in the poem are critics and brave. The words he uses are complicated and sometimes he uses some terminology. However, the poem is absolutely beautiful and meaningful. But, in the other hand, it takes a deep understanding and logic to analyze one of Gioia’s masterpiece.

  33. My Mother’s Pillow
    By Cecilia Woloch

    My mother sleeps with the Bible open on her pillow;
    she reads herself to sleep and wakens startled.
    She listens for her heart: each breath is shallow.

    For years her hands were quick with thread and needle.
    She used to sew all night when we were little;
    now she sleeps with the Bible on her pillow

    and believes that Jesus understands her sorrow:
    her children grown, their father frail and brittle;
    she stitches in her heart, her breathing shallow.

    Once she even slept fast, rushed tomorrow,
    mornings full of sunlight, sons and daughters.
    Now she sleeps alone with the Bible on her pillow

    and wakes alone and feels the house is hollow,
    though my father in his blue room stirs and mutters;
    she listens to him breathe: each breath is shallow.

    I flutter down the darkened hallway, shadow
    between their dreams, my mother and my father,
    asleep in rooms I pass, my breathing shallow.
    I leave the Bible open on her pillow.

    My mother’s pillow is descriptive poem in which the author expresses that she wakes alone and feels the house is hollow”, showing how the mother has grown and lost much of her liveliness and happiness. As she has gotten older, she has slowed down, finding her life much less rewarding. Her children are old and gone now, her husband has grown old and the only thing that she still feels she has that has not changed is the Bible; reading it is the only thing that can get her to sleep every night after everything has changed. Aside from the Bible, which is the only thing she still relates to, she feels completely alone. There is religious theme in the poem.

    However I think it might symbolize the mother because that is the one thing she did and that is all that remains of her mom is the memory of the bible. Also in the bible there are the three significant figures: the father, son, and Holy Spirit. In this poem there are three significant characters: the mom, father, and child. This poem tells about the child being dead, but I think the parents are alive. But because of the grief of the child’s death the two parents are separated from each other.

    In this poem Cecilia Woloch uses kind’s images very extensively in order to let the reader involve in the experiences he is communicating. There are three images that she uses in this poem. The first is visual image like Bible, pillow, thread, needle, and house. Second is tactile image like quick, frail and brittle. And the last is kinesthetic imagery like sleeps, listens, sew, rush, feels and flutter down.

    This poem also uses figurative language that is “Allusion” for example my mother sleeps with the Bible open on her pillow (I.I). And Jesus understands her sorrow (1.7).

  34. Hello Dr. Pardede,
    Please accept a warm greeting from Ulsan, Korea.
    I’m too an English teacher. I began visiting your blog about one year ago. Just like my colleague, Plueng from Vietnam, I was also inspired by this blog to help my students studying English. I’d like to thank you for providing me (and many other people, I believe) a good example for using the internet to facilitate students. Thanks again.

    Regards,

    Jong Rae Lee

  35. Dear Prof. Pardede,
    I am an English teacher in Thailand. I’m really inspired by this great blog of yours. I’ve never seen a creative lecturer who dedicates much time to facilitate his students to study more easily but with high quality materials. I have began do the same to my students for my students. I found it really takes much time and energy. However, after seeing your blog, I’m recharged with new enthusiasm. Thanks for the inspiration you radiate.

    Best regards,

    Plueng Chairasami

    1. Father
      BY EDGAR ALBERT GUEST
      My father knows the proper way
      The nation should be run;
      He tells us children every day
      Just what should now be done.
      He knows the way to fix the trusts,
      He has a simple plan;
      But if the furnace needs repairs,
      We have to hire a man.

      My father, in a day or two
      Could land big thieves in jail;
      There’s nothing that he cannot do,
      He knows no word like “fail.”
      “Our confidence” he would restore,
      Of that there is no doubt;
      But if there is a chair to mend,
      We have to send it out.

      All public questions that arise,
      He settles on the spot;
      He waits not till the tumult dies,
      But grabs it while it’s hot.
      In matters of finance he can
      Tell Congress what to do;
      But, O, he finds it hard to meet
      His bills as they fall due.

      It almost makes him sick to read
      The things law-makers say;
      Why, father’s just the man they need,
      He never goes astray.
      All wars he’d very quickly end,
      As fast as I can write it;
      But when a neighbor starts a fuss,
      ’Tis mother has to fight it.

      In conversation father can
      Do many wondrous things;
      He’s built upon a wiser plan
      Than presidents or kings.
      He knows the ins and outs of each
      And every deep transaction;
      We look to him for theories,
      But look to ma for action.

      I think poetry is in the form of irony. opinion and does not describe the actual ability in everyday life. although the authors recognized the weakness of this poem a father, but this poem brings compassionate. when the father of the statements and actions could be viewed as hypocrisy, children are able to move beyond. pure criticism and check on his father’s funny paradox of simultaneous intelligence and stupidity.

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