4. Renaissance Period


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  1. 1. All kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read. It then spread to the whole Europe since there was the printing machine.
    2. King Henry VIII made himself the head of the Church of England, bringing church and state together (1529-39). He cut all contact with the Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome, part of a reaction against the Catholic Church in many parts of Europe. Protestantism became more and more important and gave a whole new vision of man’s relation with God.
    3. Queen Elizabeth became the symbol of the Golden Age, the period of stability from 1558 to 1603. England enemies, Spain in particular, were defeated, and the English controlled the seas of the world, exploring and bringing valuable goods from the New world.
    4. Utopia by Sir Thomas More describes a pagan and communist city-state in which the institutions and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided notable contrast with the reasonable polity and riches.
    5. Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment.
    6. There are three major reasons why Shakespeare occupied a place of supreme importance in English literature. First, when he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatist-Kyd and Marlowe-had all died, leaving Shakespeare as a leading dramatist. Second, he had great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. His plays show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot-structure, characterization and language. finally, he was able to satisfy an audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual background.
    7. History, in which he investigates ‘What is to be a king?’ Kings are humans with real strength and weakness. Popular plays of this type are Henry V, Henry VI, Henry VIII, Julius Caesar and Antony and Clepatra.
    Tragedies, which express the theme of ‘human weakness and ambition (revenge, jealousy) will lead to disaster’. The ends are pessimistic; the hero dies and harmony is overtuned. Well known tragedies of Shakespear are Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear, Othello, etc.
    Comedy, in which he presents serious subjects humorously. In the following comedies, Shakespeare threatens and shakes the world, but the stories end happily. Well known comedies of Shakespeare are As You Like it, The Twelfth Night, The Comedy of Errors, etc.
    ‘Late Plays’, through which Shakespeare shows that humans are fundamentally weak, but since reconciliation exists and the hero does not die, everything promises happiness. Well known romances of Shakespeare are Pericles, The Winter tale, The tempest, etc.

  2. 1. Printing machine has made influenced in the way thinking of people in that era. The function of machine is associated with developing mass media. The mass media was really help people to know much information that threatened the power of political and religious authorities. So printing machine helped the reformation in Renaissance era.
    2. King Henry VIII decided to cut all contact with the Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome and that really influenced development of Protestantism. Protestantism become more and more important, and gave a whole new vision of man’s relations with God. That make contribute to individualism; people only think himself and his relation with God.
    3. Because in Queen Elizabeth’s reign, Drama was really supported by the Queen and flourished day by day. Many of the great works of English literature were produced during these years and become a golden age development of literature.
    4. Moore’s Utopia is symbol for the socialist way of life. It describes a pagan and communist city-state at that era where the institution and policies are entirely governed by reason.
    5. Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced the clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment. His works were similar to the genre of novel which began to grow very popular about one hundred years later.
    6. Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature because he had a skill for language, imagery, pun, and creative adaptation of myth and history in creating about romance, drama, and comedy in many of his wonderful works.
    7. -Tragedy
    Romeo and Juliet, theme is about forbidden love.
    -Drama–historical
    Henry IV, that’s about the gain and loss of power, and, in particular, the theme of divine right
    – Comedies
    Love’s Labours Lost, that involve lovers and they almost always have a happy ending.
    – Romancies
    The Winter’s Tale, that have happy ending

  3. (1) Printing machine greatly helped the development of renaisance. All kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read, it then spread to the whole Europe.

    (2) King Henry VIII cut all contact with the Catholic Church an the Pope in Rome, part of reaction againts the Catholic Church in may parts of Europe. Protestantism become more and more important, and gave a whole new vision of man’s relations with God.

    (3) The Elizabethan period is especially remembered as a time when drama, for the first time, reached high level of excellent in England. The Renaissance brought the influence of Latin ; both comedy and tragedy which were translated into English.

    (4) Because More’s Utopia describes a pagan and communits city-state in which institutions and polices are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided a notable contrast with the unreasonable polity of Christian Europe, devided by self-interest and greed for power and riches.

    (5) Because Thomas Nashe’s prose (The Unfortune Traveler and The Terrors of the Night) which dating from 1594, introduce a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment, in many ways Nashe’s works are similar to the genre of the novel, which began to grow very popular about one hundred years later.

    (6)The reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature :
    1) First, when he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists – Kyd and Marlove had all died
    2) Second, he had great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression
    3) Third, he was able to satisfy an audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual background

    (7) The special theme presented by Shakespeare :
    1) In historical comedy, he investigates “What is to be a king”, kings are humans with real strength and weakness
    2) In comedies, he presents serious subject humorously
    3) In tragedies, he presents the theme of ‘human weakness and ambition (revenge, jealously) will lead to disaster’
    4) In romancies, he shows that humans are fundamentally weak, but since reconciliation exist and the hero does not die, everything promises happiness.

  4. Sir, Here are my answers.
    1. The printing press helped spread the ideas of the Renaissance because the press was able to translate any book into different languages. So the ideas that were put into books were able to be spread multiple directions quickly.
    As people started to read books about ideas, it made the people want to read more about a subject, which in turn, spread more ideas.

  5. 1. as we know in the late sixteenth centuries a new world discovered. the printing machines really helped the development to spread or tell everybody about something new.

    2. The King Henry VIII cut all contact or access with Catholic church or even the Pope in Rome. it just a part of his reaction to against Catholic church in many parts of Europe.

    3. the golden age under Queen Elisabeth’s reign helped the advancement of drama because it reached high level of excellence in England Renaissance era.

    4. at that era, the institution and policies are entirely governed by reason. Utopia described a pagan and communist city state.

    5. the reason why Thomas and Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative is because both of their works, such as unfortunate traveler and the terror of the night, that introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy and humor-social comment. Nashe’s works were similar to the genre of novel that began to grow very popular over one hundred years later.

    6. 3 reasons: shakespeare had a great vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. second, he began to be very productive and was able to satisfy audiences that come from people with veri different education and intelectual background.

    7. drama historical: king john, Henry IV
    comedy : the tempest, much ado about nothing
    tragedy : antony and cleopatra, julius caesar
    romance : desdemone and othello

  6. 1) How did printing machine help the development of renaissance?

    The printing machine help the development of renaissance because all kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read then it spread to whole Europe.

    (2) How did King Henry VIII’s decision to make himself the head of Church of England and of State as well contribute to individualism?

    As he make himself as the head of Church of England and of State, he cut all the contact with Catholic church and the Pope in Rome. Protestantism became more and more important and gave a whole new meaning of man’s relations with God where the king or queen were the human being on earth who was closest to God.

    (3) Why was the golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama?

    Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama because as she has no child to succeed her and a new concern about shortness of life and the passing of the time, she finds it advantageous to further the development of literature especially drama. This also support the beginning of the modern world in the areas besides, geography, politic, science, art and religion.

    (4) Why is Moore’s Utopia considered a satire to the society of the day?

    It is because it describe a pagan and communist city-state at that era where the institution and policies are entirely governed by reason.

    (5) Why is Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative?

    Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced the clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment. His works were similar to the genre of novel which began to grow very popular about one hundred years later.

    (6)Explain the three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature.

    i) When he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists, Kyd and Marlowe had all died.

    ii) He had great great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of the poetic expression.

    iii) He was able to satisfy the audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual backgrounds.

    (7) Mention the special theme presented by Shakespeare in each of his four types of drama–historical plays, comedies, tragedies, and romances.

    i) In historical plays, he illustrate “loyalty of all kinds is essential for a nation to survive, because without loyalty within a country integral fighting will occur and lack of unity will lead to civil war”.

    ii) In comedies, he presents serious subject humorously. For instance in the following comedy, he “threatens and shakes the world, but it always a happy ending”

    iii) In tragedies he express the theme oh “human weaknesses and ambition will lead to disaster”.

    iv) In romances, he shows that humans are weak but as long as you struggle, everything promises happiness.

  7. 1. Printing machine helped the development of renaissance because the machine printed all the writing. All the writings spread broadly and were open to anyone who could read.
    2. King Henry VIII made himself the king of state and also the head of Church of England. He gave a whole new vision of man’s relations with God. He contributed to individualism, because he thought that man is a central figure, who must only think of himself not others.
    3. Under Queen Elizabeth’s reign, drama reached high level of excellence in England because both Latin comedy and tragedy drama were translated into English. At first, the play consist very little action and the audience was only well-educated people. But then new dramatist produced new different dramas which are popular until now like John Lily, Christopher Marlowe and Shakespeare.
    4. Utopia which was written by Sir Thomas More described a pagan and communist city-state in which the institutions and policies are entirely governed by reason. Utopia told about people in communist city-state lived in miserable way so it was considered as a satire
    5. Thomas Nashe considered as the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment.
    6. There are three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature :
    – He became a leading dramatist after Kyd and Marlowe died.
    – He had great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression
    – He was able to satisfy an audience made up of people with different educational and intellectual backgrounds.
    7. The special theme presented by Shakespeare :
    – In historical plays, he investigates “What is to be a king?” Kings are humans with real strength and weakness
    – In Tragedies, He presents “human weakness and ambition (revenge, jealously) will lead to disaster”
    – In comedy, he presents serious subjects humorously.
    – In “Late Plays” he shows that humans are fundamentally weak, but since reconciliation exist and the hero does not die, everything promises happiness.

  8. (1) How did printing machine help the development of renaissance?

    The printing machines greatly help the development of renaissance because all kinds of writings were open to everyone who could read and then spread to to the whole Europe. As England as the most powerful nation in Europe in the late sixteenth centuries, new worlds were discovered and new ways of seeing, and thinking developed.

    (2) How did King Henry VIII’s decision to make himself the head of Church of England and of State as well contribute to individualism?

    King Henry VIII decided to cut all contact with the Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome, which was a part of reaction against Catholic Church in many parts of Europe. Protestantism became more and more important, and give a whole new vision of man’s relations with God. The King or Queen became the human being who was closest to God, at the head of the Great Chain of Being which led down to the rest of mankind, animals, and insects and so on.

    (3) Why was the golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama?

    In the Elizabethan’s reign the further development of literature especially drama occurred for the first time and it reached high level of excellence in England. The Renaissance brought the influenced of Latin: both tragedy and comedy which were translated into English.

    (4) Why is Moore’s Utopia considered a satire to the society of the day?

    The reason why the society of that day considered Utopia is a satire to them is because Utopia describe a pagan and communist city-state at that era where the institution and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided a notable contrast with the unreasonable polity of Christian Europe which are divided by self interest and greed for power and riches.

    (5) Why is Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative?

    The reason is because both of his works for examples, which are Unfortunate Traveler and the Terror of the Nigh introduce a ciever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor-social comment and in many ways Nashe’s works are similar to the genre of novel, which began to grow very popular about one hundred years later.

    6)Explain the three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature.

    First reason, when he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatist – Kyd and Marlowe – had all died, leaving Shakespeare as a leading dramatist.

    Second reason, Shakespeare had a great vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. His play show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot structure, characterization and language.

    And the last reason is because he was able to satisfy an audience made of people with very different education and intellectual backgrounds.

    (7) Mention the special theme presented by Shakespeare in each of his four types of drama–historical plays, comedies, tragedies, and romances.

    a. The theme in Shakespeare historical plays is: “Loyalty of all kinds is essential for a nation to survive, because without loyalty within a country integral fighting will occur and lack of unity will lead to civil war”.
    b. The theme in Shakespeare comedies is: “No matter how the world is threatened and shaken the good always win in the end”.
    c. The theme in Shakespeare tragedy is: “Human ambition and weaknesses eventually will lead to chaos and ruined the life it self.
    d. The theme in Shakespeare romances is: “There will always be a chance for a wonderful future as long human still have hope, will, and do real action to achieve it”.

  9. Dear Mr. Parlin
    Below are my answers

    RENAISSANCE PERIOD

    (1) Printing machine helped the development of renaissance by printed all kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read then spread it to the whole Europe.

    (2) King Henry VIII’s decision made himself the head of church of England and of state as well contribute to individualism, he cut all contact with the Chatolic Church and the Pope in Rome, part of a reaction against the Catholic Church in many part of Europe.

    (3) The golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s was reign help the advancement of drama because it proved to be advantageous for the further development of literature, especially drama. For the first time, drama reached high level of excellence in England.

    (4) Moore’s Utopia is considered a satire to the society of the day because it describes a pagan and communist city-state in which the institutions and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided a notable contrast with the unreasonable polity of Christian Europe, divided by self-interest and greed for power and riches.

    (5) Thomas Nashe is considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment which in many ways works are similar to the genre of the novel.

    (6) There are three major reason why Shakespeare occupied a place of supreme importance in English literature. First, when he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists-Kyd and Marlowe-had all died, leaving Shakespeare as a leading dramatist. Second, he had great dept of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. His plays show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot-structure, characterization and language. Finally, he was able to satisfy and audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual backgrounds.

    (7) Christopher Melow is the English greatest dramatist before Shakespeare. While he was studying at Cambridge he had translated several Latin work into English. His most popular works are actually the four tragedies composed between 1587-1593. With the drama Tamburline The Great, Marlowe is more classical because he was greatly.

    Regards,
    Sri Dewi Ciptaria

  10. Good evening …..
    Dear Mr. Parlin….
    These are my answers
    1. Printing machine greatly helped the development of renaissance.. In the fifteenth century all kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read
    2. King Henry VIII’s decision made himself the head of church of England and of state as well contribute to individualism, he cut all contact with the Chatolic Church and the Pope in Rome, part of a reaction against the Catholic Church in many part of Europe.
    3. Because when The Elizabethan period , there were many popular of drama like Thomas Norton, Thomas Shackeville, William Shakespeare, John Lily, Thomas Kyd and Christopher Marlowe were perfomed in the period.
    4. Moore’s Utopia is considered a satire to the society of the day because it describes a pagan and communist city-state in which the institutions and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided a notable contrast with the unreasonable polity of Christian Europe, divided by self-interest and greed for power and riches.
    5. Thomas Nashe is considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment which in many ways works are similar to the genre of the novel.
    6. There are three major reason why Shakespeare occupied a place of supreme importance in English literature. First, when he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists-Kyd and Marlowe-had all died, leaving Shakespeare as a leading dramatist. Second, he had great dept of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. His plays show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot-structure, characterization and language. Finally, he was able to satisfy and audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual backgrounds.
    7. The special themes presented by Shakespeare were Historical plays in Tambuline, Comedies in The Merchan of Vinice, Tragedies in Romeo and Juliet, Romancies in Romeo and Juliet

  11. Dear Mr. Parlin,
    Below are my answers:

    (1) Printing machine helped the development of renaissance by printed all kinds of writing were open to anyone who could read then spread it to the whole Europe.

    (2) King Henry VIII’s decision to make himself the head of Church of England and of State as well contribute to individualism by cut all contact with the Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome, part of a reaction against the Catholic Church in many parts of Europe.

    (3) The golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s was reign help the advancement of drama because it proved to be advantageous for the further development of literature, especially drama. For the first time, drama reached high level of excellence in England.

    (4) Moore’s Utopia is considered a satire to the society of the day because it describes a pagan and communist city-state in which the institutions and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and policies are entirely governed by reason. The order and dignity of such a state provided a notable contrast with the unreasonable polity of Christian Europe, divided by self-interest and greed for power and riches.

    (5) Thomas Nashe is considered the inventor of modern narrative because he introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment which in many ways works are similar to the genre of the novel.

    (6)The three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature:
    1. When he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists had all died, leaving him as a leading dramatist.
    2. He had a great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. He plays show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot-structure, characterization and language.
    3. He was able to satisfy an audience made of people with very different educational and intellectual backgrounds.

    (7) The special theme presented by Shakespeare in each of his four types of drama:
    1. Historical plays, in which he investigates ‘What is to be a king?’ Kings are humans with real strength and weakness.
    2. Comedies, in which he presents serious subjects humorously.
    3. Tragedies, express the theme of ‘human weakness and ambition (revenge, jealousy) will disaster’. The ends are pessimistic; the hero dies and harmony is overturned.
    4. Romances (Late Plays), shows that humans are fundamentally weak, but since reconciliation exists and the hero does not die, everything promises happiness.

    Regards,
    vany

  12. Dear all attendees of Literature III,

    After studying the “Renaissance Period”, answer of each of the following questions briefly but concisely.
    (1) How did printing machine help the development of renaissance?
    (2) How did King Henry VIII’s decision to make himself the head of Church of England and of State as well contribute to individualism?
    (3) Why was the golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama?
    (4) Why is Moore’s Utopia considered a satire to the society of the day?
    (5) Why is Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative?
    (6)Explain the three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature.
    (7) Mention the special theme presented by Shakespeare in each of his four types of drama–historical plays, comedies, tragedies, and romancies.

    1. 1. How did printing machine help the development of renaissance?
      With helps of printing machine, all kind of writing were open to anyone who could read.
      2. How did King Hendry VIII’s decision to make himself the head of Church of England and of the State as well contribute to individualism?
      He cut all contact with the Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome.
      3. Why was the golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama?
      The golden age under Queen Elizabeth’s reign help the advancement of drama because the greater economic prosperity that was resulted from Elizabethan’s reign proved to be advantageous for further development of literature, especially drama.
      4. Why is Moore’s Utopia considered a satire to the society of the day?
      Because, what Thomas Moore write in Utopia is contrast with the condition of society at the day. The order and dignity of state he described in the story, is contrast with unreasonable polity of Christian Europe, divided by self interest and greed for power and riches.
      5. Why is Thomas Nashe considered the inventor of modern narrative?
      Thomas Nashe considered as the inventor of modern narrative because he had introduced a clever mixture of genres, new kinds of fantasy, and both humor and social comment on his work
      6. Explain the three reasons why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature?
      Three major reason why Shakespeare is considered as the greatest and most popular literary figure in English literature are
      a. When he began to be productive, the other two prominent dramatists –Kyd and Marlowe- had all died, leaving Shakespeare as a leading dramatist.
      b. He had great depth of vision, linguistic power and scope of poetic expression. His play show a gradual increase in dramatic ability and he became more and more skillful in handling plot-structure, characterization and language
      c. He was able to satisfy an audience made up of people with very different educational and intellectual backgrounds.
      7. Mention the special theme presented by Shakespeare in each of his four types of drama -historical plays, comedies, tragedies and romances?
      The special theme presented by Shakespeare in historical plays is Kings are humans with real strength and weakness.
      The special theme presented by Shakespeare in tragedies is human weakness and ambition (revenge, jealousy) will lead to disaster.
      The special theme presented by Shakespeare in comedy is the world is threatened and shaken but the stories are always ends happily.
      The special theme presented by Shakespeare in romances is human are fundamentally weak, but since reconciliation exist and the hero does not die, everything promises happiness.

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