3. Middle English Period


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  1. 1. The year 1066 was taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.

    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages, English and French, in England and it took place about 300 years. The use of two parallel languages in England ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels. This situation developed English literature of the middle period to reach its highest peak.

    3. The plays were called mystery of miracle of plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  2. 1. The year 1066 is taken because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.

    2. The two languages in England in the Norman Conquest are English and French. French became the language used by educated people, i.e in offices, royal courts, and also by poets. And the Anglo-Saxon (old English) was spoken only by uneducated people. And the situation of two parallel languages happened for more than 300 years. Then, the use of two parallel languages in England ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only langauge used in all levels.

    3. The original medieval dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  3. 1. In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England. The new conquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French, which became the language of the Royal Court, and the ruling and business classes.

    2. French and English. it took place for at least 60 years and it ended because of In the 14th century English became dominant in Britain again, but with many French words added. This language is called Middle English. It was the language of the great poet Chaucer

    3. drama was fully developed in the 12th century, Eventually, dramatic representations moved out of the church altogether–and this simple move brought massive changes to the face of drama. First, they were produced in the churchyard itself and then later they moved into an even larger space, traditionally the marketplace of the town or even a convenient meadow.
    Once outside the church, the vernacular ousted Latin and the focus of the story moved away from just the liturgy to encompass the whole range of sacred history from the Creation to the Last Judgment. Drama began to present the entire range of religious history

  4. 1. Why is year 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history?

    The year 1066 is taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because during this year, one of the most important event happened, The Norman Conquest which not only completely changed the course of English literature but also influenced the development of English language.

    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England. What languages were they? How many years did it take place? Why and when did it end?

    The two languages were, English and French. English was spoken only by uneducated people while French was used in royal courts, offices and also by poets. The situation last for 300 hundred years and ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Explain where and how drama began, and why they are called mystery or miracle plays.

    During the Middle English Period,drama usually took place in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for the audience who probably could not understand the latin of the Bible. It performed in moving carts. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  5. 1. The year 1066 is taken as the beginning of the Middle English period because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely the Norman Conquest. It completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.
    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages that are English and French. It took place more than 300 years. It ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3. The tradition of drama began when dramas were set in and around the church at festival times and the drama showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of Bible. The drama called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  6. 1. Why is year 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history?

    The year of 1066 is taken because in this year one of the most important event in English history took place, Namely the Norman conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English literature. Norman introduced England to French, better architecture, progress in painting and music and even not long after the conquest University of Cambridge and oxford were established.

    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England. What languages were they? How many years did it take place? Why and when did it end?

    The two languages in England at that period are English and French, French became the language used by educated people, examples: in offices, royal courts, and also by poets. While the Anglo-Saxon (Old English) was spoken by uneducated people. This situation happened for more than 300 years. So in 14th centuries the use of two parallel languages in England ended because the Middle England had been accepted as the only language used in all levels

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Explain where and how drama began, and why they are called mystery or miracle plays.

    The original medieval dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible, for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of the Bible. The plays were called mysteries or miracles plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saint’s lives.

  7. Dear Mr. Parlin
    Below are my answers

    MIDDLE ENGLISH PERIOD

    (1). 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English period of English literature history because one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event significantly influenced the development of English language as well as changed the course of English literature. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain. It was led by William, Duke of Normandy, later known as William the Conqueror. After defeating King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Normans took power and William became King of England. However, he never gets successful to bring peace to the country after many centuries of wars and invasions. Norman also introduced England to French, better architecture, progress in painting and music as well. Not long after the conquest, the University of Cambridge and Oxford were established. Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. After that, French was familiar to be used by educated people. But Old English was spoken only by uneducated people. This situation of two parallel languages in daily use in the same country lasted for more than 300 years.

    (2). The two parallel languages used in England were English and French. It was started in the beginning of 11th century and ended in around 14th century; so it’s about 300 years. It ended because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    (3). The tradition of drama was begun around the church during festival times. It performed about the Bible as to support people to understand about Bible more. at that time Bible was written in Latin only. The drama itself was called mystery or miracle play because it showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

    Regards,
    Sri Dewi Ciptaria

  8. Sugandi Rahardja
    08151811538

    Dear Mr. Parlin,
    Below are my answers:

    1. In year 1066 taken as the as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. It is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.
    2. The parallel use of two languages in England is French and Anglo-Saxon. More than 300 years. It was ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3. The tradition of drama began around the church at festival times. it shows the scenes from the bible for making audience to know or easy to understand. it called the mistery or miracle prays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the bible and the saint’s lives.

  9. Good Afternoon Sir…
    These are my answers
    1.The year 1066 is taken because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest.
    2.Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. This situation of two parallel languages in daily use in the same country lastedfor more than 300 years. The use of two parallel languages in England ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3.Groups of these plays remain from the cities of York , Wakefield, and Chester in particular, and all have local differences in the stories they tell and the way they are told. The original medieval dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of bible. They plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous event of the bible and the saints’ lives.

  10. Dear Sir,
    These are my answers about “Middle English Period” :

    1. The year 1066 is taken as the the beginning of the Middle English Period because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, called The Norman Conquest. it is not only changed the course of English but also significantly influenced the development of English language. the Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain and this arrival introduced England to French (which language derived from Latin), the architecture, progress in painting and music. this gives many impacts such as the parallel use of both English and French. not longer after this, French is used by educated people whereas The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) is used by uneducated people. this situation is become the beginning of the Middle English Period.

    2. The two parallel use of languages in England were English and French. This situation took more than 300 years and ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began around the church at festival times by showing the scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

    Regards
    Yulina

  11. 1. The year 1066 is taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely change the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.

    2. Two languages as a parallel use in England caused by Norman Conquest were English and French and it used for more than 300 years. It ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  12. Dear Mr. Parlin,
    Below are my answers:

    1. Year 1066 is taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest.

    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England, they were English and French and it took place for more than 300 years. It ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of the Bible. They were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

    Regards,
    Vany

  13. 1. The year 1066 is taken because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain. Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. Soon after the conquest, French became the language used by educated people, i.e. in offices, royal courts, and also by poets. The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) was spoken only by uneducated people.

    2. English and French are the two parallel languages used in the England, where this occurs around the 11th century and going for 300 years. It ended in the 14th century because of the Middle English has been accepted as the only language that can be used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period around the church during the festival. They show scenes taken from the Bible to make easy the audience who probably not understand the Latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  14. 1. It is caused by one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. That event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also influenced the development of English language.
    2. English and french. It took place for more than 300 years and ended in the 14th century, because the middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels
    3. The dramas were begun around the church at festival times, and they show scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  15. Neeta Yuliana
    0812150027
    class A

    1. In the year 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. The arrival of the Norman introduced England to French (a language derived from Latin), better architecture, progress in painting and music. Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. Soon after the conquest, French became the language used by educated people, i.e. in offices, royal courts, and also by poets.

    2. The two parallel use of languages in England were English and French. This situation took more than 300 years and ended in the 14th century, because the Middle. English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama in Middle English period began around the church at festival times. They showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  16. MIDDLE ENGLISH
    1. 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English period of English literature history because one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event significantly influenced the development of English language as well as changed the course of English literature. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain. It was led by William, Duke of Normandy, later known as William the Conqueror. After defeating King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Normans took power and William became King of England. However, he never gets successful to bring peace to the country after many centuries of wars and invasions. Norman also introduced England to French, better architecture, progress in painting and music as well. Not long after the conquest, the University of Cambridge and Oxford were established. Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. After that, French was familiar to be used by educated people. But Old English was spoken only by uneducated poeple. This situation of two parallel languages in daily use in the same country lasted for more than 300 years.
    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England. What languages were they? How many years did it take place? Why and when did it end?
    The languages were French and English. It took place more than 300 yeras and ended in the 14th century because the middle English has been accepted as the only language used in all levels. The development of English literature of the middle period reached its highest peak at this time.
    3. The tradition of drama began in the middle English period. Explain where and how drama began, and why they are called mystery or miracle plays.
    Drama began around the church at festival times by showing the scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  17. Sir.. I’m sorry to post it late..

    1. Because the year 1066 is taken as the as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest.

    2. The two parallel languages used in England were English and French. It was started in the beginning of 11th century and ended in around 14th century; so it’s about 300 years. It ended because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began around the church at festival times. it shows the scenes from the bible for making audience to know or easy to understand. it called the mistery or miracle prays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the bible and the saint’s lives.

  18. 1. The year 1066 was taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period because in this year one of the most important events in English history, it called The Norman Conquest. not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain and this arrival introduced England to French (a language derived fromLatin), better architecture, progress in painting and music. Another impact of the conquest isthe parallel use of both English and French. Not longer after this, French is used by educated people whereas The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) is used by uneducated people.

    2. The two parallels language used in England were English and French. It took place for more than 300 years and ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began around the church at festival times, it showed the scenes from the bible to make the audiences know or easy to understand. They are called mystery or miracle plays, because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the bible and the saint’s lives.

  19. 1. The year 1066 was taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period because in this year one of the most important events in English history, it called The Norman Conquest. It was not only changed the course of English but also influenced the development of English language. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain and this arrival introduced England to French, progress in painting, architecture and music. It gave many impacts such as the parallel use of both English and French. After this, French is used by educated people and The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) is used by uneducated people.

    2. The two parallels language used in England were English and French. It ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period around the church at festival times. It showed the scenes from the bible to make the audiences know or easy to understand. They called the mystery or miracle prays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the bible and the saint’s lives.

  20. name: yesi kartika sari
    SRN: 0812150015

    1. The year 1066 is taken because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. . This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. The Norman establishment used French and Latin, leaving English as the language of the illiterate and powerless majority. During this period English adopted thousands of words from Norman French and from Latin, and its grammar changed rather radically. By the end of that time, however, the aristocracy had adopted English as their language and the use and importance of French gradually faded. The period from the Conquest to the reemergence of English as a full-fledged literary language is called Middle English.
    2. The languages are English and French, It took place 300 years It ends in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period.It was set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible.They are called mystery or miracle plays, because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  21. 1.The year 1066 is taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest.
    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England.They were
    English and French.It took place for more than 300 years and ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period.It was set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible.They are called mystery or miracle plays, because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  22. 1. The year 1066 is taken as the the beginning of the Middle English Period because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, called The Norm Conquest. it is not only changed the course of English but also significantly influenced the development of English languange. the Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain and this arrival introduced England to French (which language derived from Latin), the architecture, progress in painting and music. this gives many impacts such as the parallel use of both English and French. not longer after this, French is used by educated people whereas The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) is used by uneducated people. this sitution is become the beginning of the Middle English Period.

    2. The two parallel language used in England were English and French. its take place for more than 300 years. It ended in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama began around the church at festival times. it shows the scenes from the bible for making audience to know or easy to understand. it called the mistery or miracle prays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the bible and the saint’s lives.

  23. 1. In year 1066 taken as the as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history because in this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. It is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain. It was led by William, Duke of Normandy, later known as William the Conqueror. After defeating King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Normans took power and William became King of England. He tried to bring peace to the country after many centuries of wars and invasions but did not always succeed. The arrival of the Norman introduced England to French (a language derived from Latin), better architecture, progress in painting and music. Not long after the conquest, the University of Cambridge and Oxford were established. Another impact of the conquest is the parallel use of both English and French. Soon after the conquest, French became the language used by educated people, i.e. in offices, royal courts, and also by poets. The Anglo-Saxon (Old English) was spoken only by uneducated people. This situation of two parallel languages in daily use in the same country lasted for more than 300 years.
    2. The languages are English and French, It took place 300 years It ends in the 14th century because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels. This situation developed English literature of the middle period to reach its highest peak
    3. It is begun at 1324-138, the original medieval dramas were set in and around the church at festival times, and they showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the Latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  24. 1. Because this year one of the most important events in English history took place, namely The Norman Conquest. . This event is important not only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language. The Norman establishment used French and Latin, leaving English as the language of the illiterate and powerless majority. During this period English adopted thousands of words from Norman French and from Latin, and its grammar changed rather radically. By the end of that time, however, the aristocracy had adopted English as their language and the use and importance of French gradually faded. The period from the Conquest to the reemergence of English as a full-fledged literary language is called Middle English.
    2. The parallel use of two languages in England is French and Anglo-Saxon. More than 300 years. It was ended in the 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.
    3. The original dramas were set in and around the church at festival times. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives. The plays were usually performed on moving carts, by the businessmen of the city and the texts which remain are often called by the name of the group of businessmen which first performed them.

  25. Middle English Period:

    1. At that moment, there was the most important event in English history, named The Norman Conquest. It’s the last successful invasion of Britain done by Normandy. William, the Norman introduced English to French and the fact was that France was more advanced in architecture and arts. French gradually became educated language; yet Anglo-Saxon was spoken by “uneducated” people. Around 1066, when the invasion occurred, the development of English literature had stopped in silence. Probably the limitation of Anglo-Saxon language prevented it from further development. During that time, French literature had just begun and it spread dominantly in Europe in 12th century.

    2. The two parallel languages used in England were English and French. It was started in the beginning of 11th century and ended in around 14th century; so it’s about 300 years. It ended because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

    3. The tradition of drama was begun around the church during festival times. It performed about the Bible as to support people to understand about Bible more. at that time Bible was written in Latin only. The drama itself was called mystery or miracle play because it showed the mysterious or miraculous events of the Bible and the saints’ lives.

  26. After studying the “Middle English Period”, answer of each of the following questions briefly but concisely.Answer each of the following questions briefly but concisely.

    1. Why is year 1066 taken as the beginning of the Middle English Period of English literature history?
    2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England. What languages were they? How many years did it take place? Why and when did it end?
    3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Explain where and how drama began, and why they are called mystery or miracle plays.

    Good Luck!

    1. 1. Why is year 1066 taken as the beginning of the middle English period of English literature history?
      The year 1066 is taken because in this year one of most important events in English history took place, namely the Norman Conquest. The Norman Conquest was the last successful invasion of Britain. It was led by William, Duke of Normandy, later known as William the Conqueror. After defeated King Harold at The Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Normans took power and William became King of England. This event important mot only because it completely changed the course of English literature but also significantly influenced the development of English language.

      2. The Norman Conquest caused a parallel use of two languages in England. What languages were they? How many years did it take place? Why and when did it end?
      The Normans caused the parallel use of both English and French. The situation of two parallel languages in daily use in England lasted for more than 300 years. The use of two parallel languages in England ended in 14th century, because the Middle English had been accepted as the only language used in all levels.

      3. The tradition of drama began in the Middle English Period. Explain where and how drama began, and why they are called mystery or miracle plays?
      The tradition of drama were set in and around the church at festival times, and thet showed scenes from the Bible for an audience who perhaps could not understand the latin of the Bible. The plays were called mystery or miracle plays because they showed the mysterious or miraculous event of the Bible and the Saints’ lives.

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