21 Comments

  1. 1. I agree with Thomas’ quotation because every citizen in this world has rights which are called as human right such as Right to life , Equality, Human dignity, Freedom and security of the person, Freedom from slavery servitude and forced labour, Privacy, Freedom of Religion, belief and opinion, Freedom of expression, Freedom of association, Political rights, Citizenship, Freedom of movement and residence, Labour relations, Housing , Health care, food water and social security, Education, Access to information, Language and Culture include get a protection from crime and hurting each other. Because of he has a freedom expression, assosiation or maybe political rights so every man can express anything to make an improvement and development to their country.

    2. Congress has more power in the US because Congress has the right to reject presidential recommendations. Overall the Constitution is most careful in balancing the powers of the legislative (Congress) and executive (the president) branches. The Constitution separated the Executive and Legislative branches of government and therefore the president has no power over Congress. Congress does not even have to physically respond to any presidential recommendation as they can pretend that it does not exist. Hence the president has to negotiate and bargain because no-one in the presidential staff is a member of the Legislative. Therefore a president has to rely on developing good relations with Congress, good tactics, good powers of persuasion and bargaining in order to win support.

    3. The first two major political parties were the federalists and the democratic-republicans. The federalists were conservative, and could be compared to today’s republicans. The democratic-republicans were liberal, and could be compared to today’s democrats.The ‘face’ of the d/r party was Thomas Jefferson. Another famous d/r was James Madison. The ‘face’ of the federalist party (and the $10 bill, 😀 ) was Alexander Hamilton. Another Federalist was John Adams, our 2nd president. If you would like to learn more about the two parties.

  2. The first question, I do agree with this quote from Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826] that,. “A wise and frugal government which shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement”. Because of a good government should guarantee human rights and obligations. In other words, government should encourage their people to get a better life without hurting each other. They have the same rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. and that, already in the U.S. declaration of independence in 1776.
    Next, for the second question, I think the most power and highest power in the U.S. is the President.It is shown in approving bill. If Congress passes a proposed law (bill) that the President considers unwise, the president can veto it. Thus, the bill is dead unless 2/3 members of the House & Senate vote to enact it despite the President’s veto. Furthermore, the president needs advice and consent of the Senate (one of Congress’ house) before taking certain action on the international front. For example, a treaty with a foreign government signed by the president dies if the Senate refuses to accept it.
    Then, for the last question there are two major political parties in the U.S.: Democrats and Republicans. Republican considered to be more conservative; pro-business that wants government to let private enterprise regulates itself; make citizens less dependent on government. Democrat tends to be more liberal, Democrat believes that government has to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed &elderly.

  3. 1. I agree with Thomas’ quotation because every citizen in this world has rights which are called as human right such as Right to life , Equality, Human dignity, Freedom and security of the person, Freedom from slavery servitude and forced labour, Privacy, Freedom of Religion, belief and opinion, Freedom of expression, Freedom of association, Political rights, Citizenship, Freedom of movement and residence, Labour relations, Housing , Health care, food water and social security, Education, Access to information, Language and Culture include get a protection from crime and hurting each other. Because of he has a freedom expression, assosiation or maybe political rights so every man can express anything to make an improvement and development to their country
    2) The American Congress has more power than any legislature among the world’s modern democracies. The President of the United States is head of the Executive branch of the government. He is a part of the government. Congress is the main Legislative branch, and the courts leading up the the Supreme Court is the Judicial branch. It is a government of checks and balances. In a 2/3 Super-majority of both houses, Congress has more power. That was during that time period in the 1860′s, but otherwise, neither has more power. They either work together, or against each other with no clear control
    3. Republican and Democrat are two major political parties in the US. They have main difference in their beliefs about American business. Republican believes that Government has to give American business more freedom from government taxes, rules, and requirements. In other words, Republican considered to be more conservative; pro-business that wants government to let private enterprise regulates itself; make citizens less dependent on government. Republican tended to see government action as adding to America’s problem. While Democrat tended to see government action as part of the solution to many problems. Democrat tends to be more liberal, Democrat believes that government has to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed &elderly. Another main difference is about military; Republican supports military spending whereas Democrat opposes nuclear weapons & too much military.

  4. 1. Yes, I agree with the quotation “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]). The government should support their people to get a better live without hurting each other, because people are created equal. They have the same right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    2. I think the congress has more power than a president. Why? Because for the first congress has approved all of action that president wants to take. We can see it based on the duty of each parts (president and congress), specially in a certain points, the fact, president formulates national policy but the congress who has a right to put treaties into effect. The other one, the president proposes legislation to congress but the congress that has a right to make the federal law.

    3. There are two major political parties in the U.S.: Democrats and Republicans. Republican considered to be more conservative; pro-business that wants government to let private enterprise regulates itself; make citizens less dependent on government. Democrat tends to be more liberal, Democrat believes that government has to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed &elderly.

  5. The first question, I do agree with this quote from Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826] that,. “A wise and frugal government which shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement”. Because of a good government should guarantee human rights and obligations. In other words, government should encourage their people to get a better life without hurting each other. They have the same rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. and that, already in the U.S. declaration of independence in 1776.
    Next, for the second question, I think the most power and highest power in the U.S. is the President. Because, the president has the power to make treaties with other countries, and his job was to propose legislation to Congress, approved a deal that is set by congress While Congress has the primary task such as creating a federal law, to collect federal taxes, to declare war and to put the agreement must apply and be approved by the president. Therefore, the president of a powerful force in a Contracting State and has significant responsibility to the people.
    Then, for the last question, there are two main political parties in the U.S. are Republican and Democrat. Considered to be more conservative Republican and pro-business (like the government to allow private companies to set their own), so it does not make people dependent on the government. In fact, they give more freedom in doing business in the U.S.. On the other hand, tends to be more liberal Democrats, want the government to regulate business and plays an important role in addressing community problems. Such as: providing social programs for the poor, against nuclear weapons and military spending too much, raise taxes to hire more civil servants, schools, and free, fully support the poor and unemployed.

  6. 1. I agree with this statement because prosperity and welfare a country depends on the system of government. If the system of government is wise and frugal it can make society’s live become prosperous. Expenditure of country will be regulated with wise and frugal so that the needs of societies economic will be a top priority.
    2.I think President and Congress have almost the same power in United States. Because president and congress are all chosen in separate elections. For example, the election of the Congress does not determine who will be elected president, and the presidential election does not determine who will be elected to either house of Congress.
    3. Two major political parties in the US are Republican and Democrat.Democrats are generally more liberal. They believe in a larger federal government, and often implement tax plans to try to help the less privileged. They tend to believe the government must look for the greater good above the individual person in terms of welfare and do what is necessary to make the populace more “equal”. They assert that the values our country holds must evolve over time, and, therefore, tend to support such controversial choices as Pro Choice and gay marriage.

    Republicans are generally more conservative. They believe that the answers do not lay with the government generally, but rather with the people. They want less government interference and tend to believe more strongly in property rights and less strongly in well-fare rights, holding economic equity above equality. Many republicans are religious and tend to hold to the morals characterizing the Founding Fathers, which results in general disapproval of abortions and, for some, gay marriage.

  7. 1. I agree with quotation A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]) because a good government must be able to protect and safeguard all citizens who need protection from the government regardless of economic status, race, religion. because every citizen in the world have human rights or the right to life.
    2. The power of the President is to protect the Constitution and enforce the laws issued by the congress has the power to regulate national problems and keeping the federal government.
    Congress reflects the diversity of the electorate and the freedom that comes from a loyal voters. Therefore, Congress is an institution that is not equal hierarchy. Congress could give the president greater power, which is to regulate the national economy and protect the security of the United States.
    3. Republican gives American businesses more freedom from government taxation, regulation. Republic is considered more conservative, pro-business government wants to let private companies regulate themselves, making people less dependent on the government. Republic tend to see government action that add to the problem the United States. In the United States alone, the party was known as the party of the more “liberal”, although it refers to the meaning of liberalism in the United States.
    Democrat Tends to be more liberal; wants government to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed & elderly; opposes nuclear weapons & too much military spending.

  8. 1.Yes. I agree to the quotation: “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]) because Thomas Jefferson wrote that the power of the government is derived from the governed. Up until that time, it was claimed that kings ruled nations by the authority of God. The Declaration was a radical departure from the idea of divine authority.

    2.I think President and Congress have almost the same power in United States. Because president and congress are all chosen in separate elections. For example, the election of the Congress does not determine who will be elected president, and the presidential election does not determinewho will be elected to either house of Congress.

    3.The two major political parties in the United States are Republican and Democrat. The main difference in their belief :
    A. Republicans believe that each person is responsible for his or her own place in society. Government should enable each person the ability to secure the benefits of society for themselves, their families and for those who are unable to care for themselves.
    The Republican philosophy is based on limiting the intervention of government as a catalyst of individual prosperity. Government should only intervene in specific cases where society cannot effectively act at the individual level. With the core belief that individual destiny should be in the individual’s hands, governmental power and resources should be kept close to the people, through their state and community leaders, and not centralized in distant federal government agencies.

    B. Democrats believe it is the responsibility of government to care for all individuals, even if it means giving up some individual rights and/or subordinating enterprise and initiative. Democrat Party administrations have pushed for the centralization of power in Washington D.C., with only secondary consideration for the rights of both individuals and communities. Democrats have favored federal-level interventions that replace community-based solutions to community problems. These tactics have created several federal regulations and controls that are often in the hands of unelected bureaucrats, causing a severe erosion of local authority.

  9. 1. My best answers, Yes, I do agree with the statement of Thomas Jefferson that said “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. because it a good government will protect all its citizens irrespective of economic status, race, religion, etc.. every citizen have the same right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
    2. Congress has more power than a President. If Congress passes a proposed law (bill) that the President considers unwise, the president can veto it. Thus, the bill is dead unless 2/3 members of the House & Senate vote to enact it despite the President’s veto. Furthermore, the president needs advice and consent of the Senate (one of Congress’ house) before taking certain action on the international front. For example, a treaty with a foreign government signed by the president dies if the Senate refuses to accept it.
    3. Two major political parties in the US are Republican and Democrat. Both of them have different belief, especially in the three aspect, that is business, social life and military. In the aspect of business, Republican considers to be more conservative. Different with Republican, the Democrat tends to be more liberal. It wants the government to regulate the business so the government can control the growing of national economy. The second one, in social life, the Republican wants to make the citizens to be less dependent on government, that’s why it free the private to enterprise and regulates itself in order to make the citizens can survive by themselves. On the other hand, the Democrat wants to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed & elderly. Those are the reason why it wants to guide or regulate the business. In the last,the military. The Republican does support the military spending. It opposes nuclear weapons & too much military spending. It more concentrate to the citizens’ need.

  10. 1. According to me, I agree with this statement. My reason is that prosperity and welfare a country depends on the system of government. If the system of government is wise and frugal it can make society’s live become prosperous. Expenditure of country will be regulated with wise and frugal so that the needs of societies economic will be a top priority.
    2. Congress has more power than President. The U.S. Constitution empowers the president to wage wars as commander in chief while Congress has the power to declare wars and fund them. Congress can stop the president only by passing a law that commands him to do so.
    3. Two major political parties in the US are Democratic Party and Republican Party. They have some difference in their belief. Democratic Party is the oldest political party in the world. The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States along with the Republican Party. Since the 1930s, the party has promoted a social liberal and progressive platform, and its Congressional caucus is composed of progressives, liberals, centrists, and libertarians. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous operation in the United States and is among the oldest political parties in the world. Whereas, The Republican Party (also called the GOP, for “Grand Old Party”) is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery activists in 1854, it dominated politics nationally for most of the period from 1860 to 1932. Eighteen presidents have been Republicans. American conservatism of the Republican Party is not wholly based upon rejection of the political ideology of liberalism, as many principles of American conservatism are based upon classical liberalism. Rather, the Republican Party’s conservatism is largely based upon its support of classical principles against the modern liberalism of the Democratic Party that is considered American liberalism in contemporary American political discourse.

  11. 1.Yes. I agree to the quotation: “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]) because based on deceleration of independence (1776) that all man are created equal and have right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

    2.Congress and president are the most powerful of branches of the government.It’s has same powerful. In almost every important area of governmental activity, such as the power to make laws, to declare war, or to conclude treaties with foreign countries, the Constitution gives each of these two branches enough power to prevent the other from acting on its own.

    3.Two major political parties in the US are Republicans and Democrat. The main difference in their beliefs namely Republicans favor less government in their lives. They want the public to be able to use their money as they see fit and don’t see a benefit in social programs funded by the government. Lately there has also been a moral aspect to their views. Republicans as a whole generally favor the Pro-life movement and Faith-based initiatives (though these ideas can be somewhat hit and miss with some republicans).

    Democrats favor more government in their lives, and a more efficient government. What I mean by that is that they usually will prefer a small tax increase, seeing the greater benefit of being able to build new roads, new schools, offer programs that benefit society, etc. Usually they are less in favor of the moral initiatives such as on issues of abortion and faith-based initiatives (clear separation of church and state). You will find most democrats are against the death penalty but this is also hit or miss.

  12. 1) I do agree with the Jefferson quotation. A wise government asked the citizen to do not injuring one another. The government will protect the citizen and give them the best situation in their country.

    2) The American Congress has more power than any legislature among the world’s modern democracies. The President of the United States is head of the Executive branch of the government. He is a part of the government. Congress is the main Legislative branch, and the courts leading up the the Supreme Court is the Judicial branch. It is a government of checks and balances. In a 2/3 Super-majority of both houses, Congress has more power. That was during that time period in the 1860’s, but otherwise, neither has more power. They either work together, or against each other with no clear control

    3) The two majors political parties are the Republicans and the Democrats. For the Republicans, the process tends to be controlled by conservatives on the right. For the Democrats, the nominating process tends to be controlled by liberals on the left
    The basic difference is that Republicans follow a conservative philosophy and Democrats follow a liberal philosophy.

  13. 1. I do agree to the quotation: “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]) because a good government will protect all its citizens irrespective of economic status, race, religion, etc.. every citizen have the same right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    2.i think congress has more power than president. president needs congressional approval to make the bill. here are four possibility:
    – the president agrees with the bill, signs it, and it becomes law
    – the president disagrees with the bill, vetoes it, and sends it back to the congress with his reason for refusing to sign in. if two-thirds of both the house and the senate vote t override the president’s veto, the bill becomes law.
    – the president may take no action and after ten days ( not counting sundays ), the bill becomes law without his signature.
    – if the congress adjourns before the ten-day period is over, and the president has neither signed nor vetoed the bill, it is defeated. this is called a pocket veto. presidents sometime do this with bills they do not like but do not want to go on record as having vetoed

    3. The two major political parties in the US are Republican and Democrat. the republican party pro-business idea. republicans argued was to reduce the number of things government does and to give america business more freedom from government taxes, rules, and requirement. in other hand democrat tends to be more liberal. they raise taxes to hire more civil servants, free schools, an fully supported the poor and unemployed.

  14. 1. Yes, I do agree with the statement of Thomas Jefferson that said “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. It means that a good government should ensure that all of citizen has the same right in living, it include the things of security, wealthy, healthy, and many more because we know that every human were created equal and have the same right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    2. I think the congress has more power than a president. It is true because all of action that president wants to take has to be approved by the congress first. We can see it based on the duty of each parts (president and congress), specially in a certain points, the first, president formulates national policy but the congress who has a right to put treaties into effect. The second one, the president proposes legislation to congress but the congress who has a right to make the federal law. It is also seen in the realization at the three points to check and balance the work of them in practice, those are :

    If Congress passes a proposed law (bill) that the President considers unwise, he can veto it. Thus, the bill is dead unless 2/3 members of the House & Senate vote to enact it despite the President’s veto.

    If Congress passes, and the President signs, a law that is challenged in the Federal Courts as contrary to the Constitution, the courts can nullify that law.
    The President has the power to make treaties with other nations and to make appointments to federal positions, including judgeships. The senate, however, must approve all treaties and confirm the appointments before they can go into effect.

    3. The two major political parties are Republican which was established by Lincoln in 1854 and Democrat which was Evolved from the party Jefferson formed in 1828. Both of them have different belief, especially in the three aspect, business, social life and military.

    In the aspect of business, Republican considers to be more conservative, it has pro- business where the government let the private enterprise regulates it self. Different with Republican, the Democrat tends to be more liberal. It wants the government to regulate the business so the government can control the growing of national economy.

    The second one, in social life, the Republican wants to make the citizens to be less dependent on government, that’s why it free the private to enterprise and regulates itself in order to make the citizens can survive by themselves. On the other hand, the Democrat wants to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed & elderly. Those are the reason why it wants to guide or regulate the business.

    The last, in the military. The Republican does support the military spending but the Democrat doe not do the same. It opposes nuclear weapons & too much military spending. It more concentrate to the citizens’ need.

  15. 1. I agree with Thomas’ quotation because every citizen in this world has rights which are called as human right such as Right to life , Equality, Human dignity, Freedom and security of the person, Freedom from slavery servitude and forced labour, Privacy, Freedom of Religion, belief and opinion, Freedom of expression, Freedom of association, Political rights, Citizenship, Freedom of movement and residence, Labour relations, Housing , Health care, food water and social security, Education, Access to information, Language and Culture include get a protection from crime and hurting each other. Because of he has a freedom expression, assosiation or maybe political rights so every man can express anything to make an improvement and development to their country

    2) President and Congress have equal power. This is called checks and balances. The legislature can make a law and vote on it. If it passes the senate and House of Representatives (usually referred to as “congress”) it goes tk the president and he can veto it or sign it into a law. If he vetoes it, then Congress has to vote and get a 2/3 yes vote. If a law is passed, the Judicial branch can declare it unconstitutional and say that it doesn’t have to be followed by the people. No one branch has more power.

    3) The first two major political parties were the federalists and the democratic-republicans. The federalists were conservative, and could be compared to today’s republicans. The democratic-republicans were liberal, and could be compared to today’s democrats.The ‘face’ of the d/r party was Thomas Jefferson. Another famous d/r was James Madison. The ‘face’ of the federalist party (and the $10 bill, :D) was Alexander Hamilton. Another Federalist was John Adams, our 2nd president. If you would like to learn more about the two parties.

  16. 1. I agree with Thomas’ quotation because every citizen in this world has rights which are called as human right such as Right to life , Equality, Human dignity, Freedom and security of the person, Freedom from slavery servitude and forced labour, Privacy, Freedom of Religion, belief and opinion, Freedom of expression, Freedom of association, Political rights, Citizenship, Freedom of movement and residence, Labour relations, Housing , Health care, food water and social security, Education, Access to information, Language and Culture include get a protection from crime and hurting each other. Because of he has a freedom expression, assosiation or maybe political rights so every man can express anything to make an improvement and development to their country

    2. I think the president has slowly gained more power over the past 200 years.
    Timeline:
    1- Constitution gives Congress most power.
    2- George Washington > Does whatever Congress Wants.
    3- Andrew Jackson > Decides that if each member of congress represents a group of Americans, the president represents ALL of the people of America.
    4- Abraham Lincoln > Creates Executive Orders > Orders Emancipation of Slaves in Border States.
    5- Theodore Roosevelt > Begins forcing regulations on working conditions > Threatens to send Troops to take over company’s mine if working conditions & strike are not resolved.
    6- Herbert Hoover creates the FBI, a federal police force.
    7- Franklin Roosevelt > Elected along with many Democratic Congress members; Congress on his side & essentially lets him & rest of the executive branch write legislature & send it to congress for approval, essentially switching powers of the branches > Executive Branch = Legislative Power > Congress = Veto Power.
    7- FDR Passes The New Deal > Creating social security, etc.
    8- FDR wins the presidency FOUR times, winning WWII & bringing us out of the Great Depression. He then sets a 2 consecutive term limit on the presidency.
    9- Ability to use Nukes is given solely to president as commander in chief. Senate has no part in this decision, & president can do whatever he wants with the Nukes.
    10- The CIA is created to combat the KGB, the Soviet Union’s Secret Police.
    10- The Supreme Commander of the US Military in WWII, Commander Eisenhower, becomes president & continues New Deal.
    11- The Supreme Court rules it unconstitutional for one branch of government to take powers of another, making the Congressional Veto unconstitutional, allowing continuation of the Executive Legislature since the FDR’s Congress essentially GAVE AWAY that power.
    12- The presidents still go to congress for “congressional veto” to maintain a good public opinion.
    13- The War Powers Act is passed; President essentially has power to have military do whatever he wants, as long as he reports it to congress within 2 days. If in 60 days he does not win congressional approval, he has 30 more days to end the campaign. Essentially president can fight 90 day wars without Senate declaring war.
    14- All executive agencies, including the FDA, FEMA, EPA, NASA, Homeland Security (FBI, CIA, NSA, Coast Guard, etc.), are controlled by the executives.
    15- Starting in the year 2000, and escalating from 2008-2011, the president, as Commander in Chief of the military, begins ordering military officers & military police to help alleviate domestic police forces’ fatigue. The military police begin patrolling streets & helping out at sports events & festivals.
    16- George W Bush begins using “signing statements,” which are written statements the president writes on a bill before signing it > essentially letting him add whatever he wants & then sign it (he has legislative power).
    17- Bush creates Gitmo & uses waterboarding.
    18- The PATRIOT Act is “passed” by congress & essentially allows the executive branch (homeland security) to spy on you.
    19- McCain and Obama denounce signing statements.
    20- Obama elected > begins using signing statements.
    21- Executive branch becomes a Corporation with executive positions & about 2 million employees; buys stocks & bails-out Citi Group, Ford, GM, & Chrysler.
    22- The 2012 NDAA (National Defense Authorization Act) is “passed” by congress, further adding on to the PATRIOT Act. UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles), namely the predator & reaper, are now able to fly over US domestic territory to spy on citizens. Individuals & groups of people are now able to be labeled as terrorists for doing anything the executive branch disapproves of, & the use of military police domestically is officially approved.
    23- FEMA, an executive agency, then begins creating detention facilities for these “terrorists.”
    24- …to be continued….
    In summary: The Executive of the United States has ultimate control over the legislature & the military. He can write & put into effect laws and policies, he can assign military police to patrol the country & detain opponents of the state, he can go to war whenever & with whomever he wants, & he can take over corporations. He has about 2 million (not including the military) loyal executive employees under his wing from all executive agencies, executive secretaries, the attorney general, & intelligence & federal police agencies. He is essentially a King with secret police & a non-elected assembly of loyal followers to carry out his wishes, including the entirety of the US Military.
    Note: The states have control over the “militias,” however the militias have become part of the National Guard, which is simply part of the US Military, ultimately controlled by the president as commander in chief.
    Who has more power, the president of the US or the [rest of the elected] government?
    The King holds the power in the US.

    3. The historical development and role of political parties in United States politics, and outlines more extensively the significant modern political parties. Throughout most of its history, American politics have been dominated by a two-party system. However, the United States Constitution has always been silent on the issue of political parties; at the time it was signed in 1787, there were no parties in the nation. Indeed, no nation in the world had voter-based political parties. The need to win popular support in a republic led to the American invention of political parties in the 1790s. Americans were especially innovative in devising new campaign techniques that linked public opinion with public policy through the party.
    Political scientists and historians have divided the development of America’s two-party system into five eras. The modern two-party system consists of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. In general, since the 1930s the Democratic Party positions itself left-of-center in American politics while the Republican Party positions itself as right-of-center. Several third parties also operate in the United States (U.S.), and from time to time elect someone to local office. The third-largest political party since the 1980s is the centrist Libertarian Party.

  17. 1. I agree with quotation by Thomas Jefferson, because a good government should only stop men from hurting each other and let the citizens to develope and improve their economic life by themselves.
    2. I think both president and congress almost have the same power in US. Because every division of governmental power is based on the belief that if any one part or branch of government has all, or even most of the power, it will become a threat to the freedom of individual citiziens.
    3. The two major political parties in The US are Democratic
    Party and Republican
    Party.
    The differences are:
    a) Philosophy
    Democrat is Liberal but Republican is Conservative.
    b) Economic Ideas:
    Democrat –> Favor minimum wages and progressive taxation i.e higher tax rates for higher income brackets.
    Republican –> Believe taxes shouldn’t be increased for anyone (including the wealthy) and that wages should be set by the free market.
    c) The republicans continued to stress anti government and pro ideas much as they had before the Great Depression. While Democrats tended to see government action as part of the solution to many problems, Republicans tended to see government action as adding to American’s problems.
    d) Chairperson
    Democrat: Debbie Wasserman Schultz
    Republican: Reince Priebus
    e) Famous Presidents
    Democrat: Franklin
    Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton, Woodrow
    Wilson, Jimmy
    Carter
    Republican: Teddy
    Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Abraham
    Lincoln

  18. 1. A good government must guarantee the human right. The principle is of, for, and by the people. The government should support their people to get a better live without hurting each other, because people are created equal. They have the same right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    2. Congress has more power than the president. It is shown in approving bill. If Congress passes a proposed law (bill) that the President considers unwise, the president can veto it. Thus, the bill is dead unless 2/3 members of the House & Senate vote to enact it despite the President’s veto. Furthermore, the president needs advice and consent of the Senate (one of Congress’ house) before taking certain action on the international front. For example, a treaty with a foreign government signed by the president dies if the Senate refuses to accept it.

    3. There are two major political parties in the U.S.: Democrats and Republicans. They have different belief. Democrats believe that government should play a major role in solving society’s problems, while Republicans believe that business and free market can solve society’s problems.

  19. 1. “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826])

    I agree with this quotation, a good government should only stop men from hurting each other; Also the government has to give freedom to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements. However the regulation that is made should be based on Constitution.

    2. I think Congress has more power in the US because Congress has the right to reject presidential recommendations. Overall the Constitution is most careful in balancing the powers of the legislative (Congress) and executive (the president) branches. The Constitution separated the Executive and Legislative branches of government and therefore the president has no power over Congress. Congress does not even have to physically respond to any presidential recommendation as they can pretend that it does not exist. Hence the president has to negotiate and bargain because no-one in the presidential staff is a member of the Legislative. Therefore a president has to rely on developing good relations with Congress, good tactics, good powers of persuasion and bargaining in order to win support.

    3. Republican and Democrat are two major political parties in the US. They have main difference in their beliefs about American business. Republican believes that Government has to give American business more freedom from government taxes, rules, and requirements. In other words, Republican considered to be more conservative; pro-business that wants government to let private enterprise regulates itself; make citizens less dependent on government. Republican tended to see government action as adding to America’s problem. While Democrat tended to see government action as part of the solution to many problems. Democrat tends to be more liberal, Democrat believes that government has to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed &elderly. Another main difference is about military; Republican supports military spending whereas Democrat opposes nuclear weapons & too much military.

  20. 1.Yes. I do agree to the quotation: “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826]) because based on deceleration of independence (1776) that all man are created equal and have right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

    2.The President has the power to make treaties with other nations and to make appointments to federal positions, including judgeship. The senate, however, must approve all treaties and confirm the appointments before they can go into effect. The President has some duties such as formulate national policy, propose legislation to congress, chief command of armed forces, lead federal agencies & department and appoint federal judges when vacancies occur. However, Congress has main duties such as to make federal laws, to levy federal taxes, to declare a war and to put treaties into effect.

    3.The two major political parties in the US are Republican and Democrat. Republican was established by Lincoln in 1854. Considered to be more conservative; pro-business (wants government to let private enterprise regulates itself); make citizens less dependent on government; supports military spending. On the other hand, Democrat evolved from the party Jefferson formed in 1828. Tends to be more liberal; wants government to regulate business, to do more for all classes and kinds of American, like providing social program for the poor, unemployed & elderly; opposes nuclear weapons & too much military spending.

  21. Dear all attendees of CCU Class,
    To see your understanding on the topic entitled “Government and Politics in the US”, write your answer to each of the following questions below this reply.
    1. Do you agree with the following quotation? “A wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements”. (Thomas Jefferson [1743-1826])
    2. Who has more power in the US, the president or Congress? Why do you think so?
    3. What are the two major political parties in the US? What is the main difference in their beliefs?

    [Edit Comment]

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