Guiding Questions to Study Orwell’s “Animal Farm”


Related articles you might be interested in: (1) There’s no equality without educational equity: A lesson from “Animal Farm” (2) Without Civilization, Humans Turn to Savagery: The Main Idea of Golding’s “Lord of the Flies”

After reading and summarizing Animal Farm, answer the following questions briefly but concisely. Number 1 is done as an example.

  1. What is significant about how the animals arrange themselves as they gather to hear Major? What might this arrangement foreshadow (about future events)? Answer: The pigs and dogs sit in the front row. The other animals arrange themselves behind the pigs and dogs. In the future the pigs will be in charge, and the dogs will guard the pigs.
  2. Examine the song “Beasts of England” as poetry. What imagery is present? What is the message? Why do the animals like it so much that they try to memorize it? To what emotions and needs does it appeal? Compare this song with the one that replaces it (Chapter VII).
  3. Why do the pigs dislike the pet raven Moses’ stories about Sugarcandy Mountain? (Chapter II, p. 14)
  4. Why does Mollie run away from the farm? (Chapter V, p. 40)
  5. In the beginning the windmill project is a controversy between Snowball and Napoleon. Explain the controversy and how Napoleon finally ‘coerces’ other animals the windmill project is essentially his own idea. (Chapter V, p. 42-49)
  6. How is the windmill destroyed? Why does Napoleon blame Snowball? Why does Napoleon persist the windmill must be immediately rebuilt? (Chapter VI, p. 61-62)
  7. Different from the Battle of the Cowshed, in which the animals can defend the farm very well, why are they easily defeated in the battle against Frederick’s men the animals? (Chapter VIII, pp. 88-89)
  8. All seven commandments are erased and replaced by “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.” Why? (pp. 20-21 vs. 117)
  9. Why does Napoleon allow Moses to return and to tell his stories about Sugarcandy Mountain? (Chapter IX, pp. 101-102)
  10. In this novel Orwell extensively uses allusions/symbols in the form of character names to support theme or characterization. Look at the names of the characters. How do the names fit the characters? For examples: Mr. Jones could represent any man. Jones is a common a name as Bob. If he were named Mr. McBride, it would individualize him too much. All we know about Jones is that he drinks too much and sometimes is cruel to his animals. Now consider give your interpretation to the following names.
  • Snowball is naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. How does this feature fit his character?
  • Napoleon?
  • Squealer (lexically means ‘to give forth a loud shrill cry or sound’; ‘one who reveals confidential information in return for money’)?
  • Moses, the crow, …. ?
  • Boxer …..?

29 Comments

  1. Morning Sir, merry Christmas and happy new year. May blessings and peace of heart
    be your rich gift from God. Sorry for delay and those are 2 answer missing from me. hope it will be ok to sent when I get the idea for those sir. I am very apologize not doing all of questions.

    2. Imagery
    • visual imagery – “golden future” “bright”
    • olfactory imagery – “Sweeter yet shall blow its breezes”
    • tactile imagery – “trod by beast alone”
    they like the song because it expresses profound patriotism and glorifies Animal Farm, but it does not inspire the animals as “Beasts of England” once did.

    3. because the raven, who flies about spreading tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, where animals go when they die—a place of great pleasure and plenty, where sugar grows on the hedges.
    4. because she becomes an increasing burden on Animal Farm: she arrives late for work, accepts treats from men associated with nearby farms, and generally behaves contrary to the tenets of Animalism. Eventually she disappears, lured away by a fat, red-faced man who stroked her coat and fed her sugar; now she pulls his carriage
    5. Snowball proves a better speaker and debater, but Napoleon can better canvass for support in between meetings. Snowball brims with ideas for improving the farm: he studies Mr. Jones’s books and eventually concocts a scheme to build a windmill, with which the animals could generate electricity and automate many farming tasks, bringing new comforts to the animals’ lives.
    When Snowball has finally completed his plans, all assemble for a great meeting to decide whether to undertake the windmill project. Snowball gives a passionate speech, to which Napoleon responds with a pathetically unaffecting and brief retort. Snowball speaks further, inspiring the animals with his descriptions of the wonders of electricity. Just as the animals prepare to vote, however, Napoleon gives a strange whimper, and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars charge into the barn, attack Snowball, and chase him off the farm. They return to Napoleon’s side, and, with the dogs growling menacingly, Napoleon announces that from now on meetings will be held only for ceremonial purposes. He states that all important decisions will fall to the pigs alone.
    Squealer explains to them that Napoleon is making a great sacrifice in taking the leadership responsibilities upon himself and that, as the cleverest animal, he serves the best interest of all by making the decisions. These statements placate the animals, though they still question the expulsion of Snowball. Squealer explains that Snowball was a traitor and a criminal. Eventually, the animals come to accept this version of events, and Boxer adds greatly to Napoleon’s prestige by adopting the maxims “I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right.” These two maxims soon reinforce each other when, three weeks after the banishment of Snowball, the animals learn that Napoleon supports the windmill project. Squealer explains that their leader never really opposed the proposal; he simply used his apparent opposition as a maneuver to oust the wicked Snowball. These tactics, he claims, served to advance the collective best interest
    6. the widmill is destroyed by snowball, and napoleon blames snowball because snowball will do anything to destroy animal farm. Napoleon convince the animal to rebuilt the windmill again because it is important for the community.
    7. because to driven Mr. Frederick away from the farm, they have to pay with a heavy cost. several of the animals are killed, and Boxer sustains a serious injury. The animals are disheartened, but a patriotic flag-raising ceremony cheers them up and restores their faith somewhat.
    8.
    9. Because the battle took place so long ago, and seems so distant, that the animals placidly accept this new story. Around the same time, Moses the raven returns to the farm and once again begins spreading his stories about Sugarcandy Mountain. Though the pigs officially denounce these stories, as they did at the outset of their administration, they nonetheless allow Moses to live on the farm without requiring him to work
    10.

  2. Good Day Mr. Parlin and Happy New Year.
    OK. these are my answers related to those question about Animal Farm story
    2) The imagery is present through this song is describing a vivid picture of the day when animals are at last free of man and all the symbols of slavery such as whips and spurs are gone. It appeals to their dreams of a more prosperous future, an abundance of food and the absence of cruelty, and the need for hope to keep an individual from giving up.

    The Animal like to memorize the song because of it inspires and gives them strength to rise up against the humans who despise with all their heart because of the torture that the humans have put them through.

    The song appealed to almost all of the senses and used a lot of metaphorical language. The message in this song is that soon people will no longer rule cruelly over animals and animals will be free and have liberty to do good things, rather than what the humans have been doing..

    3) The animals do not like Moses’ stories about Sugar-candy Mountain because it makes them believe in something other than the revolution and that no matter what they do they will have a perfect resting place meaning they do not have to improve their current life. Moses signifies a preacher and Sugar-candy Mountain is Heaven.

    4) Mollie runs away from the farm because she represents the upper class. She does not like the hard work of the working class, so she runs away to the next farm, where she gets to be treated like the times before the rebellion. She liked the way it was back in the day when Mr. Jones was around, but the animals do not want anything to do with humans. Mollie loved being treated under humans without the work. That is why Mollie ran away.
    5) Snowball and Napoleon have differing points of view about the running of Animal Farm because they have different goals in mind. Snowball is committed to the philosophy of Animalism. Orwell was thinking of an historical figure like Leon Trotsky when he created him as a character. Napoleon is seeking personal power for selfish reasons. Snowball’s belief is that the windmill would make the lives of the animals better through the generation of electricity. Napoleon doesn’t have any particularly strong reason for opposing the windmill, except that he doesn’t want Snowball to gain power by proposing it and gaining the animals’ support. So, to prevent being eclipsed by Snowball, he has the dogs run him off.
    Napoleon realizes that there would be benefits in having windmill, claims that the idea was his all along. The windmill takes years to complete, and never does help make life more comfortable for the animals, although it does serve to enrich Napoleon and the other pigs. Napoleon uses Squealer to explains to the animal that he is making a great sacrifice in taking the leadership responsibilities upon himself and that, as the cleverest animal, he serves the best interest of all by making the decisions. These statements placate the animals, though they still question the expulsion of Snowball. Squealer explains that Snowball was a traitor and a criminal. Eventually, the animals come to accept this version of events, and Boxer adds greatly to Napoleon’s prestige by adopting the maxims “I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right.” These two maxims soon reinforce each other when, three weeks after the banishment of Snowball, the animals learn that Napoleon supports the windmill project. Squealer explains that their leader never really opposed the proposal; he simply used his apparent opposition as a maneuver to oust the wicked Snowball. These tactics, he claims, served to advance the collective best interest. Squealer’s words prove so appealing, and the growls of his three-dog entourage so threatening, that the animals accept his explanation without question.
    6) The Windmill was destroyed by a violent strong winds
    Napoleon blames Snowball for the destruction of the windmill to take the blame away from himself. Since it blew down during a storm, the walls obviously weren’t thick enough, which was Napoleon’s fault. This would contradict with the slogan ‘Napoleon is always right’, and he couldn’t have that. Besides that Napoleon used the destruction of the windmill to his advantage, accusing Snowball of sabotaging the windmill, thus causing it to collapse, blaming all the bad things that had happened to the farm squarely on Snowball’s shoulders. Those who were at first fiercely loyal to Snowball had to back down, in fear of further backlash. Also, the animals had to work even longer hours carrying rocks up the quarry to rebuild the damaged windmill, so they had lesser time to rest.
    Napoleon insists the windmill must be immediately rebuilt because he wants to prove that he is a better person and the the farm is still succeeding because of him.
    7) Because Frederick pretends to build an alliance with the animals and then betrays them, besides that Fredrick’s men also had guns this time and were able to kill more than the last time.
    8) (7 commandments) they are like:

    1. Whatever goes upon 2 legs is an enemy.
    – The pigs start dealing with humans and end up walking on 2 legs.

    2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
    – The pigs end up thinking any animal who walks on four legs or has wings in inferior.

    3. No animal shall wear clothes.
    – The pigs all end up wearing clothes.

    4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
    – Squealer changes this to ‘No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets’ because they decided to sleep on the humans beds.

    5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
    – Squealer changes this to ‘No animal shall drink alcohol to excess’ and end up getting drunk often.

    6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
    – Squealer changes this to ‘No animal shall kill any other animal without cause’. Napoleon sentences anyone who was thought to be plotting against him (though he has no evidence) to death. Boxer is sent off to be killed and turned into glue when he breaks a leg.

    7. All animals are equal.
    – Squealer changes this to ‘All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others’. It is very obvious that the pigs come out on top and order everyone around. and then towards the end of the story napoleon changed the 7 commandments to 1. All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others “All men are enemies. All animals are comrades.” Ch 1
    9) Napoleon allows Moses to return in Chapter IX “after an absence of several years” because his stories of Sugar Cane Mountain take the other animals’ minds off the laborious conditions in which they now live. Believing in some place that is miraculous and wonderful (Sugar Cane Mountain in this instance actually represents “Heaven”)–even though the pigs repeatedly and contemptuously deny its existence–gives the animals the hope and the wherewithal to keep going in this life.
    Moses–note the name–is the character who represents in the novel organized religion. He is upbeat, speaks of the “promised land” and is the only character in the novel who is allowed to eat without working. Napoleon probably considers it Moses’ job to keep the other animals working on the farm through his preaching of a better place.
    10) Napoleon – Napoleon represented Stalin. Stalin was similar to Napoleon Bonaparte of France. Napoleon Bonaparte was seen as a hero of the revolution and soon became in power in France during the French Revolution. Napoleon was a dictator, but like Stalin was well welcomed by the citizens.

    Snowball – Napoleon was a pig that is dark in color. Snowball (note: snow) but mean that Snowball was somewhat light in color. In symbolism, light usually represents “good” while dark (Napoleon) represents “evil”.

    Boxer – able to endure hardship and pain, like a boxer. Not a quitter.

    Squealer – squeal is a sound that is used to represent the communication of pigs. In other words, Squealer represented the pigs in communication (propaganda).
    Moses – Moses is perhaps Orwell’s most intriguing character in Animal Farm. This raven, first described as the “especial pet” of Mr. Jones, is the only animal who doesn’t work. He’s also the only character who doesn’t listen to Old Major’s speech of rebellion. Moses represents Orwell’s view of the Church. To Orwell, the Church is just used as a tool by dictatorships to keep the working class of people hopeful and productive. Orwell uses Moses to criticize Marx’s belief that the Church will just go away after the rebellion.

  3. 2. The presented imagery is about slavery. The message of the song “Beast of England” is about the awake of animals from humans’ slavery. The slavery they meant is like putting rings around the noses, harness on their back, whipping them. They demand what they produced and harvest supposed to be theirs. The animals determined to struggle until they get the freedom. They try to memorize it because that’s what they feel at that time and it can motivate them to struggle for freedom. The animals feel devastated to the slavery and hopeful of freedom at the same time.
    On Chapter VII, “Beast of England” is banded through a decree. The animals can’t sing that song anymore because they are not in The Rebellion time. Their struggle is accomplished and the enemies and traitors are abolished. So, the song has been changed from “The Beast of England” to “Animal Farm” to show that they won’t harm anyone who comes to the farm and the animals in that farm have certain position in society because they are prosperous now.

    3. The pigs dislike the story of Moses the raven because Moses is considered as a spy, talk-bearer and sweet talk. The story about Sugarcandy Mountain can attract animals’ curiosity about another place where is more beautiful and promising. It seems animals will have choices later on.

    4. Mollie is actually a soft-hearted animal. She most of the time wants the other’s sympathy. That’s why she comes late to work, told what’s happening to her health. On the other hand, the others said she was just lazy. All what she said was just excuses to not do the work. In that situation, Mollie of course tried to get attention from the others. Unfortunately, Mr. Pilkington’s men stroke her nose and gave her sugar. Clover saw this sweet scene and talked to Mollie. It’s truly misunderstanding and Mollie didn’t know how to fix it. So, she chose to run away.

    5. There is dispute between Snowball and Napoleon. They never meet agreement whatsoever. The windmill is actually Snowball’s idea. He read Mr. Jones’ books and built the plan. He thinks it will be good for animals’ development in the future, such as lighting the stalls and warming them in winter; and the most important thing is to have better production machines for the future. But Napoleon, who has his own charisma, doesn’t talk much. He only said they didn’t need it now. It’s silly idea to think about the future. They suppose to care about present and it means about increasing food production. Even Napoleon has set up a plan to kick Snowball out from the farm by saying that he’s a traitor.
    Time goes by and Napoleon acknowledged that they don’t have enough food for future. And he realized that the building of windmill is the right strategy. Then he announced that they had to build the windmill. All animals were confused about it. To encounter the confusion, Squealer the counselor spread the news that actually windmill is Napoleon’s idea; even he designed it by himself. But on the meeting, he seemed OPPOSED to it because he wanted to get rid of Snowball which is considered dangerous for the others. It sounds make sense to the animals. So they bought it.

    6. The windmill was destroyed by the hard gale at night. When animals woke up in the morning, they saw some plants were taken out from the ground and the windmill was destroyed. They suddenly felt hopeless because they worked very hard on it. To keep their spirit, it is said that actually Snowball did this because they didn’t want the animals succeed of building the windmill. Their hatred toward Snowball became stronger and even Napoleon offered big prize for the ones who could kill Snowball. Their spirit had been raised and it’s used by Napoleon by telling them to rebuild windmill to show that they were undefeatable. Actually they were running off the food and having windmill was the right decision.

    7. Napoleon was furious when he found out that Frederick paid the timber with phony money. He boastfully said that he decided to give death-sentence to Frederick. He sent a reminder to Frederick about it. But they didn’t prepare themselves for the attack. Frederick’s attack came in the morning when they were having breakfast. They were very angry when they saw the men destroy their windmill and it’s the time when they woke up to defend. They could get rid of humans from their land but there were many animals got killed and injured.

    8. They erased the Seven Commandments into one message only because the “leader” has crossed most of the commandments, such as drinking and sleeping in the farmhouse. To cover it up, they changed the commandments into “all animals are equal, but some are more equal”. It is to show that they live in prosper now and get decent living; all are the same for the animals, but pigs. It happened because the pigs as the high-class society and they deserve to be equal to other creature, which is human. That’s why they were trained to stand in two legs and changed the slogan from “four legs good, two legs bad” into “four legs good, two legs better”.

    9. Napoleon purposely let Moses to tell about Sugarcandy Mountain. It’s actually Napoleon’s another strategy to heat up animals’ spirit and make them more stupid then ever. He let them confused with the situation until the animals don’t care what other’s saying and they believe working is the only way to live. It is shown when the pigs tell that Moses telling lies, yet they served him with beer every day.

    10. Animals’ names symbolize their characters:
    • Snowball is the thinker. He puts his concern of animals’ development by designing some plans. He’s a sincere animal because he surely knows what the consequent of being free. That’s why he sincerely makes plans for the animals to have self-development. He’s also naïve. I can say that because he only thinks about fair competition between him and Napoleon. He doesn’t consider that Napoleon is a sly. He is a good narrator and gets sympathy through his speeches.
    • Napoleon is described as Napoleon the leader of France. He’s an expertise of strategy. He’s a sly by taking advantages of the situation occurred. He’s also a motivator. Because he doesn’t talk much. Once he talks, people feel the charisma and suddenly get inspired and spirit from his speeches. I also can say that Napoleon is the cruel animal because he knows how to get rid of his “enemies” and he takes over everything.
    • Squealer is a messenger of Napoleon. He’s a two-faced animal. He would do anything to save his position. In that farm, he knows that Napoleon would take over the leadership. So he always sticks to Napoleon and does what he said. He’s also a yes man, I think.
    • Moses is taken from Bible who takes out Israelites from Egypt. In this story, Moses is also like a messenger of the Mighty who spread the news of Sugarcandy Mountain, which describe heaven. Moses tried to let the animals to get better life outside the farm. The crow is an observer. He observed the situation and it’s not good. He’s also a chatty one. He’s also despicable because of his saying.
    • Boxer is a fighter. He never gives up to what he does. He’s trained by brainwashed and listen to what coach said. He is persistent animal. He knows his goal and keeps doing it by pushing himself to the limit.

  4. 2. The Beasts of England tells about the freedom of animals from human being and how they begins to build their live, dream and better future without any interfere of human. The using of word “beasts” to describe that the animals are the creatures which live in the nature, manage their live by themselves and actually want to live free without any command from human. Want to work for themselves not human being. “Tyrant Man” describes the Jones who has been chased away from Animal Farm. They describe their freedom from human command and mistreatments in line “Rings shall vanish from our noses”, “And the harness from our back”, Bit and spur shall rust forever”, “Cruel whips no more shall crack”.

    The message is that the strong person or people do not use their authorities to mistreat the others, especially the weak person or people. It is not properly to get the profit from other`s hard working without give more attention for them. Also for the weak people that are mistreat, do not afraid to against what is should be against, if it is a mistake.

    The animals like this song because the song actually expresses what is in their mind and hope. What they want to express actually include in that song. It appeals in the needs for freedom, prosperous live. This song in difference with one that replaced Beasts of England is that Napoleon promises that he is one which will make the better for the animals` life. So only him that should be obeyed, while in the Beasts of England, the animals are determined that their live and prosperity are in their own hand and responsibility, so they should work together.

    3. They does not like to that story of Sugarcandy Mountain because in their mind, the place such that is never exist. Moreover, they state that Moses just talks the tales and he does not work just wants to talking.

    4. She runs because she has made a relation with the other farm-Willingdon, and she likes to join there as she is given many lump sugar and ribbon.

    5. Controversy is when Snowball state his idea that animals should give their time to build the windmill, so the time for working in the field just 3 days in a week. However, Napoleon thinks that the important thing is to fulfil the needs of foods, so the animals should work to increase food production.
    Napoleon coerces the animals to believe that idea of the windmill is his own idea is to perverts the fact and also to divert the attention to the ceased away of Snowball.

    6. The windmill is destroyed by the gale in the night because the construction actually has not been more solid. He blames Snowball to make animals to hate the snowball. He then persists that the windmill should be built again as he wants to get the sympathy from other animals. In addition, he does not want other field will see that Animal Farm is failed to build their windmill.

    7. It happens because there is no prepare to fight against Frederick and his men. Napoleon as the leader exactly does not appear when there is an attacking. Furthermore, Napoleon absolutely has made the relation with Frederick and because of that, Frederick has come to the Animal Farm and knows the defense of Animal Farm

    8. The first commandment is stressed for the prosperous of all animals, but in the replacement commandment, the equal is actually just for the pigs and the dogs. It means those animals which will get the better and more prosperous than the others, as they think that they have thought and used their brain more than other animals.

    9. He wants Moses to talk more about the Sugarcandy Mountain to give the spirit so the animals will work more hard, even like labours without any complaints for their suffering.

    10. Snowball is naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. How does this feature fit his character?
    This character actually describes Snowball in this story. Snow is hard and cold which states his strong intention inside. White describes that he is a honest one and always has the good intention to others. He will melt or break up is represented when he is attacked by other strength that are Napoleon – through his nine dogs, he cannot do anything, just escapes from Animal Farm.
    Napoleon?
    Napoleon as the calm one, does not like to talk more. However, he has the strong intention inside to get and be the one and author in the Animal Farm. Even, he will make everything to get his intention, although it should sacrifice others. In this story, many of the animals are sacrificed because of his tricky.
    Squealer (lexically means ‘to give forth a loud shrill cry or sound’; ‘one who reveals confidential information in return for money’)?
    Like the lexical meaning, Squealer represents the pigs which have the ability to propaganda and persuading, what the news is good or not. The one that is more important is get the repayment for what he has done.
    Moses, the crow, …. ?
    Moses in the story is an animal which likes to tell something, what the story is true or not. Sometimes he does not work, just wants to talk more. It just like a crow, that like to yell.
    Boxer …..?
    Boxer represents a strong man. A boxer usually has the strong muscles and never gets in tired. How a boxer in the ring competition will work hard to fight again his rival. How that the boxer`s strength is never stop. All of that describes Boxer-the horse in this story as a hard worker and almost never feels tired.

  5. 3. Because Moses the pet raven keeps telling the animals lies about a magic place called Sugar candy Mountain and the pigs have to work hard to persuade them that it doesn’t exist.

    4. Since Mollie caught lying. He was late to work and pretend to run away from the job injury. And over again, Clover had seen at the border Mollie Foxwoods. Mollie denies the accusation, but he was caught lying. Clover has a hunch, and then she went to Mollie stall and found a pile of hidden sugar and ribbons. After that Mollie disappeared. But he looked at the painted wagon, gussied and take sugar from a man who seems to look like a manager.

    5. Snowball and Napoleon came into bitter conflict over the windmill. Snowball pointed piece of land for windmills, which will provide electricity for the farm until now-primitive. He uses the book Mr Jones to design a detailed blueprint of lime, a fascinating other animals. One day, Napoleon’s pee on a blueprint to show his disgust.
    Snowball estimate that animals can complete windmill with years of hard work, after which the machine saves time will shorten their working day for three days. Counter Napoleon with the idea that they would all die of hunger at the time, and that agriculture is the main concern should be to increase food production. The animals were divided into two groups, one called “Vote for Snowball and the three-day week,” another called “Vote for Napoleon and the full manger”. The only animals are not impartial is Benjamin, who are pessimistic about both plans.
    Snowball and Napoleon was involved in another big debate about how best to prepare for an attack humans. Napoleon supporting procurement of firearms and firearms training. Supporting snowball send pigeons to rally other animals, if the rebellion happening everywhere, then people will stay at bay. Other animals do not divide over this issue because they can not decide who is right.
    Eventually, Snowball complete blueprint for windmills. The animals held a meeting at which Snowball win over the majority with a description of the relaxed life that will allow windmills. Suddenly, Napoleon signals “nine large dogs wearing brass-studded collar,” which broke into the barn and chase Snowball out. Snowball managed to escape through the fence. The animals are terrified once again gathered in the warehouse. Apparently, the dog’s nine puppies that Jessie and Bluebell. They seem to regard their masters Napoleon. Napoleon took the stage and announced that the Sunday meeting with all the accompanying debate will cease, and he will lead a small committee of pigs in making decisions. The mandate of this disturbing other animals, but most of them are too stupid and too scared to argue with the dog to show their disapproval. Four pigs brief protest.
    After the meeting, stirring to explain the new arrangements to other animals. Just as in the case of milk and apples, stirring claim that taking responsibility is a burden to Napoleon’s leadership and committees, they do so only for the general welfare. If allowed to make their own decisions, he explains, the animals might make the wrong decision. He also called Snowball criminals, even if he is courageous in battle in the cow shed (an idea which is also the question of stirring), tells the stirring animal, “Discipline, comrades, iron discipline” loyalty and obedience are more important. “! That is the watchword for today’s” Again. As in the case of milk and apples, stirring to ensure compliance with the animals’ by threatening the return of Mr. Jones. Of all animals, Boxer took the pig into the heart of obedience on the most. He now has two personal maxims: “Napoleon is always right” and “I will work harder”.

    6. Because the animals held a meeting and picked the wrong person is Snowball who has taken an idea created by Napoleon, but Napoleon Snowball defamatory Napoloen that oppose windmills. And Snowball finally won over the majority with a description of the life of leisurely through the windmill. But Napoleon survived because it was the windmill idea is the idea of himself that wants to make similar improvements to the ranch.

    7. Frederic stronger and smarter than other animals, and Napoleon can be tricked and too weak.

    8. “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.”, because some of the leadership of Napoleon is going to unbalance/unfair.

    9. Because napoleon wanted of the animals believe to him.

    10. a. Snowball his character that he is a good man, means that did thing in good way. persuasive, a brilliant orator, and is always dreaming ways and means of improving life on the farm.
    b. Napolleon is politically man. He used everything to reach his goal, his dream and everything he wanted, eventhough it had to break the rule.
    c. Squealer is Napoleon’s right hand pig and minister of propaganda. Squealer manipulates the language to excuse, justify, and extol all of Napoleon’s actions.
    d. Clover is a workhorse figure and protector for his friends. He remained loyal to the doctrines although it’s wrong. He wants to run Major’s dream.

  6. sir, I’m sorry for writing my CCU task here, because I can not write or post it in the space which suppose to be written in CCU task. thank you.

    1. Yes, I agree. Because i think its important the government to give a good protection for the people, because the government is a leader who must give its people the wisdom in action. so that people can grow and believe in government that has the wise and efficient in managing state finances lead.

    2. Congress is the legislative power, I think Congress is more powerful compared to the president. because Congress who have strong decision in the legal, legislative bodies which make laws or rules of law in a country.

    3. THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES: the Democratic party and The republicans party.
    the Democratic Party has favored liberal positions (the term “liberal” in this sense describes social liberalism, not classical liberalism). In recent exit polls, the Democratic Party has had broad appeal across all socio-ethno-economic demographics.] Historically, the party has favored farmers, laborers, labor unions, and religious and ethnic minorities; it has opposed unregulated business and finance, and favored progressive income taxes. In foreign policy, internationalism (including interventionism) was a dominant theme from 1913 to the mid-1960s. In the 1930s, the party began advocating welfare spending programs targeted at the poor.
    Republicans party attracted conservatives and white Southerners from the Democratic coalition with their resistance to New Deal and Great Society liberalism and the Republicans’ use of the Southern strategy. African Americans, who traditionally supported the Republican Party, began supporting Democrats following the ascent of the Franklin Roosevelt administration

  7. Sorry sir, i post CCU task in here because CCU can’t send posting. Thanks 🙂

    1) Yes, I do. I think a government should create prosperity and peace for the people. The government should be an example to the people and do the best thing for the country. A wise government would make the people become prosperous, safe and calm in the country so that the country will become more advanced and well-regarded in the eyes of the world.

    2) I think Congress is more power than the President. Congress has the highest power in the government. Congress plays an important role in regulating the running of the government. Congress also tasked to coordinate the activities of government, determines government policy and conduct the nomination of candidates within a party. In addition, Congress has a strong influence to determine the party candidate for the position of President and determine the party’s basic policy.

    3) Two major political parties in the United States are the Democratic Party and Republican Party. Republican want less government intervention into society, lowered income tax and if could be removed. Subsidy the poor is removed and the government abolished all schools free of charge. Instead, Democrats want more government intervention into society, paying more civil servants, free schools, the poor and the unemployed receive the full subsidy by the government. But for all these things the Democratic Party needs funds which come from raising tax revenue.

  8. 1) The animal listen Major missions and run his mission to rebel human behavior toward animals.

    2) The song the beasts of England has meaning about how the animals to fight human. However, the song beasts of England are prohibited to sing it because Napoleon thinks that the rebellion is over.

    3) Moses tells a beauty and pleasure in the sugar candy mountain after the animals have died. According to the animals, it’s just a fairy tale.

    4) Mr. Pilkington tells Mollie that humans are never stroked his nose while Mollie is a person who likes to be pampered. Mollie surprise and then disappear.

    5) Snowball is planning to make a windmill to increase food production while Napoleon opposes it. Napoleon accuses Snowball have stolen his idea. Napoleon opposes the windmills just as maneuvers to get rid of Snowball.

    6) Napoleon asks to the animals that the Snowball is the perpetrator of this. They believe his that Snowball has secretly topple the windmill. Then Napoleon try to rebuild the windmill so that production activities in farm animal running again.

    7) Mr. Frederick and his followers issue a rifle to fight the animals at the animal farm and a windmill has destroyed so that many animals are injured.

    8) The animals are now realizing that they can’t distinguish anymore between the face of a pig with a human face.

    9) Napoleon is pleased with Moses’s story that a good world where there should be somewhere else so that Moses is allowed to tell the story about sugar candy mountain to the other animals.
    10)
    • Major is a respected figure because he cares for his friends. He manages to infuse the soul of the revolution to his friends even though in the end he could not enjoy the results.
    • Snowball is the good guy and smart. He succeeds to run Major’s dream come true. However, Napoleon managed to accuse Snowball and expel him from power.
    • Napoleon is a figure of evil and cruel. He was only thinking of his own interests without thinking about the fate of his friends. It is based on the figure of Napoleon Bonaparte who is a dictator.
    • Boxer is a figure who is hard working and strong. He was very obedient to the command of Napoleon while Napoleon only uses Boxer for the sake of his profit.
    • Clover is a workhorse figure and protector for his friends. He remained loyal to the doctrines although it’s wrong. He wants to run Major’s dream.
    • Moses is a religious figure which always tells about the life of heaven in Sugar Candy Mountain even though they did not believe his story.

  9. Sir sorry, I post CCU task here, still can not open it. Thanks a lot Sir.

    1. Yes, I agree. A wise government could decide something by thinking of its citizens and can improve the welfare of its citizens.

    2. President has power more than congress. Because President is the head of state and heads of government at the same time, as well as supreme military commander, and chief diplomat. The President, according to the Constitution, must “pay attention to that law must be undertaken with the best”, and “preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution”. The President leads the executive branch of the Federal Government, a large organization consisting of 4 million people, including 1 million active military personnel. While Congress did a great job of government permits / governmental approval.

    3. There are two parties in the USA such as the Democrat party and the party republic
    Democratic Party of the United States (English: Democratic Party) is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. Democratic Party centrist / left social democrats even though his policies are not too left compared with the labor parties or social democratic in other countries. In the United States alone, the party is known as a party that is more “liberal”, although this refers to the meaning of liberalism in the United States.
    The U.S. Republican Party (English: the Republican Party [often abbreviated GOP for Grand Old Party (Great Old Party)] is one of the two major political parties in the United States. After the 2006 midterm elections the party lost its position as the majority in the Senate and House U.S. House of Representatives. GOP is the party that is more conservative of the two major parties.
    The party which was founded in Ripon Wisconsin on February 28, 1854, as a party against slavery in new territory. The party is not to be confused with the Democratic-Republican Party was Thomas Jefferson U.S. or U.S. National Republicans of his Henry Clay.

    Democrat party differences with Indonesian republic.
    – Democratic Party centrist / left social democrat though his policies are not too left compared with the labor parties or social democratic in other countries. In the United States alone, the party is known as a party that is more “liberal”, although this refers to the meaning of liberalism in the United States.
    – Since the number of victims of slavery, the party formed republic. The party was the anti-slavery party was only held on March 20, 1854 at a school in Ripon, Wisconsin. [4] The first official party convention held on July 6, 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. By 1858, Republicans dominated almost all the Northern states. The first of the ruling Republican Party in 1860 with the election of Lincoln to the Presidency and Republicans in control of Congress and the states north. These oversee union savings, the destruction of slavery, and the provision of equal rights to all people in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877.

  10. Sorry Sir, I’m late to post..this my answer about Animal farm:
    2. The song paints a vivid picture of the day when animals are at last free of man and all the symbols of slavery such as whips and spurs are gone. It appeals to their dreams of a more prosperous future, an abundance of food and the absence of cruelty, and the need for hope to keep an individual from giving up.
    3. The pigs hated Moses because he told tales. and perform other work except some of them believe in the Mountain Sugarcandy, and pigs have found it very difficult to convince them that there is no such place. because of the lies about Heaven they thought would only lead the animal away from the equality of socialism.
    4. Mollie likes being admired, admiring herself, wearing pretty ribbons, eating sugar, and being stroked by humans. but after the revolution took place, he fled to neighboring farms. He symbolizes the upper classes, Mollie run away from the farm because She does not like the work on the farm or the hardships she faces there.
    5. The controversy between Snowball and Napoleon comes since Snowball announces his idea for a windmill, Napoleon opposes it. Snowball makes a speech in favour of the windmill, whereupon Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball away. In Snowball’s absence, Napoleon declares himself leader and makes changes. Meetings will no longer be held; instead, a committee of pigs will run the farm. Using a young pig named Squealer as a mouthpiece, Napoleon announces that Snowball stole the idea for the windmill from him. The animals work harder with the promise of easier lives with the windmill. After a violent storm, the animals find the windmill annihilated. Napoleon and Squealer convince the animals that Snowball destroyed the windmill, although the scorn of the neighbouring farmers suggests the windmill’s walls were too thin. Once Snowball becomes a scapegoat, Napoleon begins purging the farm, killing animals he accuses of consorting with Snowball.
    6. windmill was destroyed by a devastating hurricane hit.snowball that was accused by all the animals, that he who had destroyed. Napoleon made ​​the snowball as a scapegoat. Napoleon wanted to survive due to re-establish the windmill so that he remains in power in the farms area, and all animals more trust and obey him.
    7. Frederic’s to the more powerful and clever animals, Napoleon can be tricked with counterfeit money and his farm of weakness that can be destroyed.
    8. The Seven Commandments are laws that are supposed to keep order and ensure elementary Animalism within Animal Farm. The Seven Commandments were designed to unite the animals together against the humans and prevent animals from following the humans’ evil habits.
    9. Napoleon allows Moses to return and tell stories about Sugar candy Mountain for one main reason. Napoleon sees it as an opportunity to keep the animals subdued and docile.
    10.Muriel :
    A wise old goat who is friends with all of the animals on the farm. She, like Benjamin and Snowball, is one of the few animals on the farm who can read (with some difficulty as she has to spell the words out first) and helps Clover discover that the Seven Commandments have been continually changed.
    The Puppies :
    Offspring of Jessie and Bluebell, taken away from them by Napoleon at birth and reared by Napoleon to be his security force. These dogs are trained to be vicious, going so far as to rip many of the animals to shreds including the four young pigs, a sheep and various hens. They attempt to do the same to Boxer, who halts one of the puppies under his hoof. The puppy begs for mercy and through Napoleon’s orders, Boxer sets the puppy free.
    Moses the Raven:
    An old crow who occasionally visits the farm, regaling its denizens with tales of a wondrous place beyond the clouds called Sugarcandy Mountain, where he avers that all animals go when they die—but only if they work hard. He is interpreted as symbolising the Russian Orthodox Church, with Sugarcandy Mountain an allusion to Heaven for the animals.He spends his time turning the animals’ minds to thoughts of Sugarcandy Mountain (rather than their work) and yet does no work himself. He feels unequal in comparison to the other animals, so he leaves after the rebellion, for all animals were supposed to be equal. However, much later in the novel he returns to the farm and continues to proclaim the existence of Sugarcandy Mountain. The other animals are confused by the pigs’ attitude towards Moses; they denounce his claims as nonsense, but allow him to remain on the farm. The pigs do this to keep any doubting animals in line with the hope of a happy afterlife, keeping their minds on Sugarcandy Mountain and not on possible uprisings. In the end, Moses is one of the few animals to remember The Rebellion, along with Clover, Benjamin, and the pigs.
    The Sheep:
    They show limited understanding of the situations but nonetheless blindly support Napoleon’s ideals. They are regularly shown repeating the phrase “four legs good, two legs bad”. At the end of the novel, one of the Seven Commandments is changed after the pigs learn to walk on two legs and their shout changes to “four legs good, two legs better”. They can be relied on by the pigs to shout down any dissent from the others.
    The Hens:
    The hens are among the first to rebel against Napoleon: in response to their being forced to give more eggs, they destroy their eggs instead of handing them to the higher powers (the pigs), who want to sell them to humans. Napoleon then uses fear and starves them until the pigs get what they want. Although this results in nine of them dying, their bodies are nevertheless given decent burials in the orchard, with a cover story given related to their deaths.
    The Cows:
    Their milk is stolen by the pigs, who learn to milk them, and is stirred into the pigs’ mash every day while the other animals are denied such luxuries.
    Jessie:
    A dog on the farm who has her puppies taken away by Napoleon for “advanced education” (these dogs later run Snowball off the farm). In the 1999 film version she is the narrator and main protagonist.

  11. 2. The “Beast of England song” song is important because it is what unites the animals in the beginning of the book it is a symbol of change for the animals. The fact that the animals sang the song after the battle of cowshed is an example of how it was a symbol of freedom because they were finally free from human rule the animals could now rule themselves. The song being taken away symbolizes that the animal’s freedoms are also being taken away, the freedom that they fought so hard to take from Mr. Jones and now the animals must now fight for freedom once again. If they get their freedom then the animals will live in perfect harmony for the rest of their life’s, with is not the case, but the song represents a false assumption that life will be better if the animals are no longer ruled by humans.

    3. The animals do not like Moses’ stories about Sugar-candy Mountain because it makes them believe in something other than the revolution and that no matter what they do they will have a perfect resting place meaning they do not have to improve their current life. Moses signifies a preacher and Sugar-candy Mountain is Heaven.

    4. Mollie runs away from the farm because she represents the upper class. She does not like the hard work of the working class, so she runs away to the next farm, where she gets to be treated like the times before the rebellion. She liked the way it was back in the day when Mr. Jones was around, but the animals do not want anything to do with humans. Mollie loved being treated under humans without the work.

    5. Napoleon says that there should be no windmill. He strongly disagrees with the windmill.

    6. The windmill is destroyed by the wind that knocked it over. Napoleon blames snowball because he wants to amke Snowball an even worse person.

    7. Because Fredricks’s men had guns this time and were able to kill more then last time.

    8. The new commandment is All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others. It has been true form the beginning because the pigs took over in the beginning and they started taking more and more of the animals rights away as the went. They started to believe that they were better then everyone else.

    9. Napoloen allows Moses to come back and tell his stories because it keeps the animals working hard and it keeps them from realizing what an jerk and over-powerful man Napoloen is becoming. It keeps them from having thoughts of rebellion.

    10. Napoleon
    “A large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way”, An allegory of Joseph Stalin, Napoleon is the main villain of Animal Farm. He begins gradually to build up his power by taking Jessie and Bluebell’s newborn puppies and training them to be vicious attack dogs, whom he uses as his secret police. After driving Snowball off the farm, Napoleon usurps full power, using false propaganda from Squealer and threats and intimidation from the dogs to keep the other animals in line. Among other things, he gradually changes the Commandments for his benefit. By the end of the book, Napoleon and his fellow pigs have learned to walk upright and started to behave much like the humans against whom they originally revolted.
    In the first French version of Animal Farm, Napoleon is called César, the French form of Caesar, although another translation has him as Napoléon.

    Squeler
    A small white fat porker who serves as Napoleon’s right hand pig and minister of propaganda, holding a position similar to that of Molotov. Squealer manipulates the language to excuse, justify, and extol all of Napoleon’s actions. Squealer limits debate by complicating it and he confuses and disorients, making claims that the pigs need the extra luxury they are taking in order to function properly, for example. However, when questions persist, he usually uses the threat of the return of Mr Jones, the former owner of the farm, to justify the pigs’ privileges. Squealer uses statistics to convince the animals that life is getting better and better. Most of the animals have only dim memories of life before the revolution; therefore, they are convinced. In the end, he is the first pig to walk on his hind legs.

    Moses the Reven
    An old crow who occasionally visits the farm, regaling its denizens with tales of a wondrous place beyond the clouds called Sugarcandy Mountain, where he avers that all animals go when they die—but only if they work hard. He is interpreted as symbolising the Russian Orthodox Church, with Sugarcandy Mountain an allusion to Heaven for the animals. He spends his time turning the animals’ minds to thoughts of Sugarcandy Mountain (rather than their work) and yet does no work himself. He feels unequal in comparison to the other animals, so he leaves after the rebellion, for all animals were supposed to be equal. However, much later in the novel he returns to the farm and continues to proclaim the existence of Sugarcandy Mountain. The other animals are confused by the pigs’ attitude towards Moses; they denounce his claims as nonsense, but allow him to remain on the farm. The pigs do this to keep any doubting animals in line with the hope of a happy afterlife, keeping their minds on Sugarcandy Mountain and not on possible uprisings. In the end, Moses is one of the few animals to remember The Rebellion, along with Clover, Benjamin, and the pigs.

    The Crow
    —–

    Boxer
    Boxer is a loyal, kind, dedicated, and respectable horse. He is physically the strongest animal on the farm, but impressionable (a major theme in the book), which leaves him stating “I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right” despite the corruption.

    Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_Farm

  12. Sir sorry, I post CCU task here, still can not open it. thanks a lot Sir.

    1. Yes I agree with that statement, the Goverment must feel comfortable situation, I mean here people can be save, Goverment provide what people need, can protect the people and savely.
    2. Congrees has more power because congrees has authority to do the manythings as possible as they can do, example if the Preseident doing the something wrong or do the cheating in their life then the congrees can take the authority on them or will act decisevely, an example the Preseident Clinton cases with Monica lewenski , he did the wrong, the Congrees brought him to the law court.
    3. Republican party and Democratic party.
    The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary potical parties in the United States political, along with theDemocratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP (Grand Old Party).
    The party’socially liberal and progessive platform is largely considered center left in the U.S The party has the lengthiest record of continuous operation in the United states, and is one of the oldest political parties in the world.
    The difference in their is sociall activities and Liberal system.

  13. The Answer is
    3. Because the Moses who was Mr.Jone’s especial pet , was a spy and a tale bearer, he also a claver talker and pigs hate moses because he told tales and did not work.
    4. Because Moollie has a problem with herself like Mollie became more and more trouble , she was late for work everymorning and excuse herself by saying that she had overslept. Mollie can not handle her problem by herself.
    5.
    6.The enemy who has come in the night and overthrown our windmill SNOWBALL he suddenly roared in a voice of thunder. In sheer malighity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsio, this traitor has crept here under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly year. He gave it as his opinion that the snowball had been done had probably come from the direction of foxwood farm. Napoleon said no more delays, comrades when the footprints had been examined. There is work to be done. This verry morning we begin rebuilding the windmill and we build all through the winter, rain or shine.remember comrades there must be no alteration in our plan . long live the windmill long live animal farm.
    7. Because the very next morning the attack came, The animals were at breakfast when the look outs come racing in with the news that Federick and his followers has already come through he five barred gate. Boldly enough the animals sallied forth to meet them, but this time they did not have the easy victory that they had in the battle of the crowshed. There fifteen men, with half dozen guns with between them and they opened fire as soon as they got within fifty yards.
    8.Nopoleon is the same with the other animals, it did not seem strange when Napoleon was seen strolling in the farmhouse garden with a pipe in his mouth
    9. Because a thing that was difcult to determine was the attitude of the pigs towards Moses. They all declared contemptuously that his story about Sugar candy mountain were lies and yet allowed him to remain on the farm, not working with an allowance of a gill of beer a day.
    10. a. Snowball his character that he is a good man, means that did thing in good way. persuasive, a brilliant orator, and is always dreaming ways and means of improving life on the farm.
    b. Napoleon is bad tempered, he only give commands and anger to snowball. He used anything to get what did he wanted. He is “not much of a talker” and has “a reputation for getting his own way
    c. Squealer he is a brilliant and persuasive orator, less inclined to take the lead with his own ideas.
    d. Moses, the crow, always talk more and do less. Liked to tell a story or fairy tale to the others to persuade or make the others interest.
    e. Boxer, walking very slowly and setting down his vast hairy hoofs with great care lest there should be some small animal concealed the straw
    2. The imagery of the Beast of England for this present is the freedom. The freedom is the important for human’s life and all what we have for the good as we want to do. the animals like it so much because they have been tired to have live such they have before, they are ordered by human, But know, they want to change their life, they want to get freedom. The life of human is misery and slavery. In this stroy talks Therefore the animals must take charge of their destiny by overthrowing Man in a great Rebellion.

  14. Sir I’m so sorry I post my writing of SUMMARIZING A NOVEL in here because I can’t post it in Summarizing a Novel page. Thank you.
    Below is my respond to the assignment of Literature II “Animal Farm”

    Chapter 1
    After Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, falls asleep in a drunken stupor, all of his animals meet in the big barn at the request of old Major, a 12-year-old pig. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. After elaborating on the various ways that Man has exploited and harmed the animals, Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans. He then teaches the animals a song — “Beasts of England” — which they sing repeatedly until they awaken Jones, who fires his gun from his bedroom window, thinking there is a fox in the yard. Frightened by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
    Chapter 2
    After the death of old Major, the animals spend their days secretly planning the rebellion, although they are unsure when it will occur. Because of their intelligence, the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animalism, the name they give to the philosophy expounded by Major in Chapter 1. Among the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon are the most important to the revolution. Despite Mollie’s concern with ribbons and Moses’ tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, the pigs are successful in conveying the principles of Animalism to the others.
    Chapter 3
    Despite the initial difficulties inherent in using farming tools designed for humans, the animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same. Boxer distinguishes himself as a strong, tireless worker, admired by all the animals. The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers. On Sundays, the animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball and Napoleon debate a number of topics on which they seem never to agree. Snowball forms a number of Animal Committees, all of which fail. However, he does prove successful at bringing a degree of literacy to the animals, who learn to read according to their varied intelligences. To help the animals understand the general precepts of Animalism, Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Napoleon, meanwhile, focuses his energy on educating the youth and takes the infant pups of Jessie and Bluebell away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
    Chapter 4
    As summer ends and news of the rebellion spreads to other farms (by way of pigeons released by Snowball and Napoleon), Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers: Pilkington and Frederick. In October, Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control if it. Snowball turns out to be an extraordinary tactician and, with the help of the other animals, drives Jones and his men away. The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call “The Battle of the Cowshed.”
    Chapter 5
    Winter comes, and Mollie works less and less. Eventually, Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of Pilkington’s men, who eventually wins her loyalties. Mollie disappears, and the pigeons report seeing her standing outside a pub, sporting one of the ribbons that she always coveted. The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll. Snowball argues in favor of the windmill, which he is certain will eventually become a labor-saving device; Napoleon argues against it, saying that building the windmill will take time and effort away from the more important task of producing food. The two also disagree on whether they should (as Napoleon thinks) amass an armory of guns or (as Snowball thinks) send out more pigeons to neighboring farms to spread news of the rebellion. On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm. Napoleon then announces that all debates will stop and institutes a number of other new rules for the farm.
    Chapter 6
    During the following year, the animals work harder than ever before. Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication. Napoleon announces that Animal Farm will begin trading with neighboring farms and hires Mr. Whymper, a solicitor, to act as his agent. Other humans meet in pubs and discuss their theories that the windmill will collapse and that Animal Farm will go bankrupt. Jones gives up his attempts at retaking his farm and moves to another part of the county. The pigs move into the farmhouse and begin sleeping in beds, which Squealer excuses on the grounds that the pigs need their rest after the daily strain of running the farm.
    Chapter 7
    As the human world watches Animal Farm and waits for news of its failure, the animals struggle against starvation. Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm’s sufficiency to the human world. After learning that they must surrender their eggs, the hens stage a demonstration that only ends when they can no longer live without the rations that Napoleon had denied them. Nine hens die as a result of the protest. The animals are led to believe that Snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor. He becomes a constant (and imagined) threat to the animals’ security, and Squealer eventually tells the animals that Snowball has sold himself to Frederick and that he was in league with Jones from the very beginning.
    Chapter 8
    The following year brings more work on the windmill and less food for the workers, despite Squealer’s lists of figures supposedly proving that food production has increased dramatically under Napoleon’s rule. As Napoleon grows more powerful, he is seen in public less often. The general opinion of him is expressed in a poem by Minimus that lists his merits and virtues. More executions occur while Napoleon schemes to sell a pile of timber to Frederick — who is alternately rumored to be a sadistic torturer of animals and the victim of unfounded gossip.
    Chapter 9
    After celebrating their so-called victory against Frederick, the animals begin building a new windmill. Their efforts are again led by Boxer who, despite his split hoof, insists on working harder and getting the windmill started before he retires.
    Chapter 10
    Years pass, and Animal Farm undergoes its final changes. Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher are all dead, and Jones dies in an inebriates’ home. Clover is now 14 years old (two years past the retiring age) but has not retired. (No animal ever has.) There are more animals on the farm, and the farm’s boundaries have increased, thanks to the purchase of two of Pilkington’s fields. The second windmill has been completed and is used for milling corn. All the animals continue their lives of hard work and little food — except, of course, for the pigs.

    Reference :
    http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature

  15. 2. The message of the song “Beasts of England” is all of these songs serve as propaganda, one of the major conduits of social control. By making the working-class animals speak the same words at the same time, the pigs evoke an atmosphere of grandeur and nobility associated with the recited text’s subject matter. The songs also erode the animals’ sense of individuality and keep them focused on the tasks by which they will purportedly achieve freedom.

    3. The animals hated Moses because he told tales and did no work, but some of them believed in Sugar candy Mountain, and the pigs had to argue very hard to persuade them that there was no such place.

    4. Mollie run away from the farm because he hides a little pile of lump sugar and several bunches of ribbon with different colors.

    5. The divisions between Snowball and Napoleon are becoming more pronounced, and it seems that they now oppose each other on every proposal. Napoleon persuades the animals in the farm. Squealer explains the apparent change of heart by convincing the animals that Napoleon had been in favor of the windmill all along, but had to appear to be against it in order to get rid of Snowball.

    6. The windmill destroyed it by disaster strikes when a nighttime. Napoleon blame Snowball because they found some pig footprints discovered in the grass at a little distance from the knoll. And napoleon rebuilding it, they had to teach this miserable traitor that snowball can not undo our work so easily.

    7. Because there were 15 men who came attack them, with half a dozen guns between them and they opened fire as soon as they got within fifty yards. That’s made them soon driven back.

    8. “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.” Because all the animals wanted to eliminate slavery they experienced. With the abolition of the seven commandments to make them appreciate each other and work together to rebuild the windmill.

    9. Because napoleon wanted of the animals believe to him.

    10. a. Snowball is naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. This feature fit his character that he is a good man. He wins over most animals and gains their trust by leading a very successful first harvest.

    b. Napoleon is a reputation for getting his own way. Napoleon is the main villain of Animal Farm. He begins gradually to build up his power by taking Jessie and Bluebell’s newborn puppies and training them to be vicious attack dogs, which he uses as his secret police.

    c. Squealer is Napoleon’s right hand pig and minister of propaganda. Squealer manipulates the language to excuse, justify, and extol all of Napoleon’s actions.

    d. Moses, the crow always An old crow who occasionally visits the farm, regaling its denizens with tales of a wondrous place beyond the clouds called Sugarcandy Mountain, where he avers that all animals go when they die—but only if they work hard. He is interpreted as symbolising the Russian Orthodox Church, with Sugar candy Mountain an allusion to Heaven for the animals.

    e. Boxer is a loyal, kind, dedicated, and respectable horse. He is physically the strongest animal on the farm.

  16. 2. “Beasts of England”, the original anthem of the Animal farm corresponds to the famous socialist anthem, The Internationale, but also alludes to Shelley’s Men of England. In the book, the pig Old Major explains his dream of an animal-controlled society three nights before his death.

    3. The animals do not like Moses’ stories about Sugar-candy Mountain because it makes them believe in something other than the revolution and that no matter what they do they will have a perfect resting place meaning they do not have to improve their current life. Moses signifies a preacher and Sugar-candy Mountain is Heaven.

    4. Mollie runs away from the farm because she does not really mind being a work horse for the humans. This may be in part because she pulls Farmer Jones’s “trap” rather than a plow or anything.

    5. Another animal with whom Napoleon has problems is Snowball. The ancient feud between them resurfaces when Snowball suggests that a windmill was needed which could be used for electricity, to automate many farming tasks. He and Napoleon debate the issue, but instead of allowing the other animals to vote on this topic, Snowball is chased from the farm. The incident is brushed aside by pointing out to the rest of the animals that it is in their best interest that Squealer is gone because he was a traitor.
    Ironically, the windmill project is then adopted by Napoleon and various animals are assigned the job of building it. Soon Squealer is sent in to convince the animals that Napoleon is acting on their behalf and that Snowball was a threat to the community.
    The animals are now expected to work harder and more hours than ever before. Being convinced that they are doing this for their own good, they willingly sacrifice their time. Rations are readjusted to the surprise of all the animals, but they quietly submit and never complain. When the food supply runs precariously low, Napoleon
    announces that he will be trading with the neighboring farm. The other animals are taken aback by this because one of the original resolutions of Animalism was that there would no interaction with humans.
    Once again Squealer uses his skill with words and reassures everyone that there never was such a resolution and that this notion had been started by Snowball.
    Not long thereafter, it is rumored that the pigs have moved into the farmhouse and are sleeping in beds. This is another violation of one of the original resolution. When the animals go to where the commandments had been posted, they are surprised to see that the ordinance have been changed to suit the new circumstances.
    One day, the weather conditions are such that a severe rainstorm and heavy winds completely destroys the windmill. Everyone is very upset that their hard work had been to no avail. Napoleon convinces the animals that this was an act of sabotage on the part of Snowball as he didn’t want the community to succeed. He also convinces everyone that they must rebuild the windmill. He ends his speech cheering, “Long live the windmill! Long live Animal Farm!”

    6. The first time by a great storm, the second time by an explosion caused by humans. Napoleon blames Snowball for the destruction of the windmill to take the blame away from himself. Since it blew down during a storm, the walls obviously weren’t thick enough, which was Napoleon’s fault. This would contradict with the slogan ‘Napoleon is always right’, and he couldn’t have that. Napoleon wants to prove that he is a better leader than Snowball and the farm is still successful so that Napoleon persist the windmill must be immediately rebuilt.

    7. The animals on Mr. Jones’s farm, fed up with a life of servitude, instigate a rebellion and expel their master. Over time, however, the ideals of the revolution erode and are eventually discarded altogether because of the clever manipulation of the pigs, who ultimately assume their place alongside Man as two-legged tyrants.

    8. Because the animals on Mr. Jones’s farm, fed up with a life of servitude, instigate a rebellion and expel their master with the abolition of the Seven Commandments to make them appreciate each other and work together to rebuild the windmill.

    9. Because his stories of Sugar Cane Mountain take the other animals’ minds off the laborious conditions

    10. A) Orwell’s stint in a Trotskyist battalion in the Spanish Civil War—during which he first began plans for a critique of totalitarian communism—influenced his relatively positive portrayal of Snowball. As a parallel for Leon Trotsky, Snowball emerges as a fervent ideologue who throws himself heart and soul into the attempt to spread Animalism worldwide and to improve Animal Farm’s infrastructure. His idealism, however, leads
    to his downfall. Relying only on the force of his own logic and rhetorical skill to gain his influence, he proves no match for Napoleon’s show of brute force. Although Orwell depicts Snowball in a relatively appealing light, he refrains from idealizing his character, making sure to endow him with certain moral flaws. For example, Snowball basically accepts the superiority of the pigs over the rest of the animals. Moreover, his fervent, single-minded enthusiasm for grand projects such as the windmill might have erupted into full-blown megalomaniac despotism had he not been chased from Animal Farm. Indeed, Orwell suggests that we cannot eliminate government corruption by electing principled individuals to roles of power; he reminds us throughout the novella that it is power itself that
    corrupts.

    B) From the very beginning of the novella, Napoleon emerges as an utterly corrupt opportunist. Though always present at the early meetings of the new state, Napoleon never makes a single contribution to the revolution—not to the formulation of its ideology, not to the bloody struggle that it necessitates, not to the new society’s initial attempts to establish itself. He never shows interest in the strength of Animal Farm itself, only in the strength of his power over it. Thus, the only project he undertakes with enthusiasm is the training of a litter of puppies. He doesn’t educate them for their own good or for the good of all, however, but rather for his own good: they become his own private army or secret police, a violent means by which he imposes his will on others. Although he is most directly modeled on the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, Napoleon represents, in a more general sense, the political tyrants that have emerged throughout human history and with particular frequency during the twentieth century. His namesake is not any communist leader but the early-eighteenth-century French general Napoleon, who betrayed the democratic principles on which he rode to power, arguably becoming as great a despot as the aristocrats whom he supplanted. It is a testament to Orwell’s acute political intelligence and to the universality of his fable that Napoleon can easily stand for any of the great dictators and political schemers in world history, even those who arose after Animal Farm was written. In the behavior of Napoleon and his henchmen, one can detect the lying and bullying tactics of totalitarian leaders such as Josip Tito, Mao Tse-tung, Pol Pot, Augusto Pinochet, and Slobodan Milosevic treated in sharply critical term.

    C) Throughout his career, Orwell explored how politicians manipulate language in an age of mass media. In Animal Farm, the silver-tongued pig Squealer abuses language to justify Napoleon’s actions and policies to the proletariat by whatever means seem necessary. By radically simplifying language—as when he teaches the sheep to bleat “Four legs good, two legs better!”—he limits the terms of debate. By complicating language unnecessarily, he confuses and intimidates the uneducated, as when he explains that pigs, who are the “brainworkers” of the farm, consume milk and apples not for pleasure, but for the good of their comrades. In this latter strategy, he also employs jargon (“tactics, tactics”) as well as a baffling vocabulary of false and impenetrable statistics, engendering in the other animals both self-doubt and a sense of hopelessness about ever accessing the truth without the pigs’ mediation. Squealer’s lack of conscience and unwavering loyalty to his leader, alongside his rhetorical skills, make him the perfect propagandist for any tyranny. Squealer’s name also fits him well: squealing, of course, refers to a pig’s typical form of vocalization, and Squealer’s speech defines him. At the same time, to squeal also means to betray, aptly evoking Squealer’s behavior with regard to his fellow animals.

    D) Moses: Moses the Raven is a paradox to many of the other animals. When the pigs first begin to educate the other animals about Animalism, their hardest struggle is to “counteract the lies put about by Moses, the tame raven” (2.8). Moses is the Joneses favorite pet, and he is a very clever talker. He tells the animals about a mysterious country called “Sugarcandy Mountain” that gives them hope that one day their labor and suffering will come to an end.

    E) Boxer: The most sympathetically drawn character in the novel, Boxer epitomizes all of the best qualities of the exploited working classes: dedication, loyalty, and a huge capacity for labor. He also, however, suffers from what Orwell saw as the working class’s major weaknesses: a naïve trust in the good intentions of the intelligentsia and an inability to recognize even the most blatant forms of political corruption. Exploited by
    the pigs as much or more than he had been by Mr. Jones, Boxer represents all of the invisible labor that undergirds the political drama being carried out by the elites. Boxer’s pitiful death at a glue factory dramatically illustrates the extent of the pigs’ betrayal. It may also, however, speak to the specific significance of Boxer himself: before being carted off, he serves as the force that holds Animal Farm together.

  17. Sir, I’m so sorry I post my writing of SUMMARIZING A NOVEL in here because I can’t post it in Summarizing a Novel page. Thank you.
    Below is my respond to the assignment of Literature II “Animal Farm”

    Chapter 1
    After Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, falls asleep in a drunken stupor, all of his animals meet in the big barn at the request of old Major, a 12-year-old pig. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. After elaborating on the various ways that Man has exploited and harmed the animals, Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans. He then teaches the animals a song — “Beasts of England” — which they sing repeatedly until they awaken Jones, who fires his gun from his bedroom window, thinking there is a fox in the yard. Frightened by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
    Chapter 2
    After the death of old Major, the animals spend their days secretly planning the rebellion, although they are unsure when it will occur. Because of their intelligence, the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animalism, the name they give to the philosophy expounded by Major in Chapter 1. Among the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon are the most important to the revolution. Despite Mollie’s concern with ribbons and Moses’ tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, the pigs are successful in conveying the principles of Animalism to the others.
    Chapter 3
    Despite the initial difficulties inherent in using farming tools designed for humans, the animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same. Boxer distinguishes himself as a strong, tireless worker, admired by all the animals. The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers. On Sundays, the animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball and Napoleon debate a number of topics on which they seem never to agree. Snowball forms a number of Animal Committees, all of which fail. However, he does prove successful at bringing a degree of literacy to the animals, who learn to read according to their varied intelligences. To help the animals understand the general precepts of Animalism, Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Napoleon, meanwhile, focuses his energy on educating the youth and takes the infant pups of Jessie and Bluebell away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
    Chapter 4
    As summer ends and news of the rebellion spreads to other farms (by way of pigeons released by Snowball and Napoleon), Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers: Pilkington and Frederick. In October, Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control if it. Snowball turns out to be an extraordinary tactician and, with the help of the other animals, drives Jones and his men away. The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call “The Battle of the Cowshed.”
    Chapter 5
    Winter comes, and Mollie works less and less. Eventually, Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of Pilkington’s men, who eventually wins her loyalties. Mollie disappears, and the pigeons report seeing her standing outside a pub, sporting one of the ribbons that she always coveted. The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll. Snowball argues in favor of the windmill, which he is certain will eventually become a labor-saving device; Napoleon argues against it, saying that building the windmill will take time and effort away from the more important task of producing food. The two also disagree on whether they should (as Napoleon thinks) amass an armory of guns or (as Snowball thinks) send out more pigeons to neighboring farms to spread news of the rebellion. On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm. Napoleon then announces that all debates will stop and institutes a number of other new rules for the farm.
    Chapter 6
    During the following year, the animals work harder than ever before. Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication. Napoleon announces that Animal Farm will begin trading with neighboring farms and hires Mr. Whymper, a solicitor, to act as his agent. Other humans meet in pubs and discuss their theories that the windmill will collapse and that Animal Farm will go bankrupt. Jones gives up his attempts at retaking his farm and moves to another part of the county. The pigs move into the farmhouse and begin sleeping in beds, which Squealer excuses on the grounds that the pigs need their rest after the daily strain of running the farm.
    Chapter 7
    As the human world watches Animal Farm and waits for news of its failure, the animals struggle against starvation. Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm’s sufficiency to the human world. After learning that they must surrender their eggs, the hens stage a demonstration that only ends when they can no longer live without the rations that Napoleon had denied them. Nine hens die as a result of the protest. The animals are led to believe that Snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor. He becomes a constant (and imagined) threat to the animals’ security, and Squealer eventually tells the animals that Snowball has sold himself to Frederick and that he was in league with Jones from the very beginning.
    Chapter 8
    The following year brings more work on the windmill and less food for the workers, despite Squealer’s lists of figures supposedly proving that food production has increased dramatically under Napoleon’s rule. As Napoleon grows more powerful, he is seen in public less often. The general opinion of him is expressed in a poem by Minimus that lists his merits and virtues. More executions occur while Napoleon schemes to sell a pile of timber to Frederick — who is alternately rumored to be a sadistic torturer of animals and the victim of unfounded gossip.
    Chapter 9
    After celebrating their so-called victory against Frederick, the animals begin building a new windmill. Their efforts are again led by Boxer who, despite his split hoof, insists on working harder and getting the windmill started before he retires.
    Chapter 10
    Years pass, and Animal Farm undergoes its final changes. Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher are all dead, and Jones dies in an inebriates’ home. Clover is now 14 years old (two years past the retiring age) but has not retired. (No animal ever has.) There are more animals on the farm, and the farm’s boundaries have increased, thanks to the purchase of two of Pilkington’s fields. The second windmill has been completed and is used for milling corn. All the animals continue their lives of hard work and little food — except, of course, for the pigs.

    Reference :
    http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature

  18. Mr. Parlin, I am sorry to post the CCU ass in this page. We can`t post in CCU page.

    1. Yes, I agree. This quotation makes people can develop and improve what they have inside themselves through healthy ways or competition.

    2. Congress has more power in the US than President, although both of them have the same power. This reason because the Congress which makes the law, while the President carries out the law. On the other hand, the concern over foreign treaties and military actions are controlled by Senate, the part of Congress. Therefore, President should have advice and consent of the Senate before taking certain action on the international front, or if not, Senate can refuse to ratify the treaty with foreign government. Actually President also has the power to refuse or ratify the bill that is passed by Congress for becoming law; but, the President is just given 10 days (except Sundays) to act. If President agrees for it, it becomes law. If President does not take action for the bill for 10 days, or does not agree for it, but there are two-thirds of both the House of Congress voting to refuse the President`s veto, the bill becomes law. It means that President has the power, but it is limited.

    3. Two major parties in the US are Republican and Democratic. Republican is more conservative, while Democratic is liberal. Republican aware in a strong federalism but Democratic is not. Democrat thinks that United States should be the strong one in the international arena; so, U.S should use military force and it is not needed any help from other nations. Democrat thinks that government should pay for health care, but Republican strives for individual or company to pay for it. Democrat supports right of privacy of individual and prevent for government interfere.

  19. Sir, I’m so sorry I post my writing of SUMMARIZING A NOVEL in here because I can’t post it in Summarizing a Novel page. Thank you.
    Dear sir,
    Below is my respond to the assignment of Literature II “Animal Farm”

    Chapter 1
    After Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, falls asleep in a drunken stupor, all of his animals meet in the big barn at the request of old Major, a 12-year-old pig. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. After elaborating on the various ways that Man has exploited and harmed the animals, Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans. He then teaches the animals a song — “Beasts of England” — which they sing repeatedly until they awaken Jones, who fires his gun from his bedroom window, thinking there is a fox in the yard. Frightened by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
    Chapter 2
    After the death of old Major, the animals spend their days secretly planning the rebellion, although they are unsure when it will occur. Because of their intelligence, the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animalism, the name they give to the philosophy expounded by Major in Chapter 1. Among the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon are the most important to the revolution. Despite Mollie’s concern with ribbons and Moses’ tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, the pigs are successful in conveying the principles of Animalism to the others.
    Chapter 3
    Despite the initial difficulties inherent in using farming tools designed for humans, the animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same. Boxer distinguishes himself as a strong, tireless worker, admired by all the animals. The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers. On Sundays, the animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball and Napoleon debate a number of topics on which they seem never to agree. Snowball forms a number of Animal Committees, all of which fail. However, he does prove successful at bringing a degree of literacy to the animals, who learn to read according to their varied intelligences. To help the animals understand the general precepts of Animalism, Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Napoleon, meanwhile, focuses his energy on educating the youth and takes the infant pups of Jessie and Bluebell away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
    Chapter 4
    As summer ends and news of the rebellion spreads to other farms (by way of pigeons released by Snowball and Napoleon), Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers: Pilkington and Frederick. In October, Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control if it. Snowball turns out to be an extraordinary tactician and, with the help of the other animals, drives Jones and his men away. The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call “The Battle of the Cowshed.”
    Chapter 5
    Winter comes, and Mollie works less and less. Eventually, Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of Pilkington’s men, who eventually wins her loyalties. Mollie disappears, and the pigeons report seeing her standing outside a pub, sporting one of the ribbons that she always coveted. The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll. Snowball argues in favor of the windmill, which he is certain will eventually become a labor-saving device; Napoleon argues against it, saying that building the windmill will take time and effort away from the more important task of producing food. The two also disagree on whether they should (as Napoleon thinks) amass an armory of guns or (as Snowball thinks) send out more pigeons to neighboring farms to spread news of the rebellion. On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm. Napoleon then announces that all debates will stop and institutes a number of other new rules for the farm.
    Chapter 6
    During the following year, the animals work harder than ever before. Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication. Napoleon announces that Animal Farm will begin trading with neighboring farms and hires Mr. Whymper, a solicitor, to act as his agent. Other humans meet in pubs and discuss their theories that the windmill will collapse and that Animal Farm will go bankrupt. Jones gives up his attempts at retaking his farm and moves to another part of the county. The pigs move into the farmhouse and begin sleeping in beds, which Squealer excuses on the grounds that the pigs need their rest after the daily strain of running the farm.
    Chapter 7
    As the human world watches Animal Farm and waits for news of its failure, the animals struggle against starvation. Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm’s sufficiency to the human world. After learning that they must surrender their eggs, the hens stage a demonstration that only ends when they can no longer live without the rations that Napoleon had denied them. Nine hens die as a result of the protest. The animals are led to believe that Snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor. He becomes a constant (and imagined) threat to the animals’ security, and Squealer eventually tells the animals that Snowball has sold himself to Frederick and that he was in league with Jones from the very beginning.
    Chapter 8
    The following year brings more work on the windmill and less food for the workers, despite Squealer’s lists of figures supposedly proving that food production has increased dramatically under Napoleon’s rule. As Napoleon grows more powerful, he is seen in public less often. The general opinion of him is expressed in a poem by Minimus that lists his merits and virtues. More executions occur while Napoleon schemes to sell a pile of timber to Frederick — who is alternately rumored to be a sadistic torturer of animals and the victim of unfounded gossip.
    Chapter 9
    After celebrating their so-called victory against Frederick, the animals begin building a new windmill. Their efforts are again led by Boxer who, despite his split hoof, insists on working harder and getting the windmill started before he retires.
    Chapter 10
    Years pass, and Animal Farm undergoes its final changes. Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher are all dead, and Jones dies in an inebriates’ home. Clover is now 14 years old (two years past the retiring age) but has not retired. (No animal ever has.) There are more animals on the farm, and the farm’s boundaries have increased, thanks to the purchase of two of Pilkington’s fields. The second windmill has been completed and is used for milling corn. All the animals continue their lives of hard work and little food — except, of course, for the pigs.

    Reference :
    http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature

  20. sir, I’m so sorry for writing my SUMMARIZING A NOVEL task here, because I can not write or post it in the Summarizing a Novel page. thank you.

    Below is my respond to the assignment of Literature II “Animal Farm”

    Chapter 1
    After Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, falls asleep in a drunken stupor, all of his animals meet in the big barn at the request of old Major, a 12-year-old pig. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. After elaborating on the various ways that Man has exploited and harmed the animals, Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans. He then teaches the animals a song — “Beasts of England” — which they sing repeatedly until they awaken Jones, who fires his gun from his bedroom window, thinking there is a fox in the yard. Frightened by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
    Chapter 2
    After the death of old Major, the animals spend their days secretly planning the rebellion, although they are unsure when it will occur. Because of their intelligence, the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animalism, the name they give to the philosophy expounded by Major in Chapter 1. Among the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon are the most important to the revolution. Despite Mollie’s concern with ribbons and Moses’ tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, the pigs are successful in conveying the principles of Animalism to the others.
    Chapter 3
    Despite the initial difficulties inherent in using farming tools designed for humans, the animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same. Boxer distinguishes himself as a strong, tireless worker, admired by all the animals. The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers. On Sundays, the animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball and Napoleon debate a number of topics on which they seem never to agree. Snowball forms a number of Animal Committees, all of which fail. However, he does prove successful at bringing a degree of literacy to the animals, who learn to read according to their varied intelligences. To help the animals understand the general precepts of Animalism, Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Napoleon, meanwhile, focuses his energy on educating the youth and takes the infant pups of Jessie and Bluebell away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
    Chapter 4
    As summer ends and news of the rebellion spreads to other farms (by way of pigeons released by Snowball and Napoleon), Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers: Pilkington and Frederick. In October, Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control if it. Snowball turns out to be an extraordinary tactician and, with the help of the other animals, drives Jones and his men away. The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call “The Battle of the Cowshed.”
    Chapter 5
    Winter comes, and Mollie works less and less. Eventually, Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of Pilkington’s men, who eventually wins her loyalties. Mollie disappears, and the pigeons report seeing her standing outside a pub, sporting one of the ribbons that she always coveted. The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll. Snowball argues in favor of the windmill, which he is certain will eventually become a labor-saving device; Napoleon argues against it, saying that building the windmill will take time and effort away from the more important task of producing food. The two also disagree on whether they should (as Napoleon thinks) amass an armory of guns or (as Snowball thinks) send out more pigeons to neighboring farms to spread news of the rebellion. On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm. Napoleon then announces that all debates will stop and institutes a number of other new rules for the farm.
    Chapter 6
    During the following year, the animals work harder than ever before. Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication. Napoleon announces that Animal Farm will begin trading with neighboring farms and hires Mr. Whymper, a solicitor, to act as his agent. Other humans meet in pubs and discuss their theories that the windmill will collapse and that Animal Farm will go bankrupt. Jones gives up his attempts at retaking his farm and moves to another part of the county. The pigs move into the farmhouse and begin sleeping in beds, which Squealer excuses on the grounds that the pigs need their rest after the daily strain of running the farm.
    Chapter 7
    As the human world watches Animal Farm and waits for news of its failure, the animals struggle against starvation. Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm’s sufficiency to the human world. After learning that they must surrender their eggs, the hens stage a demonstration that only ends when they can no longer live without the rations that Napoleon had denied them. Nine hens die as a result of the protest. The animals are led to believe that Snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor. He becomes a constant (and imagined) threat to the animals’ security, and Squealer eventually tells the animals that Snowball has sold himself to Frederick and that he was in league with Jones from the very beginning.
    Chapter 8
    The following year brings more work on the windmill and less food for the workers, despite Squealer’s lists of figures supposedly proving that food production has increased dramatically under Napoleon’s rule. As Napoleon grows more powerful, he is seen in public less often. The general opinion of him is expressed in a poem by Minimus that lists his merits and virtues. More executions occur while Napoleon schemes to sell a pile of timber to Frederick — who is alternately rumored to be a sadistic torturer of animals and the victim of unfounded gossip.
    Chapter 9
    After celebrating their so-called victory against Frederick, the animals begin building a new windmill. Their efforts are again led by Boxer who, despite his split hoof, insists on working harder and getting the windmill started before he retires.
    Chapter 10
    Years pass, and Animal Farm undergoes its final changes. Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher are all dead, and Jones dies in an inebriates’ home. Clover is now 14 years old (two years past the retiring age) but has not retired. (No animal ever has.) There are more animals on the farm, and the farm’s boundaries have increased, thanks to the purchase of two of Pilkington’s fields. The second windmill has been completed and is used for milling corn. All the animals continue their lives of hard work and little food — except, of course, for the pigs.

    Reference :
    http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature

  21. sir, I’m so sorry I post my writing of CCU in here because I can’t post it in the space of CCU task. Thank you

    1. Yes, I do. Based on the quotation I think that everybody has a freedom in their life such as to give some opinions or to do something in their country which it can to improve their country. So, if a country will be affluent, the government must be wise and frugal with the people in regulating the all the activities in its country.

    2. I think that the president of USA has more powerful than the congress. It has happened cause the president has a great duty and responsibility to manage his country become the power of the country and affluent. On the other hand, the president may prevent a bill passed by congress from becoming law.

    3. There are two major political parties in the USA , such as Republican and Democrat. Democrat party in the USA is liberal. Based on the philosophy that democrat party is liberal because it can give the freedom for the people to give their opinion for the government and to do something that it can improve their country become the power of the country. On the other hand, Republicans tend to favor a limited role for government in society and believe that such reliance on the private sector (businesses and individuals) – be it avoiding unnecessary environmental regulations or heavy-handed anti-discrimination laws – can improve economic productivity and help achieve the larger goals of freedom and self-reliance.
    Republican is usually considered conservative (fiscally as well as socially), maybe a little pious, pro-business and against the bureaucracy often associated with big government. They see big governments as wasteful and an obstacle to getting things done. Republican more towards individual responsibility and they believe in individual rights and justice.

  22. sir, I’m so sorry for writing my SUMMARIZING A NOVEL task here, because I can not write or post it in Summarizing a Novel page. thank you.

    Dear sir,
    Below is my respond to the assignment of Literature II “Animal Farm”

    Chapter 1
    After Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, falls asleep in a drunken stupor, all of his animals meet in the big barn at the request of old Major, a 12-year-old pig. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. After elaborating on the various ways that Man has exploited and harmed the animals, Major mentions a strange dream of his in which he saw a vision of the earth without humans. He then teaches the animals a song — “Beasts of England” — which they sing repeatedly until they awaken Jones, who fires his gun from his bedroom window, thinking there is a fox in the yard. Frightened by the shot, the animals disperse and go to sleep.
    Chapter 2
    After the death of old Major, the animals spend their days secretly planning the rebellion, although they are unsure when it will occur. Because of their intelligence, the pigs are placed in charge of educating the animals about Animalism, the name they give to the philosophy expounded by Major in Chapter 1. Among the pigs, Snowball and Napoleon are the most important to the revolution. Despite Mollie’s concern with ribbons and Moses’ tales of a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, the pigs are successful in conveying the principles of Animalism to the others.
    Chapter 3
    Despite the initial difficulties inherent in using farming tools designed for humans, the animals cooperate to finish the harvest — and do so in less time than it had taken Jones and his men to do the same. Boxer distinguishes himself as a strong, tireless worker, admired by all the animals. The pigs become the supervisors and directors of the animal workers. On Sundays, the animals meet in the big barn to listen to Snowball and Napoleon debate a number of topics on which they seem never to agree. Snowball forms a number of Animal Committees, all of which fail. However, he does prove successful at bringing a degree of literacy to the animals, who learn to read according to their varied intelligences. To help the animals understand the general precepts of Animalism, Snowball reduces the Seven Commandments to a single slogan: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” Napoleon, meanwhile, focuses his energy on educating the youth and takes the infant pups of Jessie and Bluebell away from their mothers, presumably for educational purposes.
    Chapter 4
    As summer ends and news of the rebellion spreads to other farms (by way of pigeons released by Snowball and Napoleon), Jones spends most of his time in a pub, complaining about his troubles to two neighboring farmers: Pilkington and Frederick. In October, Jones and a group of men arrive at Animal Farm and attempt to seize control if it. Snowball turns out to be an extraordinary tactician and, with the help of the other animals, drives Jones and his men away. The animals then celebrate their victory in what they call “The Battle of the Cowshed.”
    Chapter 5
    Winter comes, and Mollie works less and less. Eventually, Clover discovers that Mollie is being bribed off Animal Farm by one of Pilkington’s men, who eventually wins her loyalties. Mollie disappears, and the pigeons report seeing her standing outside a pub, sporting one of the ribbons that she always coveted. The pigs increase their influence on the farm, deciding all questions of policy and then offering their decisions to the animals, who must ratify them by a majority vote. Snowball and Napoleon continue their fervent debates, the greatest of which occurs over the building of a windmill on a knoll. Snowball argues in favor of the windmill, which he is certain will eventually become a labor-saving device; Napoleon argues against it, saying that building the windmill will take time and effort away from the more important task of producing food. The two also disagree on whether they should (as Napoleon thinks) amass an armory of guns or (as Snowball thinks) send out more pigeons to neighboring farms to spread news of the rebellion. On the Sunday that the plan for the windmill is to be put to a vote, Napoleon calls out nine ferocious dogs, who chase Snowball off the farm. Napoleon then announces that all debates will stop and institutes a number of other new rules for the farm.
    Chapter 6
    During the following year, the animals work harder than ever before. Building the windmill is a laborious business, and Boxer proves himself a model of physical strength and dedication. Napoleon announces that Animal Farm will begin trading with neighboring farms and hires Mr. Whymper, a solicitor, to act as his agent. Other humans meet in pubs and discuss their theories that the windmill will collapse and that Animal Farm will go bankrupt. Jones gives up his attempts at retaking his farm and moves to another part of the county. The pigs move into the farmhouse and begin sleeping in beds, which Squealer excuses on the grounds that the pigs need their rest after the daily strain of running the farm.
    Chapter 7
    As the human world watches Animal Farm and waits for news of its failure, the animals struggle against starvation. Napoleon uses Mr. Whymper to spread news of Animal Farm’s sufficiency to the human world. After learning that they must surrender their eggs, the hens stage a demonstration that only ends when they can no longer live without the rations that Napoleon had denied them. Nine hens die as a result of the protest. The animals are led to believe that Snowball is visiting the farm at night and spitefully subverting their labor. He becomes a constant (and imagined) threat to the animals’ security, and Squealer eventually tells the animals that Snowball has sold himself to Frederick and that he was in league with Jones from the very beginning.
    Chapter 8
    The following year brings more work on the windmill and less food for the workers, despite Squealer’s lists of figures supposedly proving that food production has increased dramatically under Napoleon’s rule. As Napoleon grows more powerful, he is seen in public less often. The general opinion of him is expressed in a poem by Minimus that lists his merits and virtues. More executions occur while Napoleon schemes to sell a pile of timber to Frederick — who is alternately rumored to be a sadistic torturer of animals and the victim of unfounded gossip.
    Chapter 9
    After celebrating their so-called victory against Frederick, the animals begin building a new windmill. Their efforts are again led by Boxer who, despite his split hoof, insists on working harder and getting the windmill started before he retires.
    Chapter 10
    Years pass, and Animal Farm undergoes its final changes. Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher are all dead, and Jones dies in an inebriates’ home. Clover is now 14 years old (two years past the retiring age) but has not retired. (No animal ever has.) There are more animals on the farm, and the farm’s boundaries have increased, thanks to the purchase of two of Pilkington’s fields. The second windmill has been completed and is used for milling corn. All the animals continue their lives of hard work and little food — except, of course, for the pigs.

    Reference :
    http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature

  23. 2. ‘Beasts of England’ – The song ‘Beasts of England’ is a metaphor for the ideology of Communism. In the novel it is said that the song spread throughout the countryside – just as belief in the communist system spread throughout all of the labor unions in the world. In many democratic countries (including the U.S.), socialist parties began to grow and socialists politicians began winning seats in legislatures.
    3. the pigs dislike the pet raven Moses’ stories about Sugar candy because he told tales and did no work, but some of them believed in Sugar candy Mountain, and the pigs had to argue very hard to persuade them that there was no such place.
    4. because the clover saw her looking over the hedge and Mollie talked with one of Mr. Pilkington’s men and she was allowing him to stroke her nose.
    5. The controversy between them are disagreed at every point where disagreement was possible. If one of them suggested sowing a bigger acreage with barley, the other was certain to demand a bigger acreage of oats, and if one of them said that such and such a field was just right for cabbages, the other would declare that it was useless for anything except roots.
    Napoleon coerces all the animal, Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself in between times. He was especially successful with the sheep. Of late the sheep had taken to bleating “Four legs good, two legs bad” both in and out of season, and they often interrupted the Meeting with this. It was noticed that they were especially liable to break into “Four legs good, two legs bad”
    6. the windmill destroyed on November with raging south-west winds. Building had to stop because
    it was now too wet to mix the cement. Napoleon blame snowball because he has done
    this thing! In sheer malignity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion, this traitor has crept here under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly a year.
    7. Boxer (horse), they battle again because they didn’t have preparation.
    8. Because when the animals take over the farm, they think it is the start of a better life. Their dream is of a world where all animals are equal and all property is shared. But soon the pigs take control and one of them, Napoleon, becomes the leader of all the animals. One by one the principles of the revolution are abandoned, until the animals have even less freedom than before.
    9. Napoleon allows Moses to return and tell stories about Sugar candy Mountain for one main reason. Napoleon sees it as an opportunity to keep the animals subdued and docile.

    10.
    a. Snowball: naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. Snowball is intelligent, passionate, eloquent, and less subtle and devious than his counterpart, Napoleon. Snowball seems to win the loyalty of the other animals and cement his power.
    b. Napoleon: the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Napoleon uses military force to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball.
    c. Squealer: spreads Napoleon’s propaganda among the other animals. Squealer justifies the pigs’ monopolization of resources and spreads false statistics pointing to the farm’s success. Orwell uses Squealer to explore the ways in which those in power often use rhetoric and language to twist the truth and gain and maintain social and political control.
    d. Moses: The tame raven who spreads stories of Sugar candy Mountain, the paradise to which animals supposedly go when they die.
    e. Clover: A good-heart female cart-horse and Boxer’s close friend. Clover often suspects the pigs of violating one or another of the Seven Commandments, but she repeatedly blames herself for misremembering the commandments.
    f. Mollie: The vain, flighty mare who pulls Mr. Jones’ s carriage. Mollie craves the attention of human beings and loves being groomed and pampered. She has a difficult time with her new life on Animal Farm, as she misses wearing ribbons in her mane and eating sugar cubes.

  24. sir, I’m so sorry for writing my CCU task here, because I can not write or post it in the space which suppose to be written in CCU task. thank you

    1. Yes, I agree with Thomas Jefferson quotation that a wise and frugal government shall restrain men from injuring one another, [and] shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvements because all men are created equal and have right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and the government shall protect them.

    2. If the question is who has more power, president or congress, well basically legislative/congress, executive, and judicial stand equally with their own functions. They work together, especially for policies and law. A country need to be dynamic with the law because life keeps changing. So that why every year, congress can file hundreds, even thousands bills, so it can be enacted as law. The process is when congress agrees to enact a bill into law, yet the president disagrees, so they have to drop the bill. Unless 2/3 congress members agree to the bill. It makes the bill is not easy to be law. Moreover, even though congress and president have the same voice for a bill, but judiciary says it against the highest law, then the bill directly is dropped. That’s how US controls law not to be evil influence to people.

    3. Two major political parties are Republican and Democrat. The main difference in their beliefs is Democrats are generally more liberal. They believe in a larger federal government, and often implement tax plans to try to help the less privileged. They tend to believe the government must look for the greater good above the individual person in terms of welfare and do what is necessary to make the populace more “equal”. They assert that the values our country holds must evolve over time, and, therefore, tend to support such controversial choices as Pro Choice and gay marriage. Republicans are generally more conservative. They believe that the answers do not lay with the government generally, but rather with the people. They want less government interference and tend to believe more strongly in property rights and less strongly in well-fare rights, holding economic equity above equality. Many republicans are religious and tend to hold to the morals characterizing the Founding Fathers, which results in general disapproval of abortions and, for some, gay marriage.

  25. Dear Sir,
    Here are my answer to following the question
    2. The massage is that in that song they can express their longing for a better society in days to come. Because ‘Beasts of England’ was the song of the rebellion of the traitors.
    3. The massage is that in that song they can express their longing for a better society in days to come. Because ‘Beasts of England’ was the song of the rebellion of the traitors.
    4. Mollie ran away from the farm because Clover suspect even believe that Mollie had conspired with one of Jones’ men. Clover told him that he was saw them when the man stroke mollie’s nose. Mollie said that it was not true, but he could not see Clover’s eyes. Means that what clover guess about him was true.
    5. The controversy between Snowball and Napoleon comes since Snowball announces that he wants to build a windmill, but on the other hand Napoleon was preceded by Snowball and both are anxious to maintain their own opinion. According to Napoleon, what the animals must do was to procure firearms and train themselves in the use of them. According to Snowball, they must send out more and more pigeons and stir up rebellion among the animals on the other farms.
    6. The windmill destroyed it by disaster strikes when a nighttime. But Napolleon blame Snowball because they found some pig footprints leading away from the farm are discovered, and Napoleon confirms them to belong to Snowball.
    7. Because they did not have enough preparation, moreover it was happend in the morning when they had their breakfast. There were 15 men who came attack them, with half a dozen guns betwwen them and they opened fire as soon as they got within fifty yards.
    8. Because all the animals wanted to eliminate slavery they experienced during this time. With the abolition of the Seven Commandments to make them appreciate each other and work together to rebuild the windmill.
    9. Because many of the animals like to believe what she had told about Sugarcandy Mountain.
    10. A. Snowball is naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. This feature fit his character that he is a good man, means that did thing in good way. Snowball is highly intelligent and persuasive, a brilliant orator, and is always dreaming ways and means of improving life on the farm.
    10. B. _____
    10. C. Squealer (lexically means ‘to give forth a loud shrill cry or sound’; ‘one who reveals confidential information in return for money’), he is a brilliant and persuasive orator, less inclined to take the lead with his own ideas.
    10. D. Moses, he seduces many of the animals on the farm with tales of SugarCandy mountain, a mythical place in the clouds where animals go after they die.

  26. sir, I’m so sorry for writing my CCU task here, because I can not write or post it in the space which suppose to be written in CCU task. thank you

    1. Yes, I agree. Because I think it is important for a goverment to give a good protection for the people who are proctected or belong to his goverment . Giving them rights and opportunity to make an improvement in their life and it’s also helps to build a good goverment which having a creative people on it.
    2. I think the more powerful in America is precident. Because in america precident is most important one in running the goverment. The president has a responbility to develop from the bad influences that it can be destroyed when a state has a lot of debts and then the state can compete from financial and education. Therefore, the president has high qualification, high education and high emotional inteligence.
    3. There are two major political parties in USA, they are Republican Party and Democratic party. There are some core ideological differences between the two. Republicans follow a conservative policy while the Democrats follow a liberal policy. Republicans are opposed to abortion. They call it murder of the fetus. This is called the ‘pro-life’ stance. Democrats support the right of abortion. They argue that women should have a right on their bodies. This is called the ‘pro-choice’ stance. Republicans are opposed to same-sex marriage. Democrats want to legalize it. Unlike the Democrats, Republicans believe in a more robust version of federalism with greater limitations placed on federal power and a larger role for the states. Democrats support stem cell research. The Republicans are opposed to it.
    Republicans favor tax cuts. Democrats are opposed to it saying that the tax revenues are used to help the neediest. Democrats want the government to pay for universal health care. The Republicans wants the individual or companies to pay for it. Republicans want more money to be spent on national defense than the Democrats. The Republican supports stricter immigration laws and border controls than the Democrats.
    Republicans believe that strict environmental standards hurt businesses and hence support reductions in environmental regulations. The Democrats believe that the health of families and the strength of the economy depend on proper governance of the environment.

  27. 2. The massage is that in that song they can express their longing for a better society in days to come. Because ‘Beasts of England’ was the song of the rebellion of the traitors.
    3. The animals dislike Moses’ stories, because the stories tell hates and do no work.
    4. Mollie run away from the farm because he hides a little pile of lump sugar and several bunches of ribbon with different colors. But he didn’t recognize.
    5. The controversy between Snowball and Napoleon comes since Snowball announces that he wants to build a windmill, but on the other hand Napoleon was preceded by Snowball and both are anxious to maintain their own opinion. According to Napoleon, what the animals must do was to procure firearms and train themselves in the use of them. According to Snowball, they must send out more and more pigeons and stir up rebellion among the animals on the other farms. At last the day came when Snowball’s plans were completed. At the Meeting
    on the following Sunday the question of whether or not to begin work on
    the windmill was to be put to the vote. When the animals had assembled in
    the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by
    bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for advocating the building
    of the windmill. Then Napoleon stood up to reply. He said very quietly
    that the windmill was nonsense and that he advised nobody to vote for it,
    and promptly sat down again; he had spoken for barely thirty seconds, and
    seemed almost indifferent as to the effect he produced.
    6. The windmill destroyed in November there is raging south-west winds. The building had to stop because it was snow too wet to mix cement. Finally there came a night when the
    gale was so violent that the farm buildings rocked on their foundations
    and several tiles were blown off the roof of the barn. Because Napoleon hates Snowball so much and tries to destroy him in front of the animals.
    7. ___
    8. Because all the animals wanted to eliminate slavery they experienced during this time. With the abolition of the Seven Commandments to make them appreciate each other and work together to rebuild the windmill.
    9. Napoleon wanted animals trust and adore him more than Snowball.
    10. Napoleon: Napoleon is Orwell’s chief villain in Animal Farm. The name Napoleon is very appropriate since Napoleon, the dictator of France, was thought by many to be the Anti-Christ. Napoleon, the pig, is really the central character on the farm. Obviously a metaphor for Stalin, Comrade Napoleon represents the human frailties of any revolution. Orwell believed that although socialism is good as an ideal, it can never be successfully adopted due to uncontrollable sins of human nature. For example, although Napoleon seems at first to be a good leader, he is eventually overcome by greed and soon becomes power-hungry. Of course, Stalin did, too, in Russia, leaving the original equality of socialism behind, giving himself all the power and living in luxury while the common peasant suffered.
    Squealer: Squealer is an intriguing character in Orwell’s Animal Farm. He’s first described as a manipulator and persuader. Orwell narrates, “He could turn black into white.” Many critics correlate Squealer with the Pravda, the Russian newspaper of the 1930s. Propaganda was a key to many publications, and since there was no television or radio, the newspaper was the primary source of media information. So the monopoly of the Pravda was seized by Stalin and his new Bolshevik regime. In Animal Farm, Squealer, like the newspaper, is the link between Napoleon and other animals.

  28. 3. The animals hated Moses because he told tales and did no work, but some of them believed in Sugarcandy Mountain, and the pigs had to argue very hard to persuade them that there was no such place. Moreover, Moses was a spy and a tale-bearer, but he was also a clever talker.
    4. Mollie ran away from the farm because Clover suspect even believe that Mollie had conspired with one of Jones’ men. Clover told him that he was saw them when the man stroke mollie’s nose. Mollie said that it was not true, but he could not see Clover’s eyes. Means that what clover guess about him was true.
    5. The controversy shown when Napolleon and Snowball always oppose in every proposal when thay had meeting. Napolleon persuade the animals in the farm. Squelaer explained to the animals that Napoleon has taken on the leadership with great reluctance and with great sacrifice to himself. Squealer explains the apparent change of heart by convincing the animals that Napoleon had been in favour of the windmill all along, but had to appear to be against it in order to get rid of Snowball.
    6. The windmill destroyed it by disaster strikes when a nighttime. But Napolleon blame Snowball because they found some pig footprints leading away from the farm are discovered, and Napoleon confirms them to belong to Snowball. And napolleon persist rebuilding it immediately that he thought they had to teach the miserable traitor that Snowball can not undo their work so easily.
    7. Because they did not have enough preparation, moreover it was happend in the morning when they had their breakfast. There were 15 men who came attack them, with half a dozen guns betwwen them and they opened fire as soon as they got within fifty yards. That’s made them soon driven back.
    8. “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.”, because some of the leadership of napolleon is going to unbalance/unfair.
    9. Because many of the animals like to believe what she had told about Sugarcandy Mountain, that they will go to a better place after their deaths, and the pigs now seem to tolerate Moses, giving him an allowance of beer every day also because of it can be effect for Napolleon leadership to get the animals easily to persuade so that his leadership will be stronger.
    10. a. Snowball is naturally white and represents a thing that melts in the sun or breaks up when it hits a solid object. This feature fit his character that he is a good man, means that did thing in good way. Snowball is highly intelligent and persuasive, a brilliant orator, and is always dreaming ways and means of improving life on the farm.
    b. Napolleon is politically man. He used everything to reach his goal, his dream and everything he wanted, eventhough it had to break the rule.
    c. Squealer (lexically means ‘to give forth a loud shrill cry or sound’; ‘one who reveals confidential information in return for money’), he is a brilliant and persuasive orator, less inclined to take the lead with his own ideas. Beside it like to take advantage of each what he does (does not want to do something wwithout any advantage)
    d. Moses, the crow, always talk more and do less. Liked to tell a story or fairy tale to the athers to persuade or make the others interest. He seduces many of the animals on the farm with tales of SugarCandy mountain, a mythical place in the clouds where animals go after they die.
    e. Boxer, Enormously strong, most of the ambitious building projects undertaken on Animal Farm depend on his physical strength and his unquestioning dedication to the rebellion. Dull-witted, he is easily manipulated by the more intelligent animals.
    Enormously strong, most of the ambitious building projects undertaken on Animal Farm depend on his physical strength and his unquestioning dedication to the rebellion. Dull-witted, he is easily manipulated by the more intelligent animals.
    2. The imagery of the Beast of England for this present is the freedom. The freedom to manage all what we have for the good as we want. the animals like it so much because they have been tired to have live such thay have before, they are ordered by human, for them that is a misery. But know, they want to change their life, they want to have a freedom, do whatever they want, manage all they can do for their life. Through the Major who teach them the song they have the new spirit to change the life.

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