Imagery in Poetry


Imagery in Poetry

 Parlindungan Pardede

We experience the world through our five senses of sight, sound, smell, touch and taste. My experience of a sunny day on a beach, for instance, may consist partly of certain emotions I feel and partly of certain thoughts I think. But most of it will be a cluster of sense impressions. It will consist of seeing blue sky white clouds, and green palm trees; of hearing the crashing waves’ and swallows singing in the sky; of smelling salty air; and feeling a fresh wind against my cheek or moist sand on my feet. The poet seeking to express his experience of a sunny day on a beach must therefore provide a selection of the sense impressions he has, and the use of imagery (the collection of images in a literary work) will serve him best. By means of imagery, the emotions that accompanied his sensations can be evoked.

Images are essentially word-pictures which usually work by a method of association. This means that the images are created by associations that we make as readers within the linguistic context of the text. For example, the line “swashing waves and salty air” immediately creates the image of being on a beach in the reader’s mind, because “swashing waves” and ‘salty air” could naturally be heard and smelt on a beach. That’s why they are directly associated with the seaside. To take another example, the world “red” in “His face turned red after hearing he was betrayed” will be associated with “anger”.

Based on those explanations, it is obvious that imagery is a tool or an instrument poets use to reveal their intentions or feelings. Understanding the use of images, therefore, is very crucial in one’s trials to understand the essential meaning of poem.

 Imagery, which is defined as a word or representation that appeals to the human senses, can be very various in poetry. Psychologists identify seven kinds of mental images — those of visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, kinesthetic (movement and muscular tension) and internal sensation. All are available to poets, and all are used by poets, though not to the same extent.

Visual image describes something you can see. Visual imagery will describe a setting’s colors, size, shape, physical features and anything else that you detect with your eyes. Some examples of words used to evoke sight (visual) images are: picture, flash, bright, clear, see, light, dark, large, red, and gloom.

Auditory image, also known as aural imagery, describes something you can hear. It can be used on a large scale, such as describing the sounds of an earthquake, or it can be more subtle, such as the sound of footsteps on a wooden floor. Common words used to suggest sound (auditory) images are: scream, shout, listen, tone, whisper, ring, utter, noisy, and quiet.

Olfactory image describes something you can smell. Writers can use lots of creative license with olfactory imagery by assigning smells to unusual things. For example, anyone can imagine the smell of chocolate chip cookies baking in the oven, but a writer can use olfactory imagery to describe the smell of a forest, a meadow or a summer night. To evoke smell (olfactory) images, common words to use are: pungent, fragrant, sweet, dank, stinky, musty, rotten, odor, or essence.

Gustatory image is something you can taste. Like olfactory imagery, gustatory imagery has endless possibilities for describing simple things in a creative way. Gustatory imagery can describe anything from the taste of a slice of pizza to the taste in your mouth before you have to make a big speech. To evoke taste (gustatory) images, poets can use words like sweet, sour, salty, bitter, fresh, juicy, burnt, zesty, and tangy.

Tactile image appeals to your sense of touch. It describes parts of the story you can feel on your skin, for example a kitten’s fur between your fingers or a cold wind on your face. Good tactile imagery should make you feel something as though it were really there. To evoke touch images, common words used are: hard, sharp, smooth, soft, wet, and rugged.

Kinesthetic imagery is a broad term that is used to describe various emotions. It includes sense of movement (swimming, running on grass, or throwing a ball), feeling (sad, calm, angry, happy), temperature (cold, hot), internal sensations (hungry, thirsty) and physical interactions (heartbeat, tension in the muscles or joints).

To illustrate the importance of considering imagery in poem comprehension, read the following poem and pay attention to imagery used by Browning in it.

 Meeting at Night

The gray sea and the long black land;

And the yellow half-moon large and low;

And the startled little waves that leap

In fiery ringlets from their sleep,

As I gain the cove with pushing prow,

And quench its speed i’ the slushy sand.

 

Then a mile of warm sea-scented beach;

Three fields to cross till a farm appears;

A tap at the pane, the quick sharp scratch

And a blue spurt of a lighted match,

And a voice less loud, thro’ its joys and fears,

Than the two hearts beating each to each!

(Robert Browning, 1812-1889)

Vocabulary
cove (l. 5): small bay
and quench (l.6): to put out a fire, or satisfy one’s thirst; here it has the sense of ‘stop’.
slushy: (l.6): very soft and watery
pane (l.9): one of the panels of glass in a window.
 

Meeting at Night simply describes a lover’s journey toward his beloved. It makes, one might say, a number of statements about love: being in love is a sweet and exiting experience; when one is in love everything seems beautiful to him, and the most trivial things become significant. But the poet actually tells us none of these things directly. He even doesn’t use the word ‘love’ in the poem. He just communicates the experiences of a lover who is going to meet his sweetheart. The journey is described so vividly in terms sense impressions that the reader not only sees and hears what the lover saw and heard but also shares his anticipation and excitement.

This works is a poem which the reader should see, touch, smell, hear, and feel in order to understand the meaning. Every line in the poem contains some image: the gray sea, the long black land, the yellow half moon, the started little waves, and the blue spurt of the lighted match—all appeal to our sense of sight and convey not only shape but also color and motion. The warm sea-scanted beach appeals to the senses of both smell and touch. The pushing prow of the boat on the slushy sand, the quick sharp scratch of the match, the low speech of the lovers appeal to kinesthetic images. Finally, the sound of their two hearts beating appeals to the internal sensation.

44 Comments

  1. ANASTASIA WIDAYANTI (0912150039)

    1.There are eleven images in the poem:
    Visual image: A state, quicksand in the marshes, the roads, a castle, perfect bridge, the crocodiles, its doors appeal to the sense of sight.
    Kinesthetic image: You must dare not enter, hopes of staying appeal to sense of feeling; the roads leading to a castle, its doors forever open appeal to sense of movement.

    2.Through this poem, the poet would like to explain to readers how to get happiness. If you want to find happiness, we must fight to get it. As the saying goes: the trouble first, fun later.

    3.Everyone wants to be happy. Happiness is the ways to get it. Sometimes we cannot guess that happiness will come. We should be passionate about creating happiness. However, sometimes to be able to create happiness often has only constraints that we face. However, it becomes meaningless when we already have great intentions. I quote from the poem: “quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist “, poet would like to clarify that there’s always obstacles to happiness. But (I quote again) “its doors forever open” this poem explains that you can open if we have a very high willingness. Finally, the poet emphasizes that we will always find happiness if we never stopped to try when we fall and be able to face every trouble that comes.

  2. 1. a. A state: visual imaginary
    b. Hope of staying: gustatory imaginary
    c. A castle: visual imaginary
    d. Happiness: gustatory imaginary

    2. Stephen Dunn wanted to tell us about happiness
    3. . The general meaning in this poetry want to express how the meaning of happiness in somebody’s life and how to achieve that happiness. If we want struggle while have a hope and do not ease give up we will get a happiness. Such asvisual image : all the roads leading to a castle that many way to reach the happiness.

  3. 1. There are 9 images that I found in the poem. They are :
    a) a state : visual imagery
    b) Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
    c) All the roads : visual imagery
    d) a castle : visual image
    e) perfect bridge : visual imagery
    f) the crocodiles : visual imagery
    g) its doors : visual imagery
    h) dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
    i) forever open : kinesthetic imagery

    2. Stephen Dunn wanted to tell us about happiness is open to all who strive for happiness

    3. – common sense: happiness can be achieved by people who wanted to fight in their lives
    – Significant detail: sometimes we take the difficult path to achieve happiness in our lives, sand quicksand in the swamp, all the way to the palace, a perfect bridge above the crocodiles’ that shows all the people who are struggling to find happiness
    – Intention: Stephen Dunn will fight in our lives to achieve happiness because happiness will always be there for all who struggle for happiness

    Reply

  4. 1. – Visual image : a state, quick sand, the bridge, roads, castle, crocodile, doors
    – Kinesthetic imagery : happiness, Dare, hopes

    2. Stephen Dunn wanted to tell us about happiness is open to all who strive for happiness

    3. * common sense: happiness can be achieved by people who wanted to fight in their lives

    * Significant detail: sometimes we take the difficult path to achieve happiness in our lives, sand quicksand in the swamp, all the way to the palace, a perfect bridge above the crocodiles’ that shows all the people who are struggling to find happiness

    * Intention: Stephen Dunn will fight in our lives to achieve happiness because happiness will always be there for all who struggle for happiness

  5. 1. In this Poetry, I find six images
    • Happiness = Kinesthetic imagery
    • Dare = Kinesthetic imagery
    • Quicksand in the marshes = Visual image
    • All the road = Visual image
    • Its doors = Visual image
    • Its perfect bridge = Visual image
    2. Feeling or idea Dun mean to express through each image is dun- feel that poetry is in reaching happiness it ‘s not that easy , have to go through a long road . He felt that sometimes happiness is not clear and evident so he ignored the happiness .
    3. The general meaning in this poetry want to express how the meaning of happiness in somebody’s life and how to achieve that happiness.
    Detailed meaning in this poetry the author want to express In the poem “Happiness” Stephen Dunn refers to happiness as “quicksand in the marshes.” Is happiness fleeting or a more permanent aspect of life? Compare “happiness” to imagery involving any emotion like joy, sadness, and others.
    The intention of this poet is the author would like to tells about how to reach the happiness that in every way we expect a lot to bring and get the happiness to our life.

  6. 1. Visual imagery : a state, quicksands, all the roads, a castle, the bridge, the crocodiles, doors
    Kinesthetic imagery : forever open, dare not to enter, happiness,
    2. Stephen Dunn wants to share the readers about happiness. He thinks that everybody are able to get the happiness if they are able to fight for the problems that belong to them.
    3. General Meaning : The happiness is belong to us
    Detailed meaning : There are many problems that we can find to get the happiness. Some problems that came into our life, but we have to face it with a heart of wisdom.
    Intention of the poet : The poet tells us that as long as we want to try and never give up , its all the way to get the happiness.

  7. 1. Images that I can find in the poem:
    a. A state : visual imagery
    b. Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
    c. All the roads : visual imagery
    d. a castle : visual image
    e. perfect bridge : visual imagery
    f. the crocodiles : visual imagery
    g. its doors : visual imagery
    h. dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
    i. forever open : kinesthetic imagery

    2.I felt like Dunn had a spiritual meaning when writing this poem. In the first stanza he is talking about all these different ways of happiness and going through marshes and quicksand which is something that’s nearly impossible to get out of. I saw it at Dunn referring to earth and the struggles we go through while we’re here. Complete happiness can never exist on earth which is exactly what he says. Then he begins to tell us about something that has been promised to us. Someone had to make this promise and that someone is God. He promised happiness. Heaven is ‘above’, ‘perfect’, and ‘forever’. Three descriptions that he gave and I’m not sure there is anything on earth that could possibly fit fully with all three of those words. When you cross over the bridges of crocodiles you are crossing over all these things on earth that tried to ‘eat’ you in a non-literal sense. I didn’t find any good or liable sources.

    3.general meaning: the poem told how in life we should able to get happiness in our lives.
    “Sand pumice in the swamp, and all roads leading to the castle that does not exist,” in the poem tells us that there are difficulties in the face of happiness.
    “But that was it, as promised, with a perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and the door always open” meaning we can still get the same happiness God’s given us in his lifetime. God was promising that to his people. that we get happiness in it anywhere, at anytime and we as a humans do not pernh stop trying and trying until we can get her happiness.

  8. 1. a) a state : visual imagery
    b) Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
    c) All the roads : visual imagery
    d) a castle : visual image
    e) perfect bridge : visual imagery
    f) the crocodiles : visual imagery
    g) its doors : visual imagery
    h) dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
    i) forever open : kinesthetic imagery

    2. All of the imaginary express the happiness

    3. general meaning: tell about the happiness; how to get the happiness actually is not difficult. you can make easier if you follow all of his step

    detailed meaning: to get you happiness is not difficult. that’s so easy. how? you just only let your your hopes flow like quicksand in the marshes and through all of the road leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. even though you don’t know where your hopes go to, just let all of your hopes flow. No matter how difficult your life, how difficult your obstacles that you have to face. he also said that its perfect bridge above the crocodile, it means that that is your challenges that you have to through in white the crocodiles that be ready for breaking all of that you have done to get your happiness. But if you do those with all of your heart, you will through them easily. And you have to believe that if you did all of the steps. you will find out you happiness.

    the intention of the writer: the writer wanna know the people how to get your happiness is so easy, just let all of your hopes flow like water because the happiness is right of of everyone.

  9. 1. There are four images.
    a. The quicksand in the marshes: Kinesthetic imagery
    b. all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist : Kinesthetic imagery
    c. Perfect bridge above the crocodiles: Kinesthetic imagery
    d. The doors which forever open: Kinesthetic imagery

    2. All of the imaginary express the happiness

    3. general meaning: tell about the happiness; how to get the happiness actually is not difficult. you can make easier if you follow all of his step

    detailed meaning: to get you happiness is not difficult. that’s so easy. how? you just only let your your hopes flow like quicksand in the marshes and through all of the road leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. even though you don’t know where your hopes go to, just let all of your hopes flow. No matter how difficult your life, how difficult your obstacles that you have to face. he also said that its perfect bridge above the crocodile, it means that that is your challenges that you have to through in white the crocodiles that be ready for breaking all of that you have done to get your happiness. But if you do those with all of your heart, you will through them easily. And you have to believe that if you did all of the steps. you will find out you happiness.

    the intention of the writer: the writer wanna know the people how to get your happiness is so easy, just let all of your hopes flow like water because the happiness is right of of everyone.

  10. 1. There are 11 images.
    A state, quicksand in the marshes, the roads, a castle, perfect bridge, the crocodiles, its doors appeal to the sense of sight (visual image).
    You must dare not enter, hopes of staying appeal to sense of feeling; the roads leading to a castle, its doors forever open appeal to sense of movement (Kinesthetic image).

    2. The poet wants to tell the reader how to get the happiness. By struggling for the happiness, the happiness itself will guide us to the something that we don’t even try to imagine. As the saying goes: no pain, no gain.

    3. Happiness describes about how to get the happiness itself. Everything that we face when we do to get it sometimes unpredictable. We have to dare on it with a big spirit in ourselves. There would be some obstacles in the way we fight for happiness. But, it soon become trifling when our willingness is greater than the obstacles. The poet wants the reader not to give up as fast as the obstacle come. From “quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist”, he wants to tell that there is always trouble anytime we struggle for happiness. But, “its doors forever open” shows that there is a way if there is willingness. He used simple present tense in that, and it shows that it always. We will always get the happiness, anytime and anywhere if we never stop to try, try, and try again even though the biggest trouble facing us.

  11. 1.There are eight images in the poem:
    visual imagery : “quicksand in the marshes”, “roads”, “castle”, “perfect bridge”, “crocodiles”, and “doors”
    kinesthetic imagery : “open”, “leading”

    2. Through the poem, Dunn wants to tell us about happiness. To get happiness is not easy but there is way leading to happiness. It cannot always exist in our life, but we can feel it. He said “the perfect bridge above the crocodile”, it means there are many challenges to get the happiness but we must be sure that we can face them because everyone can get happiness.

    3. General meaning : the poem is about reaching happiness. It has many challenges but we can get it if we keep trying.

    detailed meaning: “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying,” means sometimes we are hopeless to get happiness but we must get it as a part of our life.
    “quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist, But there it is, as promised, with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles” tells that there must be problems to reach the happiness (the castle) but there always a way (all the roads leading to a castle) to get it. The way doesn’t exist but but there it is because the Lord will help us. “and its doors forever open” means everyone can get happiness because there always a way.

    intention of the poet: Dunn tells us that there always a way leads to happiness as long as we keep trying to reach it.

  12. 1. Four images.
    -) The quicksand in the marshes
    -) The roads which lead to a castle
    -) Perfect bridge above the crocodiles
    -) The doors which forever open.

    The quicksand in the marshes is something that we have to face if want to get a way to the happiness.

    The roads leading to a castle is something that we get after passed the quicksand in the marshes. And we should be followed it.

    Perfect bridge above the crocodile is something that we have to pass while we’re in the roads. If we cant pass it, we’ll fall into a crocodiles. It means we failed to get happiness.

    The doors which forever open is someplace that we’ll get if we can pass all steps above well. And everyone can enter it as long as they live.

    2. Each image expresses either the way or the result that we find in the happiness.

    3. The general meaning is tells about the way how to get happiness.

    The detailed meaning is there are some steps to gain a happiness. We’ve to dare to face it. If we can do it well, we’ll know what the real happiness is.

    The intention is the writer wants let people know that to gain happiness is not as easy as they thought before. And there’re some steps to gain it.

  13. 1. The images I found in this poem
    Visual images (a state, quicksand in the marshes, all the roads, a castle, perfect bridge, the crocodiles, its doors).
    Kinesthetic images ( dare, hopes).

    2. Through this poem, the poet want to tell us obout the happiness in life.
    The way of happiness is always open and it belongs to everyone who wanna try to work hard, because to find the happiness is not easy. Such as, he is images as Quicksand in the marshes and the perfect bright above the crocodile.

    3. General meaning : Getting happiness is not easy.
    Details meaning : There are many obstruction that must be passed to find the happiness as though the poet want to share in this poem. Such as, in ways Quicksand in the marshes, all the roads leading to a castle, and the perfect bridge above the crocodiles.
    Intention : Stephen Dunn want to tell us that there is a way people who strugle to find the happiness in his life.

  14. 1. Visual image: a state, quicksands, the marshes, the roads, a castle, bridge, the crocodiles, doors
    Kinesthetic imagery: dare not enter, hopes of staying, forever open

    2. Dun was expressed the happiness. He is implying that happiness is always present in our lives, but it is not obvious and thus we sometimes tend to overlook it.

    3. The general meaning: The happiness is a journey and something not easily attained.

    Detailed meaning: In the first stanza the reader is immediately presented with a warning to dare not enter the state. This throws you off. Do not enter the state with the hopes that it will stay.
    In the second stanza, Dunn tells that the happiness comes and goes quickly. The castle in this poem represents happiness. In those times, happiness or the castle, feels as if it does not exist.
    In the last stanza, the writer shows that we can get the happiness with a challenge. And in this poetry the cha;lenge is the crocodiles above the perfect bridge.

    Intention of the poet: The happiness is around us. And even though it is promised that happiness does not always stay, we will never stop experiencing it.

  15. 1.There are two types of images.
    a. Visual imagery (quicksand in the marshes, all the roads leading to a castle, and doors forever open).
    b. Kinesthetic imagery (happiness and dare).
    2.The feeling or idea that Dun means to express through each image is happiness.
    3. In par. 1: A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying,
    quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist, Dunn wants to awaken and encourage that when uncertainty, hope, the way of achieving the desire, there is no sorry we have to act boldly in the sense of trust.
    In par. 2: But there it is, as promised, with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and its doors forever open, Dunn reveals a beautiful promise of a happiness, which is a bridge to a door. Inside the door where there is peace, happiness, and there is no bad thing.

  16. 1. Images that I can find in the poem:
    a. A state : visual
    b. All the roads : visual
    c. Quicksand : visual
    d. A castle : visual image
    e. The bridge : visual
    f. The crocodiles : visual
    g. Dare : kinesthetic
    h. Doors : visual
    i. Forever open : kinesthetic
    j. Happiness : kinesthetic

    2. Based on the poem, Dunn would like to share about happiness, states that everyone has equal rights and opportunities to achieve happiness and poets also asked everyone to keep fighting and not give up to achieve that happiness. which though in achieving these objectives are so many obstacles and trials that have to go through.
    3. The general meaning of the poem is told of how the joy and the journey and struggle to achieve happiness
    Detailed meaning : Stephen Dunn describes happiness is like
    – A country that should dare not enter with hopes of staying, quicksand in the swamp, and all that means happiness is the view and the way that many obstacles.
    – The roads leading to a castle that does not exist. But there he was, as promised, means a struggle and hard work, and
    – With a perfect bridge above the crocodiles and the door open forever means to achieve our goals we are a lot of obstacles and risks that have to go through.
    The intention of this poet
    poet goal is to convey that on the way to achieve that happiness is a lot of hurdles that have to go through and requires hard work and commitment to never give up. But behind it all will produce a sweet fruit that is happiness.

  17. 1. There are 9 images that I found in the poem. They are :
    a) a state : visual imagery
    b) Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
    c) All the roads : visual imagery
    d) a castle : visual image
    e) perfect bridge : visual imagery
    f) the crocodiles : visual imagery
    g) its doors : visual imagery
    h) dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
    i) forever open : kinesthetic imagery

    2. Through this poem, the poet wants to expresses the struggle to gain the
    happiness
    3. General Meaning : how difficult to gain the happiness and there are some steps
    to get it.
    Detailed meaning :
    quicksand in the marshes, and all : there are so many problems that we find to
    face it.
    the roads leading to a castle : if we can pass the problems so we’ve to follow the
    roads that lead us to get the happiness.
    perfect bridge above the crocodiles : if we can’t pass the problems, so we will fail
    to get the happiness.
    its doors forever open : The doors of happiness forever open for who wants to
    get it. Through each image Dunn wants to express how difficult to gain the
    happiness.
    Intention of the poet: the poet wants to tell us about the happiness which is so
    hard to be reached. To get the happiness, we should through the long journey
    which is full of struggles, challenges, and obstacles. So, if we are able to pass all
    the difficult roads, we will reach the door of happiness which never close for us.

  18. 1. Happiness = Kinesthetic Imagery
    A state = Visual Imagery
    Dare = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Hopes = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Staying = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Quicksand = Tactile Image
    Marshes = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Roads = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Castle = Visual Image
    Promised = Kinesthetic Imagery
    Bridge = Visual Imagery
    Crocodiles = Visual Imagery
    Doors = Visual Imagery
    Forever = Kinesthetic Imagery
    2. Feeling or idea that Dun mean to express through each image is experienced by Stephen Dunn is happiness, that is, he’s always grateful for his state of life in times of joy and sorrow to face life, because happiness is very difficult to get.
    3. General Meaning = this poem tell about of happiness in one’s life, that to get the happiness we have to fight to get the happiness that we want. Detailed Meaning= that to get what we want is not easy, therefore everyone must fight for his life. Intention of the writer= many ways in which to gain happiness in our lives.

  19. 1. A state = Kinesthetic image
    Dare = Kinesthetic image
    Quicksand in the marshes = Visual image
    All the roads = Visual image
    A castle = Visual image
    The crocodiles = Visual image
    Its doors = Visual image
    Its perfect bridge = Visual image

    2. Feeling or idea Dun mean to express through each image is dun feel that poetry is in reaching happiness it ‘s not that easy, have to go through a long road and he have to work hard so that in the end we achieve the happiness itself because there are so many challenges when we want to achieve it.

    3. General meaning : the poem tells us about how we can get the happiness.
    Detailed Meaning : it’s verry difficult to get happiness and some people need to get happiness itself and the intention of this poet is tells about there are many ways to gain our happiness by how the happiness that in every way so that we are able to pass all the difficult to achieve happiness.

  20. a.There are 7 images that I found in this poem that representing 2 imagery :
    1. Visual imagery : a state, quicksand in the marshes, a castle, perfect bridge, the crocodiles.
    2. Kinesthetic imagery : dare not to enter, forever open.

    b. The feeling or idea does Dun wants to share in this poem that a happiness in this life is can be reach by anyone who dare to get it. Even there is many trials which ready to obstruct, just believe that we can go through all those challenge. Indeed, the door of happiness is everlasting open for every single one in this world.

    c. Through this poem, Dun wants to give a meaning that a happiness is not easy to get in this life. Everyone must get through all handicaps that they will found in this life to reach the happiness. In verse ” you must not dare to enter ” he wants to give a message that all people have to be brave to fight all challenge that will stand in our life. Because if we want to get a gain this life we have to feel the pain before we finally reach a happiness in this life. And in the last verse that sound ” the door always open ” it clear means that a chance of an elation that everyone search in this life will always exist. Thus, this poet is give an intention that a happiness in our lives is depend on our courageous and how dare we want to break all trials that stand in our lives.

  21. 1. Images that I can find in the poem :
    a) Happiness → Kinesthetic imagery
    b) Quicksand → Visual image
    c) the marshes → Visual image
    d) castle → Visual image
    e) bridge → Visual image
    f) crocodiles → Visual image
    g) hopes → Kinesthetic imagery

    2. In this poem the poet express happy feelings. The quicksand in the marshes is the way to the palace which he had hoped. But he had an appointment set up a magnificent palace filled with the perfect bridge above the crocodile.

    3. a. General meaning → express feelings happiness in love toward others. Happiness can be achieved by anyone.
    b. Detailed meaning → sometimes it’s difficult to get happiness and we need to get a sense of happiness itself.
    c. intention → In this poem and wanted to fight for a sense of happiness for himself. .

  22. 1. – Visual image : a state, quick sand, the bridge, roads, castle, crocodile, doors
    – Kinesthetic imagery : happiness, Dare, hopes

    2. Stephen Dunn wanted to tell us that happiness are open for everyone who struggles for it.

    3.- general meaning: happiness can be reached by people who struggle in their life.

    – detailed meaning: sometimes we through a hard way to get happiness in our life. but all will be paid. quicksand in the marshes, all the roads leading to a castle, perfect bridge above the crocodiles. it indicates the way that we must go through.

    – intention: Stephen Dunn wanted us to be ready to face the world and struggle in our life to reach something that we call happiness because happiness are always there for everyone who struggle for it.

  23. 1. In this poetry, I find nine images :
    a. A state : visual image
    b. Dare : Kinestetic imagery
    c. Quicksand : visual image
    d. The marshes : visual image
    e. All the roads : visual image
    f. A castle : visual image
    g. Perfect bridge : visual image
    h. Doors forever open : visual open
    i. Happiness : Kinestetic imagery

    2. Stephen Dunn tells about feeling which happiness and how to get it. If we want struggle while have a hope and do not ease give up we will get a happiness. Such asvisual image : all the roads leading to a castle that many way to reach the happiness.

    3. a. The general meaning : happiness is difficult to achieve and needs long processing and hard working.
    b. Detailed meaning : the writer want to express the “Happiness” Stephen Dunn refers to happiness as “quicksand in the marshes and the roads leading to a castle” it means that we should through some challenges to reach the happiness.
    c. Intension of the poet : the poet wants to tell us about the happiness which is so hard to be reached. To get the happiness, we should through the long journey, long process which is full of struggles and challenges but must have a hope.

  24. 1.There are seven image that I can find in the poem:
    • happiness – Kinesthetic Imagery
    • Quicksand – Kinesthetic Imagery
    • a castle – visual imagery
    • perfect bridge – visual imagery
    • the crocodiles – visual imagery
    • its doors – visual imagery
    • forever open- Kinesthetic Imagery
    2. from this poem tells us that the reader about the feeling he was that very happy even though the poem is describing is not always easy for humans to live happily, but otherwise there should be a challenges.
    3. Happiness describes opinions or ideas of Dunn about the meaning of happiness. General meaning : happiness will not be forgotten even have to go through the challenges. Detailed meaning : happiness of someone who has high expectations, and do not always want to give up. The intention of the poem : asking someone to be more confident, brave and desperate not to face life’s challenges.

  25. 1. Kind of imagery that I found in the poetry
    Visual Imagery
    A state
    Quicksand in the marshes
    All the roads leading to a castle
    Perfect bridge above the crocodiles
    Doors forever open
    Kinesthetic imagery
    Dare not to enter
    Forever open

    2. The poet wants to tell all the reader/listener about how happiness can be imagined or described as something that we have to struggle for. With struggling for the happiness, the happiness itself will guide us to the something that we don’t even try to imagine.
    3. through the poem, the poet tells all the reader/listener about struggling for the happiness can make something unpredictable. to get the happiness, people have to dare on it with a big spirit in ourselves. There are always chances if we want to be happy even that is a little chance. There would be obstacles in the way we fight for the happiness. But it will automatically disappear when our willingness is greater then the obstacles. the poet wants to tell the entire reader/listener trough the poem about reaching the happiness. The poet wants all the reader not to be easy to give up for something that results happiness using “quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. The word “it’s doors forever open” shows that There are always the ways if there are always the willingness.

  26. Vocabulary
    road (1.4) : way
    leading (1.4) : reputable / outstanding
    perfect bridge : crossover
    1. There are seven images in the poem they are:
    – Visual image (state, quicksand, marshes,road, castle,crocodile)
    – Kinesthetic image (dare)

    2. In the poem “Happiness” Stephen Dunn wants to express us that happiness is temporary in our life, like “quicksand in the marshes”. He also compares happiness to ” a castle that doesn’t exist”. He said that happiness always present in our life.

    3. Throught the poem Dunn creates a sense of motion throught words like “state”, “roads” and “leading”. This motion helps convey the thought that happiness is a journey and something not easily attained. Dunn also uses imagery frequently to describe the little things in life that pull us away from happiness. By saying the castle doesn’t exist but is always present, I feel Dunn is implying that happiness is always present in our lives, but it is not obvious and thus we sometimes tend to overlook it.

  27. 1. Images that I can find in the poem:
    a. A state : visual imagery
    b. Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
    c. All the roads : visual imagery
    d. a castle : visual image
    e. perfect bridge : visual imagery
    f. the crocodiles : visual imagery
    g. its doors : visual imagery
    h. dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
    i. forever open : kinesthetic imagery

    2. Through this poem, the poet want to share that everyone is entitled to get the happiness in life although it is not as easy as we ever thought. He images the happiness as the castle, that as known as the place with a lot of luxurious things inside where people will fell happy there. But he also images the way to reach the castle is hard, such as: “quicksand in the marshes” and “the perfect bridge above the crocodile” means there must be many challenges and problems that can prevent us when we are trying to get the happiness. But if we can through it all, we can get the happiness because it is always available for us who seek for it. He images that with “its doors forever open”, we know if the door always opens, everyone will be able to come in.

    3. General meaning : the poem tells us about how we can get the happiness. It will be so hard, but if we desire and seek for it, we will get it.

    Detailed meaning :
    Stephen Dunn started his poem with “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying,” that means happiness is something that we must dare (through) as a part of our life although may be it seems like no hope to get it.

    “quicksand in the marshes, and all the roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist,” tells the reader that there will be many obstacles (quicksand in the marshes, all the roads )we have go through to get reach the happiness (the castle).

    “But there it is, as promised, with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and its doors forever open” means we still can get the happiness (although ) because The Lord always promise the happiness who seek it with all his belief and efforts no matter how hard the way is (doors forever open).
    Intention of the poet:
    Stephen Dunn wanted everyone who read his poem will be ready to face the life no matter whatever will be. If they are not ready and give up, they will not get the happiness. It reminds me also with the song Que Sera Sera that says “Que Sera Sera, whatever will be will be, the future not ours to see, Que Sera Sera” we don’t know what will happen in our life but as long as we are ready, optimist, and never give up to face them, we will get the happiness.

  28. 1. In this poetry I find eight images
    * A state – Visual image
    * Quicksand – Kinesthetic Image
    * The Roads – Visual Image
    * A Castle – Visual Image
    * Promised – Auditory Image
    * Its Perfect Bridge – Visual Image
    * The Crocodiles – Visual Image
    * Its Doors – Visual Image

    2. The purpose of this poetry, dunn tell and to express the happiness that is in each of us respectively, but dunn tell us about the challenges to get the happiness that we want, in his poetry he said that each of us want a happiness, but we will not be forever easy to get the happiness that we want, the only way for us to get the happiness that we must always work hard and always trying to get what we want happiness and do not ever desperate to get the happiness that we want, although the challenge is very heavy.

    3. A. General meaning : This poetry tells us that to get happiness is not easy and a heavy the challenge.

    B. Detailed Meaning : In this poetry describes in more details on each of our efforts to find happiness was not easy as it has been experienced by the poet, the poet is hard working to get the happiness that he wanted even though the challenge very difficult but he has not been desperate to get the happiness she wants in her own life.

    C. The Intention of Poet : This poetry really tells us the fig readers in our wishes for happiness is not easy and this poetry also reminded us that we must always strive to achieve and get the happiness that we want, and awakens us to never give up.

  29. 1. There are two images that represent two types of imagery.
    a. Visual imagery (the mashes, the roads, a castle, bridge, crocodiles, and doors)
    b. Kinesthetic imagery (happiness and dare).

    2. Dun want to share his idea by the poem. He tells that happiness is very important to be achieved. In life we always find the difficulties, but Lord promised that He would give the way to us to find our happiness.

    3. a.General meaning: this poem tells about happiness. The happiness in here is like a race. People must be struggle to get their happiness.
    b. Detailed Meaning: In this poem Dunn create the poem by three parts. The first, “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying, quicksand in the marshes, and all” The meaning of this sentence is about the different ways to reach the happiness. Marshes and quicksand is like something that is impossible to get out of. The second, “The roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. But there it is, as promised.” the meaning of this sentence is all the difficulties to get the happiness. But surely after all the difficulties there are always ways that God open for people, if they still faith to get the happiness. The last, “with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles,
    and its doors forever open” the meaning of this sentence is about the human’s life. Even seems beautiful, but all people absolutely get their difficulties and struggle.
    c. The intention of this poet is tells about how to reach and get the happiness that in every way we expect a lot to bring and get the happiness to our life.

  30. 1. There are eight images in the poem: “quicksand in the marshes”, “roads”, “castle”, “perfect bridge”, “crocodiles”–They appeal to visual image. “open”, “leading”–they appeal to kinesthetic image.

    2. Through the poem, Dunn wants to tell us that happiness cannot always exist in our life, like “quicksand in the marshes”. It come and goes quickly. Reaching happiness is not easy. There are “roads leading to” happiness “that doesn’t exist” – the way doesn’t appear physically, but we can feel it.

    3. Generally, the meaning of the poem is that reaching happiness is not easy and temporary. In detail, to reach happiness, we have to take some ways to reach it. The ways is abstract but we can feel it. Chances to get happiness will always exist for those who struggle. Through the poem, Dunn tells us that as long as we struggle reaching happiness, there always a way.

  31. 1.I find there are 7 image are: (Kinesthetic imagery) Quicksand, marshes, a castle, bridge, doors, Crocodiles, A state. (visual imagery) enter, roads, leading, happiness and dare.

    2. the author Dunn describes the journey of human life in achieving a wish is not easy. Dunn communicate the journey of life is a struggle that we hope to be in vain. Although sometimes we fall, then belief in God and the hope is still embedded in the soul, a bridge to realize that hope is always there and solid.

    3.Happiness according to Dunn describes the opinions or thoughts on the meaning of happiness. Hope that we have, we must dare to live and not give up easily. It looks like the perfect bridge above the crocodiles and the door is open. The poet uses only two images such as image or kinesthetic feelings and visual images or see.

  32. 1.There are ten images such as : “the mashes, the roads, a castle, bridge, crocodiles, and doors” (Visual imagery), “Happiness, dare, state and the roads leading” (Kinesthetic imagery).

    2. Stephen Dunn wanted to share his idea that get happiness it must be full of sacrifice and struggle. Want to get a happiness as well as getting a challenge. With any way if we want to try and pray all the happiness it would be our own. Remain always count on God because with God all things are possible.

    3. a. General meaning : The poet wishes to advise readers that the real happiness is very difficult. He reveals how a person’s happiness in life and how to get happiness.
    b. Detailed meaning : In this poem there are three distinct and meaningful messages. The first, “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying, quicksand in the marshes, and all” The meaning of these words are so hard to tell who entered a new country and want to find happiness, but so many challenges such as having to pass through the quicksand in the marshes and winding road full of . The second, “The roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. But there it is, as promised” these word roads refers to our struggle, how we lives, and castle refers to happiness that doesn’t exist like a promised these words refers to complete happiness can never exist on earth. The third, “with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and its doors forever open” so many obstacles in life but there will be much smoother way to get happiness.
    c. The intention : The poet tells us not to fear and anxiety. Don’t give up because there are many ways to get a happiness.

  33. 1.There are seven images which in two types of images are :
    – Visual image : The bridge, roads, castle, crocodile, doors
    – Kinesthetic imagery : Happiness, Dare

    2. Through the images in his poetry, Dun want to tell the reader that when it
    reaches happiness we have a process of each and achieve happiness itself is
    not easy. We have to work hard so that in the end we achieve the happiness
    itself because there are so many challenges when we want to achieve it.

    3. -The general meaning
    Happiness is difficult to achieve needed to achieve it process because it is such
    a challenge and we must strive to achieve it.
    – Detailed meaning
    Dunn in his poem divided into 3 parts:
    First “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying, quicksand in the
    marshes, and all” it’s mean that the happiness is part of eternal life.
    The second “The roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. But there it is,
    as promised” from this sentence is explained that how we strive to achieve the
    happiness itself.
    The third “with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and its doors forever
    open” It’s mean that there are many obstacles when we want to achieve the
    happiness
    – intention of the poet
    The poet wanted to convey that it is indeed so many obstacles and hurdles
    when we want to achieve the happiness but remember behind our efforts and
    hard work to achieve all there is happiness somewhere ahead which have been
    waiting for us.

  34. 1. There are 7 pictures that I found in the poem of Stephen Dunn is the State, quicksand, the marshes, the road to the castle, bridge, crocodiles and doors). From the pictures that appear in these poems there is imagery of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.
    Visual imagery can be seen from the places or locations or situation that we can see. And can we imagine when reading the poem, that is the way to the the roads leading to a castle,state, the marshes, crocodiles and doors. In terms of kinesthetic (what can we feel) that is a hope, a road that seemed promising, but it’s not that easy.

    2. From this poem, Stephen Dunn expressed an idea or a meaning that is about happiness. Everyone wants a happy life. Both spiritually and physically. Heart happiness and the happiness to be personally successful. But in this poem dun illustrates that achieving happiness is something that is not easy to get it. To achieve happiness, we must go through different challenges, problems, and difficulties in advance. In addition, the Dunn poem also describes two sides of life, where each side is very different lives. Among the difficult life that is a swamp. And also a happy life is a castle. Of this poem was very obvious that to achieve happiness, there should be encouragement and hope, although it was difficult to achieve. But everything can be achieved if there is a spirit and hope.

    3. General meaning: Dunn illustrates that happiness is a challenge that can be achieved with the spirit and high hopes, because all people have the same opportunity to live happily.

    Detailed meaning: Dunn illustrates that happiness is not easy, there must be the spirit, effort and also hope to achieve such happiness. In this poem the writer comparing the two lives, which is very different (between the marshes to the castle). Its purpose is, if we want to achieve happiness (the castle) we must feel the challenge and difficulty. For one, the meaning that I can from this description is the writer encourages the reader that we have the spirit and are always fight to achieve happiness.

  35. 1. There are 9 images that I found within the poem.the images represent two type of imagery which can help us to differentiate what kind of imagery.
     State, enter,roads,leading refers to kinesthetic imagery.
     Castle, perfect bridge,crocodile,doors,open refers to visual imagery.
    2. Feeling or idea Dun mean to express through each image is dun- feel that poetry is in reaching happiness it ‘s not that easy , have to go through a long road . He felt that sometimes happiness is not clear and evident so he ignored the happiness .
    3. The general meaning in this poetry want to express how the meaning of happiness in somebody’s life and how to achieve that happiness.
    Detailed meaning in this poetry the author want to express In the poem “Happiness” Stephen Dunn refers to happiness as “quicksand in the marshes.” Is happiness fleeting or a more permanent aspect of life? Compare “happiness” to imagery involving any emotion like joy, sadness, and others.
    He also compares happiness to a “castle that doesn’t exist.” Is this image accurate? Is it only accurate sometimes? .
    The intention of this poet is the author would like to tells about how to reach the happiness that in every way we expect a lot to bring and get the happiness to our life.

  36. 1. In this poetry, I find eight images.

    – A state = Kinesthetic image
    – Dare = Kinesthetic image
    – Quicksand in the marshes = Visual image
    – All the roads = Visual image
    – A castle = Visual image
    – The crocodiles = Visual image
    – Its doors = Visual image
    – Its perfect bridge = Visual image

    2. Through the poem, Dunn creates a sense of motion through words like “state” roads” and “leading”. This motion helps convey the thought that happiness is a journey and something not easily reached. Dunn also uses imagery, for example, he uses the image of “quicksand” to describe the little things in life that pull us away from happiness. The castle is describing about the happiness which we want to reach. To get the happiness, we should face so many challenges. In the poet, he uses “crocodiles” to express the challenges which surround the castle. By saying the castle doesn’t exist but the door is forever open, I feel Dunn is implying that happiness is always present in our lives, but it is not obvious and thus we sometimes tend to overlook it.

    3. – General meaning: the poetry tells about the meaning of happiness and how we can reach it.

    – Detailed meaning: I think Dunn had a spiritual meaning when writing this poetry. The poetry is talking about all these different ways of happiness and going through marshes and quicksand which is something that’s nearly impossible to get out of. I can see it at Dunn referring to earth and the struggles we go through while we’re here. Complete happiness can never exist on earth which is exactly what he says. Then he begins to tell us about something that has been promised to us. Someone had to make this promise and that someone is God. He promised happiness. Heaven is ‘above’, ‘perfect’, and ‘forever’. Three descriptions that he gave and I’m not sure there is anything on earth that could possibly fit fully with all three of those words. When you cross over the bridges of crocodiles you are crossing over all these things on earth that tried to ‘eat’ you in a non-literal sense.

    – Intension of the poet: the poet wants to tell us about the happiness which is so hard to be reached. To get the happiness, we should through the long journey which is full of struggles, challenges, and obstacles. So, if we are able to pass all the difficult roads, we will reach the door of happiness which never close for us.

  37. 1.There are six images such as Visual imagery (the mashes, the roads, a castle, bridge, crocodiles, and doors), Auditory imagery, Olfactory imagery, Gustatory imagery, Tactile imagery and Kinesthetic imagery (happiness and dare).

    2.Stephen Dunn tells us that happiness is like a challenge to gain it. Whatever happens, we should find our way to get our happiness because there are many ways to get happiness.

    3. A.The general meaning: the poet want to tell the reader that happiness is like a challenge to gain it and we should find our way.

    B.The detailed meaning: Stephen Dunn describes happiness is like “A state you must dare not enter with hopes of staying, quicksand in the marshes, and all ” means happiness is a glance or permanent aspect in part of life.
    “The roads leading to a castle that doesn’t exist. But there it is, as promised,” means sometime we have to fight for happiness.
    “With its perfect bridge above the crocodiles and its doors forever open” means the way that we will step on it is strong enough to us pass it and there are always other ways to gain the happiness.

    C. The intention of the poet: there are many ways to gain our happiness and we should choose which one do we want to reach for happiness.

  38. 1.a) there are 7 images that I found within the poem.the images represent two type of imagery which can help us to differentiate what kind of imagery. the first one is visual imagery and the last one is kinesthetic imagery.
    b) – state, enter,roads,leading refers to kinesthetic imagery.
    – castle, perfect bridge,crocodile,doors,open refers to visual imagery
    2. Throughout the poem, Dunn wanna share the idea that happiness is a journey. As human beings we lives our lifes in a different way to catch our happiness. So many obstacles in this life that we have to face it wisely, GOD as a guarantee to gives us happiness if we want to work hard and believe it.

    3.the general meaning: this poem tells about happiness.As I describe above, the happiness is a journey. for anyone who wants to get the happiness must struggle for it.
    Detailed Meaning : In this poem Dunn create the poem by three parts. which each part has the different meaning.
    “A state you must dare not enter
    with hopes of staying,
    quicksand in the marshes, and all” These words talking about all these different ways of happiness and going through marshes and quicksand which is something that’s nearly impossible to get out of.
    “The roads leading to a castle
    that doesn’t exist.
    But there it is, as promised” the word roads refers to our struggle,how we lives, and castle refers to happiness. that doesn’t exist, but there it is, as promised these words refers to complete happiness can never exist on earth, but there is god who promised and guaranteed something to us.
    “with its perfect bridge above
    the crocodiles,
    and its doors forever open” and the last part Dunn tells about so many obstacles through this life, even our life seems through so smooth and beautiful.

    3. the intention of this poet is tells about how to reach the happiness that in every way we expect a lot to bring and get the happiness to our life.

  39. 1. There are seven images. They are visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, kin esthetic (movement and muscular tension) and internal sensation.

    2. Dunn tells about his feelings that HAPPINESS, we’ll never forget it.
    We are required to not give up before things reached. Because the chance was given to each of us.

    3. Happiness describes opinions or ideas of Dunn about the meaning of happiness. General meaning, our happiness will never forget. Detailed meaning, someone who has high expectations, do not always like to give up. (Do not be easy
    to give up). Intention of the poet, ask someone to be more confident, courageous and not absolute surrender.

  40. 1. Happiness = Kinesthetic imagery
    Dare = Kinesthetic imagery
    Quicksand in the marshes = Visual image
    All the road = Visual image
    A castle = Visual image
    The crocodiles = Visual image
    Its doors = Visual image
    State = Kinesthetic imagery
    The roads leading = Kinesthetic imagery

    2. Feeling or idea that Dun mean to express through each image is Dun feel that the poetry is in achieving happiness it is not easy, having to go through a long road. He felt that sometimes happiness is not obvious and clear so he ignore the happiness.
    3. The general meaning = the poetry want to express how the meaning of happiness in somebody’s life and how to achieve that happiness.

    Detailed meaning = in this poetry Dunn has three different messages that he is trying to convey through this poem. The first message is that happiness is temporary in your life, like “quicksand in the marshes,” the second message is that happiness can give off a false emotion, the third message is happiness is a permanent emotion in life, but you don’t always necessarily feel that the happiness is present.

    intention of the poet = author would like to convey to the reader that happiness is not always there because happiness can come and go so sometimes we become carried away with the circumstances, and even though it is promised that happiness does not always stay, we will never stop experiencing it.

  41. 1. I find six images in this poetry. There are:
    • Kinesthetic imagery or feeling = happiness and dare.
    • Visual image or see = quicksand in the marshes, ), all the roads leading to a castle, perfect bridge above the crocodiles, and doors forever open.
    2. Dunn tells about his feelings that happiness is which we not recall or forget and dont give up with something that we not achieve and imagine it such as, quicksand in the marshes and all the roads leading to a castle
    that doesn’t exist. But we must believe and imagine that there is something more beautiful which we will get another opportunities that will be opened.

    3. Happiness describes opinions or ideas of Dunn about the meaning of happiness. It looks, his opinion if there is hopes of staying we must dare and dont give up. In addition, he expresses that if we failed in something we must believe that the way or opportunities will be opened. It looks when he imagine as promised with its perfect bridge above the crocodiles and its doors forever open. The poet just using two image like kinesthetic imagery or feeling and visual image or see.

  42. Dear all attendees of Literature I Class,
    To replace our meeting on Thursday, April 12, 2012 do the following exercise.

    After reading the following poem, write your answer and response to the question and instruction that follow. The deadline for this is Tuesday, April 17, 2012.

    Happiness

    A state you must dare not enter
    with hopes of staying,
    quicksand in the marshes, and all

    the roads leading to a castle
    that doesn’t exist.
    But there it is, as promised,

    with its perfect bridge above
    the crocodiles,
    and its doors forever open.
    (By: Stephen Dunn)

    From: http://www.poetrysociety.org/psa/poetry/poetry_in_motion/atlas/newyork/happiness/

    Questions and Instruction
    1. How many images can you find in the poem? What are they, and what type of image is each of them?
    2. What feeling or idea does Dun mean to express through each image?
    3. In one paragraph, based on your reading of Dunn’s Happiness, write down the general meaning, detailed meaning and the intention of the poet. (Do this item in the way I analyze Browning’s Meeting at Night in the article above).
    Good luck!

    1. 1. Images that I can find in the poem:
      a. A state : visual imagery
      b. Quicksand in the marshes : visual image
      c. All the roads : visual imagery
      d. a castle : visual image
      e. perfect bridge : visual imagery
      f. the crocodiles : visual imagery
      g. its doors : visual imagery
      h. dare not to enter : kinesthetic imagery
      i. forever open : kinesthetic imagery

      2. Stephen Dunn tells about his feelings that Happiness, we’ll never forget it.
      We are required to not give up before things reached. But if we can through it all, we can get the happiness because it is always available for us who seek for it.

      3. Happiness describes opinions or ideas of Dunn meaning.
      General meaning: our happiness will never forget.
      Detailed meaning: someone who has high expectations, do not always like to give up. Dunn also uses imagery frequently to describe the little things in life that pull us away from happiness.

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