4. The American Religious Heritage


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  3. Sorry sir for the late reply, i just knew you had posted this exercise.

    Part B – Americans are (or are not) Religious
    A new poll shows rising atheism in the United States. Polls show that in the U.S., since 2005, the number of people who consider themselves religious has dropped from 73 percent to 60 percent. Meanwhile, people who claim atheism has increased from 1 percent to 5 percent (http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2012/08/23/116425008/Mengapa-Isu-Agama-Tak-Laku-di-Amerika -States)

    from these data we can conclude that the americans are not religious. freedom is important to them. Americans tend to ignore the issue of religion of others. most children is not concerned with religion. church only met by older people.

    Mother Teresa, a woman who gave his heart to serve in the midst of the poor in India was born in Skopje, Albania on August 26, 1910. When baptized, he was named Agnes Gonxha. He received his first sacramental ministry at the age of five and a half years and was confirmed in November 1916. As a teenager, Gonxha joined the local church youth group called Sodality. Through participation in various activities guided by a Jesuit priest, Gonxha became interested in missionary. Apparently it was later instrumental in her that at the age of seventeen, he responded to God’s call to become a Catholic missionary nun. Having pledged his commitment to the Lord, she began teaching at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta. There he taught geography and catechism. And in 1944, he became head of the school St. Mary. she began her ministry by opening a school on December 21, 1948 in a rundown neighborhood. Because it does not have the funds,s he opened a school open, in a park. There he taught the importance of knowing a healthy life, in addition to teaching reading and writing to children who are poor. In addition, armed with medical knowledge, she also brought the sick child to the home and care for them.

    God was never allowed his children to struggle alone. This is perceived by Mother Teresa when the struggle began to get attention, not only individuals, but also from various church organizations.

  4. Good morning Sir!
    Sir!!! Actually, I really apologize because I was late posting my assignment to your block. Please forgive me Sir. 🙂
    I am so excited to discuss about “Americans are very interested in self-improvement.” We know that, America is called as Adikuasa Country or Power of World, is logical if America is also known as a country prioritizes self-improvement. Sometimes I ever thought why should America? Why not Indonesia? In my opinion also said, America deserves to be called like that, because America was able to conquer the world and also has human resources so super. Before I provide my ideas further, we have to know what is the meaning of self-improvement it’s self. In my opinion, self-improvement means we set our mind, heart, and soul to do everything by own effort. Now we are entering the era of globalization, which is full of challenges, competition, and creativities. So we are charged have to be skillful person and everyone also has to improve him/her self to be better live. Successful people always fix or reorganize themselves and always practicing and practicing. Meaning to said, the successful societal usually never directly feel satisfied with what they had done. I said before that in this globalization era needed people who are so creative and have a lot of talent or multi talent. So people like this can to compete internationally. In my opinion also, American think that, without competitions American will not go forward. Meaning to say that, we can clearly see the United State has a good enough economy, education, health, law, arts, sports, advanced technology, qualified human resources, and many more things that are very prominent in America. If we compare it with the Indonesian, both are very different. America is a developed country, while Indonesia is a developing country. But nevertheless I am proud to be an Indonesian, as long as I want to improve myself, because everything has to start from ourselves and that is better, if Indonesian do the same thing like Americans. I think that’s all my writing about “Americans are interested in self-improvement. I hope, Mr. Parlin can provide feedback or additional information about my writing. Thank you Sir. God Bless.

  5. Exercise B.
    Topic: The Protestant work ethic causes many Americans to work very hard.

    The Protestant work ethic causes many Americans to work very hard. It comes from the Puritan work ethic. As we know, many Protestant are Puritan who emigrated from Europe to America. Puritan believes if they want to be rich they must work hard to gain material. Puritan emphasizes on hard work and self-discipline to gain wealth and glory. This ethic is inherited from generation to generation then, because they live in America so they called American. Therefore Americans are hard-worker till now and they country has become developed country which always grow.

    Exercise C
    One of the greatest women in this world is Mother Teresa. She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26, 1910. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. She joined the Sisters of Loreto and got training in Dublin. On May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta but in 1948 she left the school to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI. The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers who became an official International Association on March 29, 1969. By the 1990s there were over one million Co-Workers in more than 40 countries. Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions. Even though she passed away, but everything that she did for this world will always be remembered.
    Source: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/teresa-bio.html

  6. Part B
    Americans are (or are not) Religious.
    More than one-quarter of American adults have left the faith in which they were raised in favor of another religion or no religion at all. Too much reason why people change the religion or be no religion, for example married, blessing, spiritual improvement and etc. in this era faith is become something more complicated. American people apparently thinking logically, now everything about creation is connected to Science. God is be something unknown. World things are be more important. American people choose to work than go to church. So now faith is be common things, because materialism is be more mainstream.

    Part C.
    – Martin Luther King, Jr was a priest in Montgomery, Alabama who against racial discrimination.
    – In 1963, King led the bus boycott demonstration in Birmingham.
    – As a result of his actions in opposing discrimination against black people, King as jailed in Birmingham.
    – King stated that he felt called to voice their prophetic voice against the injustice of his day.
    – He also opposed the land and the Vietnam War.
    – Oversized King mainly in the high dreams and spectacular style as priest.
    – He was shot until death when he staged in Memphis on April, 1968. The shock of his death caused a lot of riots and clashes in several cities across the United States.

  7. Part B
    Americans are religious because based on The U.S. Religious Landscape Survey also shows that more than half of Americans rank the importance of religion very highly in their lives, attend religious services regularly and pray daily. A major survey by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life finds that most Americans have a non-dogmatic approach to faith. A strong majority of those who are affiliated with a religion, including majorities of nearly every religious tradition, do not believe their religion is the only way to salvation. And almost the same number believes that there is more than one true way to interpret the teachings of their religion. This openness to a range of religious viewpoints is in line with the great diversity of religious affiliation, belief and practice that exists in the United States, as documented in a survey of more than 35,000 Americans that comprehensively examines the country’s religious landscape.

    Part C
    Desmond Tutu was born in 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. His father was a teacher, and he himself was educated at Johannesburg Bantu High School. After leaving school he trained first as a teacher at Pretoria Bantu Normal College and in 1954 he graduated from the University of South Africa. After three years as a high school teacher he began to study theology, being ordained as a priest in 1960. The years 1962-66 were devoted to further theological study in England leading up to a Master of Theology. From 1967 to 1972 he taught theology in South Africa before returning to England for three years as the assistant director of a theological institute in London. In 1975 he was appointed Dean of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Johannesburg, the first black to hold that position. From 1976 to 1978 he was Bishop of Lesotho, and in 1978 became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. Tutu is an honorary doctor of a number of leading universities in the USA, Britain and Germany.

    Desmond Tutu has formulated his objective as “a democratic and just society without racial divisions”, and has set forward the following points as minimum demands:

    1. equal civil rights for all
    2. the abolition of South Africa’s passport laws
    3. a common system of education
    4. the cessation of forced deportation from South Africa to the so-called “homelands”

    The South African Council of Churches is a contact organization for the churches of South Africa and functions as a national committee for the World Council of Churches. The Boer churches have disassociated themselves from the organization as a result of the unambiguous stand it has made against apartheid. Around 80 percent of its members are black, and they now dominate the leading positions.

  8. b. The Self-Improvement of American
    Americans are very interested in self-improvement. Protestant dominates American so adopts Protestantism. “Protestantism is the value of self-improvement,” (The American Religious Heritage, p. 54). For self-improvement, Americans make and buy books that contain “self-help” and attend thousand of self-help seminars and support group meetings. In conclusion, Americans are very interested in self-improvement as that dominate the state is Protestant.

    c. Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa is an important and also having a high good attitude sense of caring for others. She was born in Üsküb, the Ottoman Empire, August 26, 1910 – died in Calcutta, India, 5 September 1997. She quit his profession as a nun. Although she did not become a nun anymore he still wore special clothes nun. She was willing to let what she had to help those who can not afford. In the 1970s, she became internationally renowned for her humanitarian work and advocacy for the rights of the poor and powerless. “On 10 September 1946, Teresa experienced what she later described as “the call within the call” while traveling by train to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta for her annual retreat,” (Wikipedia.org). At the time that she left his profession as a missionary of charity. Missionaries of Charity continued to grow during her life. For example like international charities. In the international charity, in 1982 the peak Siege of Beirut, Mother Teresa rescue 37 children trapped in a front line hospital by brokering a temporary cease-fire between the Israeli army and Palestinian guerrillas. Mother Teresa traveled to assist and served the people starving in Ethiopia, radiation victims at Chernobyl, and earthquake victims in Armenia. In 1996, she ran 517 missions in more than 100 countries. In conclusion, Mother Teresa is very important and influential to us because for her religious works like missionary of charity is God’s calling to her.

  9. Part B :
    American countries over many converts to Protestant and all of them are very hard working, they think achievements made in the Protestant religion believe only because of the God’s blessings,, because, according to the American Protestant religion teaches to people who are honest, disciplined and hard working. Calvin’s teachings developed by one of the ways to tell if someone is going to heaven or unlicensed work is success in the world. And according to Max weber they also believe in fate has been determined, God-given salvation to the elect. Who are they? Anyone can, but anyone can do it. Humans actually are in a perpetual non pastiaan. So in order to foster self-confidence in the American people they have to work hard, because hard work is only just the only one who can remove religious doubts and gives the certainty of divine grace. If they succeed in the work world, it is almost certain that they are destined to go to heaven but if he fails in his job likely will go to hell. Protestant ethic of trust makes people believers especially Americans work hard to achieve success. They work selflessly means they work not for riches but to overcome anxiety.

    Part C :
    Mother Teresa of Calcutta (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic. where she started assisting the needy and eventually established the now-global “Missionaries of Charity” organization. “Mother” Teresa, and those who work with her, never try to convert to Christ the dying people for whom they care. Instead, “Mother” Teresa declares: “If in coming face to face with God we accept Him in our lives, then we are converting. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work.
    We become a better Hindu, a better Muslim, a better Catholic. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. Members of the order must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, and the fourth vow, to give “Wholehearted and Free service to the poorest of the poor”. The Missionaries of Charity at the time of her death had 610 missions in 123 countries including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counselling programmes, orphanages and schools. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. She was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She refused the conventional ceremonial banquet given to laureates, and asked that the $192,000 funds be given to the poor in India. Mother Teresa is so important because she very concerned with the poor.

  10. Part B.
    The topic that I choose is “Americans are very interested in self-improvement. Commonly, Americans is protestantism which they live in individuals or self-improvement and independent. Christianity often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature. Unlike Catholics, Protestant don’t go to priests for forgiveness of their sins; individuals are left alone before God to improve themselves and ask for God’s guidance, forgiveness, and grace. For this reason, Protestantism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self-improvement. Protestant values also shaped America’s deeply pragmatic approach to education as a means of self-improvement. Today’s emphasis on lifelong learning is one of the results. When non-Protestant immigrants assimilated into American society, they often unknowingly adopted Protestant values, even as their theological views varied. The process continues today. The need for self-improvement, once established, reaches far beyond self-improvement in the purely moral or religious sense. In addition, Americans attend thousand of self-help seminars and support group meetings to help them stop smoking or drinking, lose weight, be better parents, have happier relationships, and develop self-confidence. Therefore, with self-improvement in their belief it make they live with respectful and helpful with each other. And then, they work hard without depending on others.
    Part C.
    I want to report about the spiritual life of Mother Theresa. Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta, born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (Albanian) and commonly known as Mother Teresa of Calcutta (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus. In late 2003, she was beatified, the third step toward possible sainthood. A second miracle credited to Mother Teresa is required before she can be recognized as a saint by the Catholic church. Mother Teresa was fluent in five languages: Bengali, the local language of the people of Kolkata, Albanian, Serbo-Croatian, English, and Hindi. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. Members of the order must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, and the fourth vow, to give “Wholehearted and Free service to the poorest of the poor”. The Missionaries of Charity at the time of her death had 610 missions in 123 countries including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counseling programmes, orphanages and schools. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Her beatification by Pope John Paul II following her death gave her the title “Blessed Teresa of Calcutta”. During her lifetime, Mother Teresa was named 18 times in the yearly Gallup’s most admired man and woman poll as one of the ten women around the world that Americans admired most. In 1999, a poll of Americans ranked her first in Gallup’s List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century. In that survey, she out-polled all other volunteered answers by a wide margin, and was in first place in all major demographic categories except the very young.

  11. part C
    freedom of religion may result in a spiritual kaleidoscope?
    the belief the indiviual is the center of religious life has encouraged a tolerance and acceptance of faith. therefore, there are all kinds of religious activities in american daily life, which express people’s different religious faiths. many young people prefer to indentify themselves as spritual rather than reigious. they are looking for a belief system that will help them grow and improve as individual, they are not interested in participating in religion out of duty. god is with me, i just need to do our best to, other to god to decide, good will bless me.

    part B
    A New Religious America: How a “Christian Country” Has Now Become the World’s Most Religiously Diverse Nation by Diana L. Eck:
    “The message of the parliament of 1993, from beginning to end, and ritually enacted in dizzying proportions, was, ‘Here we all are.’ And this message was indeed a remarkable one. In a day when global gatherings and international meeting are increasingly commonplace, the most remarkable thing about the 1993 parliament was the fact that it was also local. It grew from the soil of today’s Chicago and from the new reality of the American Midwest. If not a single delegate had come across the Pacific or Atlantic, the magnitude and diversity of the 1993 parliament would have remained virtually intact.

    “During the parliament, an Assembly of the World’s Religious Leaders met for three afternoons in a large hall of the Art Institute of Chicago. The hall was set up, not as an auditorium, but in tables of eight, as if for a dinner party. Each table was set with the name cards of the participants, and around each table for two hours each afternoon, we were to discuss the ‘Global Ethic,’ proposed by the council and its drafter, the theologian Hans Kung. At one table the Sikh guru Yogi Bhajan sat between the Reverend James Forbes of Riverside Church in New York and Azizah al-Hibri, a feminist Muslim law professor. Across the table were Louis Farrakhan, the Korean Zen master Samu Sunim, and the Crow leader Burton Pretty On Top. At another table sat the Dali Lama, with Theodore Hesburgh from Notre Dame University, and Mehervan Singh of the Sikh community in Singapore. At my table were Hans Kung himself, the Jewish feminist theologian Susannah Heschel, and the Islamic philosopher Seyyed Hossein Nasr. Our discussion was rich and energetic. We disagreed, of course, over the religious basis for ethical directives such as not killing. We might cite the Qur’an or the Ten Commandments or Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount; Hindus and Jains might speak of the divine soul within or the bad Karma that would accrue from taking a life. The point of our discussion was not to gloss over the differences but to ask whether out of these differences a common standard of action might still be possible and a global sense of accountability for action might be achieved. In the end, the Global Ethic was signed, an enunciation of principles so basic they seemed too little, but so profound that if people truly adhered to them, the world would never be the same.”

  12. Part B
    I chose to discuss the topic of “Americans are very interested in self-improvement. Self-improvement is defined as a repair / introspection from the mind, heart and soul of our own. it can be said ability / own business and do everything, the American people believe in the success of the individual and freedom, and therefore the majority of Americans are more concerned with themselves and sticking to the principle itself. In other words, we have to become motivated to achieve more in life, to become more assertive, to be more open, to make necessary changes, to become more spiritual, to increase our self-esteem, and also develop our positive thinking.We can fix it from ourselves. improving one can have a positive effect on the others, spiritually, emotionally, economically and psychologically. Now days, we are in the world who compete with the others to get what we hope. We are obliged to be the best in our society. For this reason, we have to improve the quality of ourselves to make life better. America is known as a strong state, the people in America who is also known as prioritizing personal self-improvement. The Americans believe that competition is a way to assess the quality individuals in all things. The Self-improvement is showed in Americans life. They always try to be the first by cooperating. Although they have big diversity in races and religion, they still be able to work together for their nation progress.

    Part C
    Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26th, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work. Mother Teresa was about eight years old, his father died unexpectedly. Bojaxhiu family was destroyed. After a period of intense grief, Dranafile, suddenly a single mother of three children, sold textiles and handmade embroidery to bring in income.
    Mother Teresa is so important because he was trying to get God’s message across the world, no matter who you are, or what you he will still help, anyone, the rich and the poor. No one ever like mother Teresa, she came from school children wonderful, to the streets of Calcutta, which was that he helped many people to survive, as they are just minutes away from dying. He started out as just one woman, with no money and no supplies, trying to help the millions of poor, hunger, and death on the streets of India. We are blessed mother Teresa for ever, because he was a saint. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI. When Eastern Europe experienced increased openness in the late 1980s, she expanded her efforts to Communist countries that had previously rejected the Missionaries of Charity, embarking on dozens of projects. She was undeterred by criticism about her firm stand against abortion and divorce stating, “No matter who says what, you should accept it with a smile and do your own work.” GBUs ^_^

  13. Exercise B

    Americans are Religious
    All countries in the world agree that America is a developed country. But not all people know that Americans are religious. Although Americans are free but they are religious. Ninety percent of Americans say that they believe in God. About 80 percent of Americans are Christians, namely 50 percent are Protestant and 24 percent are Catholic. Protestantism has been a powerful force in shaping the values and beliefs of Americans. 40 percent Americans go to church every Sunday. Protestant’s teaching to guide Americans in their daily lives. Example is the independence, freedom and hard work. In the Protestant teaches that people should to live independently. Because these teaching Americans to be free-living, but a hard worker.

    Exercise C

    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College.
    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation.
    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. And inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington
    D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.
    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    .

  14. American religious leaders, never pushed the idea to get rich without working and self-discipline. For example, like the Protestant work ethic or also known as the Puritan work ethic is the belief that states that achieving material success to make sure that people who are blessed by God. Protestant work ethic has become an important and major role in creating America’s success. The belief here is about hard work and self-discipline that inspire Americans to do their job. Therefore, the Americans believe that they almost did not do the job they can get a lot more money and material success, high self-discipline then help them to have to control themselves and manage their money on things that are useful.

    Many people assume that the king has a very drastic change when he served as an activist in America. For that, let’s see the fact from the following data. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta. At the time, he was a Americanclergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the Civil Rights Movement African-Americans. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using non-violent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism. King was originally skeptical of many of Christianity’s claims. Most striking, perhaps, was his initial denial of the bodily resurrection of Jesus during Sunday school at the age of thirteen. From this point, he stated, “doubts began to spring forth unrelentingly”. However, he later concluded that the Bible has “many profound truths which one cannot escape” and decided to enter the seminary. A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. King’s efforts led to the 1963March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. He also established his reputation as a radical, and became an object of the FBI’sCOINTELPRO for the rest of his life. In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality throughnonviolence. In the next few years leading up to his death, he expanded his focus to include poverty and the Vietnam War alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled “Beyond Vietnam”. King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., called the Poor People’s Campaign. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. and beyond have been renamed in his honor.

  15. I think, the most dominant religion in America is Protestant. Some of the early European protestant leaders believed that people who were blessed by God might be recognized in the world by their material success. Other church leaders, particularly in the United States, made an even stronger connection between gaining material wealth and being blessed by God. American people believe that if we want to success we have to work hard and never give up to achieve something that we want.
    Mother Teresa 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997, was a Roman Catholic nun of Albanian ethnicity and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India, in 1950. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Following her death, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.
    In the 1970s, she became well-known internationally for her humanitarian work and advocacy for the rights of the poor and helpless. Malcolm Muggeridge documented this favorably and wrote a book Something Beautiful for God. Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity continued to grow during her life-time, and at the time of her death, had 610 missions in 123 countries, including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counseling programs, orphanages, and schools. Governments, charity organizations and prominent individuals have been inspired by her work. She received numerous awards, including the Indian government’s Bharat Ratna (1980) and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She remains, on the whole, one of the most admired figures in recent history, with even such religiously indifferent figures as Scott Adams and Dave Barry using her as an archetype of virtue. In 2010 on the 100th anniversary of her birth, she was honored around the world, and her work praised by Indian President Pratibha Patil. Mother Teresa’s philosophy and implementation have faced some criticism. Catholic newspaper editor David Scott wrote that Mother Teresa limited herself to keeping people alive rather than tackling poverty itself.

  16. I think most Americans embrace Christianity and Catholic. achievements made in the Protestant religion believe only because of the God’s blessings. In it is also talk about each person can earn a lot of money by working more disciplined. factors that can also help them to control the money for more important things.

    A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. The effort led to the king in March 1963 in Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he expanded American values to include the vision of color-blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.
    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.
    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.
    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

  17. Sorry sir, I’m late to sent my tasks.

    PART B
    Americans are very interested in self-Improvement. Protestantism has been a powerful force in shaping the values and beliefs of Americans. Christianity often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature. Protestants do not go to priests for forgiveness, because Protestantism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self-improvement. The need for self-improvement, once established, reaches far beyond self-improvement in the purely moral or religious sense. In addition, Americans people attendant thousands of self-help seminars and support group meetings to help them stop smoking and drinking, lose weight, be better parents have happier relationship and developed self-confidence. They are the natural products of a culture in which people believe that “God helps those who help themselves”.

    PART C
    Desmond Tutu was born in Klerksdorp, in the South African state of Transvaal. The family moved to Johannesburg when he was 12, and he attended Johannesburg Bantu High School. Although he had planned to become a physician, his parents could not afford to send him to medical school. Tutu’s father was a teacher, he himself trained as a teacher at Pretoria Bantu Normal College, and graduated from the University of South Africa in 1954. When Desmond Tutu became General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches, he used his pulpit to decry the apartheid system of racial segregation. The South African government revoked his passport to prevent him from traveling, but Bishop Tutu refused to be silenced. International condemnation forced the government to rescind their decision. He had succeeded in drawing the world’s attention to the injustice of the apartheid system. In 1984, his contribution to the cause of racial equality in South Africa was recognized with the Nobel Peace Prize. As Archbishop of Cape Town, spiritual leader of all Anglican Christians in South Africa, his spiritual authority dealt a death blow to white supremacy in South Africa. As Chairman of the post-apartheid Truth and Reconciliation Commission, he helped his country to bind up its wounds, and choose forgiveness over revenge. He continues to raise his voice for peace and justice all over the world.

    thank you, Gbu

  18. G’ night Sir, I’m so sorry for my late to sent my task
    ——————Part B————————
    Talk about American, there are many things interesting, one of them Americans are very interested in self-improvement. the United States, a person can take credit only for what he or she has accomplished by himself or herself. Americans get no credit whatsoever for having been born into a rich family. (In the United States, that would be considered “an accident of birth.”) Americans pride themselves in having been born poor and, through their own sacrifice and hard work, having climbed the difficult ladder of success to whatever level they have achieved—all by themselves. The American social system has, of course, made it possible for Americans to move, relatively easily, up the social ladder.
    ————————–Part C——————–
    Mother Teresa was a person that was admired and respected. She was a person that made an impact on your life and made people loot at the world with a different eye. Even though the world is full of good people, great humanitarians, people who donate billions of dollars, who raise their voices to make a difference, Mother Teresa stands out in the crowd, she was a very unique person. Everyday Teresa would look out of the convent to the streets of Calcutta. She wanted to help the starving and dying people on the streets. She was not allowed to leave the Loreto order of nuns. They had a rule that you could not leave the convent unless they were seriously ill. In August 1946, Sister Teresa couldn’t stand it any longer. A four-day riot had broken out between the Muslims and Hindus, thus stopping the food delivery. Sister Teresa left the convent to find food for her hundreds of students. She met some soldiers who gave her some bags of food and told her to stay off of the streets. But Teresa would soon experience another call from God. Sister Teresa didn’t have money, but she did have her attention and energy, which she gladly gave to the poor. She walked the streets looking for places to help. The work exhausted her, but she never gave up. Her love and compassion for God, people and her work helped her to help people that no one would go near. Each night she would be tempted to go back to the easy life at Loreto, but instead she prayed to God for this help to get through it all. Although Mother Teresa was getting older and fragile she would not stop helping people. On September 5, 1997 the world learned that Mother Teresa was given back to God. Her body was buried on Saturday, September 13, 1997, but her spirit was still alive. She was a wonderful human being and a great woman and she will always be missed. While on earth she taught us to forgive is to love and not to be selfishness. I know that her love and generosity will live on as looks down from Heaven.
    Thank You

  19. =======B==========
    Americans are very interested in self improvement. Self improvement is to change yourself to be the best in skill, attitude, or emotional . One of the most important values associated with American Protestantism is the value of self –improvement. Protestant do not go to priests for forgiveness of their sins, so that Protestantism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self improvement. Americans needs for self improvement with once established, reaches far beyond self-improvement in the purely moral or religious sense. For example they attend thousand of self help seminars and support grup meetings to help them stop smoking, or drinking , be better parents, have happier relationships, and develop self-confidence. So, according to me that self improvement is very important and interesting , because we can correct mistake of ourselves and it can be a lesson for us to be better again.
    ============================PartC=================================
    Mother Teresa was always her own person, startlingly independent, obedient, yet challenging some prec onceived notions and expectations. Her own life story includes many illustrations of her willingness to listen to and follow her own conscience, even when it seemed to contradict what was expected. Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI. In 1963 both the Contemplative branch of the Sisters and the Active branch of the Brothers was founded. In 1979 the Contemplative branch of the Brothers was added, and in 1984 the Priest branch was established. The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. They provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers. The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers countries. Along with the Co-Workers, the lay Missionaries of Charity try to follow Mother Teresa’s spirit and charism in their families. Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.
    Thanks sir,
    Gbu

  20. Americans are very interested in self improvement. Self improvement is to change yourself to be the best in skill, attitude, or emotional . One of the most important values associated with American Protestantism is the value of self –improvement. Protestant do not go to priests for forgiveness of their sins, so that Protestantism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self improvement. Americans needs for self improvement with once established, reaches far beyond self-improvement in the purely moral or religious sense. For example they attend thousand of self help seminars and support grup meetings to help them stop smoking, or drinking , be better parents, have happier relationships, and develop self-confidence. So, according to me that self improvement is very important and interesting , because we can correct mistake of ourselves and it can be a lesson for us to be better again.
    ============================PartC=================================
    Mother Teresa was always her own person, startlingly independent, obedient, yet challenging some prec onceived notions and expectations. Her own life story includes many illustrations of her willingness to listen to and follow her own conscience, even when it seemed to contradict what was expected. Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI. In 1963 both the Contemplative branch of the Sisters and the Active branch of the Brothers was founded. In 1979 the Contemplative branch of the Brothers was added, and in 1984 the Priest branch was established. The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. They provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers. The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers countries. Along with the Co-Workers, the lay Missionaries of Charity try to follow Mother Teresa’s spirit and charism in their families. Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.
    Thanks sir.
    GBU

  21. Part B
    I think that Americans are religious. Most of people in America are believe in God. They are believe that religion is important to their life.America has many religious such as protestant, catholic, muslim, buddhism, etc. According to recent surveys, 85 percent of Americans claim to belong to a religious denomination, 40 percent claim to attend services nearly every week or more, and 58 percent claim to pray at least weekly. So that It signifies that they are religious.
    Part C
    Mother Teresa
    MotherTeresa Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhi and now known as Mother Teresa was born on 27 August 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia. When she was just 17, she joined the Sisters of Our Lady of Lareto, a Catholic order that did charity work in India. She founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950, which was a new order devoted to helping the sick, disabled and poor, and continued to tirelessly minister to the world’s most needy people. She was a missionaries of Charity now operates schools, hospitals, orphanages, and food centres in over 100 cities worldwide. Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979, “for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitute a threat to peace”.She was not interested in being ever a center of attention. She focus was upon God. She wished the priorities of life for each individual to be returned to their own God reality and opportunity in the light. In all of her servise to many kind, she continually turned toward God. She was not concerned with the comforts of the world, for she had chosen a path of of compelete selfless service. Mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997. Some sources say she died from a serious fall in which she broke her collarbone and which caused her lungs to be punctured from broken ribs.

  22. ======== Part B ========

    Religion in the United States is characterized by both a wide diversity in religious beliefs and practices, and by a high adherence level. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a “very important” role in their lives, a proportion unusual among developed nations. Many faiths have flourished in the United States, including both later imports spanning the country’s multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those founded within the country; these have led the United States to become one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world.The majority of Americans (76%) identify themselves as Christians, mostly within Protestant and Catholic denominations, accounting for 51% and 25% of the population respectively. Non-Christian religions (including Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism etc.), collectively make up about 3.9% to 5.5% of the adult population.Another 15% of the adult population identifies as having no religious belief or no religious affiliation. When asked, about 5.2% said they did not know, or refused to reply. According to the American Religious Identification Survey, religious belief varies considerably across the country: 59% of Americans living in Western states (the “Unchurched Belt”) report a belief in God, yet in the South (the “Bible Belt”) the figure is as high as 86%. However, despite this seemingly high level of religiosity, only 9% of Americans in a 2008 poll said religion was the most important thing in their life, compared with 45% who said family was paramount in their life and 17% who said money and their career was paramount.

    ========== PART C ==========

    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

  23. ============= Part B ==============
    Religion in the United States is characterized by both a wide diversity in religious beliefs and practices, and by a high adherence level. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a “very important” role in their lives, a proportion unusual among developed nations. Many faiths have flourished in the United States, including both later imports spanning the country’s multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those founded within the country; these have led the United States to become one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world.The majority of Americans (76%) identify themselves as Christians, mostly within Protestant and Catholic denominations, accounting for 51% and 25% of the population respectively. Non-Christian religions (including Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism etc.), collectively make up about 3.9% to 5.5% of the adult population.Another 15% of the adult population identifies as having no religious belief or no religious affiliation. When asked, about 5.2% said they did not know, or refused to reply. According to the American Religious Identification Survey, religious belief varies considerably across the country: 59% of Americans living in Western states (the “Unchurched Belt”) report a belief in God, yet in the South (the “Bible Belt”) the figure is as high as 86%. However, despite this seemingly high level of religiosity, only 9% of Americans in a 2008 poll said religion was the most important thing in their life, compared with 45% who said family was paramount in their life and 17% who said money and their career was paramount.

    ============ Part C ============
    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

  24. Hello Sir !
    Sorry i’m late to send my assignment

    B
    Americans are very interested in self-improvement through books and seminars. Personal books can help them to do all things related to daily activities. Books can provide motivation for them so they can develop themselves to be better. For example, psychology books, sports books, cook books, spiritual books, and others. In addition, Americans are also pleased to attend the seminar which could help them more clearly about how they improve. For example, seminars stop smoking, drugs, romance, marriage, religion, health, and others. Thus, self-improvement can be done by reading books and attending seminars so that Americans can get self-improvement for a better life than before.

    C

    Muhammad is the messenger of Islam and is believed by Muslims as the last prophet (apostle). Muhammad is the most influential figures in human history. He led the nation that originally backward and divided into the developed nations are even able to defeat the Roman armies on the battlefield. Muslims believe in the teachings of Islam which was brought by Muhammad as a refinement of the religions brought by earlier prophets. Muhammad believed fully in the Oneness of God. He lived very simply and hated the properties arrogant and cocky. He loves and helps poor people, widows and orphans. He also avoids all the crimes such as gambling, drinking, rude behavior and others.

    Revelation of God came to him gradually within a period of 23 years. Revelation has been derived according a given sequence of Muhammad and collected in a book called Al Mushaf, also called Al-Qurʾ an. Most of the verses from the Qur’an has a clear meaning, whereas the partially translated and linked with other verses. Most of the verses from the Qur’an has a clear meaning, whereas the partially translated and linked with other verses. Most of the verses some are translated by Muhammad himself through conversations, actions and approval, which is known as As Sunnah. Al-Quran and As Sunnah are combined with a guide and a way of life for “those who surrender themselves to God”, in which adherents of Islam.

  25. ***** PART B *****

    American are very interested in self-Improvement. One of the most values associated with american Protestanism is the value of Self-Improvement. Christianity often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature. Protestants do not go to priests for forgiveness, because Protestanism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self-improvement, once established, reaches for beyond self-improvement in the purely moral or religious sense. For example, americans people attendant thousands of self-improvement such as self-help them stop smoking, drinking, be better parents, developed self-confidence and also people usually their whole personality such as books and many are best sellers etc. They are the natural products of a culture in which people believe that “God helps those who help themselves”.

    *****PART C *****
    MOTHER TERESA

    Mother Teresa or Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (gonxha meaning “rosebud” or “little flower” in Albanian) was born on 26 August 1910, in Üsküb, Ottoman Empire (now Skopje, capital of the Republic of Macedonia). Although she was born on 26 August, she considered 27 August, the day she was baptized, to be her “true birthday”. She was the youngest of the children of a family from Shkodër, Albania, born to Nikollë and Drana Bojaxhiu. She was a Roman Catholic nun of Albanian ethnicity and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India, in 1950. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying,while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Following her death, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title blessed Teresa of Calcutta. Her father, who was involved in Albanian politics, died in 1919 when she was eight years old. After her father’s death, her mother raised her as a Roman Catholic. Her father, Nikollë Bojaxhiu (his name means ‘painter’) was of Kosovar Albanian origin possibly stemming from Prizren, Kosovo while her mother’s origin was possibly from a village near Đakovica, Kosovo.

    In the 1970s, she became well-known internationally for her humanitarian work and advocacy for the rights of the poor and helpless. Malcolm Muggeridge documented this favorably and wrote a book Something Beautiful for God. Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity continued to grow during her life-time, and at the time of her death, had 610 missions in 123 countries, including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counseling programs, orphanages, and schools. Governments, charity organizations and prominent individuals have been inspired by her work. She received numerous awards, including the Indian government’s Bharat Ratna (1980) and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She remains, on the whole, one of the most admired figures in recent history, with even such religiously indifferent figures as Scott Adams and Dave Barry using her as an archetype of virtue. In 2010 on the 100th anniversary of her birth, she was honoured around the world, and her work praised by Indian President Pratibha Patil. Mother Teresa’s philosophy and implementation have faced some criticism. Catholic newspaper editor David Scott wrote that Mother Teresa limited herself to keeping people alive rather than tackling poverty itself.

    Thanks
    Jesus Bless us 🙂

  26. hello sir..

    Task B

    Self improvement is a self-guided improvement included knowledge, skill, intellectually and emotionally that useful for human life. According to American people, they like to developed abilities that they have and they have a vision that nothing that good enough for them. as we know American is a workaholic. they always find something that different, fresh and innovating. in the work they always give their whole ability for reach the best result. in conclusion American always try to improved themselves and always give the best in their work, routines and all things to developed their knowledge, skill, intellectually and emotionally to make themselves to be better everyday.

    Task C

    Muhammad was born after his father’s death in Mecca, Arabia, around 570. His grandfather and mother both died when he was a child. As a child, he was unable by Arab custom to inherit anything. He was therefore relatively poor until about 595, when a wealthy woman, Khadija, asked him to go to Syria as a steward (protector, manager) of her trading supplies. After the successful accomplishment of the mission, she offered him marriage. She was a rich widow fifteen years his senior. She and Muhammad had four daughters, and several infant sons who died. From this time onward Muhammad was wealthy, but he began to spend time in solitary reflection on the problems of Mecca, where religious principles were being degraded and general unrest was in the city.

    During a period of solitude around the year 610, Muhammad heard a voice as he meditated (focused his thoughts in a manner of prayer). The voice said, “You are the Messenger of God” (this being the title more frequently given to him by Muslims than that of prophet). Muhammad later decided he had heard the archangel Gabriel. He also found certain words “in his heart” (that is, his mind) as he meditated. Friends helped to convince him that he was called to convey messages from God to the Arabs as Moses (c. 1392– c. 1272 B.C.E. ) and Jesus Christ (c. 6 B.C.E. –c. 30 C.E. ) had done to the Jews and Christians. He continued to receive such messages from time to time until his death. They were collected into chapters and make up the Koran (Qur’an). The Koran, though sent through Muhammad, is held by Muslims to come from God.

  27. Hello sir ^^
    This is my essay ..
    Task B

    Self improvement is a way for individuals that try to build up all aspects that they have in their life include skill, abilities, or knowledge through just by themselves. According to the American that known as a people that loves to work and always try to develop their skills and knowledge, self improvement become likes assignment that never had to stop. American love to competition with each other to prove that they are the best one. Moreover, an American have a habit that they like to innovated with their mind and never stop to creating all new goods and things that can help them to improving themselves. In conclusion, self improvement is one of the most important things to American culture and with the self improvement America become the country that always developed and special in the international sight.

    Task C

    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

  28. PART B

    Self-improvement is the individuals that develop the knowledge, skills and abilities through the efforts directed by themselves”. From the definition it is clear that this approach reflects the principles of participation and independence. If this definition is related to the American people is perfect, why because their country has been famous as an independent country and develop themselves to something new and the fact that America has been applied to something that is not dependent on imports. They really have a purpose for his life, so many Americans follow and open self-improvement training for those who want to develop it. And America has also made a lot of seminars to create a prevention against people who are addicted to smoking and drinking to become a better person.
    Any tips for self-improvement, we must begin with who we are, what goals we want to accomplish? What have we got to our destination? from this we can develop ourselves and know which way the results. And examples of self-improvement quote: “There is always room for improvement, ” is not it? And what better than to fix yourself?.

    PART C
    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

    1. Hello Yuni,
      What you put in your paragraph (Part B) is really interesting. However, the instruction is use one the five sentences provided by Kearny et.al. in “The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture” (p. 68) the topic sentence of your paragraph. So you must include the sentence in your paragraph. Would you rewrite it?
      The article and slides posted in http://myreadwritebooster.wordpress.com/reading-3/3-understanding-paragraphs/ and http://myreadwritebooster.wordpress.com/writing-3/2-paragraph-writing/3-introduction-to-paragraph-definition-and-elements/ might be helpful to remind you how to write a good paragraph. Feel free to visit them.

      Part C is well done!

  29. PART B
    I chose the topic of Americans (or are not) religious. Protestant is the majority religion in America. And according to me, America is a religious country. Despite the fact that in America more and more parents are going to worship in the church than younger people. But on the other hand we can see the side of the religiousness of Americans, such as natural disasters that occurred in Indonesia, America was the first country to provide assistance to Indonesia. From the above, it can be concluded that the religiousness is not only seen from how often we worship but also see how well we love our neighbor.

    PARTC
    Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje*, Macedonia, on August 26**, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work.

    On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.
    Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.

    thanks sir 🙂

    1. Hello Vitry,

      You were supposed to use one the five sentences provided by Kearny et.al. in “The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture” (p. 68) the topic sentence of your paragraph. Since you chose “Americans are religious”, what you should have done is to provide some relevant supporting sentences that show that Americans are religious. Would you please rewrite it?

      My article and slides posted in http://myreadwritebooster.wordpress.com/reading-3/3-understanding-paragraphs/ and http://myreadwritebooster.wordpress.com/writing-3/2-paragraph-writing/3-introduction-to-paragraph-definition-and-elements/ might be helpful to remind you how to write a good paragraph. Feel free to visit them.

      Good luck!

  30. Part B

    sir, I chose the topic of September 11.2001, had a profound effect on the people of the united states. as we know the tragedy that occurred on 11 September 2001 will always be remembered by everyone, especially for the American people. The incident claimed the lives of quite a lot and make the American people are very shocked over the tragedy. The destruction of the twin towers graphically depict the darker side of globalization. since the tragedy occurred a negative impact on countries around the world, especially in religious matters. with this incident we as humans are in demand to always have a high sense of tolerance among religious people to events like this do not happen again.

    Part C

    Martin Luther was one of the most important leaders in U.S. history and the history of non-violence in modern times, and considered a hero, peacemaker and martyr by many people around the world .King born in Atlanta, Georgia from the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr.. and Alberta Williams King. He married Coretta Scott on June 18, 1953.King was a Baptist minister in Montgomery, Alabama who fought against racial discrimination. Due to its action in opposing discrimination against black people, King was jailed in Birmingham jail. In prison, he wrote a letter entitled, The Letter from Birmingham Jail, In his letter, King stated that he felt called upon to voice their prophetic voice against the injustices that occurred in his day. He also criticized those who do not agree to the bus boycott in Birmingham. To him, they are the ones who are not sensitive and can not perform an analysis of the main causes of the boycott. According to King, they are swept up in circumstances that occur and not be able to break the dominance of the power of white people . King’s greatness lies in dreams skin mainly located in high dreams and spectacular style as a pastor. His speech was titled “I have a dream” on parade to Washington, DC (August 28, 1963) made him more famous. He is revered by many honorable titles. In 1963, he received the Nobel Peace Prize. He was shot to death when he did the action in Memphis on April 4, 1968. The shock of his death caused much unrest and clashes in various cities across the United States.

    1. Hello Novita,

      You chose “September 11, 2001 had a profound effect on the people of the United States” the topic of your paragraph. What you should have done is to provide some supporting sentences to show what profound effect it is, and why?
      Please also read my suggestions to Vitry. They also go to you.
      Good luck.

  31. POINT B
    In my opinion, if we talk about the religion, we can not necessarily assume that the country is religious or not. as we know, Protestant is the most religion widely embraced in America,but that does not mean america is a religious country. in America, the average church filled with old people, while young people have their own business. on the other hand, America is also one of the country are very eager to help natural disasters victims, such as natural disasters that have occurred in Indonesia, the volunteers of america are the first person who helps direct the victims. so, religious or not someone’s back to each person, because religion is our relationship with God, every human being has the ways and beliefs in worship God

    POINT C
    Mother Teresa was always her own person, startlingly independent, obedient, yet challenging some preconceived notions and expectations. Her own life story includes many illustrations of her willingness to listen to and follow her own conscience, even when it seemed to contradict what was expected.

    This strong and independent woman was born Gonxha (Agnes) Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Yugoslavia, on August 27, 1910. Five children were born to Nikola and Dronda Bojaxhiu, yet only three survived. Gonxha was the youngest, with an older sister, Aga, and brother, Lazar. This brother describes the family’s early years as “well-off,” not the life of peasants reported inaccurately by some. “We lacked for nothing.” In fact, the family lived in one of the two houses they owned.

    Nikola was a contractor, working with a partner in a successful construction business. He was also heavily involved in the politics of the day. Lazar tells of his father’s rather sudden and shocking death, which may have been due to poisoning because of his political involvement. With this event, life changed overnight as their mother assumed total responsibility for the family, Aga, only 14, Lazar, 9, and Gonxha, 7.

    Though so much of her young life was centered in the Church, Mother Teresa later revealed that until she reached 18, she had never thought of being a nun. During her early years, however, she was fascinated with stories of missionary life and service. She could locate any number of missions on the map, and tell others of the service being given in each place.

    thankyou sir 🙂

  32. Hallo, sir! I’m sorry because I’m late to send this assignment.
    B. Americans are religious.
    We all know the story about the Puritans and how they came here looking for religious freedom. At any rate, from what I’ve been able to discern, there’s inextricable link between religious faith and the nation of “manifest destiny” in this country. The conquest and slaughter of Native Americans was justified by religion. The enslavement of their ancestor was justified by religion. Now, America is more religious country than its degree of prosperity would suggest. Despite its wealth, the United States is in the middle of the global pack when it comes to the importance of religion. They apply the principle of religion in daily life or the Americans said as Protestant Heritage. It is about self-improvement (individuals are left alone before God to improve themselves), material success /hard work (who were blessed by God might be recognized in the world by their material success), self-discipline (was a holy characteristic blessed by God) and volunteerism & humanitarianism (many Americans believe that they should devote part of their time and wealth to religious causes in order to be acceptable in the eyes of God). They do this rule and they help all people in the world. For example: volunteers from America during the tsunami in Aceh. But, Americans do not want to be called religious people.
    C. Desmond Tutu
    Desmond Tutu is a theologian who came from South Africa. He is also activist widely known in the era 1980’s as one of the opponents of apartheid. Tutu was elected and ordained the first black Bishop in the Anglican’s church. South Africa president, Nelson Mandela also gave the view that Tutu is a person who were “never afraid to voice their vote who can not be voice”. Although apartheid has been removed but the fact the political situation to prevent the occurrence of equality among different race. In this contex, Desmond is the most influential figures in voicing views against apartheid. Political role in a real Tutu is with direct involvement in the organization to oppose the apartheid government. He did this based on the attitude as a Christian. Tutu communitarian thinking is spiritual because he claimed the humanity of human relation to other and God. He criticized the government’s policy which states that black were not given the opportunity to choose to live alone even in the land of his own suffering. As long as he led the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the embraced the whole of Southern Africa and included them in their working. The commission’s slogan is “the truth hurt, but the silence kills”. Besides that, Tutu also wrote many books that were about human right. So that, Desmond Tutu is a prominent anti-apartheid South Africa. His courage makes himself get “Nobel Peace Prize” in 1984.
    THANK YOU

  33. ……..Part B……..

    September 11, 2011, has a profound effect on the people of the United States. These events not only shocking but also the entire American population in the world. The incident was carried out by 19 terrorists from the Islamic militant group al-Qaeda hijacked four passenger jets. The hijackers intentionally crashed two planes into the Twin Towers (World Trade Center) and Pentagon. These events resulted in many deaths, many Americans who lost their relatives. These events also have a negative impact on countries around the world in particular in matters of religion. Americans became very angry with the adherents of the religion of Islam because of the incident conducted by the Islamic militants. Americans do not just remain silent; they exchanged mutual help to find family or their friends who are the victims in the incident. They show a sense of cares by holding a joint prayer for the victims in front of the twin towers. Visible also a sense of their love of the homeland by placing an American flag in front of the houses, his car and along the way also sang “God Bless America”, “America The Beautiful”, “My Country Tis of Thee, and built a monument to remember the event . This draws the entire population of the world to provide assistance in the form of charity, and volunteers in the search for survivors. And presumably can also be used as examples by the nations of the world in terms of unity and oneness that made American citizens.

    Part C

    Mother Teresa…..

    Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26,1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work.
    On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.
    Today the order comprises Active and Contemplative branches of Sisters and Brothers in many countries. In 1963 both the Contemplative branch of the Sisters and the Active branch of the Brothers was founded. In 1979 the Contemplative branch of the Brothers was added, and in 1984 the Priest branch was established.
    The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. They provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers.
    The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers who became an official International Association on March 29, 1969. By the 1990s there were over one million Co-Workers in more than 40 countries. Along with the Co-Workers, the lay Missionaries of Charity try to follow Mother Teresa’s spirit and charism in their families.
    Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.

    Thank you Sir, God Bless 🙂

    1. Hi Debora,
      The structure of your paragraph in Part B is good. However, please correct some elementary grammatical errors you made in the paragraph. For instance, “These events [did] not only shocking [shocked Americans in New York] but also the entire American population in the world.”

      Please rewrite the paragraph better.
      Good luck!

  34. Hello Yuni.

    The item you chose out of the five options provided by Kearny should have been made the topic sentence of your paragraph. So, what you should have done is to provide some relevant supporting sentences to make the idea in the topic sentence convincing. Would rewrite this item? Make sure the whole sentences form a good paragraph. My article posted in http://myreadwritebooster.wordpress.com/2011/02/11/writing-a-good-paragraph-2/ might be useful for you.

    Your report about Martin Luther King, Jr. is OK.

  35. Sr. I am very sorry for being late to post this task.

    Part B

    Americans are religious.

    I think that American is religious country. The fundamental American belief in individual freedom and the right of individuals to practice their own religion is at the center of the religious experience in the United States. The great diversity of ethnic backgrounds has produce religious pluralism most of religious of the world are now practiced in United States. Most of people in America are, believe in God. There just a few American that do not believe in God. American has catholic, protestant, Buddhism, Hinduism, Muslim, act. That’s why America called diversity. Why Americans are religious Because of government also figure it. For example, in every beginning of court, they always start it by praying. In addition, on their currency (money) is written “believes in God”. I think that it is the symbol of their religious. So, Americans are religious.

    Part C
    Mother Theresa.

    Mother Theresa was a missionary of charity. Why mother Theresa was important for catholic because of her charity, unselfishness and courage, her capacity for hard work and a natural talent for organization, she lived out her consecration to Jesus, in the midst of her companions, with fidelity and joy. On 10 September 1946 during the train ride from Calcutta to Darjeeling for her annual retreat, Mother Teresa received her “inspiration,” her “call within a call.” On that day, in a way she would never explain, Jesus’ thirst for love and for souls took hold of her heart and the desire to satiate His thirst became the driving force of her life. Over the course of the next weeks and months, by means of interior locutions and visions, Jesus revealed to her the desire of His heart for “victims of love” who would “radiate His love on souls.” “Come be My light,” He begged her. “I cannot go alone.” He revealed His pain at the neglect of the poor, His sorrow at their ignorance of Him and His longing for their love. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated to the service of the poorest of the poor. Nearly two years of testing and discernment passed before Mother Teresa received permission to begin. On August 17, 1948, she dressed for the first time in a white, blue-bordered sari and passed through the gates of her beloved Loreto convent to enter the world of the poor.

  36. Part C.
    Mother Theresa
    Mother Theresa is a good works that makes anyone a Christian, then we must also regard a friend of mine, a communist and an atheist, to be a true Christian as well, for he, though unknown to the media, has dedicated his life to help the poor. Yet he would be the first to refuse the name ‘Christian.’
    Works alone do not make anyone a Christian. Clearly, we must consider what a person believes as well as what he does, or, in other words, the proper motives for their works. The Jews also were very zealous in their religion, yet the apostle Paul did not consider them saved because their religion was ‘not according to knowledge’ and they attempted to make themselves right with God by their works while refusing to rely on Christ for salvation.
    There is a far more important question for us than to speculate on whether Mother Theresa was a true Christian or not. God is her judge, ‘for the LORD does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart’ (1 Samuel 16:7). He knows her motives as well as her actions. What is of greater concern to us is our own salvation. Am I a true Christian?
    A false Christian is one who ‘believes’ in Christ and yet depends, at least in part, on his own works for salvation. His ‘good’ works are the fruit of pride and unbelief. A true Christian is one who believes in Christ and does not depend on his own works for salvation. His good works are the evidence to living faith.
    Moreover, a true Christian is eager to let everyone know that Jesus is the only way to heaven. It is sad that Mother Theresa neglected this, the greatest work of all. She wrote: ‘There is only one God and He is God to all; therefore it is important that everyone is seen as equal before God. I’ve always said we should help a Hindu become a better Hindu, a Muslim become a better Muslim, a Catholic become a better Catholic.’
    It’s true: there is one God; it is just as true that there is one Mediator between God and man, Christ Jesus! Muslims and Hindus are not saved without Christ, whether they are better or not.

    Part B.

    The Protestantism has been a powerful force in shaping the values and beliefs of Americans. One of the most important values associated with American Protestantism is the value of self-improvement. Christianity often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature. The need for self-improvement in the moral or religious sense. It can be seen in countless books which explain how people can be happier and more successful in life by improving everything from their vocabulary to their tennis game, or even their personality. In addition American attend thousands of self-help seminars and support group meetings to help them stop smoking or drinking, lose weight, be better parents, have happier relationships, and develop self/confidence.

    1. Hello Maria,

      You are supposed to use one the five topic sentences provided by Kearny et.al. in “The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture” (p. 68). So, would you please rewrite it?

      Part C is good!

  37. Point B : “September 11, 2011, had a profound effect on the people of the United States”….

    Who is not familiar with the events of 11 September 2001?? The whole American people nor even the world’s population will inevitably continue to remember these events. Where is this horrible event that destroyed two twin towers, World Trade Center and Pentagon which reportedly carried out by terrorists. From these events, many American citizens who are victims (whether those killed or seriously injured). The whole community in America is very sad and feeling a loss for the incident. Many American citizens have lost family and friends. From the terrorist attacks, many Americans and impact the entire world both in economic, religious, and military. To find a family or their friends, the residents look for victims in the newspapers or put pictures of their family or friends who become victims. To commemorate the event, usually the families of the victims lit candles and praying together in front of the twin towers. This event was very touching the world population. After the incident, we can see the unity of the world community in showing compassion for the victims by giving charity and aid workers in search of victims. Many Americans show their grief by putting American flags in front of the home, in cars, even their clothes. To commemorate the event, the monument was established in 2009 to remember 11 September and was officially opened in September 2011.

    Point C : “Mother Teresa”….

    “By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to the world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus.”

    That quote is spoken by a loving mother Teresa in the midst of her ministry. She was born in Skopje, Albania on August 26, 1910, and is the youngest of three brothers of the couple Nikola and Drane Bojaxhiu. Teresa’s mother was originally named Gonxha. As a teenager, mother Teresa followed the church youth activities led by Jesuit priests and of its participation she became interested in the service field. And at seventeen, he responds to God’s call to serve. On November 28, 1928, she joined the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known also as the Sisters of Loretto, a community known for its service in India. When pledged its commitment to the Lord in the Sisters of Loretto, she got the name Teresa from Santa Theresa Lisieux.

    Mother Teresa was sent to India, and committed to serving the Lord. Until finally in 1944, mother Teresa was headmaster at the school St. Mary. When mother Teresa went to Darjeeling to recuperate, in the way she got a message from God about compassion for others and the message wholeheartedly she began her ministry by opening a school open in 1948. Open schools,she taught many different things ranging from reading, writing, up to the general knowledge about health. With great love, and armed with medical knowledge, and caring mother Teresa to bring poor children who are sick to his house.

    In 1950, mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta. And many of the Sisters and the people who touched her heart to serve the poor is full of love without expecting any reward. Mother Teresa expand its services in helping the poor, by opening the service in Venezuela, Rome, and Australia. Starting serve twelve poor, has now been serving thousands of poor people around the world with the establishment of mother Teresa’s service centers comprising more than 450 service locations worldwide. Mother Teresa built many houses for those who are suffering, dying, and rejected by society, from Calcutta to her hometown in Albania. She is also one of the pioneers who built homes for people with AIDS.

    Hence a sense of love and concern for the displaced poor and oppressed, mother Teresa got like John XXIII awarded the International Prize for Peace is awarded directly by Pope Paul VI, Pandit Nehru Prize and awards from the government of India, and the peak he received the Nobel Peace Prize . Prize money of $ 6,000 he earned was donated to the poor in Calcutta. On September 5, 1997, mother Teresa died at the age of 87 years.

    A mother Teresa, is a woman of many inspired many people to serve others. Of mother Teresa, we can learn the importance of sharing, caring and serving others, especially helping the poor. Mother Teresa’s ministry, a ministry of love and selfless. And from mother Teresa we also can learn that earthly rewards becomes important only when the award can help the world help the needy, and caring mother Teresa suggests that we should love our neighbor as we love ourselves.

    Thank you Sir…

    1. Hello Netty,

      Your paragraph (Part B) is great. However, you should have used “September 11, 2011, had a profound effect on the people of the United States” as the topic sentence of your paragraph. You shouldn’t have modified it. Would you please rewrite the paragraph?

      Part C is a fabulous report.

  38. PART B

    in my opinion, if we discuss about the belief systems that exist in America we can not judge that they believe in religion or not. because I think it’s a belief can not be imposed, and every person has the right to want to have a religion or not. as we know, America is known as a country that prioritizes self-improvement and Americans believe in individual success, freedom and independence. Americans believe that if we are to succeed we must work hard in our lives.

    PART C

    i choose “Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.., Ph.D.”

    Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.., Ph.D. (Born in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, January 15, 1929 – died in Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 4 April 1968 at age 39 years) is a Nobel Laureate, Baptist minister and human rights activist African-American. He was one of the most important leaders in U.S. history and the history of non-violence in modern times, and considered a hero, peacemaker and martyr by many people around the world. One and a half decades after his murder in 1968, the United States imposed a holiday to commemorate Martin Luther King Day.

    His work

    As a result of its action in opposing discrimination against black people, King was jailed in Birmingham jail. In prison, he wrote entitled, The Letter from Birmingham Jail, In his letter, King states that he feels called upon to voice their prophetic voice against the injustice that occurred in his day. He also criticized those who do not agree to the bus boycott in Birmingham. To him, they are the ones who are not sensitive and can not perform an analysis of the main causes of the boycott. According to King, they were swept up in circumstances that occur and are not able to break the dominance of the power of white people.

    He not only fought against the discrimination of black people, but also against the property and the Vietnam War. King’s greatness lies in dreams, especially the high and spectacular style as a pastor. His speech was titled “I have a dream” on the parade marched to Washington, DC (August 28, 1963) made him more famous. He is revered by many esteemed titles. In 1963, he received the Nobel Peace Prize. He was shot to death when he did the action in Memphis on April 4, 1968. The shock of his death caused a lot of unrest and clashes in various cities across the United States.

    i think that’s all about my opinion. thank you sir 🙂
    God bless..

    1. Hi Anastasia,

      In part B you were supposed to write a good paragraph on the topic sentence you chose among the five sentences provided by Kearny et.al. in “The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture” (p. 68). What you wrote here, I think, is very different. Would you please rewrite it?

      Part C is a well-done report on Martin Luther King.

  39. part b
    Americans are religious. basically everyone is a religious person, but each person has different ways to express their religion or belief. as well as Americans. if we see, most people who attend church are the old people, and the young people busy with their activities. But, this is not a reason to say that Americans are not religious. like my previous explanation that everyone has different ways to express their beliefs. Like young people do in America, most of them are very rarely want to go in church, but they often carry out activities which are related to religion such as giving donations (charyti) to people whit low economy, this is the activity which are taught by religion . That’s the reason why I say that Americans are religious.
    part c
    His name was Martin Luther King, and his dream, that “four of my children are still small in one day live in a country where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of nature … ” Word-Word shake America.ily of Baptist minister and was educated at Morehouse College and Crozer Theological Seminary. He earned his Ph.D. from Boston University. In 1954 he became pastor Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, in Montgomery, Alabama. One year later, years later, a black woman, Mrs. Rosa Parks, a step which has changed the life of the King. Although black people should only ride in the back of the bus, he sat down opposite-all in the back seat was filled, and he took first place in the first. He was arrested for violating laws on segregation (the separation law).

    Martin Luther King, Jr.. encouraged to engage in the struggle for civil rights for Americans. Affected by non-violent ways of Gandhi, King and others protested. “We will offset your capacity to cause suffering in us … do what you want and we will continue to love you,” said the King responded to malicious attackers. Following in the footsteps of Jesus, he proclaimed:”Jesus says of the cross of a law than she knows that ancient philosophy-.” Eye for an eye – it would be that everyone blind, he tried not overcome evil with evil was overcome evil with good Although crucified because of hatred, he responded with an aggressive love “In the spring of 1963., King was arrested for leading a protest movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The clergy in Atlanta criticized for leaving the church in Montgomery.

    The protest movement on Washington in 1963, is one of the most important events in the history of the struggle for civil rights because of his influence has been of great help to the birth of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the Bill of electoral rights of 1965.In the movement of protest, Martin Luther King Jr… showing his dream: “I have a dream that my four children are still small in one day live in a nation where will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of character…” With this faith we will be able to carve a stone of hope of the mountain of despair. With this faith we will be able change the voices are not in harmony in our country into a beautiful Symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we can work together, pray together, with the awareness that we will be free one day “.” In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize, an award that represents part of this dream.

  40. In point B:
    I choose American are very interested self-improvemnent
    why? because this is the value of a very important person, america, america where people like to improve themselves to become better in many ways and they do not like to be the second, they do not want to lose from others and strive to reach the top or trying to achieve purpose of life as high with less characteristics that always improve themselves here and working hard to fix the left, making a key element in america society to grow and be successful

    In point C :
    Mother TeresaMother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje*, Macedonia, on August 26**, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work.

    On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.

    Today the order comprises Active and Contemplative branches of Sisters and Brothers in many countries. In 1963 both the Contemplative branch of the Sisters and the Active branch of the Brothers was founded. In 1979 the Contemplative branch of the Brothers was added, and in 1984 the Priest branch was established.

    The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. They provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers.

    The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers who became an official International Association on March 29, 1969. By the 1990s there were over one million Co-Workers in more than 40 countries. Along with the Co-Workers, the lay Missionaries of Charity try to follow Mother Teresa’s spirit and charism in their families.

    Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.

    From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1971-1980, Editor-in-Charge Tore Frängsmyr, Editor Irwin Abrams, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1997

    This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

    * Former Uskup, a town in the Ottoman Empire.

    ** Mother Teresa’s date of birth is disputed: “So unconcerned was she about accuracy in relation to the chronicling of her own life, and so disinclined actually to read anything written about her, that for many years and in a succession of books her birthdate was erroneously recorded as 27 August 1910. It even appeared in the Indian Loreto Entrance Book as her date of birth. In fact, as she confided to her friend, co-worker and American author, Eileen Egan, that was the date on which she was christened Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. The date which marked the beginning of her Christian life was undoubtedly the more important to Mother Teresa, but she was none the less actually born in Skopje, Serbia, on the previous day.” (Spink, Kathryn: Mother Teresa: A Complete Authorized Biography, HarperSanFrancisco, 1997.Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997.

    1. Hello Dewi,

      Since you decided to make “American are very interested in self-improvement” the topic sentence of your paragraph, please make sure that other sentences support the idea in the sentence. I suggest you to rewrite it better. Good luck!

      1. sir, I’m so sorry because I’ve mistaken. Here my revisi in part B.

        I choose American are very interested self-improvemnent, because I think this is one of the values ​​of the American people to become better in many ways such as in the their knowledge, social or economic life, always trying to be the best, this is one reasons why america is referred to as super powers country, I take the example in terms of the economy in America: in the midst of a global crisis that hit, the state retains the American economy in the eyes of the world, seen from the value of the dollar america that remained stable against the currencies of Indonesia, and made the dollar as the benchmark exchange rate or currency of the world and America can still retain the income per capita of the population with good citizens. this is what makes that america has always to develop and improve themselves to achieve success and become a super power country.
        Thats all, thank you sir

  41. Task B. America is a religious country. in general, every human being has a belief each with diverse ways of worship. But we know only some people who really run the worship. young people in America spent more time for other activities such as holding social events and church there was more widely attended by a congregation of old age, but that does not mean we can assume America is not the state religion, this is back again with their belief and how to worship their respective faiths.

    Task C. King was an American clergyman, Nobel Peace Prize winner and one of the principal leaders of the United States civil rights movement.
    King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father was a Baptist minister, his mother a schoolteacher. Originally named Michael, he was later renamed Martin. He entered Morehouse College in 1944 and then went to Crozer Religious Seminary to undertake postgraduate study, receiving his doctorate in 1955.
    Returning to the South to become pastor of a Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King first achieved national renown when he helped mobilise the black boycott of the Montgomery bus system in 1955. This was organised after Rosa Parks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man – in the segregated south, black people could only sit at the back of the bus. The 382-day boycott led the bus company to change its regulations, and the supreme court declared such segregation unconstitutional.
    In 1957, King was active in the organisation of the Southern Leadership Christian Conference (SCLC), formed to co-ordinate protests against discrimination. He advocated non-violent direct action based on the methods of Gandhi, who led protests against British rule in India culminating in India’s independence in 1947.
    In 1963, King led mass protests against discriminatory practices in Birmingham, Alabama where the white population were violently resisting desegregation. The city was dubbed ‘Bombingham’ as attacks against civil rights protesters increased, and King was arrested and jailed for his part in the protests.
    After his release, King participated in the enormous civil rights march on Washington in August 1963, and delivered his famous ‘I have a dream’ speech, predicting a day when the promise of freedom and equality for all would become a reality in America. In 1964, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965, he led a campaign to register blacks to vote. The same year the US Congress passed the Voting Rights Act outlawing the discriminatory practices that had barred blacks from voting in the south.
    As the civil rights movement became increasingly radicalised, King found that his message of peaceful protest was not shared by many in the younger generation. King began to protest against the Vietnam war and poverty levels in the US. He was assassinated on 4 April 1968 during a visit to Memphis, Tennessee.

  42. POINT B
    American religous leaders, never encouraged the idea of gaining wealth without hard work and self-dicipline. many scholar believe that the emphasis on these two values made an important contribution to the industrial growth of the United Stated. protestant viewed the work of all people as holy, not just that of priests. self-discipline was often defined as the willingness to save and invest one’s money rather than spend it on immediate pleasures.
    the belief in hard work and self-dicipline in pursuit of material gain and other goals is often referred to as “the protestant work ethic” or “the puritan work ethic”.

    point C
    His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 July 1935, to a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet. At the age of two the child, who was named Lhamo Dhondup at that time was recognized as the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso. The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and patron saint of Tibet. Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who have postponed their own nirvana and chosen to take rebirth in order to serve humanity.

  43. Mega sari 0812150012

    Point B
    “The protestant work ethic causes many Americans to work very hard”
    In generally we know American identical with protestant, some of the early European protestant leaders believed that people who were blessed by God might be recognized in the world by their material success. Other church leaders, particullary in the United States, made an even stronger connection between gaining material wealth and being blessed by God. American people believe that if we want to success we must hard work in our life….

    Point C
    about “Mother teresa”
    Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was a Roman Catholic nun of Albanian ethnicity and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India, in 1950. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Following her death, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.
    In the 1970s, she became well-known internationally for her humanitarian work and advocacy for the rights of the poor and helpless. Malcolm Muggeridge documented this favourably and wrote a book Something Beautiful for God.
    She wrote in her diary: Our Lord wants me to be a free nun covered with the poverty of the cross. Today I learned a good lesson. The poverty of the poor must be so hard for them. While looking for a home I walked and walked till my arms and legs ached. I thought how much they must ache in body and soul, looking for a home, food and health. Then the comfort of Loreto [her former order] came to tempt me. ‘You have only to say the word and all that will be yours again,’ the Tempter kept on saying … Of free choice, my God, and out of love for you, I desire to remain and do whatever be your Holy will in my regard. I did not let a single tear come.
    When Eastern Europe experienced increased openness in the late 1980s, she expanded her efforts to Communist countries that had previously rejected the Missionaries of Charity, embarking on dozens of projects. She was undeterred by criticism about her firm stand against abortion and divorce stating, “No matter who says what, you should accept it with a smile and do your own work.”
    We still remember quotation from mother Teresa : “god does not require us to succeed, he only requires that we seek.”

    Gbu…

  44. Part B

    Dear Sir,

    Of all existing topics, but I am only interested in the topic ” Americans are very interested in self-improvement ”
    In my opinion American is known as prioritizing personal self-improvement. American believe in individual success, freedom, and self- dependence. Self -improvement is actually preparing themselves for the future. It can be seen how people can be happier and more successful in life by improving their personality. Currently, we are in the world who compete with each other to get what we want. In other words, we are obliged to be a winner or a leader. For this reason, every person who is required to improve the quality of its own to make her life better. So self-improvement means that we have to set our mindset, behaviors, and souls to do the better things. The Americans believe that competition is a way to assess the quality individuals in all things. This value is reflected in the American economy, health sciences, arts, education, and sports. Yet the achievement of the material success is the most widely respected form of self -improvement in the United States.

    Part C

    I choose “Desmond Tutu”

    Bishop Desmond Tutu was born in 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. His father was a teacher, and he himself was educated at Johannesburg Bantu High School. After leaving school he trained first as a teacher at Pretoria Bantu Normal College and in 1954 he graduated from the University of South Africa. After three years as a high school teacher he began to study theology, being ordained as a priest in 1960. The years 1962-66 were devoted to further theological study in England leading up to a Master of Theology. From 1967 to 1972 he taught theology in South Africa before returning to England for three years as the assistant director of a theological institute in London. In 1975 he was appointed Dean of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Johannesburg, the first black to hold that position. From 1976 to 1978 he was Bishop of Lesotho, and in 1978 became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. Tutu is an honorary doctor of a number of leading universities in the USA, Britain and Germany.

    Desmond Tutu has formulated his objective as “a democratic and just society without racial divisions”, and has set forward the following points as minimum demands:

    1. equal civil rights for all
    2. the abolition of South Africa’s passport laws
    3. a common system of education
    4. the cessation of forced deportation from South Africa to the so-called “homelands”

    The South African Council of Churches is a contact organization for the churches of South Africa and functions as a national committee for the World Council of Churches. The Boer churches have disassociated themselves from the organization as a result of the unambiguous stand it has made against apartheid. Around 80 percent of its members are black, and they now dominate the leading positions.

    I think thats all for my opinion and hope can be useful.
    Thankyou and GBU Sir 🙂

  45. Part B :
    I think, If we discuss about the beliefs held by Americans, we can not immediately conclude that they believe or not believe in the religion. We can not force someone to have a religion. Because every person has the right to determine his choice, whether they want to have a religion or not. Many people who have thought that to have a good life, we can do good to others, by way of mutual help to each other. Because in America there are still many people who do not believe in the religion. And for those who believe in the religion, they will always get closer to God by going to church and always do good to others.

    Part C :
    Martin Luther was born to peasant stock on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben in the Holy Roman Empire – in what is today eastern Germany. Soon after Luther’s birth, his family moved from Eisleben to Mansfeld. His father was a relatively successful miner and smelter and Mansfeld was a larger mining town. Martin was the second son born to Hans and Magarete (Lindemann) Luther. Two of his brothers died during outbreaks of the plague. One other brother, James, lived to adulthood.

    Luther’s father knew that mining was a cyclical occupation, and he wanted more security for his promising young son. Hans Luther decided that he would do whatever was necessary to see that Martin could become a lawyer. Hans saw to it that Martin started school in Mansfeld probably around seven. The school stressed Latin and a bit of logic and rhetoric. When Martin was 14 he was sent to Magdeburg to continue his studies. He stayed only one year in Magdeburg and then enrolled in Latin school in Eisenach until 1501. In 1501 he enrolled in the University of Erfurt where he studied the basic course for a Master of Arts (grammar, logic, rhetoric, metaphysics, etc.). Significant to his spiritual and theological development was the principal role of William of Occam’s theology and metaphysics in Erfurt’s curriculum. In 1505, it seemed that Han’s Luther’s plans were about to finally be realized. His son was on the verge of becoming a lawyer. Han’s Luther’s plans were interrupted by a thunderstorm and vow.

    In July of 1505, Martin was caught in a horrific thunderstorm. Afraid that he was going to die, he screamed out a vow, “Save me, St. Anna, and I shall become a monk.” St. Anna was the mother of the Virgin Mary and the patron saint of miners. Most argue that this commitment to become a monk could not have come out of thin air and instead represents an intensification experience in which an already formulated thought is expanded and deepened. On July 17th Luther entered the Augustinian Monastery at Erfurt.

    In 1510, Luther traveled as part of delegation from his monastery to Rome (he was not very impressed with what he saw.) In 1511, he transferred from the monastery in Erfurt to one in Wittenberg where, after receiving his doctor of theology degree, he became a professor of biblical theology at the newly founded University of Wittenberg.

    In 1513, he began his first lectures on the Psalms. In these lectures, Luther’s critique of the theological world around him begins to take shape. Later, in lectures on Paul’s Epistle to the Romans (in 1515/16) this critique becomes more noticeable. It was during these lectures that Luther finally found the assurance that had evaded him for years. The discovery that changed Luther’s life ultimately changed the course of church history and the history of Europe. In Romans, Paul writes of the “righteousness of God.” Luther had always understood that term to mean that God was a righteous judge that demanded human righteousness. Now, Luther understood righteousness as a gift of God’s grace. He had discovered (or recovered) the doctrine of justification by grace alone. This discovery set him afire.

    In 1517, he posted a sheet of theses for discussion on the University’s chapel door. These Ninety-Five Theses set out a devastating critique of the church’s sale of indulgences and explained the fundamentals of justification by grace alone. Luther also sent a copy of the theses Archbishop Albrecht of Mainz calling on him to end the sale of indulgences. Albrecht was not amused. In Rome, cardinals saw Luther’s theses as an attack on papal authority. In 1518 at a meeting of the Augustinian Order in Heidelberg, Luther set out his positions with even more precision. In the Heidelberg Disputation, we see the signs of a maturing in Luther’s thought and new clarity surrounding his theological perspective – the Theology of the Cross.

    After the Heidelberg meeting in October 1518, Luther was told to recant his positions by the Papal Legate, Thomas Cardinal Cajetan. Luther stated that he could not recant unless his mistakes were pointed out to him by appeals to “scripture and right reason” he would not, in fact, could not recant. Luther’s refusal to recant set in motion his ultimate excommunication.

    Throughout 1519, Luther continued to lecture and write in Wittenberg. In June and July of that year, he participated in another debate on Indulgences and the papacy in Leipzig. Finally, in 1520, the pope had had enough. On June 15th the pope issued a bull (Exsurge Domini – Arise O’Lord) threatening Luther with excommunication. Luther received the bull on October 10th. He publicly burned it on December 10th.

    In January 1521, the pope excommunicated Luther. In March, he was summonsed by Emperor Charles V to Worms to defend himself. During the Diet of Worms, Luther refused to recant his position. Whether he actually said, “Here I stand, I can do no other” is uncertain. What is known is that he did refuse to recant and on May 8th was placed under Imperial Ban.

    This placed Luther and his duke in a difficult position. Luther was now a condemned and wanted man. Luther hid out at the Wartburg Castle until May of 1522 when he returned to Wittenberg. He continued teaching. In 1524, Luther left the monastery. In 1525, he married Katharina von Bora.

    From 1533 to his death in 1546 he served as the Dean of the theology faculty at Wittenberg. He died in Eisleben on 18 February 1546.

  46. Point B

    I chose the topic of Americans are very interested in self-improvement.
    In my opinion America ( U.S ) is a federal republic which is the largest country the 3rd or 4th based on total land area and third largest based on population. The country is a multiethnic and multicultural country, which is caused by the influx of immigrants from around the world. United States economy is the largest economy in the world, the United States became the only superpower of the world and become a leader in military, economic, cultural, and political.
    Even so, the country is experiencing poor social problems. In an effort to develop the power of the whites, racism is rampant that continues into the mid-20th century. In this century the expanding American influence in the international arena and become a center of technological innovation as well as the best in the world at that time.
    Some donations of technology, including telephones, televisions, computers, Internet, nuclear weapons, airplanes and space travel.
    U.S. running a capitalist economic system. Economic growth in this country firmly on its surface, unemployment and low inflation.
    The U.S. economy is one of the most important thing in the world. Many countries have made the U.S. dollar as its currency measure, meaning that valuable or whether their currency is determined by the dollar. A number of countries using the dollar as its currency. The U.S. stock market is seen as an indicator of world economy. Level of the United States quite advanced culture. This is evident with the progress of technology. In addition, the United States are also experts in the field of advanced arsenal. This country has always advanced from year to year, and always improve. this is what makes American countries into developed and developing countries. Eyes of the world, American country is a big country.

    Point C

    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

    At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

    Thanks Sir
    GBU

  47. Dear Mr.Parlind..

    Exercise B
    In exercise B I prefer to discuss about America are (or are not) Religious. .We know that religion in the United States is characterized by both a wide diversity in religious beliefs and practices, and by a high adherence level. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a “very important” role in their lives, a proportion unusual among developed nations. Many faiths have flourished in the United States, including both later imports spanning the country’s multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those founded within the country; these have led the United States to become one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world.
    The majority of Americans (76%) identify themselves as Christians, mostly within Protestant and Catholic denominations, accounting for 51% and 25% of the population respectively.Non-Christian religions (including Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism etc.), collectively make up about 3.9% to 5.5% of the adult population. Another 15% of the adult population identifies as having no religious belief or no religious affiliation. When asked, about 5.2% said they did not know, or refused to reply. According to the American Religious Identification Survey, religious belief varies considerably across the country: 59% of Americans living in Western states (the “Unchurched Belt”) report a belief in God, yet in the South (the “Bible Belt”) the figure is as high as 86%. (The data taken from wikipedia). and people of Black ethnicity were most likely to be part of a formal religion, with 85% percent being Christians. Protestant denominations make up the majority of the Christians in the ethnicities.
    In this case many Americans did practice Christianity, but so also did many believe in deistic philosophy. Indeed, most of our influential Founding Fathers, although they respected the rights of other religionists, held to deism and Freemasonry tenets rather than to Christianity.

    Exercise C
    Mother Teresa was always her own person, startlingly independent, obedient, yet challenging some preconceived notions and expectations. Her own life story includes many illustrations of her willingness to listen to and follow her own conscience, even when it seemed to contradict what was expected.
    This strong and independent woman was born Gonxha (Agnes) Bojaxhiu in Skopje, Yugoslavia, on August 27, 1910. Five children were born to Nikola and Dronda Bojaxhiu, yet only three survived. Gonxha was the youngest, with an older sister, Aga, and brother, Lazar. This brother describes the family’s early years as “well-off,” not the life of peasants reported inaccurately by some. “We lacked for nothing.” In fact, the family lived in one of the two houses they owned.
    Though so much of her young life was centered in the Church, Mother Teresa later revealed that until she reached 18, she had never thought of being a nun. During her early years, however, she was fascinated with stories of missionary life and service. She could locate any number of missions on the map, and tell others of the service being given in each place.

    Thank you Sir.. ^^

  48. Exercise B
    Sir, I am interested in topic about self-improvement. According to me, self-improvement means the improvement of one’s knowledge, status, or character by one’s own efforts. American are always have a mind-set to improve their self-improvement, that is why America called the Super Power country, because they are always want to improve their self-improvement. I want Indonesian have the same mind-set, self-improvement. So, there is no the same problem which makes Indonesia buried in so many difficulties.
    Exercise C
    Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Skopje*, Macedonia, on August 26**, 1910. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work.

    On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.

    Today the order comprises Active and Contemplative branches of Sisters and Brothers in many countries. In 1963 both the Contemplative branch of the Sisters and the Active branch of the Brothers was founded. In 1979 the Contemplative branch of the Brothers was added, and in 1984 the Priest branch was established.

    The Society of Missionaries has spread all over the world, including the former Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. They provide effective help to the poorest of the poor in a number of countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and they undertake relief work in the wake of natural catastrophes such as floods, epidemics, and famine, and for refugees. The order also has houses in North America, Europe and Australia, where they take care of the shut-ins, alcoholics, homeless, and AIDS sufferers.

    The Missionaries of Charity throughout the world are aided and assisted by Co-Workers who became an official International Association on March 29, 1969. By the 1990s there were over one million Co-Workers in more than 40 countries. Along with the Co-Workers, the lay Missionaries of Charity try to follow Mother Teresa’s spirit and charism in their families.

    Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.
    Thank you, Sir.

  49. Part B
    Christian Work Ethic is one of the basic shape and why the Americans were superior to those countries in the world. why? Maybe because of Work Ethic that held by every person in America.I remembered about the meeting last week in which CCU class explained that the Christian Work Ethic from the clutches of America is “God will help those who want to help themselves” is why every young person in America who seek productive and compete with each other to get what they want and are responsible for what they do. Ethics work despite the effects that they believe make them reasonable as a hard worker.

    Part C
    His name was Martin Luther King, and his dream, that “four of my children are still small in one day live in a country where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of nature … ” Word-Word shake America.ily of Baptist minister and was educated at Morehouse College and Crozer Theological Seminary. He earned his Ph.D. from Boston University. In 1954 he became pastor Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, in Montgomery, Alabama. One year later, years later, a black woman, Mrs. Rosa Parks, a step which has changed the life of the King. Although black people should only ride in the back of the bus, he sat down opposite-all in the back seat was filled, and he took first place in the first. He was arrested for violating laws on segregation (the separation law).

    Martin Luther King, Jr.. encouraged to engage in the struggle for civil rights for Americans. Affected by non-violent ways of Gandhi, King and others protested. “We will offset your capacity to cause suffering in us … do what you want and we will continue to love you,” said the King responded to malicious attackers. Following in the footsteps of Jesus, he proclaimed:”Jesus says of the cross of a law than she knows that ancient philosophy-.” Eye for an eye – it would be that everyone blind, he tried not overcome evil with evil was overcome evil with good Although crucified because of hatred, he responded with an aggressive love “In the spring of 1963., King was arrested for leading a protest movement in Birmingham, Alabama. The clergy in Atlanta criticized for leaving the church in Montgomery.

    The protest movement on Washington in 1963, is one of the most important events in the history of the struggle for civil rights because of his influence has been of great help to the birth of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the Bill of electoral rights of 1965.In the movement of protest, Martin Luther King Jr… showing his dream: “I have a dream that my four children are still small in one day live in a nation where will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of character…” With this faith we will be able to carve a stone of hope of the mountain of despair. With this faith we will be able change the voices are not in harmony in our country into a beautiful Symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we can work together, pray together, with the awareness that we will be free one day “.” In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize, an award that represents part of this dream.

    On April 4th 1986 when he stood on the second floor hallway at the motel on Mulberry Street, chatting with his colleagues, he shot a murderer. The bullet took his life, but that was not the end the dream which is underway. In response to the courage and determination, which is a testament to the cleric, third Monday in January appointed Martin Luther King day. He is the only American priest, whose name appears in the calendar as a tribute to.

  50. Hello Sir,
    Part B
    September 11,2011, had a profound effect on the people of the United States.
    As we know the world were shocked by news that terrorists attacked US in New York City and the Washington, D.C., area on September 11, 2001. On that Tuesday morning who 19 terrorists from the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda hijacked four passenger jets. The hijackers intentionally crashed two planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City; both towers collapsed within two hours, nearly 3,000 died in the attacks.he United States responded to the attacks by launching the War on Terror, invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, which had harbored al-Qaeda members. Numerous memorials were constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York, the Pentagon Memorial, and the Flight 93 National Memorial.
    Part C
    Martin Luther King, Jr. is activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism. King’s efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he expanded American values to include the vision of a color blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.
    Thank you Sir.
    Gbu

  51. Part B. september 11,2001 had a profound effect on the people of the united states
    In my opinion Sir, The September 11 attacks is a form of human selfishness to each other. A group of people on September 11, 2001. On that Tuesday morning, 19 terrorists from the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda hijacked four passenger jets. They attack Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City; both towers collapsed within two hours. The destruction caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant impact on global markets. After that tragedy, there are a lot of people lost his family, friends and loved ones. This tragedy are gives the deep sorrow of the American people. Therefore until this time America always fight against the terrorist who want to take controled America. America showed serious steps to against terrorists in his country and also Indonesia have to show serious steps to against terrorism.

    Part C
    Dalai Lama
    Tenzin Gyatso, is the spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 July 1935, to a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet. At the age of two the child, who was named Lhamo Dhondup at that time was recognized as the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso. The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and patron saint of Tibet. Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who have postponed their own nirvana and chosen to take rebirth in order to serve humanity. During his life, His Holiness has spoken strongly for better understanding and respect among the different faiths of the world. Towards this end, His Holiness has made numerous appearances in interfaith services, imparting the message of universal responsibility, love, compassion and kindness. “The need for simple human-to-human relationships is becoming increasingly urgent . . . Today the world is smaller and more interdependent. One nation’s problems can no longer be solved by itself completely. Thus, without a sense of universal responsibility, our very survival becomes threatened. Basically, universal responsibility is feeling for other people’s suffering just as we feel our own. It is the realization that even our enemy is entirely motivated by the quest for happiness. We must recognize that all beings want the same thing that we want. This is the way to achieve a true understanding, unfettered by artificial consideration.”

  52. PART B

    Americans are religious. basically everyone is a religious person, but each person has different ways to express their religion or belief. as well as Americans. if we see, most people who attend church are the old people, and the young people busy with their activities. But, this is not a reason to say that Americans are not religious. like my previous explanation that everyone has different ways to express their beliefs. Like young people do in America, most of them are very rarely want to go in church, but they often carry out activities which are related to religion such as giving donations (charyti) to people whit low economy, this is the activity which are taught by religion . That’s the reason why I say that Americans are religious.

    PART C (Mother Teresa)

    Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was a Roman Catholic nun of Albanian ethnicity and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India, in 1950. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity’s expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Following her death, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.
    In the 1970s, she became well-known internationally for her humanitarian work and advocacy for the rights of the poor and helpless. Malcolm Muggeridge documented this favourably and wrote a book Something Beautiful for God. Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity continued to grow during her life-time, and at the time of her death, had 610 missions in 123 countries, including hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, children’s and family counselling programs, orphanages, and schools. Governments, charity organisations and prominent individuals have been inspired by her work. She received numerous awards, including the Indian government’s Bharat Ratna (1980) and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She remains, on the whole, one of the most admired figures in recent history, with even such religiously indifferent figures as Scott Adams and Dave Barry using her as an archetype of virtue. In 2010 on the 100th anniversary of her birth, she was honoured around the world, and her work praised by Indian President Pratibha Patil. Mother Teresa’s philosophy and implementation have faced some criticism. Catholic newspaper editor David Scott wrote that Mother Teresa limited herself to keeping people alive rather than tackling poverty itself.

  53. Part B
    Who does not know the tragedy of 11 sept 2001, the tragedy that shocked the whole world wtc buildings were hit in super power country, United States. Which has an impact thousands people injured even dead. It made such a traumatic impact on American citizens, especially victims. The impact of the incident which will never disappear from their memory. The perpetrators who confessed atheist but unfortunately do not have the conscience to shield his jihad principles do any lawful even their must kill other people. How ironic. Whereas in Islam already listed hadith that says Islam is not a compulsion, Islam is peace .It caused by the incident Muslims living in America at that time must bear the moral burden. American view that Muslims are terrorist. Muslims in America at that time experiencing violence. They are ostracized, become the citizen number two and much suffering they have endured due to despicable acts of persons who are not responsible. But gradually over time the relationship of Americans and Muslims getting better, no more prejudice, living peacefully together. Hopefully let us live peacefully as a human being no matter your background even your religion.

    Part C

    Muhammad was born around the year 570 in the city of Mecca, Arabia. His name means “highly praised.” Muhammad’s full name was Abu al-Qasim Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah Ibn Abd al-Muttalib Ibn Hashim. He was the last prophet of the religion of Islam. Muhammad’s father, Abdallah, died several weeks before his birth and his mother, Aminah, died when he was six years old. He was raised by his paternal grandfather, ‘Abd al Muttalib, until the age of eight, and after his grandfather’s death by Abu Talib, his paternal uncle. Under the guardianship of Abu Talib, Muhammad began to earn a living as a businessman and a trader.

    The tradition of Islam claims that in the year 610, Muhammad, while on a retreat to Mount Hira for meditation during the month of Ramadan, received his first revelation from the Archangel Gabriel. Gabriel said to Muhammad: “Iqraa,” meaning “read” or “recite.” He replied, “I cannot read.” Gabriel embraced Muhammad and after releasing him repeated: “Iqraa.” Muhammad’s answer was the same as before. Gabriel repeated the embrace, asking Muhammad to repeat after him and said: “Recite in the name of your Lord who created! He created man from that which clings. Recite; and thy Lord is most Bountiful, He who has taught by the pen, taught man what he knew not.”

    The Angel Gabriel visited the Muhammad many times over a period of twenty-three years. Gabriel taught Muhammad the verses and he instructed his scribes to record them. All the revealed verses are compiled in the Qur’an. The Prophet’s sayings and actions are recorded separately in collections known as Hadith. Muslims believe that Muhammad was a messenger of Allah (Arabic for The One and Only God) and last of the prophets sent by Allah to guide man to the right path.

    The Prophet’s mission was to restore the worship of the One True God, the creator and sustainer of the universe, as taught by Prophet Abraham and all Prophets of God, and to demonstrate the laws of moral, ethical, legal, and social conduct. Islam means peace by submission and obedience to the Will and Commandments of God. Those who accept Islam are called Muslims, meaning those who have accepted the message of peace by submission to God.

    The Qur’an provides insight into the missions, struggles and communities of twenty-five Prophets, the first of which is Adam. The Qur’an mentions four previously revealed Scriptures: Suhoof (Pages) of Abraham, Taurat (‘Torah’) as revealed to Moses, Zuboor (‘Psalms’) as revealed to David, and Injeel (‘Evangel’) as revealed to Jesus. Islam requires belief in all the prophets and revealed scriptures as part of its Articles of Faith.

    Muhammad’s first few followers were his cousin, Ali, his servant, Zayd ibn Harithah, his friend, Abu Bakr and his wife and daughters. They all accepted Islam by testifying that: “There is no Deity (worthy of worship) except Allah (The One True God) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” By the end of his life, Muhammad had several hundred thousand followers.Before he died in 632, Muhammad had established the religious practices known as “the five pillars of Islam.” They are declaring the oneness of Allah and his messenger Muhammad; praying five times a day; fasting during the month of Ramadan; giving to charity; and making the pilgrimage to Mecca. Some Muslims recognize a sixth pillar in the Islamic jihad that can be an armed conflict in defence of Islam (known as the lesser jihad); and improving one’s spiritual being (called the greater jihad). Muhammad is the model of Qur’anic behavior for Muslims. They mention his name by adding “peace be upon him,” a phrase used with the name of all the prophets. Muslims try to follow the Qur’an and the Prophet’s example in every detail.

  54. Kristin Manullang (1012150035)

    Exercise B.

    American are very interested in self – improvement.
    In my opinion, self improvement is the process, or set of processes, by which one becomes who she wants to become. People in America always learning from Errors and failure to improve yourself..Here I give an example of it, Abraham Lincoln. In 1831 there was a young man who went bankrupt in his business. A year later he lost the election board of the local level. The following year he again went bankrupt. Then two years later his wife died. A year later he almost got in a mental hospital. Then in 1837 he was defeated in a speech contest. Then, three years later he lost the election of members of the senate, he also returned as a defeat for the congressional seat in 1842. He failed again when tried in 1848 and 1855.
    But he failed to move forward and back while running for vice president in 1856. When trying to enter the Senate in 1858 he lost again. But, with strong conviction, he eventually just become president in 1860.People who do not know the despair that is Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States.
    Every successful person even though the actual person who has undergone many mistakes and failures in life and sometimes through the process from which there will be an even greater achievement if we are able to use it.

    Exercise C.

    —–MOTHER TERESA—–
    Mother Teresa of Calcutta (born in Üsküb, the Ottoman Empire, August 27, 1910 – died in Calcutta, India, 5 September 1997 at age 87 years) is a famous and controversial Catholic nun in the international world of work among the poor in Calcutta was widely reported. Her family was of Albanian descent. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God. She knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India. After a few months’ training in Dublin she was sent to India, where on May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun. From 1931 to 1948 Mother Teresa taught at St. Mary’s High School in Calcutta, but the suffering and poverty she glimpsed outside the convent walls made such a deep impression on her that in 1948 she received permission from her superiors to leave the convent school and devote herself to working among the poorest of the poor in the slums of Calcutta. Although she had no funds, she depended on Divine Providence, and started an open-air school for slum children. Soon she was joined by voluntary helpers, and financial support was also forthcoming. This made it possible for her to extend the scope of her work. On October 7, 1950, Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order, “The Missionaries of Charity”, whose primary task was to love and care for those persons nobody was prepared to look after. In 1965 the Society became an International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI. Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised and acclaimed throughout the world and she has received a number of awards and distinctions, including the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971) and the Nehru Prize for her promotion of international peace and understanding (1972). She also received the Balzan Prize (1979) and the Templeton and Magsaysay awards.

      1. Hi sir, I’m so sorry because I’ve mistaken. Here my revisi.

        In my opinion, self improvement is the process, or set of processes, by which one becomes who she wants to become. People in America always learning from Errors and failure to improve themselves. American believe in individual success, freedom, and self- dependence and they are very interested in self – improvement. Here I give an example of it, Abraham Lincoln. In 1831 there was a young man who went bankrupt in his business. He failed to move forward and back while running for vice president in 1856. When trying to enter the Senate in 1858 he lost again. But, with strong conviction, he eventually just become president in 1860.People who do not know the despair that is Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States.Freedom in America makes them capable of more creative to create something new. In addition, freedom also makes them capable of being a leader for themselves without pressure from anyone so they are able to improve themselves.

        Thank you and God bless us 🙂

  55. hi sir,,,,,
    Part B
    I think America there are some people who take religion and no religion, because the United States could fairly free country. there are a few percent of the religions practiced by the United states as follows: approximately 80 percent of Americans are Christians, about 2 percent are Jewish, and another 4 percent belong to other religions such as Islam Faith, Buddhism and Hinduism. American countries are mostly Protestant religion than any other religion. In America also established many churches for Protestant and Catholic religions.

    Part C
    “Martin Luther King” and “MLK” redirect here. For other uses, see Martin Luther King (disambiguation) and MLK (disambiguation).

    Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Born Michael King, Jr.
    January 15, 1929
    Atlanta, Georgia, United States
    Died April 4, 1968 (aged 39)
    Memphis, Tennessee, United States
    Monuments Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial
    Alma mater Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, Boston University
    Organization Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
    Influenced by Jesus, Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Benjamin Mays, Hosea Williams, Bayard Rustin, Henry David Thoreau, Howard Thurman, Leo Tolstoy
    Political movement African-American Civil Rights Movement, Peace movement
    Religion Progressive National Baptist Convention
    Spouse Coretta Scott King (m. 1953–68)
    Children Yolanda Denise-King (deceased)
    Martin Luther King III
    Dexter Scott King
    Bernice Albertine King
    Parents Martin Luther King, Sr.
    Alberta Williams King
    Awards Nobel Peace Prize (1964), Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977, posthumous), Congressional Gold Medal (2004, posthumous)
    Signature
    Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.[1] He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.[2] King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.[3]
    A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career.[4] He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King’s efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he expanded American values to include the vision of a color blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.
    In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.
    King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.

  56. dear sir,,

    B. I think,in the united states arguably religious,so also those who are in the U.S. Many people who have religion in America and there is also a part of no religion, In America it is not strange,entitled to adopt any religion or no religion,that’s why Americans are very freely about religion, another difference with in Indonesia,if in Indonesia is required to adopt the religion which is elected every person, the other with in America, because America is liberating people to adopt or not adopt religion, provided it does not disturb or disapprove of who possess religion in America. So the point for every person in America who are free to adopt or not about religion.

    C. Mother Teresa (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) was a great personality, who did a lot to improvise the social condition of our country. Born on the 27th of August in the year 1910, she was named Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She belonged to a family of Albanian descent. She was the founder of missionaries of charity. She was actively involved in social work.

    Due to her immense contribution in serving the society; she was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize. Well, in this article, we will provide you with the biography of Mother Teresa, which will enable you to explore the life history of Mother Teresa. The story of mother Teresa is very inspiring. Check out the facts about Mother Teresa…

    Early Life
    She was born and brought up in a Catholic family. When she was only seven, she lost her father. Even as a young child, she was fascinated by the life of missionaries. At the age of 18, she decided that she would become a nun. She left her house and went to join the sisters of Loreto. This was the first step that she made towards providing services to mankind.

    Missionaries of Charity
    On the 7th of October in the year 1950, Mother Teresa got the Vatican permission to start the missionary of charity in Calcutta, the mission of which would be to take care of the poor, needy, crippled, homeless, and people who are shunned by the society. The missionary has got a number of branches all over the country. The journey of Mother Teresa’s missionaries of charity started with the setting up of home for ‘the Dying’ in space. More…

    Deteriorating health
    In the year 1983, Mother Teresa suffered from a severe heart attack, while she was in Rome. However she recovered. But, later in 1989, she again got an attack. Her health kept deteriorating and in the year 1991, she suffered from Pneumonia. Taking into consideration her health problem, Mother Teresa decided to resign from the post of head of the order.

    A secret ballot was conducted in which all the nuns, except for Mother Teresa, voted for the stay of Mother Teresa. So, she agreed to continue serving as the head of the missionaries of charity. Day by day her health was getting worse. On the 13th of March in the year 1997, she left the post of head of the order. On the September 5, 1997, exactly nine days before her 87th birthday, this great soul departed for heaven.

    Mother Teresa Award
    The Mother Teresa award contains a very accurately designed figure resembling a devotional statue. Seeking the help of One Moment Productions (specialized in the task of custom castings), R.S. Owens created the Mother Teresa statuette. It portrays Mother Teresa as holding rosary in her one hand and the other hand is placed on her heart. Her head is depicted as raised high towards the heaven, which conveys the message that, whatever we choose to do or perform, should be for the glory of God.

  57. ——Exercise B——

    American are very interested in self-improvement. American believe in individual success, freedom, and self- dependence. To find the solution to their problems, they seek knowledge that can show them the way. Self -improvement is actually preparing themselves for the future. It can be seen how people can be happier and more successful in life by improving their personality. It improves the quality of life. Living in freedom nation, the American have right to climb the ladder of success such as success in material and spiritual. The achievement of the material success is the most widely respected form of self -improvement in the United States. Material prosperity is helping to make the national character sweeter, more joyous, and more unselfish. In the other hand, self-improvement is also a purely religious sense. The Christianity in America often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature. They did not ask for the forgiveness of their sins to the priest, but they are left alone to improve themselves and ask for GOD’s guidance, forgiveness, and grace. For this reason, they are encouraged to have a strong and a restless desire for self-improvement.

    ——-Exercise C———

    Mother Theresa..
    Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, now known as Mother Teresa, was the third and final child born to her Albanian Catholic parents, Nikola and Dranafile Bojaxhiu, in the city of Skopje (a predominantly Muslim city in the Balkans). Nikola was a self-made, successful businessman and Dranafile stayed home to take care of the children.
    When Mother Teresa was about eight years old, her father died unexpectedly. The Bojaxhiu family was devastated. After a period of intense grief, Dranafile, suddenly a single mother of three children, sold textiles and hand-made embroidery to bring in some income.
    Mother teresa was so important because she tried to get the message of God around the world, no matter who you are, or what you are she would still help, anyone, the rich and the poor. No one was ever like mother Teresa, she came from a school of lovely children, to the streets of calcutta, which is were she helped alot of people to survive, when they were only minutes from dying. She started out as just one woman, with no money and no supplies, trying to help the millions of poor, starving, and dying that lived on the streets of India. We bless mother teresa forever and ever, as she was a saint….

    Thank you sir….

  58. B. Americans are very interested in self-improvement.
    For me, self-improvement means that we have to set our mindset, behaviors, and souls to do the better things. In other words, we have to become motivated to achieve more in life, to become more assertive, to be more open, to make necessary changes, to become more spiritual, to increase our self-esteem, and also develop our positive thinking.We can fix it from ourselves. improving one can have a positive effect on the others – whether spiritually, emotionally, economically and psychologically. Now days, we are in the world who compete with the others to get what we hope. We are obliged to be the best in our society. For this reason, we have to improve the quality of ourselves to make life better. America is known as a strong state, the people in America who is also known as prioritizing personal self-improvement. The Americans believe that competition is a way to assess the quality individuals in all things. The Self-improvement is showed in Americans life. They always try to be the first by cooperating. Although they have big diversity in races and religion, they still be able to work together for their nation progress.

    B. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968)
    Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the middle child of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. He Jr. had an older sister, Willie Christine King, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. He sang with his church choir at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind.

    Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School. A precocious student, he skipped both the ninth and the twelfth grade and entered Morehouse College at age fifteen without formally graduating from high school. In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1951. King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her parents’ house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama. They became the parents of four children; Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice King. King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, when he was twenty-five years old, in 1954. King then began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy on June 5, 1955, with a dissertation on “A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.” A 1980s inquiry concluded portions of his dissertation had been plagiarized and he had acted improperly but that his dissertation still “makes an intelligent contribution to scholarship.”

    He also was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He was best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. He had become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.

    In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. By the time of his death in 1968, he had defocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.
    King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.

    1. Hello Eny,

      Since you decided “Americans are very interested in self-improvement” the topic sentence of your paragraph, it should have discussed Americans’ interest in self improvement, not what you think about self-improvement.
      Would you please rewrite it?

  59. I’m sorry Sir, I’m late to posting my opinion .

    Point B

    When I read many topic sentences in our book, I interested in topic about Americans are very interested in self-improvement (point 4). According to eighth point in our text book, one of the most important values associated with American Protestantism is the value of self-improvement. Christianity often emphasizes the natural sinfulness of human nature, for this reason, Protestantism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self-improvement. In the Bible, we can learn about remission of sins. Bible Bible also teaches us about love, that is Bible also teaches us about love, which means we must forgive our neighbor. in addition, we also can find the doctrine of self-change, ie leave our old selves and become a new person. In general, self-improvement means things that you do to make yourself become a better person, for example learning new things. American people beside than to learn to change ourselves through the Bible, the American people are also often read books that provide motivation for change and they have a principle to continue to work and work better and create a new something. So, as like Indonesian people, let’s change our mindset. Let’s move on.

    Point C

    Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.

    In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.

    King spoke earlier about what people should remember him for if they are around for his funeral. He said rather than his awards and where he went to school, people should talk about how he fought peacefully for justice:
    “I’d like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to give his life serving others. I’d like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to love somebody.
    I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry. I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those who were naked. I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in prison. And I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity.
    Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major. Say that I was a drum major for justice. Say that I was a drum major for peace. I was a drum major for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter.”

    King was the first to make the message of brotherly love a reality in the course of his struggle, and he has brought this message to all men, to all nations and races.

    King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.

  60. B. The Protestant work ethic causes many Americans to work very hard. In generally, we know that Americans are protestant .Which is effected their life system, including how they are work. Work ethic of them effected by Protestant value such as work is a blessing from God. That’s why they do their work to glorify God’s name and vying to be blessing also for the others. They believe that what they have is from God even the material . The material prosperity is helping to make the national character sweeter, more joyous, more unselfish, more Christlike.that’s why this work ethic is working in Americans’ life, this take an important contribution to the industrial growth of the United states.
    C. Martin Luther King,Jr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Young Martin was an excellent student in school; he skipped grades in both elementary school and high school . He enjoyed reading books, singing, riding a bicycle, and playing football and baseball. Martin entered Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, when he was only 15 years old. martin experienced racism early in life. He decided to do to something to make the world a better and fairer place.
    n 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963. “Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do God’s will. And He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I’ve looked over. And I’ve seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land!”. With these words, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. built a crescendo to his final speech on April 3, 1968. He became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

  61. Task B
    The belief that the individual, not the organized church, should be the center of religious life has encouraged a tolerance and acceptance of all beliefs. As Wade Clark Roof has cited there are four trends that are creating a spiritual kaleidoscope in the Unite States. First, there is the change from being a “protestant-catholic-jewish nation” to one with multiple religions. Second, there is religious the switching of beliefs from one belief to another or from one protestant denomination to another. Third, “ special purpose groups such as support groups or groups to help the homeless or clean up the environment. Some groups are liberal oriented to reforming society and others are conservative, aimed at reforming individual lives. the last is toward a new spirituality,especially among young americans. Many young people prefer to identify themselves as being spiritual than religious and they also prefer to explore the beliefs of several religions.

    Task C
    Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955.
    In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

    In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

    On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

  62. ——————————————–Exercise B————————————————–

    Hy Sir, I am interested in talking about self-improvement. “Americans are very interested in self-improvement.” For me self-improvement means that we set the mindset, behaviors, and souls to do it all with their own business. Currently, we are in the world who compete with each other to get what we want. In other words, we are obliged to be a winner or a leader. For this reason, every person who is required to improve the quality of its own to make her life better. Self-improvement can not be separated from the talent that God has given to every human being. America is known as a strong state, the people in America who is also known as prioritizing personal self-improvement. The Americans believe that competition is a way to assess the quality individuals in the field systems / whatever. This value is reflected in the American economy, health sciences, arts, education, and sports. I hope our country Indonesia can do the same thing as the people in America. We can fix it from ourselves, the organization, as well as in our country. If others can, why not? 🙂

    ——————————————-Execise C—————————————————

    Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on January 15, 1929. Martin Luther attended separate public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at age fifteen, he received his BA in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta is good. After three years of theological studies at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the BD in 1951. With a scholarship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and received his in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of intellectual and artistic achievement of the ordinary.Two sons and two daughters were born into this family. In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, in Montgomery, Alabama. He was a strong worker for civil rights for members of the race. In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the civil rights movement that is growing now. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity, operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing where there is injustice, protest, and action, and while he wrote five books and numerous articles.In later years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, which attracted worldwide attention, giving the so-called coalition of conscience. and inspiring “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution, he plans to drive in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters, he led a peace march in Washington, DC, from 250,000 people to whom he delivered his speech, “Did I Dream” , he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson, he was arrested upwards of twenty times and attacked at least four times, he was awarded five honorary degrees; named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963, and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks, but also a world figure.At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of selection, he announced that he would hand over a cash prize of $ 54,123 for the continuation of the civil rights movement.

  63. Hello Sir!
    I am so excited to discuss about “Americans are very interested in self-improvement.”
    For me self-improvement means we set our mind, heart, and soul to do everything by own effort. Today, we exist in the world when competition became a great deal to get what we want. In the other words, we have to be a skillful person. For this reason, everyone have to improve her/himself to make a better live. No one can succeed without really improving oneself in each and every part of our lives. Whether it be our study, job, relationship, and everything needs improvement. Self-improvement cannot be separated with the talent. In Matthew 25 : 20 – 21, God give us talents based on our capabilities, so Jesus wants us to improve ourselves as well as possible, and also in Romans 3 : 23 says that everyone has sinned an fall short of the glory of God, everyone means all the people in the world, no exception. But we believe that we received the salvation through Jesus’ death. So as an expression of thankful, we must do what Jesus order in our lives and Protestantism believe it. So they encouraged the desire for self-improvement. This is my analogy related to that, if a man says I love you to a woman, that man must obey what the woman wants. If we say I love you Jesus but we do not do what He wants, we are being lie to Him, because faith and obedience are inseparable.
    America as known as a powerful country, is logical if America is also known as a country prioritizes self-improvement. Americans take credit only for what they accomplish as individuals. They get no credit for having been born into a rich family but pride themselves in having climbed the ladder of success. Americans believe that competition brings out the best in any individual and in any system. This value is reflected in the American economic, medicine, arts, education, and sports. I think that is good, if Indonesia do the same thing with them. We improve ourselves, then our organization, moreover our country. Laziness and depending on others (like me also Sir, that is why I want to change it), makes Indonesia, our country slowly in progress. The last if we can do our best, why do we do the ordinary one?
    That is my paragraph about self-improvement. I hope you Sir will give me comments and corrections, and also for you friends!
    Thank you so much!

  64. The Protestant work ethic or also called as Puritan work ethic is the belief which states that reaching of material success makes sure that people are blessed by God. The Protestant work ethic has been the important part and main role in creating the success of America. The belief here is about hard work and self-discipline that inspire Americans in doing their works. Americans believe that by doing their works hardly they can get much money and more successful material, then high self-discipline helps them to have control to themselves to manage their money for important things.

    Mother Teresa, a Catholic nun was born on 26 August 1910 in Skopje, Albania as the youngest child of four siblings of Mr. Nikola and Mrs. Drane Bojaxhiu. Mother Teresa whose Baptist name was Agnes Gonxha, began her serving of poor people by joining Sodality, the local youth group when she was an adolescence. Her participation in all of the group activities that was led by Jesuit Priest, then made her had the desire to be a missionary. He realized her desire and perceived God`s summons as a Catholic missionary nun at 17 years old. On 28 November 1928 she joined to the Institute of the Blessed Mary or Sisters of Loretto, a community which is known by its servicing in India. She did many social activities and servicing especially for the refused and forgotten poor people. She began her servicing by opening a school in vile area on December 21, 1948 – the opening school in a park because of unavailable of fund. She taught reading and writing also the importance of knowing health life to the poor children. She also took care of the illness children by her medical knowledge in her house. Mother Teresa took care of many suffer people who were refused by local hospital and neglected on the roads. She served the poor people without receive any material payment. Mother Teresa did her caring was not only in Calcuta and India, but also in other countries, such as in Venezuela, Ceylon, Tanzania Rome and Australia. Her other foundations are Association of Coworkers and also she was one of the pioneer who built house for AIDS sufferers. Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997 and was buried in Stadium Netaji, India on 13 September 1997.

    Source: biokristi.sabda.org/bunda_teresa_0

  65. In my opinion, Americans are religious. Religion in the United States is characterized by both a wide diversity in religious beliefs and practices, and by a high adherence level. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a very important role in their lives, a proportion unusual among developed nations. Many faiths have flourished in the United States, including both later imports spanning the country’s multicultural immigrant heritage, as well as those founded within the country; these have led the United States to become one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world. The majority of Americans identify themselves as Christians, mostly within Protestant and Catholic denominations, accounting for of the population respectively. Non Christian religions include Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism etc. Despite this seemingly high level of religiosity, Americans said religion was the most important thing in their life.

    Muhammad was the founder of the religion of Islam and is considered by Muslims to be a messenger and prophet of God, the last law-bearer in a series of Islamic prophets, and, by most Muslims, the last prophet of God as taught by the Quran. Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca, he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Thalib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that “God is one”, that complete “surrender” to Him (lit. Islam) is the only way acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Islamic prophets. In the year 622 this event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri Calendar. In 632, a few months after returning to Medina from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and died. By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam. Muslim as the “Word of God” and around which the religion is based.

  66. hello sir, happy sunday.
    In my opinion, Americans have been religion. Although not as much in Indonesia. Some religions that exist in America, Catholic, Protestant, and Islam. And religious faiths that most Protestant and Catholic. Although they have started to no longer go to church. One of them due to the influence of marriage between adherents of different religions.In addition, many also are among those that do not adhere to any religion, also known as the Atheist. . Atheist is someone who does not believe in God. The trend in Western countries, the shrinking of the religion, not because of an increasingly powerful cultural materialism, human beings are no longer bound by their religion as a belief and because liberty is happening in America, including the freedom in choosing a religion that is not too forced. But a conviction is very important. . This is now happening in America and other Western countries, who leave their religion, consequently making further implications of religion in life, and because of the influence of materialism increasingly prominent. Religion is no longer a determining factor in the life.

    Mother Teresa of Calcutta (born in Üsküb, Ottoman, August 27, 1910 – died in Calcutta, India, September 05, 1997 at the age of 87) is a Roman Catholic nun famous and controversial in the world of work among the poor of Calcutta were widely reported. I was very impressed with Mother Teresa, because she is one of my motivators. It can really be categorized as a hero because she has a good heart to everyone. She gave his heart to serve in the environment of the poor in the India, who was seriously ill at the time, she also taught the importance of knowing that a healthy life for the community. In addition, who also taught to read and write in children than the poor, build schools, build homes for people rejected by society and become one of the pioneers to build houses for people with the disease of AIDS.. In addition, I am also pleased with the poem which made by her, which means that we never give up in life. But on the other hand, there are some other than not as Mother Teresa because she thought that they contributed to the misery of the poor with her attitude opposed to contraception and abortion. But I do not care, I’m impressed with Mother Teresa to date. Because her vision is so big for this world, it has also been recognized worldwide as the heroes of peace Nobel Prize which was awarded and has also shown that he could sit in a place that has not been home. thank you sir… gbu

  67. Dear all,
    After studying the topic of “The American religious Heritage” Look at exercise B and C provided by Kearny et.al. in The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture, pp 68-69.
    For exercise B, choose one out of the five topics provided and write a good paragraph on it.
    For exercise C, choose one of the five religious figures and make a research on him/her. Then report your finding in about 200-250 words.
    For both exercises, use effective and grammatical sentences.
    Good luck!

    1. Rudolf Octavianus (0812150024)

      In my opinion, the most favorite religions in America, they are catholic, and Protestan. The most people in American believe in Protestan. The protestan work ethic or also called as Puritan work ethic is the belief which states that achievement of material success makes sure that people are blessed by God. The protestan work ethic has become the major part and main role in making the success of America. The belief here is about hard work and self-discipline that inspire Americans in doing jobs. Americans believe that everyone can get much money by doing their jobs work hardly and more successful material, then high self-discipline helps them to have control to themselves to manage their money for important things.

      Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.[1] He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.[2] King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.[3]

      A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career.[4] He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King’s efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he expanded American values to include the vision of a color blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

      In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.

      King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.

      1. Hi Rudolf,
        The main idea in your first paragraph is “the most favorite religions in America, they are catholic, and Protestant”. But I can’t find it among the five options provided Kearny et.al. in “The American Ways: An Introduction to American Culture”. How could it happen? Please recheck it.

        Exercise Point B is OK.

    2. POINT B

      I chose the americans are very interested in self-improvement. The most important in Christian values in America are the values self-improvement.. Protestantism improvement for the remission of sins so that we can improve ourselves to be a better . so is that there are some sentences that are in the Bible that we should love one another and forgive one another fellow humans. because then we can improve ourselves to become better self.

      POINT C
      Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family’s long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

      In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

      In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, “l Have a Dream”, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

      At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

      On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

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