RESEARCH PROPOSAL GUIDELINES
(Give a title which clearly reflects the proposed study)
Chapter I – Introduction
A. Background of the Study: (2 pages)
- What led to the proposed study?
- Rationale of the study:
Briefly explain (a) the reasons why the research is important,(b)relevant findings of previous researches, (c) and arguments how this research will add to knowledge in this area)
(Phrase the objective statement in line with the nature of the problem)
C. Research Question(s) (or Problems Statement)
(identifies and clearly and precisely states the specific problem to be investigated)
D. Significance of the study
(point out the benefit(s) to get if the study is done and to whom it is important)
E. Scope of the study
(precisely list the limitations of the study due to time, administrative, and budget constraints)
F. Operational Definitions
(List and define unique terms, i.e. those that may cause misinterpretation)
Chapter II – Literature Review, Conceptual Framework and Hypothesis
A. Review of Related Literature
- Briefly cite prominent literature related to the research questions (especially empirical studies)
- Critically evaluate research questions, methodology and findings of studies cited and how they related to the intended study
Anytime you cited from someone works, use the APA Citation Style. You can use the following slide to get a practical guide:
B. Conceptual Framework
(show the relationship of the background to the problems and show how the present proposed research could provide solutions to the problems or contribute to the literature)
Chapter III – Research Methodology
- Briefly describe the design of the study. Do you intend to use quantitative or qualitative methods?
- Do you intend to conduct a survey or do an experiment? Do you intend to use a case study to study in-depth certain phenomenon?
- Do you intend to do an evaluation of a program or something you designed?
- Describe what data collection techniques you are going to employ for your study. For example; questionnaires, interview, observations, document analysis, video & audio recordings, tests, etc.
- In general, this chapter is written by including the following sub-section:
A. Specific Research Purpose and Research Questions
(estate the research purpose and research questions previously provided in Chapter I to help the reader easily relate the research purpose and research questions to the research method)
B. Research Method
(Briefly but concisely describes the research method to be used)
C. Population and Sample
(Describe the population accurately and explains what technique is used to determine the sample)
D. Data Collection Instrument and Technique
(Describe how the data will be collected, including the specific technique, its procedure and the instruments for collecting data)
E. Data Analysis Technique
(Briefly but concisely describe the research data analysis technique to be used i.e. descriptive analysis and the statistical analysis (e.g. t-test)—if one will be used)
F. Validity and reliability (Triangulation)
(Describe the steps you took to assess the instrument’s validity and how its reliability is measured. If the instrument to be used was designed by someone else, then describe the previous validity and reliability. In qualitative research and action research, this section is entitled with triangulation).
G. Research Procedure
(Describe any special procedures that will be followed [getting permission to enter the research site from the authority, presentation of an informed consent form, conducting the research, and writing the report]).
(Use the APA Style. As a Guideline, study APA Citation and Referencing Style).
P.S. Write the proposal in about 16-20 pages
A more detailed guidelines for writing research proposal, particularly in the field of ELT, could be accessed on: Guidelines for Writing Research Proposal
Other Relevant Links:Writing the Research Proposal Research-Proposal Writing