3. The Who, How, and Why of Research


22 Comments

  1. Dear Mr. Parlin

    This time I would like to write the researh about one of the sites that you gave us. And I choose An English Class in a Kindergarten because I am a teacher in Kindergarten.

    Research Topic : Learning English with interesting games.

    A. BACKGROUND

    English is one of the school subjects in kindergarten. There are many aspects when learning English, they are vocabulary, pronounciation, spelling, and grammar. The children in kindergarten don’t need to study all of the aspects. It’s so difficult if they have to study all of the aspects and also maybe they don’t want go to school anymore. They need the simple way or method how to learn English.

    Here, the teacher have to find the simple way to solve this problem. The writer who is a teacher in kindergarten hopes that learning English with interesting games can help students to learn English well.

    The objectives of this study are :
     To describe the process of teaching with an interesting game
     To describe the student’s attention when learning English
     To improve the student’s confidence to speak English

    The benefits of this study are :
     For students : Learning English with interesting games can help them to learn English well. This method can improve their confidence to speak English. They seemed to enjoy the games.
     For teacher : It will give her new knowledge that teaching English with a game is the simple way.
     For other teacher : They can use the same way or method to teach their students (if they have same difficult)
     For parents or others : They know how to teach English to their children.

    B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

    Learning English with interesting games make students enjoy and fun. When they study English with a game they will happy. A good mood of each student is an important thing. They are able to follow the activities in class, they can understand the most materials given, recognize the words given, and more confidence to speak English. So, the question is :
    Can the interesting games help the students to learn English well?

    C. METHODOLOGY

    The interesting games are the important way to learn English in Kindergarten. Regarding to the main aims of this study, qualitative method is used to find out the answer of the mentioned research question. This study is to find out a solution of problem.

    Actually, students are in a different mood when they go to school. Some of them are happy, sad, and angry. The writer will describe that using interesting games can help students in a good mood. This all entails hard work, for teacher must not only prepare more materials but importantly design effective lessons, because in the end what matters is not just the pupils have fun but that they gain knowledge. The games are preferable to perform in indoor or outdoor whose children have mastered the games and with good proficiency in English (at least capable to communicate in English).

    The population is all students in kindergarten. The writer just takes a sample for this study from TK Don Bosco I, Jl. Raya Kelapa Cengkir FH 2 No : 7-10, Kelapa Gading, North Jakarta. The writer will use techinque sampling because students are available to this study.

    To get the data writer will takes :
    1) Observation, it is to get more informations and descriptions of how well the interesting games can help the student learn English.
    2) Field notes are use to know the instructional activities in the class during the using games.
    3) Test is used to measure student’s confidence.

    Thank you for reading.

  2. Dear Mr. Parlin
    Sorry sir, I was wrong to send my tasks by using other people’s email because he had borrowed my netbook.
    This is my Research topic about ‘The Emergency Room service in UKI hospital Jakarta’.

    A. Background
    1. Like it or not each of us must have been to the hospital, either for treatment, brings people who are sick, or just visiting people who are sick. Emergency rooms and polyclinics is the entry gate of the hospital patients. Researchers focused research in the emergency room, which is tasked to handle patients who are urgent. Rapid and precise handling is required, plus the number of patients admitted often cause chaos in the emergency room.
    2. The problem limit that I want to study is the emergency room services in UKI hospital Jakarta.
    3. The objectives list of the study :
    – To know what actions can be performed in the emergency room
    – To determine the level of hustle and bustle in the emergency room
    – To determine the level of patient satisfaction with the service emergency room.
    4. The benefits list I expect the study will offer:
    – Through research, researchers hope to know the satisfaction of patients or their families at the emergency room service in the UKI hospital Jakarta
    – The patient can understand the procedures in the emergency room, so they can condition their selves to assist in the treatment of patients.
    – The emergency room of UKI hospital can correct and improve their service.

    B. Statement of the problem:
    The research questions will be divided into 2, for the hospital (doctors, nurses and administrators) and the patient (patient and patient’s family).
    – For hospital:
    1. What medical measures that can be done in the emergency room?
    2. How the level density of the average patient in the morning (6 am – 12 noon), afternoon (12 noon – 6 pm), evening (6 pm – 12 midnight), and early morning (12 am – 6 am)?
    3. How the system of shift workers?
    4. What are the constraints faced in terms of medical facilities, workforce and patients and their families?
    5. What is expected to the hospital and patients?

    For patient:
    – Do you ever go the ER?
    – How often do you enter the ER?
    – Are you satisfied with the service and treatment in the ED? Why?
    – Improvement of what to expect in terms of medical and service?

    C. Methodology
    1. Qualitative method is used to find out the answer of the mention researched question and I intend to conduct a survey.
    2. I chose qualitative methods because the theory can be developed in the field, the data are taken also in the form of a descriptive statement of the parties concerned, which can be obtained from direct interviews in which the instrument is the human being.
    3. I will use snowball sampling and simple random sampling. I’ll get the number of patients on administration officials and will be contacted by randomly
    4. I will combine to use questionnaires, interview, observations to collect the data.
    5. I think the study will take place for six month in the Emergency Room of UKI hospital Jakarta.

    Regards,
    Vany

  3. Dear Mr. Parlin
    This is my Research topic about ‘The Emergency Room service in UKI hospital Jakarta’.

    A. Background
    1. Like it or not each of us must have been to the hospital, either for treatment, brings people who are sick, or just visiting people who are sick. Emergency rooms and polyclinics is the entry gate of the hospital patients. Researchers focused research in the emergency room, which is tasked to handle patients who are urgent. Rapid and precise handling is required, plus the number of patients admitted often cause chaos in the emergency room.
    2. The problem limit that I want to study is the emergency room services in UKI hospital Jakarta.
    3. The objectives list of the study :
    – To know what actions can be performed in the emergency room
    – To determine the level of hustle and bustle in the emergency room
    – To determine the level of patient satisfaction with the service emergency room.
    4. The benefits list I expect the study will offer:
    – Through research, researchers hope to know the satisfaction of patients or their families at the emergency room service in the UKI hospital Jakarta
    – The patient can understand the procedures in the emergency room, so they can condition their selves to assist in the treatment of patients.
    – The emergency room of UKI hospital can correct and improve their service.

    B. Statement of the problem:
    The research questions will be divided into 2, for the hospital (doctors, nurses and administrators) and the patient (patient and patient’s family).
    – For hospital:
    1. What medical measures that can be done in the emergency room?
    2. How the level density of the average patient in the morning (6 am – 12 noon), afternoon (12 noon – 6 pm), evening (6 pm – 12 midnight), and early morning (12 am – 6 am)?
    3. How the system of shift workers?
    4. What are the constraints faced in terms of medical facilities, workforce and patients and their families?
    5. What is expected to the hospital and patients?

    For patient:
    – Do you ever go the ER?
    – How often do you enter the ER?
    – Are you satisfied with the service and treatment in the ED? Why?
    – Improvement of what to expect in terms of medical and service?

    C. Methodology
    1. Qualitative method is used to find out the answer of the mention researched question and I intend to conduct a survey.
    2. I chose qualitative methods because the theory can be developed in the field, the data are taken also in the form of a descriptive statement of the parties concerned, which can be obtained from direct interviews in which the instrument is the human being.
    3. I will use snowball sampling and simple random sampling. I’ll get the number of patients on administration officials and will be contacted by randomly
    4. I will combine to use questionnaires, interview, observations to collect the data.
    5. I think the study will take place for six month in the Emergency Room of UKI hospital Jakarta.

    Regards,
    Vany

  4. Hello Mr.Parlin… This is my response to Research Methods :

    Research Topic :Not Eligible Toll Road Rates Rise

    A. Background

    Most communities assess the rate increase at 14 highway segment with effect from October 7 has not been worth it. So that was disclosed 68.6 percent of respondents in the poll conducted ahead of the rate increase the Kompas.

    A negative opinion coming from respondents who live in cities – big cities in Java, especially in areas crossed by the highway at a rate of increase, is closely related to the perceived level of service so far. Toll roads in value can not be a road that has a higher specification and services other than public roads.

    Objective : Intended for riders who use toll roads for private vehicles or public vehicles.
    Benefit : provide comfort and facility in using the toll road. And do not guarantee the existence of barriers congestion along the toll roads.

    B. Statement of the problem :Why are rates rising road toll has not been feasible?

    C. Methodology :
    By using qualitative research methods, we can say impropriety increased cost to enjoy this highway loudest voiced by respondents from the area of Jakarta, Tangerang and Depok. More than 70 percent of car users, whether private or public, in the region mentioned price increases to pass on the highway is not feasible. Not because they do not understand the background of the issue, but according to respondents raising policy rates are often not comparable to the services provided.
    Road users should receive an additional cash benefit when they pay up. Unfortunately, there is no adequate explanation from the government or the operator of the additional benefits that would be obtained by consumers so far.

    Reflecting the toll rate increase on previous years (2007 and 2009) which do not produce significant results, it seems people can not expect much. Most of the public does not believe if the service jaln toll could rise after the rate increase. Four out of five private motorists say mibil unsure jaln service toll associated with the smoothness and the physical condition of the road could increase after the rate increase.

    Thank You..

  5. Hallo Mr. Parlin
    This is my revision of my previous post.

    Background (site: bus shelter)

    Based on my experience while I was working in Singapore, I found there was a great differences related to the bus user attitude in Singapore to Jakarta. All of the passenger there got on/off the buses only at the bus stop/shelter. This condition is contrast with what happened in Jakarta, because there are still a lot of bus users which get on the bus not from the bus shelter, but straight away on the road. This condition truly is disturbing other road users, created heavy traffic jam, and the worst thing is that it may increase the rate of accident on the road.

    Objectives:
    a. studies the reasons why people/citizen that use public transportation (in this case bus) prefer to get on the bus on streets than on the bus stop/shelter.
    b. find the best solutions to discipline the bus passenger so they get into the bus only trough the bus shelters

    Benefit:
    If the objectives of this study are obtained, the benefits that we can get are:
    – It will reduce the percentage of traffic jam in Jakarta.
    – It may decrease the number of accident on the road.

    B. Statement of the problem
    the real issues which concern me as a one of the street user are:
    a. What makes the passenger prefer getting on the bus straight on the road, not from the bus shelters?
    b. Why this problem seems continuously occur in many places in Jakarta?

    C. Methodology
    By using quantitative method in this case creating a survey directly on the field we can get the general ideas about the root of this problem quicker, easier, and more accurate. The next thing that needs to be decided is the respondents (sampling) which we are going to ask for this research. If we look from the problem and the method that is used in this research, it would be a smart move to use Cluster Sampling based on the geography of which the population (Bus passengers, personnel, and some of police officers) whereabouts. In order to get the general idea, as I said before, we will conduct a survey by giving each respondent a questioner sheet, I presume 200 bus passenger, 20 bus personnel and about 10 police officers would be enough to conclude it. The input of course will be taken from 5 different parts in Jakarta (central, south, north, west, and east Jakarta) equally. Time estimation to carry out this research is 2 days, and it takes around 10 people to run this program.

  6. Dear Sir,
    Below is my edited assignment of the previous response

    Research Topic: Zoo Visitors’ Perceptions Towards Elephants’ shows

    Site : Ragunan Zoo

    A. Background

    Beyond the fact, elephants are one of the most popular and visited exhibits at zoos. Most of visitors have views on zoos as places to visit as part of their family recreational activities, and other studies reveal that zoos are also places to learn about animals. A variety of public education programs and personal interactions can inspire elephant conservation action in visitors. Elephants in the care of humans provide an opportunity to help increase knowledge, change attitudes, make emotional connections and change behaviors in visitors that can positively impact elephant conservation.Through zoo activities like elephant shows, we have opportunity to move the conservation goal forward by talking to large numbers of visitors about the ways zoos are helping elephants in the wild and about ways they can take action for elephant conservation.

    The benefits significance I expect the study will offer:
    Actions matter! Everyone can take action to help elephants by:
    • Learning as much as possible about elephants and sharing this information with
    friends;
    • Choosing not to buy ivory, or other products from elephants;
    • Contributing to wildlife organizations that study elephants and protect their
    habitat;
    • Writing letters that influence decision-makers about elephant conservation;
    • Buying lumber from sustainable sources.

    B. Statement of the Problem

    This survey asks the question, “Can elephants’ shows be an effective delivery of conservation messages?”

    C. Methodology

    In this case, I intend to use qualitative method by using quota sampling technique to get data for this purpose. I am going to conduct the quota sampling by interviewing and giving questionnaires to the visitors of men, women, teenagers and children. So, by doing this, I will be able to know their perceptions towards elephants’ shows. This purpose will be conducted within one day.

    Attitudinal Questions:
    1.What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you see or hear the word
    “elephant”?
    2. How would you express your feeling when you see elephants?
    3. How would you describe an elephant to someone who had never seen one
    before?

    These questions are meant to reveal any biases, negative or positive, that visitors hold toward elephants.

    Knowledge-based questions:
    What do you think is the greatest threat facing elephants today?

    Behavior-based Question:
    What can you do to help elephants?

  7. Hi..Mr. Parlin. I did some changes in my research.
    The following is my research revision with the problem of “How the teaching methods make the children enthusiastically participate in learning english in kindergarten”.

    Background
    As a second language, English commonly is used in education field as a tool of communication between the teachers and the students and as a subject in the class as well. Since English begins to be taught in kindergarten, the teachers need to be creative in creating the methods of teaching English for the children. Children sometimes do not have good mood at the time of learning English or even they lost their interests in English itself. This condition encourages the teachers to create challenging ideas how to make them happily join the English lesson. Creative methods should be applied in order to make them enthusiascally participate in English learning activities.
    Site : Classroom
    Objective : To compare the method of teaching English among the kindergarten teachers in bringing the children to participate in their teaching and
    learning process.
    Problems : How the teaching methods make the children enthusiastically
    participate in learning English in kindergarten”.
    Benefit : To enrich the teachers knowledge in teaching creative English lesson
    as well as to build enthuasiasm of kindergarten children in learning
    English.

    Statement of the Problem
    As the subject matter mentioned above, the writer decides to appy a qualitative method in her research because the data that will come from the teachers’ description about their methods in teaching English.
    The questions will be given as follow :
    1. What teaching method do you prefer in your class to catch your children engage in your English lesson?
    2. Why do you use this method?
    3. How do you apply it?
    4. How many children participate in the activity that you have in the class?
    5. How to keep the children interest in your English lesson?

    Methodology
    To support this study, the writer will take a qualitative method in her research. The writer will observe the methods of teaching English in four kindergarten classes in her school as the sample. The population is all kindergarten classes in different schools in West Jakarta. The description of various methods and the ways they apply those methods will be given by the teachers from four classes of kindergarten. To get an accurate and details data, the writer will use two techniques below :
    1. Interview.
    2. Observation.

    To get complete data, the writer will take 1 semester to her study at Tutor Time International school.

  8. Sir this is my assignment

    Topic: teaching speaking through songs for the fourth grade students at SDN 04 PETANG

    A. Background

    Most of the students when i taught in SDN Rawamangun 04 petang didn’t speak english well because very hard to learn about speak english and minimize facilities in their school. For example: when i taught the part of our body: eye; and they can speak eye well.

    This objectives are:
    1. The students can understand what the teacher said through song
    2. The students can speak english faster
    3. The students can speak english well

    The benefits are:
    1. the students happy with song
    2. The students speak english well

    B. Statement of problem

    in english speaking is very important do, the teacher must teach the students until they can speak well and one of the way is through songs.

    C. Methodology

    I use qualitative research. When i taught in SDN rawamangun i prepare the material about part of body and the name of fruits, i used picture to supported material, and through songs to make the children happy.

    Thank you sir

  9. Hello Mr Parlin, this is my revision,,,
    Research : English as foreign language in kindergarten.
    A. Background
    Since 2000, there are lot of school are using English as their foreign language at school. Not only for elementary, junior high school and senior high school but also for kindergarten students.
    We introduced English as foreign language in simple way. In fact, the student should be able to understand the meaning of the word so that they can answer the question that given to them.
    On the contrary, it is quiet difficult for the students who don’t get English practice or maybe support from the environment.
    The Objective of this study is: To encourage the students how to communicate using English in daily conversation.

    The Benefits are : For the students, they can make conversation with others in simple conversation.
    For the teacher, the teacher know that the students understand with the conversation that related with the topic in class.
    B. Statement of the problem
    To learn English start from young age or for kindergarten student is an important thing because the student will start to learn from the simple word in daily activities. And according to me, we have to know first do they like English or not. So the question is how to make the students in kindergarten like and learn English as foreign language?
    C. Methodology
    By using qualitative method, we can find out the answer of the mentioned research question above. The strategy is the writer will use descriptive research so that the writer can describe how is the situation along the research is taken in the class. the writer will take a sample from students A class of Corekids School Sang Timur, Pondok Gede, Bekasi. It is about 22 students. the writer will use convenience sampling technique because the students are available. The Writer will take time One Semester.
    To get the data so the writer will take:
    1. Observation. Not only from the students skill but also from their parent or environment.
    2. Games. Make some games in English to know how do they understand it.
    3. Performance. They do the role play in English.

  10. Hello, Mr Parlin.
    This is the revision of my research background, statement of problem and methodology.

    Research : Learning to spell English words using letterboxes for third grade of elementary students.
    A. Background
    Since English is one of the school subjects in elementary students, the students have to master English well.
    English has many aspects like vocabulary, grammar, pronouncing and spelling. The first thing that elementary students have to master is the vocabulary and of course they have to know how to spell and pronounce the words.
    In fact, students know the vocabulary but they don’t know how to spell and write it. For example : They know that the English of ‘ayam’ is chicken. But when we ask them to spell and write, may be they will write ciken or chiken. They omit one or more letters.

    Here, teachers have to find idea to solve this problem. The writer which is also a teacher hopes that letter boxes can help students to spell English words.

    The objectives of this study are :
    • To find out whether letterboxes can improve students’ ability in spelling.
    • To describe the process of teaching using letterboxes
    • To describe the student’s improvement in spelling English words.

    The benefits the writers expect are :
    • For students. Spelling English by using letterboxes can improve their ability to spell many words.
    • For teacher. It will give her insight that learning to spell English by using letterboxes is worth trying in teaching.
    • For other teachers. They can use the same method if they have same difficulty.

    B. Statement of the Problem
    Spelling English words is an important goal for elementary students. Good at spelling is the basic to learn English more deeply and completely. So the question is:
    How the use of letterboxes helps the students to spell English word well?

    C. Methodology
    Regarding to the main aims of this study, qualitative method is used to find out the answers of the mentioned research question. The strategy the writer will use is descriptive research, because the writer will describe the student’s attitudes and behaviors during the class. Also it is an applied research because it can be applied in many educational institutions. This study is to find out a solution of teacher’s problem.

    From the problem, it is clearly that the study is to find out the answer whether the using letterboxes can help students spell English words or not. The writer will describe it in sentences, will explain how the teacher hold the classroom, how the teacher ask students to learn vocabulary and then write in the letterboxes and memorize it, then how the teacher test the students’ improvement. The last is what the result of it.

    The population is all students in third grade of Elementary school. But the writer just takes a sample for this study, that is students in third grade in SD Strada St. Ignatius Jl. Bhayangkara 38 Koja, North Jakarta. It is about 40 students. The writer will use technique convenience sampling because students are available to this study.

    To get the data the writer will take :
    1. Observation. It is to gain a description of how well the letterboxes work in spelling learning process.
    2. Interview. It is to find out the student’s opinion and feeling when they are using letterboxes to spell English words.
    3. Test is used to measure student’s improvement in spelling. There are two tests, pre-test and post-test. Pre test is used to see the spelling of student’s before they learn using letterboxes. Post test is used to see the spelling of student’s after they learn using letter boxes.
    The study will take place about six months.

  11. MR. THIS IS MY REVISION MY ASSIGNMENT:

    TOPIC: TRAFFIC JAM IN BEKASI

    A. BACKGROUND

    TRAFFIC JAM IN BEKASI WHEN THE PEOPLE GO TO THEIR OFFICE BECAUSE THEY DON’T WANT TO COME LATE.

    B. STATEMENT THE PROBLEM

    I USE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH WHEN I WANNA GO TO MY OFFICE TO WORK IN THE MORNING AND I ALWAYS GET TRAFFIC JAM BECAUSE EVERY BODY DRIVE THEIR CAR FASTER.

    C. METHODOLOGY

    I USE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH CONSIST OF:
    1. OBSERVATION IN THE MORNING
    2. ASK THE PEOPLE
    3. DRIVE MY MOTORCYCLE TO MY OFFICE AND FEEL THE TRAFFIC JAM.

    THANK YOU SIR

  12. Dear Mr.Parlin,
    I, herewith, send you my revision of my previous post

    Research topic : Teaching and Learning Speaking Lesson Using Games for The Junior Secondary School Students

    A. BACKGROUND
    It is known that English is an International language which has been received by countries all over the world. The function of it is as a means of communication in meeting business or other activities among government over the world. Beside that English is used at science of knowledge, new invention in field of modern technology, pharmaceutical, medical, etc.
    In Indonesia, English is learnt and taught to kindergarten, primary school, junior high school, Senior high school even at university. English means that something important for the student to be taught at school based on situation and condition of the object area. But there are some problems that faced by the students. It is realized that most students get bad mark. So, it proves that English is really difficult for the students. There are four skills in learning English they are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Speaking is very important because speaking and human being cannot be separated from each other. Speaking is used to express their ideas and to communicate to people in civilized world. That is way speaking is important. But the students of Junior High School or graduated of it still get hard to be a good speaker.

    Problems :
    1.The students feel ashamed and afraid to speak English, so they never practice and use target language and they always use mother tongue in the classroom.
    2. The teacher did not use variety of teaching such as visual aids.

    Objectives of the study :
    1. To motivate the students to learn English in the class.
    2. To create the method of teaching. So the students will feel relaxed, and freely in using English in the classroom.

    Significance of the Study
    The research is used for:
    1. The writer: preparation to write a thesis in order to get Strata one Degree in English studies.
    2. The students: this research can be used to increase the student English achievement.
    3. The teacher: this research can be used as an item to enrich the teaching learning process.

    B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
    Based on the problem above can be formulated as follow:
    1. Is there any relationship between games activities and improving the speaking ability to the second year of the Junior High School students ?
    2. How is reaction of students after given the material using games?
    3. What kind of games activities should be used?

    C. METHODOLOGY
    The Qualitative method is appropriate for this study, which carries out, consist of:
    1. The writer wants to describe and analyze whether games are suitable to improve the speaking ability at the second year of the Junior Secondary School students.
    2. The writer wants to describe and analyze whether games can give students encourage to learn speaking.
    Logical explanation
    Speaking is one of the skills in English. So, it plays an important rule in studying the subject, because as we know that English is an international language. Since most of books are written in English, so Indonesians student have opportunity to practice this language in the class. In this case, the teachers must be able to help them to master the language in the limited time. Beside that the students themselves should study hard in order to be able to understand it well.
    Teaching speaking can be done through dialogues, picture, games, etc. The teacher should choose a suitable ways such as: using games. If the teacher uses it, the students will have a lot of opportunity to practice pronunciation and communication or in other words it means that the students will get knowledge or input from games. Games which introduced to the students are What do I need and Sweet Reason

    Sample of the study
    Because there are so too many students it will have to observe or get the data, so, it is quite difficult for the writer to take all of the numbers of population. That is way, the writer just took one class as a sample. That is class VII – E and those are 40 students. The reason choosing class VIII-E as a sample are the students of class VIII-E have the same ability. The writer used technique convenience sampling because the students are available to this research.

    Techniques of Collecting the Data
    1. Questionnaires
    The writer gave a set of constructed questions to the subjects to be answering in writing

    2. Interview
    The interview is given to all of the English teachers in SMP Pangudi Luhur class VIII. This is used to get the data concerning the serious problem faced by the teachers.

    3.Observation
    Beside giving the questionnaires and interview, the writer also do the observation through teaching and learning speaking lesson using games. The purpose of Questionnaire and interview to the teacher are:
    – To know how far the teacher gives speaking lesson to the students
    – To know how far the teacher uses the variety of teaching speaking lesson.
    By observation, the writer come to the class and taught the students. After giving games, the writer found some problems, they are:
    1. How far is games can influence to the speaking skill?
    2. What problems which faced by the writer during activities?

    Location and Time of Research
    Place is the main factor to do research, because of that, we know the population and the problem that will be researched and then we can be formulate the problem which is faced. The study will take place at SMP Pangudi Luhur, Jakarta Selatan, where I am teaching. It will take time one semester.

  13. Dear Sir,
    Below is my response to Research Methods.

    Research Topic: Attitudes and Perceptions of Zoo Visitors towards Elephants’ shows

    A. Background

    Beyond the fact, elephants are one of the most popular and visited exhibits at zoos. Most of visitors have views on zoos as places to visit as part of their family recreational activities, and other studies reveal that zoos are also places to learn about animals. A variety of public education programs and personal interactions can inspire elephant conservation action in visitors. Elephants in the care of humans provide an opportunity to help increase knowledge, change attitudes, make emotional connections and change behaviors in visitors that can positively impact elephant conservation.Through zoo activities like elephant shows, we have opportunity to move the conservation goal forward by talking to large numbers of visitors about the ways zoos are helping elephants in the wild and about ways they can take action for elephant conservation.

    The benefits significance I expect the study will offer:
    Actions matter! Everyone can take action to help elephants by:
    • Learning as much as possible about elephants and sharing this information with
    friends;
    • Choosing not to buy ivory, or other products from elephants;
    • Contributing to wildlife organizations that study elephants and protect their habitat;
    • Writing letters that influence decision-makers about elephant conservation;
    • Buying lumber from sustainable sources.

    B. Statement of the Problem

    This survey asks the question, “Can elephant shows be an effective delivery of conservation messages?”

    Attitudinal Questions:
    1.What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you see or hear the word
    “elephant”?
    2. How would you express your feeling when you see elephants?
    3. How would you describe an elephant to someone who had never seen one
    before?

    These questions are meant to reveal any biases, negative or positive, that visitors hold toward elephants.

    Knowledge-based questions
    What do you think is the greatest threat facing elephants today?

    Behavior-based Question
    What can you do to help elephants?

    C. Methodology

    In this case, I intend to use quantitative method by using quota sampling technique to get data for this purpose. I am going to conduct the quota sampling by interviewing and questionnaires the visitors of men, women, teenagers and children. So, by doing this, I will be able to know their attitudes and perceptions towards elephants. This purpose will be conducted within one day / a week.

  14. Dear Mr. Parlin….
    I would like to have a research based on my experience I have in my working place. It is about”How to make the children enthusiastically participate in learning English in Kindergarten”.

    Background
    As a second language, English commonly is used in education field as a tool of communication between the teachers and the students, and as a subject in the class as well. Learning English for Kindergarten children can be influenced by many factors. Some of them come from their moods at that time and their interests in English itself. This condition encourages the teachers to create challenging ideas how to make them happily join the English lesson. Creative methods should be applied in order to make them enthusiascally participate in English learning activities.
    Site : Classroom
    Objective : To compare the creative teaching methods among the kindergarten
    teachers in bringing the children to participate in their teaching and
    learning process.
    Problems : How to get the children involved in English learning process in Kindergarten?
    Benefit : To enrich the teachers knowledge in teaching creative English lesson
    as well as to build enthuasiasm of kindergarten children in learning
    English.

    Statement of the Problem
    As the subject matter mentioned above, the writer decides to appy a qualitative method in her research because the data that will be inform comes from the teachers’ opinions.
    The questions will be given as follow :
    1. What teaching method do you prefer in your class to catch your children engage in your English lesson?
    2. Why do you use this method?
    3. How do you apply it?
    4. How many children participate in the activity that you have in the class?
    5. How to keep the children interest in your English lesson?

    Methodology
    To support this study, the writer will take a qualitative method in her research. The writer will visit five diffrent schools and get the information from them as the sample from ten population of schools in West Jakarta. The description of various methods will be given by the teachers from different classes of kindergarten level then the writer can conclude what the most interesting method is. To get an accurate and details data, the writer uses some techniques below :
    1. Giving questionnaire/interview.
    2. Having observation.
    3. Involving herself in teaching kindergarten children/having experiment in her own classroom.

    To get complete data, the writer will take 1 term to her study.

  15. Hello. Mr. Parlin. This time I would like to do a research related to the zoo. actually it’s about the bad condition in the zoo. especially in surabaya.

    Background
    Site: zoo
    Based on my friend experience when she went to the Surabaya zoo few days ago. She said the state of the zoo was very poor. Then I checked on the website. http://jatim.vivanews.com/news/read/252533-kebun-binatang-surabaya-bak-menghitung-hari. it said many animals are dying because the conditions are not stable and uninhabitable for the animals in Surabaya zoo. On the other hand the ministry of forestry and the city government are debating each other.
    Problem: the bad condition of the Surabaya zoo.
    Objective: find the reason for the bad condition of the Surabaya zoo.
    Benefits: by doing the research, we hope that we can find the solution to fix the bad condition in the Surabaya zoo. So the animals can live feasible.
    Statement of the problem
    Because this problem need a full detail information and understanding based on that, I think that using the qualitative method is the right one.
    1. What is your opinion about the condition of the Surabaya zoo?
    2. Do you think the government gives the special attention to the zoo?
    3. Do you think the government gives enough veterinarians in the zoo?
    4. What do you think about the cage condition?
    5. What are the steps of the zoo directors to improve the life quality of the animals?

    Methodology
    In this case I prefer to use qualitative method and the population of this case are the people who work at the surabaya zoo, the visitors of the Surabaya zoo and also the local government. I use a non random sample because we need the respondents who have the information related to the problem. For the sampling, I need five workers, ten visitors and five the local government employees. To complete this research I need three days to do it.

  16. Hello Mr Parlin, this time I would like to do a research related with my job as a kindergarten teacher.
    Research : English as foreign language in kindergarten.

    A. Background
    Since 2000, there are lot of school are using English as their foreign language at school. Not only for elementary, junior high school and senior high school but also for kindergarten students.

    We introduced English as foreign languagein simple way. In fact, the student should be able to understand the meaning of the word so that they can answer the question that given to them.

    On the contrary, it is quiet difficult for the students who don’t get English practice or maybe support from the environment.

    Objective: To encourage the students to learn English in daily conversation.
    Benefit : For the students, they can make conversation with others in simple conversation.

    For the teacher, we know that the students understand with the conversation that related with the topic in class.

    For parents, they know how to keep making conversation to their children in English in daily activities.

    B. Statement of the problem
    To learn English start from young age or for kindergarten student is an important thing because the student will start to learn from the simple word in daily activities. And according to me, we have to know first do they like English or not. So the question is how to make the students in kindergarten like and learn English as foreign language?

    C. Methodology
    By using qualitative method, we can find out the answer of the mentioned research question above. the writer will take a sample from students A class of Corekids School Sang Timur, Pondok Gede, Bekasi. It is about 22 students. the writer will use convenience sampling technique because the students are available.

    To get the data so the writer will take:
    1. Observation. Not only from the students skill but also from their parent or environment.
    2. Games. Make some games in English to know how do they understand it.
    3. Performance. Sing, read the poem and do role-play in English in front of friends, parents and teachers.

    The Writer will take time One Semester.

  17. I have changed my mind to have research in the teaching field. But sorry, I am not deal with KG student. I deal with SMP student , so permit me to have research in the SMP level. Like Sinta said, “Is it oke?” My topic is : ”An English class in a SMP using games”

    A. BACKGROUND
    In Indonesia, English is learnt and taught to junior high school, Senior high school even at university. English means that something important for the student to be taught at school based on situation and condition of the object area. But there are some problems that faced by the students. It is realized that most students get bad mark. So, it proves that English is really difficult for the student. There are four skills in learning English they are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Speaking is very important because speaking and human being cannot be separated from each other. Speaking is used to express their ideas and to communicate to people. That is way speaking is important. But the students of SMP or graduated of it still get hard to be a good speaker. The problems are:
    1. the students feel ashamed and afraid to speak English, so they never practice and use target language and they always use mother tongue in the classroom.
    2. the teacher did not use variety of teaching such as visual aids. The teacher has to motivate the students to learn English in the class, and create the method of teaching. So the students will feel relaxed, and freely in using English in the classroom. The teacher must make afford to understand the material well. In learning English, The students are expected to reach four skills. Among those, speaking is the most difficult to master.
    Teaching speaking can be done through dialogues, picture, games, etc. The teacher should choose a suitable ways such as: using games. If the teacher uses it, the students will have a lot of opportunity to practice pronunciation and communication or in other words it means that the students will get knowledge or input from games. Games which introduced to the students for example : What do I need and Sweet Reason,

    The research is used for:
    1. The writer: as my thesis at the end of the 8th semester.
    2. The students: this research can be used to increase the student English achievement.
    3. The teacher: this research can be used as an item to enrich the inventory of English library.

    B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
    Based on the problem above, I try to formulate as follow:
    1. Is there any relationship between games activities and improving the speaking ability to the SMP students?
    2. How is reaction of students after given the material using games?
    3. What kind of games activities should be used?

    C. METHODOLOGY
    The Qualitative method is appropriate for this study, which carries out, consist of:
    1. The writer wants to describe and analyze whether games are suitable to improve the speaking ability at the second year of the SMP students.
    2. The writer wants to describe and analyze whether games can give students encourage to learn speaking.

    Sample
    Because there are so too many students it will have to observe or get the data, so, it is quite difficult for me to take all of the numbers of population. That is way, I just took one class as a sample. That is class VIII and those are 40 students.

    The Techniques of Collecting the Data
    1. Questionnaires
    I give a set of constructed questions to the subjects to be answering in writing
    2. Interview
    The interview is given to all of the English teachers in SMP Pangudi Luhur class VIII. This is used to get the data concerning the serious problem faced by the teachers.

    3.Observation
    Beside giving the questionnaires, I also do the observation through teaching and learning speaking lesson using games. The purpose of Questionnaire and interview to the teacher are:
    – To know how far the teacher gives speaking lesson to the students
    – To know how far the teacher uses the variety of teaching speaking lesson.
    By observation, I will come to the class and teach the students. After giving games, I will find some problems, for example are:
    1. How far is games can influence to the speaking skill?
    2. What problems which faced by the writer during activities?

    Location and Time of Research
    Place is the main factor to do research, because of that, we know the population and the problem that will be researched and then we can be formulate the problem which is faced. The study will take place at SMP Pangudi Luhur, Jakarta Selatan, where I am teaching. It will take time one semester.

  18. Hello Mr. Parlin… This time I would like to do a research related with the use of bus shelter… particularly in Jakarta

    A. Background (site: bus shelter)
    Based on my experience while I was working in Singapore, I found there was a great differences related to the bus user attitude in Singapore to Jakarta. All of the passenger there got on/off the buses only at the bus stop/shelter. This condition is contrast with what happened in Jakarta, because there are still a lot of bus users which get on the bus not from the bus shelter, but straight away on the road. This condition truly is disturbing other road users, created heavy traffic jam, and the worst thing is that it may increase the rate of accident on the road.

    Problem: “there are still many bus users in Jakarta which not use bus shelter to get on the bus”.

    Objective: study the reasons why people/citizen that use public transportation (in this case bus) prefer to get on the bus on streets than on the bus stop/shelter.

    Benefit: By doing this research we hope that we could find the best solution to discipline the bus users or bus personnel in Jakarta, so they aware the importance of obeying the law by getting on the bus only at the bus shelter/stop.

    B. Statement of the problem
    Because this problem deal with every entry in the society and the mass number of citizen which are public transportation user, I assume that using quantitative method is more suitable for this case.
    Questions for the respondents Value: 1= poor/seldom 3= good/often
    2=Average/sometimes 4=excellent/always

    1 2 3 4
    1. How often do you get on the bus at the bus shelter?
    2. What do you think about the bus shelter condition?
    3. What do you think about the safety in the bus shelter?
    4. How often the buses getting off the passenger only
    At the bus shelter?
    5. How often the buses getting on the passenger only
    At the bus shelter?
    6. Do you think the police officers already upright
    the traffic regulation orderly?

    The result of this question list will determine the real problems on the ground.
    – It could be because of the lack of awareness from the bus driver and passenger in obeying the law.
    – it can be also because the poor facility or safety in the bus shelters.
    – or perhaps because of the less control on the traffic by the law enforcements.

    C. Methodology
    By using quantitative method we can get the general ideas about the root of this problem quicker, easier, and more accurate. The next thing that needs to be decided is the respondents (sampling) which we are going to ask for this research. If we look from the problem and the method that is used in this research, it would be a smart move to use Non-Random Sampling from the population (Bus passengers, personnel, and some of police officers in Jakarta only). In order to get the general idea, we think 200 bus passenger, 20 bus personnel and about 10 police officers would be enough to conclude it. The input of course will be taken from 5 different parts in Jakarta (central, south, north, west, and east Jakarta) equally. Time estimation to carry out this research is 2 days, and it takes around 10 people to run this program.

  19. Hello, Mr Parlin.
    Firstly, I want to say that I can’t write many pages like what you want. Then, I change my topic. You gave us four sites that we have to choose. One of them is an English class in Kindergarten. I think that this assignment helps me later when I have to write my thesis. I am a teacher in an elementary school, so is it okay to write about an English class in Elementary School? I hope you will answer : Yes, of course.

    Research : Learning to spell English words using letterboxes for third grade of elementary students.
    A. Background
    Since English is one of the school subjects in elementary students, the students have to master English well.
    English has many aspects like vocabulary, grammar, pronouncing and spelling. The first thing that elementary students have to master is the vocabulary and of course they have to know how to spell and pronounce the words.
    In fact, students know the vocabulary but they don’t know how to spell and write it. For example : They know that the English of ‘ayam’ is chicken. But when we ask them to spell and write, may be they will write ciken or chiken. They omit one or more letters.

    Here, teachers have to find idea to solve this problem. The writer which is also a teacher hopes that letter boxes can help students to spell English words.

    The objectives of this study are :
    • To improve the student’s ability to spell English words.
    • To describe the process of teaching using letterboxes
    • To describe the student’s improvement in spelling English words.

    The benefits the writers expect are :
    • For students. Spelling English by using letterboxes can improve their ability to spell many words.
    • For teacher. It will give her insight that learning to spell English by using letterboxes is worth trying in teaching.
    • For other teachers. They can use the same method if they have same difficulty.
    • For parents or others. They know how to teach English to children

    B. Statement of the Problem
    Spelling English words is an important goal for elementary students. Good at spelling is the basic to learn English more deeply and completely. So the question is:
    Can the use of letterboxes help the students to spell English word well?

    C. Methodology
    Regarding to the main aims of this study, qualitative method is used to find out the answers of the mentioned research question. Also it is an applied research because it can be applied in many educational institutions. This study is to find out a solution of teacher’s problem.

    From the problem, it is clearly that the study is to find out the answer whether the using letterboxes can help students spell English words or not. The writer will describe it in sentences, will explain how the teacher hold the classroom, how the teacher ask students to learn vocabulary and then write in the letterboxes and memorize it, then how the teacher test the students’ improvement. The last is what the result of it.

    The population is all students in third grade of Elementary school. But the writer just takes a sample for this study, that is students in third grade in SD Strada St. Ignatius Jl. Bhayangkara 38 Koja, North Jakarta. It is about 40 students. The writer will use technique convenience sampling because students are available to this study.

    To get the data the writer will take :
    1. Observation. It is to gain a description of how well the letterboxes work in spelling learning process.
    2. Field notes are used to know the instructional activities in the class during the implementation of the letterboxes in spelling.
    3. Test is used to measure student’s improvement in spelling.
    The study will take place about six months.

    Thank you.

    1. Hello Yasinta,
      You should post it here so that everyone can do peer discussion. I expect all developed topics posted before Thursday, October 6, 2011. Good luck!

  20. Dear all,
    In the previous post you you have decided a research topic based on the four sites provided. Now, develop the topic by writing using the following outline.

    Research Topic: ……………………………………….

    A. Background
    1. In some sentences, provide relevant background to the study and indicate why the study is important to carry out.
    2. Limit the problem(s) you are going to study.
    3. List the objectives of the study.
    4. List the benefits (significance) you expect the study will offer.

    B. Statement of the Problem: (2 pages)
    Write down the research questions (for qualitative research) or the hypotheses (for quantitative research) you intend to answer

    C. Methodology: (4-6 pages)
    1. Briefly describe the design of the study. Do you intend to use quantitative or qualitative methods? Do you intend to conduct a survey or do an experiment? Do you intend to use a case study to study in-depth certain phenomenon? Do you intend to do an evaluation of a program or something you designed? Is it a basic or an applied research?
    2. Provide a logical explanation for the research design choice by relating it to the background and the problems/hypothesis.
    3. Describe the population and sample of the study. How many units/persons will participate? What sampling technique will you use to determine the sample? Why do you decide to use those population and sample?
    4. Explain what data collection techniques you are going to employ for your study—questionnaires, interview, observations, experiments, or a combination of some of them.
    5. How long do you think the study will take place? Where?

    Good Luck!

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