5. Commonwealth and Restoration Periods


20 Comments

  1. 1. With the death of Elizabeth in 1603, certain changes occurred in all aspects of English life. The new rule of King James VI, he tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. Many English people migrated to America; some in the hope of making financial profits, and others in order to find religious his father’s policies.
    2. The poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand because they are combination between love and life.
    3. In Paradise Regained, Jesus Christ becomes an example of how to live by resisting temptation. He is a kind of hero for the restoration age, almost a return to the kind of ideal figure of medieval religious texts.
    4. There was war at that time.

    Restoration Period
    1. The Pilgrim’s Progress by John Buyan, pulished in 1678 (with a second part in (1684) is an allegory. It is also a dream-vision, like many medieval texts. The pilgrim, whose name is Christian, is described on his journey through this life towards the world ‘which is to come’. He faces all sorts of difficulties from the Giant Despair and the Slough of Despond to Vanity Fair and all of these scenes question the false values of the world, stressing the values of the Christian faith.
    2. John Dryden was a master of satire in poetry after the Restoration. He was a poet, playwright and essayist, and was at the centre of most of the important discussions and controversies of his time.
    Dryden’s satirical poems of the early 1680s, in particular Absalom and Achitophel (1981) and The Medal focus on the religious and political issues of the time, and show a different kind of satire from Rochester’s.
    3. Because the plays of the time reflect the manners and morals.
    4. Both Dryden and his rival, Shadwell, wrote new versions of the plays of Shakespeare. The new middle-class audiences could not accept much of Shakespeare’s violence and the tragic endings to some of his plays. So King Lear, for example, was severally rewritten to give it a happy ending.

  2. COMMONWEALTH PERIOD

    1. The triggered the civil war was the new ruler of King James VI (who was well-known as James I) united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He also tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. This policies were continued by Charles I when he came to the throne.He even dissolved Parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England. These conditions broke a civil war – between the royalist or the cavaliers (those who supported the monarch) and the roundheads or the puritans (those who supported the parliementary side).

    2. Because the theme of the poem of metaphysical is strenght and strong government, and also difficult to understand, and just some of people can understand them.

    3. Paradise Lost is the major epic poem in English. This is very ambitious aim, and the poem has always caused controversy as many readers and critics see Satan as the hero. The poem can be read as a religious text, supporting Christian idea or it can be read as the last great Renaisance text, stressing the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise.

    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because drama was not only a danger to public morals, but it also became too controversial politically. And the audience was at the first upper-class or middle upper class.

    RESTORIAN PERIOD

    1. John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress is an ellegory. It is also a dream-vision, like many medieval texts. The pilgrim, whose name is Christian, is described on his journey through this life towards the world ‘which is to come’. He faces all sorts of difficulties from the Giant Despair and the Slough of Despond to Vanity Fair – and all of these scenes question the false values of the world, stressing the values of the Christian faith.

    2. John Wilmot satire illustrates the pleasure of life and all of the society, from the King Charles II, to mankind itself. He comments for the general (all mankind). While John Dryden satire focus on religious and political issues of the time. He just comment for particular people and situations.

    3. Restorian comedy is often called the Comedy of Manners because the plays of the time reflect the manners and morals of the men and women who had returned with the King from France.

    4. Dryden and his rival Shadwell wrote new versions of the plays of Shakespeare because the new middle – class audiences could not accept much of Shakespeare’s violence and the tragic endings to some of his plays. For example; King Lear was several rewritten to give it a happy ending, and Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus was rewritten to gave it a happy ending.

  3. COMMONWEALTH

    1. King James VI united England and Scotland. They wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. Continued by his son, Charles I. He dissolved parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not the member of the Church of England. It broke a civil war between the royalist/cavaliers (those who supported the monarch) and the roundheads/puritans (supported the parliamentary side)

    2. The symbols are difficult to understand for all people, only certain people who understand them. Metaphysical poets contains of symbols/metaphors.

    3. Paradise lost is a religious text, it is about Adam and Eve, who had mistake (sin) at that time, they didn’t obey God. However, if it was read as renaissance text, it stressed the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they chosen the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise.

    4. The Roundheads (Puritans) succeeded in 1649. Oliver Cromwell became the leader of English commonwealth. The puritans had a very strict religious belief; they closed all theaters because they believe drama is an entertainment, which is not suitable for Christianity. Therefore, in commonwealth period, drama did not develop.

    RESTORATION

    1. The Pilgrim’s Progress fixed the values of, society as those of Christianity, faith and stability. It is the one text, which was considered to be close to the Bible and almost a religious text itself. It is called an allegory because in Pilgrim’s progress there are symbols who represents something, for example; Christian (a boy) weighted big burden (represent sin) with book in his hand (Bible).

    2. John Wilmot (Rochester) comments in general on all humankind but John Dryden usually comments about particular people and situations.

    3. Restoration comedy called ‘comedy of manners’ because the role-play reflected the manners and morals of the men and women who had returned with the King from France.

    4. Both Dryden and Shadwell wrote new versions of the plays of Shakespeare because the new middle-class audiences could not accept much of Shakespeare’s violence and the tragic ending to some of his plays. “King Lear” was re-written to give it a happy conclusion.

  4. Commonwealth Period

    1. What triggered the civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century?

    The civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century occurred because Charles I who followed his father policies, dissolved the parliament in 1629 and discriminate in religious matters against those who were not the member of the Church of England.

    2. Why are the poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand?

    Most of the lyrics were written in metaphor style.

    3. What meaning does Paradise Lost reveal if it is read as a religious text? What meaning does it suggest if it is read as a renaissance text?

    If Paradise Lost is read as religious text, it supported the Christian way of life that how one should live with God’s guide as God always look after mankind.

    If Paradise Lost is read in Renaissance text, it will be more general that human being has their freedom to choose their path.

    4. Why was drama not prospered in Commonwealth period?

    When Oliver Cromwell became the leader of English commonwealth, the puritans had a very strict religious belief, where they closed all theaters because they believe drama is an entertainment which is not suitable for Christianity.

    Restoration Period

    1. What is John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress about? Why is it called an allegory?

    John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress about is about a person named Christian and his journey through this life towards the world “which is to come” He faced difficulties to gain the values of the Christian faith. Its an allegory because it represent the Christian value and its principals.

    2. John Wilmot (Earl of Rochester) and John Dryden are popular satirists of their era. In what sense is their satire different one from another?

    Dryden satire is based on politics and religious agenda while Wilmot often illustrate the pleasure of life and all of the community.

    3. Why is restoration comedy called ‘Comedy of Manners’?

    The comedy reflect the manners and morals oh people who had returned with the King of French.

    4. Why did Dryden and his rival Shadwell write new versions of the plays of Shakespeare? Give some examples to support your answer.

    Because the new middle-class audiences could not accept much of Shakespeare’s violence and the tragic ending to some of his plays. For instance, King Lear.

  5. COMMONWEALTH
    1. King James VI united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He also tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. Then continued by his son, Charles I. He dissolved parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England. These condition broke a civil war between the royalist/cavaliers (those who supported the monarch) and the roundheads/puritans (those who supported the parliamentary side)
    2. Metaphysical poets contains of symbols/metaphors. The symbols are difficult to understand for all people, only certain people who understand them.
    3. Paradise lost if it is red as a religious text, it is about Adam and Eve, who had mistake (sin) because they didn’t obey God. But if it is read as renaissance text, it stressed the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise.
    4. The Roundheads (Puritans) succeeded in 1649. Oliver Cromwell became the leader of English commonwealth. The puritans had a very strict religious belief, they closed all theaters because they believe drama is an entertainment which is not suitable for Christianity. So in commonwealth period, drama did not develop.
    RESTORATION
    1. The Pilgrim’s Progress fixed the values of, society as those of Christianity, faith and stability. It is the one text which is considered to be close to the Bible and almost a religious text itself. It is called an allegory because in Pilgrim’s progress there are symbols who represents something, for example; Christian (a boy) weighted big burden(represent sin) with book in his hand (represent Bible).
    2. John Wilmot (Rochester) comments in general on all mankind but John Dryden comments particular people and situations.
    3. Restoration comedy called ‘comedy of manners’ because the play reflect the manners and morals of the men and women who had returned with the King from France.
    4. Both Dryden and Shadwell wrote new versions of the plays of Shakespeare because the new middle-class audiences could not accept much of Shakespeare’s violence and the tragic ending to some of his plays. “King Lear” was severely rewritten to give it a happy ending.

  6. 1. What is John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress about? Why is it called an allegory?

    The John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s process is about a journey of someone who’s called christian through this life toward the world ‘which is to come’. He faces all sort of difficulties from the Giant Despair and the Slough of Despond to Vanity fair. All of these scenes are stressing the values of Christian faith.

    Its called an allegory is because the main character in the story represent the Christian principles and way of life.

    2. John Wilmot (Earl of Rochester) and John Dryden are popular satirists of their era. In what sense is their satire different one from another?

    The different between their satire is the objective of their writing :

    a. John Wilmot satire illustrates the pleasure of life and all of the society, from the King Charles II, to mankind itself. His comments is in general (all mankind)

    b. While John Dryden satire focus on religious and political issues of the time. His comment is for particular people and situations.

    3. Why is restoration comedy called ‘Comedy of Manners’?

    Because the plays of that time reflects the manner and morals of the men and women who had returned with the King of France.

    4. Why was drama not prospered in Commonwealth period?

    Because at that time the puritans had a very strict religious belief, they eventually closed all the theaters. They believe that. like horse-racing, drama is an entertainment which is not suitable for Christianity.

    Note. The number 4 answer in Commonwealth period questions is switched with the number 4 answer in the Restoration period question.

  7. 1. What triggered the civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century?

    Charles I, James’ son, came to the throne, He followed his father’s policies and also dissolved Parliament in 1629. He continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England. All of his actions are what triggered the civil war eventually.

    2. Why are the poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand?

    Because this type of poet represent a relationship between a man and God, most of the lyric are in metaphor style. These of course need a deep comprehension to acquire the real message and meaning in the poems.

    3. What meaning does Paradise Lost reveal if it is read as a religious text? What meaning does it suggest if it is read as a renaissance text?

    Concerning as the religious text, Paradise Lost tell a story about Jesus Christ (Christian God) as an example of how to live by resisting temptation, of course his way of life is taken as an model for Christian life which also written in the bible

    Concerning as the renaissance text, Paradise Lost represent Jesus Christ as a kind of hero for the restoration age, almost a return to the kind of ideal figure of medieval religious texts.

    4. Why did Dryden and his rival Shadwell write new versions of the plays of Shakespeare? Give some examples to support your answer.

    The main reason why Dryden and Shadwell write this new versions of the plays of Shakespeare is because the middle class audience could not accept much Shakespeare violence and the tragic endings to some of his plays.
    Examples:
    a. King Lear, was severely re-written to give it a happy ending.
    b. Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus was re-written in the 1690’s as a farce
    c. The Temples, Troilus and Cressida also re-written with the taste for quieter and problem-free.

  8. After studying the topic above, answer each of the following questions briefly but concisely.

    Commonwealth Period

    1. What triggered the civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century?
    2. Why are the poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand?
    3. What meaning does Paradise Lost reveal if it is read as a religious text? What meaning does it suggest if it is read as a renaissance text?
    4. Why was drama not prospered in Commonwealth period?

    Restoration Period

    1. What is John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress about? Why is it called an allegory?
    2. John Wilmot (Earl of Rochester) and John Dryden are popular satirists of their era. In what sense is their satire different one from another?
    3. Why is restoration comedy called ‘Comedy of Manners’?
    4. Why did Dryden and his rival Shadwell write new versions of the plays of Shakespeare? Give some examples to support your answer.

    Good luck!

  9. 1. The Civil Wars in the seventeenth century were caused by many issues, created by mistakes that King Charles I made in his reign. It occurred in 1643 and was between the Cavaliers, who were also known as the Royalists, and the Round Heads, who were also known as the Parliamentarians. The Royalists were supported by the Catholics, and were on King Charles’ side of the conflicts, with the majority of support from rich/middle class citizens. While the Parliamentarians were on the side of the Protestants, Puritans and Parliaments; and the majority of the commons supported them.

    2. It is the type of poetry which is very difficult to understand at first reading. The poet puts hard efforts in its composition. And therefore, readers feel the same efforts when it comes to reading and understanding the poems. Many complain that metaphysical poetry is difficult to understand. It is so because it contains hard odd and unexpected ideas into very little space. Therefore, ordinary readers get perplexed at the meaning of the poetry. The beauty of the poetry lies in its strangeness.

    3. Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton. It was originally published in 1667 in ten books, with a total of over ten thousand individual lines of verse. A second edition followed in 1674, changed into twelve books (in the manner of the division of Virgil’s Aeneid) with minor revisions throughout and a note on the versification. The poem concerns the Biblical story of the Fall of Man: the temptation of Adam and Eve by the fallen angel Satan and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Milton’s purpose, stated in Book I, is to “justify the ways of God to men.”Paradise Lost is often considered one of the greatest literary works in the English language.

    4. The drama not prospered in Commonwealth period because there were too much controversial such as religious and politic that not good published.

  10. 1. King James VI a.k.a James I wanted to rule England as an absolute monarch without assistance of the Parliament. He tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. It was during the reign of James that colonial expansion and the British Empire began. It was continuing when James’ son, Charles I became the King, he followed his father’s policies. He dissolved the Parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England.
    2. Because in that time, it contrasted to the personal and the public life
    3. if the Paradise Lost is read as a religious text, it explains the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve, and the Fall of Mankind as his subject. As renaissance text, the poem reveals stressing the freedom of choice Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the garden of Eden, paradise.
    4. Because in the Commonwealth period, the puritans had a very strict religious belief and they considered that drama was not suitable for Christianity.

  11. 1. The new ruler, King James VI ( who was well-known as James I ) United England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of parliament. he also tried all people followed the teaching of the church of England it was during the king of James that colonial expansion and the British empire began. many English people migrated to America some in hope of making financial profit, and others in order to find religious, freedom and free land. when James son, Charles I, came to the throne, he followed is father’s policies. he even dissolved parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the church England.
    2.The poems of the metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because during that time it contrasted the personal and the public life.
    3.If Paradise Lost is read as a religious text it reveals the general of Creation, with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve, and the Fall of Mankind as the subject.
    If Paradise Lost is read as a renaissance text it suggests the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise
    4.Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because many conflicts and controversial in political and religious, and because the writer expressed through the novel or poem and public can read the situation.

  12. 1. King James (known as James I) was a ruler who served as England and Scotland, and ruled as absolute monarch, without the need for assistance parliament. In addition to being an absolute monarch, he is also influencing people to follow the teachings of the Church of England and eventually made people migrate to America to get a better life. The leadership of King James continued by Charles I, which in 1629 parliament was dissolved, and made religious discrimination against people who were not part of the Church of England.

    2. The poems of the Metaphysical Poets are difficult to understand because there are things that relate to personal matters with the public life, where in it deals with thoughts, feelings, and desires.

    3. If Paradise Lost is read as a religious text, then this could be interpreted as an expression of God’s creation myth, with figures of God and the devil (Satan), and the subject is the fall of mankind. Meanwhile if it is read as a Renaissance text, this indicates the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve to follow the way of thinking or knowledge of man and left the garden of Eden, paradise.

    4. Drama not prospered in the Commonwealth period because this is perceived unfavorably, which endanger the morals of society and make a controversial political situation.

  13. 1. The triggered the civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century is the new rule by King James VI united England and Scotland wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the parliament. He tried all people to follow the teachings of the Church of England. It was during the reign of James that colonial expansion and the British Empire began. When James’ son, Charles I, came to the throne, he also followed the policies. He dissolved the parliament in 1629 continued to discriminate the religious matters who were not member of the Church of England.
    2. The poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand because it was difficult to understand which contrasted in public life.
    3. The meaning of Paradise lost if it is read as religious text is the myth God’s creation, God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve and the fall of mankind as his subject. If it is read as a renaissance text it reveals the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave them in the Garden of Eden, Paradise.
    4. The drama not prospered in Commonwealth period because there were too much controversial such as religious and politic that not good published.

  14. Neeta Yuliana
    0812150027
    class A

    1. The triggered the civil war—between the royalist (the cavaliers) and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century is the new ruler, King James VI (who was well-known as James I) united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He also tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. It was during the reign of James that colonial expansion and the British Empire began. Many English people migrated to America; some in the hope of making financial profits, and others in order to find religious freedom and free-land. When James’ son, Charles I, came to the throne, he followed his father’s policies. He even dissolved Parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England.

    2. The poems of the metaphysical poets difficult to understand because it contains hard odd and unexpected ideas into very little space and concerned with the whole experience of man, but the intelligence, learning and seriousness of the poets means that the poetry is about the profound areas of experience especially – about love, romantic and sensual; about man’s relationship with God – the eternal perspective, and, to a less extent, about pleasure, learning and art.

    3. Meaning of Paradise Lost if it is read as a religious text is myth of Creation, with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve, and the Fall of Mankind as his subject.
    Meaning of Paradise Lost if it is read as a renaissance text is freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise.

    4. Drama not prospered in Commonwealth period because at this time there were many theories about realism, how to show reality on stage, and the role of theatre. But pressure was growing to limit what theatre could say: it was not only a danger to public morals, but it also became too controversial politically.

  15. 1. The triggered the civil war was the new ruler of King James VI (who was well-known as James I) united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He also tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. This policies were continued by Charles I when he came to the throne.He even dissolved Parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England.
    2. The poems of metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because the poet at that time contrasted in all the personal and public life.
    3. Paradise Lost if it is read as religious text reveals the myth God’s creation,with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve and the Fall of mankind as his subject. While if it is read as a renaissance text it reveals stressing the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave he garden of Eden, Paradise.
    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because at that time there were many controversial subjects in Christianity and the Puritans had a very strict religious belief and then they closed all theaters, because they thought drama was an entertain which is not a suitable for Christianity

  16. 1. After Elizabeth died, King James VI (James I) succeeded in uniting England and Scotland. During his rules, he made some policies, such as didn’t give any chances to Parliament to get involved in Monarch system, established Church of England, and expanded British Empire to America. As a result, many English who disagreed with James’ policies migrated to America. After his time, James gave the throne to his son, Charles I whom followed his father’s policies, especially in politics and religion. He dismissed Parliament and intimidated anyone who didn’t join Church of England. These attitudes were the trigger of a civil war between cavaliers and the puritans.

    2. Metaphysical poetry deals with human whole experience. Most of the theme is about love, romantic, and sensual. It describes human’s relationship with God. So, it means the poet is very personal. The form is brief but very intense.

    3. Paradise Lost can be viewed from two aspects, religious and renaissance text. From religious text, it shows that Satan as the hero. It is stressing the freedom of Adam Eve as they have chosen to follow world’s path instead of staying in Eden. And the Satan seems as hero here because it successfully persuaded Adam and eve to leave Eden, the Paradise. As renaissance text, it describes the rebirth. Humans are released from tradition and become more humanism. They have right to grow and develop themselves.

    4. The theater needed license. So, there were limited theaters to go to. As a result, the audience was only the high-class people and upper middle-class society. Second, the stories played were comedy with sex and high-class society topic. It’s more vulgar than before. Third, the tragic and serious drama had been called as threaten to moral and dangerous for political power. And they all could destroy the whole of society.

  17. 1. The new rule, King James VI (who was well-known as James I) united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He triggered the civil war between the royalist and the round heads in England. He as the new king wanted to rule the kingdom as a monarch without the assistance of the parliament. Not only that, he also influence the people to follow the teaching of the Church of England. Then many people went to America to find better life, they made their new life with the freedom, include the freedom of having religion and free land.
    When James’ son, Charles I, came to the throne, he followed his father’s policies and dissolved the parliament in 1629 and also discriminated the religion matter against who not the member of the Church of England, the war began.
    2. The poems of metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because the poet at that time contrasted in all the personal and public life.
    3. The meaning of Paradise Lost read as a Renaissance text stressing the freedom of choice Adam and Eve as the choose the path of human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, paradise. Paradise Lost if it is read as religious text reveals the myth God’s creation, with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve and the Fall of mankind as his subject. While if it is read as a renaissance text it reveals stressing the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave garden of Eden, Paradise.
    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because at that time there were many controversial subjects in Christianity and the Puritans had a very strict religious belief and then they closed all theaters, because they thought drama was an entertain which is not a suitable for Christianity

  18. 1. It was begun when King James (known as James I) as a new ruler united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament.He also asked all people to follow the teaching of Church England. Thus, make many English people migrated to America. And this was continued by Charles I (James’ son) who followed his father policies. He even dissolved Parliament in 1929 and continued to discriminate in religious matters againts those who were not member of the Church of England.

    2. The poems of the metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because during that time it contrasted the personal and the public life.

    3. Paradise Lost if it is read as religious text reveals the myth God’s creation,with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve and the Fall of mankind as his subject. While if it is read as a renaissance text it reveals stressing the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave he garden of Eden, Paradise.

    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because at the period there are many controversial subjects which was not good to publish the people.

  19. Dear sir,
    Here are my answers to the questions provided in commonwealth and restoration period
    1. The new rule, King James VI triggered the civil war between the royalist and the round heads in England in the middle of the 17th century. He as the new king wanted to rule the kingdom as a monarch without the assistance of the parliament. Not only that, he also influence the people to follow the teaching of the Church of England. Then many people went to America to find better life, they made their new life with the freedom, include the freedom of having religion and free land. When his son, Charles followed his father policies and dissolved the parliament in 1629 and also discriminated the religion matter against who not the member of the Church of England, the war began.

    2. The poems of metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because the poet at that time contrasted in the personal and public life.

    3. The meaning of Paradise Lost read as a religious text is it can be the last great Renaissance text stressing the freedom of choice Adam and Eve as the choose the path of human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden. On the other hands as human being we don’t know what happen in the future in Renaissance text.

    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because at that time was not quite good to support the Christianity and the Puritans had a very strict religious belief and then they closed all theaters.

  20. 1. The triggered the civil war was the new ruler of King James VI (who was well-known as James I) united England and Scotland and wanted to rule as an absolute monarch without the assistance of the Parliament. He also tried all people followed the teachings of the Church of England. This policies were continued by Charles I when he came to the throne.He even dissolved Parliament in 1629 and continued to discriminate in religious matters against those who were not member of the Church of England.

    2. The poems of the metaphysical poets are difficult to understand because there are thoughts, emotions, feelings, desires, love … things beyond physical senses.

    3. If Paradise Lost is read as a religious text it reveals the general myth of Creation, with the figures of God and Satan (the devil), Adam and Eve, and the Fall of Mankind as the subject.
    If Paradise Lost is read as a renaissance text it suggests the freedom of choice of Adam and Eve as they choose the path human knowledge and leave the Garden of Eden, Paradise

    4. Drama was not prospered in Commonwealth period because it was not only a danger to public morals, but it also became too controversial politically. In 1737 the Stage Licensing Act was introduced to prevent playwrights making fun of politicians—of course religion and morals were part of the problem.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s